IAS Prelims 2014: Gs Paper I: Indian And World Geography

54 Questions | Total Attempts: 833

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IAS Prelims 2014: Gs Paper I: Indian And World Geography

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which one of the following pairs is correctly matched? Geographical  :  Region Feature
    • A. 

      Abyssinian Plateau : Arabia

    • B. 

      Atlas Mountains : North-Western Africa

    • C. 

      Guiana Highlands : South-Western Africa

    • D. 

      Okavango Basin : Patagonia

  • 2. 
    Variations in the length of daytime and nighttime from season to season are due to
    • A. 

      The earth's rotation on its axis

    • B. 

      The earth's revolution round the sun in an elliptical manner

    • C. 

      Latitudinal position of the place

    • D. 

      Revolution of the earth on a tilted axis

  • 3. 
    On the planet earth, most of the freshwater exists as ice caps and glaciers. Out of the remaining freshwater, the largest proportion
    • A. 

      Is found in atmosphere as moisture and clouds

    • B. 

      Is found in freshwater lakes and rivers

    • C. 

      Exists as groundwater

    • D. 

      Exists as soil moisture

  • 4. 
    Consider the following pairs: 1. Nokrek Bio-sphere Reserve : Garo Hills 2. Logtak (Loktak) Lake : Barail Range 3. Namdapha National Park : Dafla Hills Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched?
    • A. 

      1 only

    • B. 

      2 and 3 only

    • C. 

      1, 2 and 3

    • D. 

      None

  • 5. 
    Contour bunding is a method of soil conservation used in
    • A. 

      Desert margins, liable to strong wind action

    • B. 

      Low flat plains, close to stream courses, liable to flooding

    • C. 

      Scrublands, liable to spread of weed growth

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 6. 
    Consider the following: 1. Electromagnetic radiation 2. Geothermal energy 3. Gravitational force 4. Plate movements 5. Rotation of the earth 6. Revolution of the earth Which of the above are responsible for bringing dynamic changes on the surface of the earth?
    • A. 

      1, 2, 3 and 4 only

    • B. 

      1, 3, 5 and 6 only

    • C. 

      2, 4, 5 and 6 only

    • D. 

      1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6

  • 7. 
    Consider the following pairs National Park River flowing through the Park 1. Corbett National Park : Ganga 2. Kaziranga National Park : Manas 3. Silent Valley National Park : Kaveri Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched?
    • A. 

      1 and 2

    • B. 

      3 only

    • C. 

      1 and 3

    • D. 

      None

  • 8. 
    The most important fishing grounds of the world are found in the regions where
    • A. 

      Warm and cold atmospheric currents meet

    • B. 

      Rivers drain out large amounts of fresh water into the sea

    • C. 

      Warm and cold oceanic currents meet

    • D. 

      Continental shelf is undulating

  • 9. 
    Which of the following is/are unique characteristic/characteristics of equatorial forests? 1. Presence of tall, closely set trees with crowns forming a continuous canopy 2. Coexistence of a large number of species 3. Presence of numerous varieties of epiphytes Select the correct answer using the code given below:
    • A. 

      1 only

    • B. 

      2 and 3 only

    • C. 

      1 and 3 only

    • D. 

      1, 2 and 3

  • 10. 
    The Narmada river flows to the west, while most other large peninsular rivers flow to the east. Why? 1. It occupies a linear rift valley. 2. It flows between the Vindhyas and the Satpuras. 3. The land slopes to the west from Central India. Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
    • A. 

      1 only

    • B. 

      2 and 3

    • C. 

      1 and 3

    • D. 

      None

  • 11. 
    The annual range of temperature in the interior of the continents is high as compared to coastal areas. What is / are the reason / reasons? 1. Thermal difference between land and water 2. Variation in altitude between continents and oceans 3. Presence of strong winds in the interior 4. Heavy rains in the interior as compared to coasts Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
    • A. 

      1 only

    • B. 

      1 and 2 only

    • C. 

      2 and 3 only

    • D. 

      1, 2, 3 and 4

  • 12. 
    Which of the following is / are the characteristic/ characteristics of Indian coal? 1. High ash content 2. Low sulphur content 3.  Low ash fusion temperature Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
    • A. 

      1 and 2 only

    • B. 

      2 only

    • C. 

      1 and 3 only

    • D. 

      1, 2 and 3

  • 13. 
    Which of the following statements regarding laterite soils of India are correct? 1. They are generally red in colour. 2. They are rich In nitrogen and potash. 3. They are well-developed in Rajasthan and UP. 4. Tapioca and cashew nuts grow well on these soils. Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
    • A. 

      1, 2 and 3

    • B. 

      2, 3 and 4

    • C. 

      1 and 4

    • D. 

      2 and 3 only

  • 14. 
    Consider the following statements: 1. Natural gas occurs in the Gondwana beds.             2. Mica occurs in abundance in Kodarma.                     3. Dharwars are famous for petroleum. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
    • A. 

      1 and 2

    • B. 

      2 only

    • C. 

      2 and 3

    • D. 

      None

  • 15. 
    During a thunderstorm, the thunder in the skies is produced by the 1. meeting of cumulonimbus clouds in the sky 2. lightning that separates the nimbus clouds 3. violent upward movement of air and water particles Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
    • A. 

      1 only

    • B. 

      2 and 3

    • C. 

      1 and 3

    • D. 

      None of the above produces the thunder

  • 16. 
    "Climate is extreme, rainfall is scanty and the people used to be nomadic herders." The above statement best describes which of the following regions?
    • A. 

      African Savannah

    • B. 

      Central Asian Steppe

    • C. 

      North American Prairie

    • D. 

      Siberian Tundra

  • 17. 
    Consider the following crops 1. Cotton             2. Groundnut     3. Rice             4. Wheat              Which of these are Kharif crops?
    • A. 

      1 and 4

    • B. 

      2 and 3 only

    • C. 

      1, 2 and 3

    • D. 

      2, 3 and 4

  • 18. 
    Which one among the following industries is the maximum consumer of water in India?
    • A. 

      Engineering

    • B. 

      Paper and pulp

    • C. 

      Textiles

    • D. 

      Thermal power

  • 19. 
    Consider the following pairs:                   Tribe                      State 1. Limboo (Limbu) :    Sikkim 2. Karbi :                       Himachal Pradesh 3. Dongaria :               Odisha 4. Bonda :                    Tamil Nadu Which of the above pairs are correctly matched?
    • A. 

      1 and 3 only

    • B. 

      2 and 4 only

    • C. 

      1, 3 and 4 only

    • D. 

      1, 2, 3 and 4

  • 20. 
    With reference to the usefulness of the by-products of sugar industry, which of the following statements is / are correct? 1. Bagasse can be used as biomass fuel for the generation of energy. 2. Molasses can be used as one of the feed stocks for the production of synthetic chemical fertilizers. 3. Molasses can be used for the production of ethanol. Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
    • A. 

      1 only

    • B. 

      2 and 3 only

    • C. 

      1 and 3 only

    • D. 

      1, 2 and 3

  • 21. 
    Electrically charged particles from space travelling at speeds several hundred km/sec can severely harm living beings if they reach the surface of the Earth. What prevents them from reaching the surface of the Earth?
    • A. 

      The Earth’s magnetic field diverts them towards its poles

    • B. 

      Ozone layer around the Earth reflects them back to outer space

    • C. 

      Moisture in the upper layers of atmosphere prevents them from reaching the surface of the Earth

    • D. 

      None of the statements (a), (b) and (c) given above is correct

  • 22. 
    Which of the following is/are by the scientists as evidences for the continued expansion of universe? 1. Detection of microwave space 2. Observation of redshift phenomenon in space 3. Movement of asteroids in 4. Occurrence of sup explosions in space Select the correct answer use codes given below:
    • A. 

      1 and 2

    • B. 

      2 only

    • C. 

      1, 3 and 4

    • D. 

      None of the above can as evidence

  • 23. 
    Government of India encourages the cultivation of ‘sea buckthorn’. What is the importance of this plant? 1. It helps in controlling soil erosion and in preventing desertification. 2. It is a rich source of biodiesel. 3. It has nutritional value and is well-adapted to live in cold areas of high altitudes. 4. Its timber is of great commercial value. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
    • A. 

      1 only

    • B. 

      2, 3 and 4 only

    • C. 

      1 and 3 only

    • D. 

      1, 2, 3 and 4

  • 24. 
    Which of the following is the chief characteristic of ‘mixed farming’?
    • A. 

      Cultivation of both cash crops and food crops

    • B. 

      Cultivation of two or more crops in the same field

    • C. 

      Rearing of animals and cultivation of crops together

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 25. 
    A particular State in India has the following characteristics: 1. It is located on the same latitude which passes through northern Rajasthan. 2. It has over 80% of its area under forest cover. 3. Over 12% of forest cover constitutes Protected Areas Network in this State. Which one among the following States has all the above characteristics?
    • A. 

      Arunachal Pradesh

    • B. 

      Assam

    • C. 

      Himachal Pradesh

    • D. 

      Uttarakhand

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