Earth's Atmosphere - Chapter 1

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| By LaCee Small
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LaCee Small
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 10 | Total Attempts: 4,156
Questions: 19 | Attempts: 707

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Atmosphere Quizzes & Trivia

The earth is the only planet in the spectrum that boasts of its air combination. The atmosphere is made up of different layers of air space, all of which have different characteristics. How knowledgeable are you on this? Find out.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Where is Earth's atmosphere most dense?

    • A.

      At its bottom

    • B.

      At its top

    • C.

      On a mountaintop

    • D.

      At the height jets fly

    Correct Answer
    A. At its bottom
    Explanation
    The Earth's atmosphere is most dense at its bottom because gravity pulls the air molecules towards the surface. As we move higher in the atmosphere, the air becomes less dense due to the decrease in pressure. Therefore, the density of the atmosphere is highest near the Earth's surface and gradually decreases as we move upwards.

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  • 2. 

    Earth's atmosphere is mostly

    • A.

      Oxygen and hydrogen

    • B.

      Nitrogen and water vapor

    • C.

      Carbon cycle

    • D.

      Nitrogen and oxygen

    Correct Answer
    D. Nitrogen and oxygen
    Explanation
    The correct answer is nitrogen and oxygen. Earth's atmosphere is composed mainly of nitrogen (about 78%) and oxygen (about 21%). These two gases are the most abundant and essential for supporting life on Earth. Nitrogen is important for various biological processes, such as protein synthesis, while oxygen is vital for respiration. Other gases, such as carbon dioxide and water vapor, are present in smaller amounts but still play significant roles in the atmosphere.

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  • 3. 

    Plants take carbon dioxide from the air as part of the

    • A.

      Water cycle

    • B.

      Nitrogen cycle

    • C.

      Carbon cycle

    • D.

      Volcanic cycle

    Correct Answer
    C. Carbon cycle
    Explanation
    Plants take carbon dioxide from the air as part of the carbon cycle. The carbon cycle is the process through which carbon compounds are exchanged between the atmosphere, land, and oceans. Plants play a crucial role in this cycle by absorbing carbon dioxide during photosynthesis and converting it into oxygen and glucose. This process helps to regulate the levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and is essential for maintaining the balance of greenhouse gases.

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  • 4. 

    Which of these statements is true?

    • A.

      Water is exchanged with nitrogen in a natural cycle

    • B.

      The water cycle involves only the liquid form of water

    • C.

      Ongoing life processes are part of the nitrogen cycle

    • D.

      Water is exchanged with carbon in a natural cycle

    Correct Answer
    C. Ongoing life processes are part of the nitrogen cycle
    Explanation
    Ongoing life processes are indeed part of the nitrogen cycle. The nitrogen cycle is the process by which nitrogen is converted into various forms that can be used by living organisms. This cycle involves nitrogen fixation by bacteria, assimilation by plants and animals, decomposition by bacteria and fungi, and denitrification by bacteria. These ongoing life processes play a crucial role in the cycling of nitrogen in the environment.

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  • 5. 

    which of these is a sudden event that can change Earth's atmosphere?

    • A.

      A rainstorm in a mountainous area

    • B.

      The eruption of a very large volcano

    • C.

      The release of oxygen by plants

    • D.

      The decay of animals after they die

    Correct Answer
    B. The eruption of a very large volcano
    Explanation
    The eruption of a very large volcano is a sudden event that can change Earth's atmosphere. Volcanic eruptions release large amounts of gases, ash, and other particles into the atmosphere. These emissions can have significant effects on the climate and air quality. Volcanic ash can block sunlight, leading to a cooling effect on the Earth's surface. Additionally, volcanic gases such as sulfur dioxide can react with water vapor in the atmosphere to form sulfate aerosols, which can also contribute to cooling. Volcanic eruptions can also release greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide, which can contribute to global warming. Overall, the eruption of a very large volcano can have a profound impact on Earth's atmosphere.

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  • 6. 

    the transfer of energy from place to place in the form of certain types of waves is _______________

    • A.

      Absorbs

    • B.

      Radiation

    • C.

      Conduction

    • D.

      Density

    Correct Answer
    B. Radiation
    Explanation
    Radiation is the transfer of energy from one place to another through the emission of electromagnetic waves. Unlike conduction, which requires direct contact, radiation can occur through empty space. It is not absorbed or conducted, but rather travels through different mediums, including air and vacuum. Density, on the other hand, refers to the mass per unit volume of a substance and is not directly related to the transfer of energy. Therefore, the correct answer is radiation.

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  • 7. 

    the ground is heated by _____________ from the sun

    • A.

      Absorbs

    • B.

      Density

    • C.

      Radiation

    • D.

      Reflects

    Correct Answer
    C. Radiation
    Explanation
    The ground is heated by radiation from the sun. Radiation refers to the transfer of heat energy through electromagnetic waves. In this case, the sun emits radiation in the form of sunlight, and when it reaches the ground, it is absorbed, causing the ground to heat up. This process is responsible for the warming of the Earth's surface and is the primary source of heat for many natural processes on our planet.

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  • 8. 

    when warm air moves upward, energy is moved by ___________

    • A.

      Convection

    • B.

      Conduction

    • C.

      Radiation

    • D.

      Temperature

    Correct Answer
    A. Convection
    Explanation
    When warm air moves upward, energy is moved by convection. Convection is the process of heat transfer through the movement of a fluid, in this case, air. As warm air rises, it creates a convection current where the warmer air moves upward and the cooler air moves downward. This movement of the air carries the energy with it, transferring it from the warm air to the surrounding environment. Convection is an important mechanism for heat transfer in the atmosphere and plays a significant role in weather patterns and climate.

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  • 9. 

    ozone gas _______________ solar energy and heats the atmosphere

    • A.

      Absorbs

    • B.

      Conduction

    • C.

      Density

    • D.

      Reflects

    Correct Answer
    A. Absorbs
    Explanation
    Ozone gas absorbs solar energy and heats the atmosphere. This is because ozone molecules have the ability to absorb certain wavelengths of solar radiation, particularly in the ultraviolet (UV) range. When ozone molecules absorb UV radiation, they gain energy and this energy is converted into heat, which warms the surrounding atmosphere.

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  • 10. 

    _________________ is the transfer of energy of energy by direct contact

    • A.

      Radiation

    • B.

      Convection

    • C.

      Conduction

    • D.

      Absorbs

    Correct Answer
    C. Conduction
    Explanation
    Conduction is the transfer of energy by direct contact. This means that heat or energy is transferred from one object to another when they are in direct contact with each other. Conduction occurs when there is a difference in temperature between the two objects, causing the hotter object to transfer its energy to the cooler object through direct contact.

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  • 11. 

    what happens to most visible light when it enters the atmosphere?

    • A.

      It is reflected

    • B.

      It passed through

    • C.

      It is emitted

    • D.

      It is absorbed

    Correct Answer
    B. It passed through
    Explanation
    Visible light is able to pass through the atmosphere because it is not absorbed or reflected significantly by the gases and particles present in the atmosphere. As a result, most of the visible light that enters the atmosphere is able to continue through it without being affected, allowing us to see objects and receive sunlight during the day.

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  • 12. 

    which type of radiation waves have more energy than waves of radiation that you can see?

    • A.

      Ultraviolet

    • B.

      Infrared

    • C.

      Visible

    • D.

      Greenhouse

    Correct Answer
    A. Ultraviolet
    Explanation
    Ultraviolet radiation waves have more energy than the waves of radiation that we can see. This is because ultraviolet radiation has a shorter wavelength and higher frequency compared to visible light. The higher energy of ultraviolet radiation makes it capable of causing damage to living cells, such as sunburn and skin cancer, and is also used in various applications like sterilization and fluorescent lighting.

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  • 13. 

    which of the following is true?

    • A.

      Greenhouse gases absorb and give off ultraviolet radiation

    • B.

      Greenhouse gases absorb and give off infrared radiation

    • C.

      Greenhouse gases absorb solar radiation and keep Earth's surface from heating up

    • D.

      Greenhouse gases reflect radiation from Earth's atmosphere to outer space

    Correct Answer
    B. Greenhouse gases absorb and give off infrared radiation
    Explanation
    Greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide and methane, have the ability to absorb and emit infrared radiation. When sunlight reaches the Earth's surface, it is absorbed and re-emitted as infrared radiation. Greenhouse gases in the atmosphere trap some of this infrared radiation, preventing it from escaping into space. This phenomenon is known as the greenhouse effect and is responsible for keeping the Earth's surface warm enough to sustain life. Therefore, the statement "greenhouse gases absorb and give off infrared radiation" is true.

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  • 14. 

    ozone is a molecule that is

    • A.

      Made of three atoms of the element oxygen

    • B.

      Made of one carbon dioxide and one water molecule

    • C.

      The main ingredient in the stratosphere

    • D.

      Mainly responsible for the greenhouse effect

    Correct Answer
    A. Made of three atoms of the element oxygen
    Explanation
    Ozone is a molecule that is made of three atoms of the element oxygen.

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  • 15. 

    human activity is the only source of pollution

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement "human activity is the only source of pollution" is incorrect. While human activity is a significant contributor to pollution, it is not the only source. Pollution can also occur naturally through events like volcanic eruptions or forest fires. Additionally, pollution can be caused by non-human factors such as industrial processes, transportation emissions, and waste disposal. Therefore, the correct answer is False.

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  • 16. 

    air pollutants affect only living things

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Air pollutants do not only affect living things. They can also have detrimental effects on the environment, including air quality, water quality, and soil quality. Air pollutants such as carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen oxides can contribute to climate change, acid rain, and smog formation. These impacts can harm ecosystems, damage crops, and pose health risks to both humans and animals. Therefore, it is incorrect to say that air pollutants only affect living things.

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  • 17. 

    particulates are gaseous pollutants mixed with air

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Particulates are solid or liquid pollutants that are suspended in the air. They are not gaseous pollutants. Therefore, the statement "particulates are gaseous pollutants mixed with air" is false.

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  • 18. 

    the burning of fossil fuels produces both air pollution and greenhouse gases

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The burning of fossil fuels, such as coal, oil, and natural gas, releases various pollutants into the air, including sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, and particulate matter, which contribute to air pollution. Additionally, the combustion process also releases greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide and methane, which trap heat in the Earth's atmosphere and contribute to global warming and climate change. Therefore, it is true that the burning of fossil fuels produces both air pollution and greenhouse gases.

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  • 19. 

    a combination of pollutants formed in the presence of sunlight is just one of the two types of smog

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The given statement is true because smog is formed when pollutants, such as nitrogen oxides and volatile organic compounds, react with sunlight. This reaction produces a combination of pollutants that create a hazy and harmful air quality. There are two types of smog: photochemical smog, which is formed in the presence of sunlight, and sulfurous smog, which is formed from the burning of fossil fuels. Therefore, the statement accurately states that a combination of pollutants formed in the presence of sunlight is just one of the two types of smog.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 10, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    LaCee Small
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