2007 Spm ICT Sect A

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2007 Spm ICT Sect A - Quiz

Bahagian A ICT SPM 2007


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    (SPM 2007 2.) State one approach in programming. Nyatakan satu pendekatan di dalam pengaturcaraan

    Explanation
    One approach in programming is object-oriented programming (OOP) which focuses on creating objects that contain both data and methods. This approach allows for the organization and management of code in a modular and reusable manner. Another approach is structured programming, which emphasizes the use of structured control flow constructs such as loops and conditionals to create clear and organized code. Both approaches have their own advantages and can be used depending on the specific requirements of the programming task.

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  • 2. 

    (SPM 2007 3.) Figure 2 shows method of Internet filtering. X is _______. Rajah 2 menunjukkan kaedah menapis Internet. X ialah ______.

    Explanation
    Figure 2 illustrates a method of Internet filtering, and the correct answer options all refer to the same concept of blocking or restricting access to certain websites or webpages. Therefore, X in this context represents the action of preventing users from accessing specific sites or webpages, commonly known as site blocking or halangan laman in Malay.

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  • 3. 

    (SPM 2007 5.)Figure 3 shows how cryptography works. Rajah 3 menunjukkan bagaimana kriptografi bekerja. Name H _______________. Namakan H _________.

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "ciphertext, teks rahsia." In cryptography, the term "ciphertext" refers to the encrypted or encoded form of a message, which is not easily understandable. On the other hand, "teks rahsia" is the Indonesian translation of "ciphertext." Therefore, both terms are synonymous and accurately describe the concept depicted in Figure 3.

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  • 4. 

    (SPM 2007 6.)Figure 4 shows the information processing cycle. Rajah 4 menunjukkan kitaran pemprosesan maklumat. Name D ________. Namakan D _________

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "output" because in the information processing cycle, output refers to the stage where processed information is presented to the user or another system. It is the final stage of the cycle where the results of processing are displayed, printed, or otherwise presented in a usable format.

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  • 5. 

    (SPM 2007 7.i.)Figure 5 shows the hierachy of data. Rajah 5 menunjukkan hirarki data. i. Name K ___________. i. Namakan K ________.

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "byte, bytes". In computer programming, a byte is a unit of data that is typically made up of 8 bits. It is the basic unit of storage in computer systems. Bytes can be used to represent characters, numbers, and other types of data. The plural form of byte is "bytes". Therefore, both "byte" and "bytes" are correct answers in this context.

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  • 6. 

    (SPM 2007 7. ii.)Figure 5 shows the hierachy of data. Rajah 5 menunjukkan hirarki data. i. Name L___________. i. Namakan L________.

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "record, rekod." In the context of data hierarchy, a record refers to a collection of related data fields that are grouped together. It is a basic unit of data storage and organization. The term "rekod" is the Malay translation of "record." Therefore, both "record" and "rekod" accurately describe the concept of a collection of related data fields.

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  • 7. 

    (SPM 2007 10.i.) Figure 7 shows network topology A and B. Rajah 7 menunjukkan topologi rangkaian A dan B. Name the topology i) A : _____________________ Namakan topologi i) A : ___________________

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "bus topology." This is because in Figure 7, the network topology A is represented by a straight line with multiple devices connected to it. In a bus topology, all devices are connected to a single cable, which acts as a backbone for the network. Therefore, the term "topologi bas" in Malay is equivalent to "bus topology" in English.

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  • 8. 

    (SPM 2007 10.ii) Figure 7 shows network topology A and B. Rajah 7 menunjukkan topologi rangkaian A dan B. Name the topology i) B : _____________________ Namakan topologi i) B : ___________________

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "ring topology" because in Figure 7, network B is shown as a closed loop where each device is connected to exactly two other devices, forming a ring-like structure. This type of topology is called a ring topology.

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  • 9. 

    (SPM 2007 9.i.) Figure 6 shows a computer motherboard.  Rajah 6 menunjukkan sebuah papan induk komputer. Name i. G : _____________________ Namakan i. G :___________________

    Explanation
    The correct answer for this question is "cpu socket" or "soket cpu". This is because the figure is showing a computer motherboard, and the labeled component in question is the socket where the central processing unit (CPU) is inserted. The CPU socket is where the CPU connects to the motherboard, allowing it to communicate with other components and perform calculations and tasks. Therefore, "cpu socket" or "soket cpu" is the appropriate name for this component in the given figure.

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  • 10. 

    (SPM 2007 9.ii.) Figure 6 shows a computer motherboard.  Rajah 6 menunjukkan sebuah papan induk komputer. Name i. H : _____________________ Namakan i. H :___________________

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Slot RAM" or "RAM slot". This refers to the specific slot on the computer motherboard where the RAM (Random Access Memory) modules are inserted. The RAM is an essential component of a computer as it stores data that is currently being used by the CPU (Central Processing Unit). By inserting the RAM modules into the RAM slot, the computer is able to access and retrieve data quickly, improving overall performance.

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  • 11. 

    (SPM 2007 11.) A network that spans a city is called a __________________________. Satu rangkaian yang berkembang di dalam sebuah bandar ialah __________________

    Explanation
    A network that spans a city is called a Metropolitan Area Network (MAN) or Rangkaian Kawasan Metropolitan.

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  • 12. 

    (SPM 2007 12.) Multimedia elements include text, animation, audio, video, and _______________________. Unsur Multimedia termasuk teks, animasi, audio, video dan ____________________.

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "graphics". In multimedia, graphics refer to visual elements such as images, illustrations, and diagrams. These graphics enhance the overall visual appeal and effectiveness of multimedia presentations or applications. They are used to convey information, create visual interest, and support the content being presented. Graphics can be static or dynamic, and they play a crucial role in engaging the audience and delivering a compelling multimedia experience.

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  • 13. 

    (SPM 2007 14.i) Table 4 shows some steps for two activities used in multimedia production. Rajah 4 menunjukan langkah - langkah untuk 2 aktiviti digunakan dalam produksi multimedia. Based on Table 4, name the phase which involve the following activities: Berdasarkan Jadual 4, namakan fasa yang mengandungi aktiviti - aktiviti berikut. i) Activity A : _____________________________________

    Explanation
    The activities mentioned in the question are "Design" and "Fasa Rekabentuk" which are both mentioned in the answer choices. The phase that includes these activities is the "Design Phase" or "Fasa Rekabentuk". Therefore, the correct answer is "Design Phase".

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  • 14. 

    (SPM 2007 14.ii) Table 4 shows some steps for two activities used in multimedia production. Rajah 4 menunjukan langkah - langkah untuk 2 aktiviti digunakan dalam produksi multimedia. Based on Table 4, name the phase which involve the following activities: Berdasarkan Jadual 4, namakan fasa yang mengandungi aktiviti - aktiviti berikut. ii) Activity B : _____________________________________

    Explanation
    The correct answer for Activity B is "publishing phase" or "fasa penerbitan" in Malay. This phase involves the activity of publishing the multimedia product.

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  • 15. 

    (SPM 2007 15.) A series of step by step instructions telling the computer exactly what to do is called a ________________________. Satu siri langkah demi langkah arahan memberitahu komputer apa yang sebenarnya perlu dibuat dipanggil sebuah ____________.

    Explanation
    The correct answer for this question is "program, aturcara, atur cara". A series of step by step instructions that tell the computer what to do is commonly referred to as a program or "aturcara" in Malay. The term "atur cara" also means the same thing in Malay. Both terms accurately describe the concept of a set of instructions that guide the computer's actions.

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  • 16. 

    (SPM 2007 16.) A device that enables you to connect a video camera to a computer and manipulate the input is _________________________. Sebuah alat yang membolehkan anda menghubungkan sebuah komputer dan memanipulasi input ialah ______________.

    Explanation
    A device that enables you to connect a video camera to a computer and manipulate the input is a video capture device or peranti penangkap video. It allows you to capture video footage from a camera and transfer it to a computer for editing or other manipulation purposes. A video capture card or kad penangkap video is another term for the same device.

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  • 17. 

    (SPM 2007 17.) ‘<’ and '+' symbols are examples of ____________________. Simbol '<' dan simbol '+' adalah contoh ________________.

    Explanation
    The symbols '

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  • 18. 

    (SPM 2007 18 i). Figure 8(a) and 8(b) show flowchart segments Rajah 8(a) dan 8(b) menunjukkan cartalir. Identify the control structure used in Kenalpasti struktur kawalan digunakan dalam i) Figure 8(a)/ rajah 8 (a) : ________________________________________.

    Explanation
    The control structure used in Figure 8(a) is selection control or kawalan pilihan. This is evident from the flowchart segment shown in the figure, where a decision is made based on a condition and different paths are followed depending on the outcome of the condition. This type of control structure is commonly used to make choices or decisions in a program.

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  • 19. 

    (SPM 2007 18 ii). Figure 8(a) and 8(b) show flowchart segments Rajah 8(a) dan 8(b) menunjukkan cartalir. Identify the control structure used in Kenalpasti struktur kawalan digunakan dalam ii) Figure 8(b)/rajah 8 (b) : ________________________________________.

    Explanation
    The control structure used in Figure 8(b) is a sequence control or "kawalan jujukan" in Malay. This means that the program executes the statements in a sequential order, one after the other, without any branching or looping. The flowchart segment in Figure 8(b) does not contain any decision points or loops, indicating a linear flow of execution.

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  • 20. 

    (SPM 2007 19.i.) Figure 9 show program development phases. Rajah 9 menunjukkan fasa pembangunan aturcara. Name the phases the proper program development: Namakan fasa untuk pembangunan aturcara: i) Phase 2/ Fasa 2 : ___________________________________________

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "program design" or "rekabentuk atur cara" in Malay. This phase involves creating a detailed plan or blueprint for the program, including the algorithms, data structures, and user interfaces. It focuses on the overall structure and functionality of the program, ensuring that it meets the requirements and objectives.

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  • 21. 

    (SPM 2007 19.ii.) Figure 9 show program development phases. Rajah 9 menunjukkan fasa pembangunan aturcara. Name the phases the proper program development: Namakan fasa untuk pembangunan aturcara: ii) Phase 4/ Fasa 4 : ___________________________________________

    Explanation
    Phase 4 of program development is called "testing and debugging" or "ujian dan nyahpepijat" in Malay. This phase involves testing the program for any errors or bugs and fixing them. It is an important step in ensuring that the program functions correctly and meets the desired requirements.

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  • 22. 

    (SPM 2007 20.) The components of an information system are human, hardware, software, procedures and ________________________________. Komponen - komponen sistem maklumat adalah manusia, perkakasan, prosidur dan ______________________.

    Explanation
    The missing component in the question is "data". In an information system, data refers to the raw facts and figures that are collected and processed to generate meaningful information. It is an essential component as it provides the foundation for the functioning of the system. Without data, the system would not be able to perform its intended tasks of storing, retrieving, and manipulating information. Therefore, data is a crucial component of an information system alongside human, hardware, software, and procedures.

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  • 23. 

    (SPM 2007 21 i). Figure 10 shows a school data base Rajah 10 menunjukkan pangkalan data sebuah sekolah. Name/Namakan i) A : _______________________

    Explanation
    The correct answer for the given question is "rekod, record". In the context of a school database, "rekod" is the Malay translation of "record". This indicates that the figure is displaying information or data related to the school, such as student records, attendance records, or any other relevant information. Therefore, "rekod, record" is the appropriate answer for this question.

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  • 24. 

    (SPM 2007 21 ii clone). Figure 10 shows a school data base Rajah 10 menunjukkan pangkalan data sebuah sekolah. Name/Namakan ii) B : _______________________

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "medan, field". In this context, "medan" is the Malay translation for "field". Therefore, the answer refers to the translation of the word "field" in Malay.

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  • 25. 

    (SPM 2007 22.) Cyber law is a system of moral standards or values used as a guideline for computer users. Undang - undang siber adalah satu sistem piaiwan moral atau nilai yang digunakan sebagai garis panduan kepada penguna - penguna komputer.

    • A.

      True/ Benar

    • B.

      False/ Palsu

    Correct Answer
    B. False/ Palsu
    Explanation
    The given statement is false. Cyber law is not a system of moral standards or values, but rather a legal framework that governs the use of computers and the internet. It encompasses laws and regulations that address various aspects of cybercrime, privacy, intellectual property, and online activities. It is designed to provide legal protection and establish guidelines for computer users, but it is not based on moral standards.

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  • 26. 

    (SPM 2007 23.) A disk scanner is a utility program that reorganises files and unused space on a computer hard disk. Sebuah pengimbas cakera adalah sebuah perisian utiliti yang menyusun fail - fail dan ruangan yang tidak dgunakan di atas sebuah cakera keras.

    • A.

      True/ Benar

    • B.

      False/ Palsu

    Correct Answer
    B. False/ Palsu
    Explanation
    The given statement is false. A disk scanner is not a utility program that reorganizes files and unused space on a computer hard disk. A disk scanner is a program that scans a computer's hard disk for errors or malicious software. It checks the integrity of the disk and identifies any issues that may need to be addressed. It does not perform any reorganization of files or unused space.

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  • 27. 

    (SPM 2007 24.) A programmer uses flowcharts to code a program. Seorang pengaturcara menggunakan cartalir - cartalir untuk mengekod sebuah aturcara.

    • A.

      True/ Benar

    • B.

      False/ Palsu

    Correct Answer
    B. False/ Palsu
    Explanation
    The statement is false because a programmer uses flowcharts to plan and visualize the logic of a program, not to actually code it. Flowcharts are a graphical representation of the steps and decision points in a program's execution, but they do not contain the actual code. Once the flowchart is created, the programmer then writes the code in a programming language based on the flowchart.

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  • 28. 

    (SPM 2007 25.) Database Management System (DBMS) is a software used in adding, updating, managing, accessing, and analysing data in a database. Sistem Pengurusan Pangkalan Data(DBMS) ialah sebuah perisian yang digunakan untuk menambah, mengemaskini, mencapai dan menganalisis data di dalam sebuah pangkalan data.

    • A.

      True/ Benar

    • B.

      False/ Palsu

    Correct Answer
    A. True/ Benar
    Explanation
    The given statement is true. A Database Management System (DBMS) is a software that is used to add, update, manage, access, and analyze data in a database. It provides an interface for users to interact with the database and perform various operations on the data stored in it.

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  • 29. 

    (SPM 2007 21 ii real). Figure 10 shows a school data base/ Rajah 10 menunjukkan sebuah pangkalan data sekolah. Name/Namakan ii) B : _______________________

    Correct Answer
    rekod
    record
    Explanation
    The correct answer for this question is "rekod, record". In the given figure, it is indicated that the database is related to a school. The term "rekod" is the Malay translation for "record", which is commonly used in the context of a database to refer to a set of organized data. Therefore, "rekod" and "record" are both appropriate terms to describe the information stored in the school database.

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  • 30. 

    (SPM 2007 21 i real). Figure 10 shows a school data base/ Rajah 10 menunjukkan sebuah pangkalan data sekolah. Name/Namakan ii) A : _______________________

    Correct Answer
    medan
    field
    Explanation
    The correct answer for this question is "medan, field". This means that the answer for the blank space in the given statement is "medan" in Malay and "field" in English. The question is asking for the translation of the word "medan" into English, which is "field".

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  • Mar 22, 2023
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