Psy Kev 101 6-10

126 Questions | Total Attempts: 285

SettingsSettingsSettings
Please wait...
Psy Kev 101 6-10

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    _____ is the process of accessing information stored in long-term memory.Select one:
    • A. 

      Encoding

    • B. 

      Storage

    • C. 

      Consolidation

    • D. 

      Retrieval

  • 2. 
    For his Eastern history class, Hamilton had to memorize a lengthy list of Chinese emperors. To do so, he imagined each of them sitting in a chair in a different room of his family home. Hamilton was using a technique called:
    • A. 

      The method of loci.

    • B. 

      The misinformation effect.

    • C. 

      Imagination inflation.

    • D. 

      The peg-word method.

  • 3. 
    For her anatomy and physiology class, Chelsea has to learn a list of the twelve cranial nerves in correct order. Which of the following suggestions would help her counteract the serial position effect?Select one:
    • A. 

      Spend extra time rehearsing the first several items on the list

    • B. 

      Spend extra time rehearsing the last several items on the list

    • C. 

      Spend extra time rehearsing the items in the middle of the list

    • D. 

      Spend extra time rehearsing the first several items and last several items on the list

  • 4. 
    Ever since the beginning of the new school year, Jason spent thirty minutes every afternoon drilling Joshua, his younger brother who is in the fourth grade, on basic multiplication and division problems. Three months later, Joshua responds almost instantly with the answer to basic multiplication and division problems. Considering what you've read in chapter 6 on the biological basis of memory, which of the following has probably happened to Joshua?Select one:
    • A. 

      State-dependent retrieval has occurred.

    • B. 

      Structural and functional changes have occurred in the specific neurons involved in his new memories.

    • C. 

      Imagination inflation has reversed the course of normal forgetting.

    • D. 

      The repeated practice sessions successfully blocked long-term potentiation from occurring, allowing the new memories to consolidate.

  • 5. 
    Spacing your study sessions is to _____ as cramming the night before is to _____.Select one:
    • A. 

      Elaborative rehearsal; maintenance rehearsal

    • B. 

      Massed practice; distributed practice

    • C. 

      Serial position effect; proactive interference

    • D. 

      Distributed practice; massed practice

  • 6. 
    Wynn has been studying for his chemistry exam by breaking up each chapter into manageable sections and then learning key information one section at a time. According to the Applications section of your text, Wynn is using which technique to enhance his memory?Select one:
    • A. 

      Elaborative rehearsal

    • B. 

      Reducing interference within a topic

    • C. 

      Counteracting the serial position effect

    • D. 

      Using contextual cues to jog memory

  • 7. 
    The peg-word method and method of loci are:Select one:
    • A. 

      Techniques that have been used to induce false memories in participants in research studies

    • B. 

      Retrieval cue strategies to help you recall a blocked word or name during tip-of-the-tongue experiences.

    • C. 

      Suggestive techniques that can be used to recover repressed memories.

    • D. 

      Mnemonic devices to help you remember information.

  • 8. 
    As you are reading this question right now, you are consciously processing the meaning of the words in which stage of memory?Select one: 
    • A. 

      Sensory memory

    • B. 

      Short-term memory

    • C. 

      Long-term memory

    • D. 

      Episodic memory

  • 9. 
    Mike began studying for his exam the night before the test, reading his textbook chapter for the first time. Ebbinghaus would predict that:Select one:
    • A. 

      Mike would rapidly forget most of the material that he learned.

    • B. 

      Mike would remember most of the new material for several months, then rapidly forget most of it.

    • C. 

      Mike would gradually forget the new material over a period of several months.

    • D. 

      Mike's memory of the new material would remain remarkably stable for a lengthy period of time.

  • 10. 
    The peg-word method and method of loci are:Select one:
    • A. 

      Retrieval cue strategies to help you recall a blocked word or name during tip-of-the-tongue experiences.

    • B. 

      Suggestive techniques that can be used to recover repressed memories.

    • C. 

      Mnemonic devices to help you remember information.

    • D. 

      Techniques that have been used to induce false memories in participants in research studies.

  • 11. 
    With their two children tagging along behind them, Evan and Michelle walked through the castle gate into the main square of the Magic Kingdom at Disney World. That’s when Michelle had a brief but intense déjà vu experience. “This is so strange,” she said to Evan. “It’s like I’ve experienced this moment before.” What Michelle was not remembering was that she had experienced this moment before – in scenes on the Disney channel. This examples shows that a disruption in _____ is one way that many déjà vu experiences can be explained.Select one: 
    • A. 

      Sensory memory

    • B. 

      Flashbulb memory

    • C. 

      Source memory

    • D. 

      Prospective memory

  • 12. 
    As you are taking this exam, you are actively retrieving information that you have learned and stored in your long-term memory. The information that you are able to consciously recall is an example of which subsystem of long-term memory?Select one:
    • A. 

      Explicit memory

    • B. 

      Implicit memory

    • C. 

      Anterograde memory

    • D. 

      Flashbulb memory

  • 13. 
    Information is stored in short-term memory for:Select one:
    • A. 

      About two or three seconds.

    • B. 

      About thirty minutes.

    • C. 

      About thirty seconds.

    • D. 

      About a day.

  • 14. 
    In the 1920s, psychologist Karl Lashley:Select one:
    • A. 

      Began a longitudinal study on the memory of high school students for the words and phrases they had learned in Spanish class.

    • B. 

      Began the first systematic study of forgetting using nonsense syllables.

    • C. 

      Measured the duration of visual sensory memory.

    • D. 

      Began searching for the brain changes associated with the formation of a long-term memory.

  • 15. 
    Although the concept of repressed memories is controversial, there is general agreement among psychologists that:Select one:
    • A. 

      Repressed memories recovered through hypnosis are accurate.

    • B. 

      People may experience amnesia for some of the details of a single traumatic event, but they are unlikely to repress all memories of repeated incidents of abuse.

    • C. 

      When people experience repeated incidents of abuse, they are more likely to completely repress all memories of the experiences.

    • D. 

      Survivors of traumatic incidents are rarely able to recall details about the events.

  • 16. 
    As Rick was filling out the loan application, he couldn't remember his previous address even though he had lived there for five years. Rick's memory of his current address was interfering with his memory of his old address, which is an example of:Select one
    • A. 

      The misinformation effect.

    • B. 

      Proactive interference.

    • C. 

      Retroactive interference.

    • D. 

      Encoding failure.

  • 17. 
    “Matt, that is so weird,” Emma said, looking startled. “As you were telling me about your dad, it’s like I knew exactly what you were going to say. I mean, it felt like it was something that had happened before but I know that’s not possible.” Emma appears to be:Select one:
    • A. 

      Experiencing imagination inflation.

    • B. 

      Having a déjà vu experience.

    • C. 

      Recovering a repressed memory.

    • D. 

      Developing anterograde amnesia.

  • 18. 
    Which stage of memory enables us to perceive the world around us as continuous, rather than as a series of disconnected visual images or disjointed sounds?Select one:
    • A. 

      Short-term memory

    • B. 

      Long-term memory

    • C. 

      Sensory memory

    • D. 

      Working memory

  • 19. 
    Identify the psychologist who was a pioneer in the scientific study of forgetting.Select one: 
    • A. 

      Hermann Ebbinghaus

    • B. 

      Elizabeth Loftus

    • C. 

      George Sperling

    • D. 

      Karl Lashley

  • 20. 
    Brenda’s Aunt Shelby got to the point where she just couldn’t recall any more details. “Honestly, that’s all I can remember about being in the same first grade class as Bruce Springsteen. It was just too long ago,” Shelby explained to her disappointed niece. That Shelby was unable to recall her other long-term memories about attending elementary school with Bruce Springsteen is most likely an example of:Select one 
    • A. 

      Prospective memory.

    • B. 

      Retrieval cue failure.

    • C. 

      Memory consolidation.

    • D. 

      Imagination inflation.

  • 21. 
    Which of the following psychologists developed and promoted the use of the intelligence quotient or IQ as a measure for intelligence?Select one: 
    • A. 

      Alfred Binet

    • B. 

      David Wechsler

    • C. 

      Charles Spearman

    • D. 

      Lewis Terman

  • 22. 
    When LaToya got her new computer, she carefully followed the steps described in the manual, and by the end of the evening her new computer was up and running. LaToya used:Select one: 
    • A. 

      An algorithm.

    • B. 

      A heuristic

    • C. 

      Insight.

    • D. 

      Trial and error.

  • 23. 
    The _____ is the strong tendency to search for information or evidence that confirms a belief, while making little or no effort to search for information that might disprove the belief.Select one: 
    • A. 

      Belief-bias effect

    • B. 

      Confirmation bias

    • C. 

      Fallacy of positive instances

    • D. 

      Overestimation effect

  • 24. 
    Cross-cultural research on color names and color perception has shown that:Select one
    • A. 

      Colors are perceived and classified differently in the languages spoken in remote, isolated areas.

    • B. 

      Speakers of languages that do not have a written form classify and perceive colors in a way that is fundamentally different from that of speakers of written languages.

    • C. 

      Colors are perceived and classified in much the same way whether the language is written or unwritten and whether the society is industrialized or unindustrialized.

    • D. 

      People who have not been exposed to modern culture, especially television and the Internet, “carve up” and perceive the visible spectrum in highly distinctive ways which bear little resemblance to classification systems in industrialized societies.

  • 25. 
    While Mary was reading a story about the Australian outback adventures of Billy and his dog, she had no problem visualizing the arid countryside, the unusual animals that lived there, and the various people that Billy and his dog met in their journeys. Mary is using:Select one:
    • A. 

      Mental imagery.

    • B. 

      A mental set.

    • C. 

      An algorithm.

    • D. 

      A heuristic.

Back to Top Back to top