# Tae Kwon Do Pattern Theory Quiz

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Test your theory of pattern meanings and number of movements on all patterns up to and including 1st dan.

• 1.

### How many movements are there in Chon-Ji?

Explanation
Chon-Ji is a form or pattern in Taekwondo, consisting of a series of movements. The question asks for the number of movements in Chon-Ji, and the answer is given as 19. This means that Chon-Ji consists of a total of 19 different movements or techniques.

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• 2.

### How many movements are there in Dan-Gun?

Explanation
Dan-Gun is a specific form or pattern in the Korean martial art of Taekwondo. It consists of a sequence of movements that are performed in a specific order. The question asks how many movements are there in Dan-Gun, and the correct answer is 21. This means that there are a total of 21 distinct movements or techniques that are executed in the Dan-Gun form.

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• 3.

### How many movements are there in Do-San?

Explanation
Do-San is a taekwondo form that consists of 24 movements. These movements include a combination of strikes, blocks, kicks, stances, and transitions. Each movement is carefully choreographed and has a specific purpose in terms of technique, balance, and power. The practitioner must memorize and execute these movements in a precise sequence, demonstrating control, fluidity, and accuracy. Therefore, the correct answer is 24, as there are 24 distinct movements in the Do-San form.

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• 4.

### How many movements are there in Won-Hyo?

Explanation
The answer to the question is 28 because Won-Hyo is a form or pattern in the martial art of Taekwondo, and it consists of 28 different movements. These movements are a sequence of techniques and stances that are performed in a specific order. Each movement has a specific purpose and contributes to the overall flow and effectiveness of the form. Therefore, the correct answer is 28.

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• 5.

### How many movements are there in Yul-Gok?

Explanation
Yul-Gok is a Taekwondo form that consists of a series of movements or techniques. The correct answer of 38 indicates that there are 38 specific movements in the Yul-Gok form. These movements may include various strikes, kicks, blocks, stances, and transitions, which are performed in a specific sequence. Practitioners of Taekwondo learn and practice these movements to improve their technique, balance, coordination, and overall martial arts skills.

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• 6.

### How many movements are there in Joong-Gun?

Explanation
Joong-Gun is a Taekwondo form that consists of 32 movements. Each movement in Joong-Gun represents different techniques and stances, which are performed in a specific sequence. The number 32 indicates the total count of these movements.

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• 7.

### How many movements are there in Toi-Gye?

Explanation
Toi-Gye is a form in the martial art of Taekwondo. It consists of a series of movements or techniques that are performed in a specific sequence. The question asks for the number of movements in Toi-Gye, and the answer is 37. This means that there are 37 different techniques or actions that need to be executed in order to complete the form correctly. Each movement has a specific purpose and contributes to the overall flow and effectiveness of the form.

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• 8.

### How many movements are there in Hwa-Rang?

Explanation
Hwa-Rang is a form in taekwondo that consists of a series of movements. The question asks for the number of movements in Hwa-Rang, and the correct answer is 29. This means that there are a total of 29 specific movements that make up the Hwa-Rang form.

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• 9.

### How many movements are there in Choong-Moo?

Explanation
Choong-Moo is a Taekwondo pattern that consists of 30 movements. Each movement represents a specific technique or combination of techniques, such as punches, kicks, blocks, and stances. These movements are performed in a specific sequence, with each movement flowing into the next smoothly. The number of movements in Choong-Moo is significant as it reflects the complexity and intricacy of the pattern, requiring practitioners to demonstrate precision, balance, and control throughout.

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• 10.

### How many movements are there in Kwang-Gae?

Explanation
Kwang-Gae is a taekwondo pattern that consists of a series of movements. The question asks for the number of movements in Kwang-Gae, and the correct answer is 39. This means that there are a total of 39 specific movements that need to be performed in order to complete the Kwang-Gae pattern.

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• 11.

### How many movements are there in Po-Eun?

Explanation
Po-Eun is a Taekwondo form that consists of a series of movements or techniques. The question asks for the number of movements in Po-Eun, and the correct answer is 36. This means that there are a total of 36 different techniques or actions that are performed in this particular form. Each movement has its own purpose and contributes to the overall flow and structure of the form.

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• 12.

### How many movements are there in Gae-Baek?

Explanation
Gae-Baek is a taekwondo form that consists of 44 movements. Each movement represents a specific technique or combination of techniques. The practitioner performs these movements in a specific sequence, showcasing their skill, balance, and control. Therefore, the correct answer to the question is 44.

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• 13.

### Select the correct statements about pattern Chon-Ji.

• A.

Chon-Ji means the heaven and the earth.

• B.

Chon-Ji is the pseudonym of Kwan Nam-Joo.

• C.

Chon-Ji is named after the patriot Kim Chon-Ji.

• D.

Chon-Ji is interpreted as the beginning of the world.

• E.

Chon-Ji is said to have created the world.

A. Chon-Ji means the heaven and the earth.
D. Chon-Ji is interpreted as the beginning of the world.
Explanation
Chon-Ji means literally "the Heaven the Earth". It is, in the Orient, interpreted as the creation of the world or the beginning of human history, therefore, it is the initial pattern played by the beginner. This pattern consists of two similar parts; one to represent the Heaven and the other the Earth.

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• 14.

### Select the correct statements about pattern Dan-Gun.

• A.

Dan-Gun is named after Admiral Dan-Gun.

• B.

Dan-Gun is named after the holy Dan-Gun.

• C.

Dan-Gun is the pen name of the scholar Kim Kwang-Il.

• D.

Dan-Gun is said to have founded Korea in 2333 BC.

• E.

The diagram represents "scholar".

B. Dan-Gun is named after the holy Dan-Gun.
D. Dan-Gun is said to have founded Korea in 2333 BC.
Explanation
Dan-Gun is named after the holy Dan-Gun, the legendary founder of Korea in the year of 2,333 BC.

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• 15.

### Select the correct statements about pattern Do-San.

• A.

Do-San is named after Admiral Do-San of the Silla Dynasty.

• B.

Do-San is named after the holy Do-San.

• C.

Do-San is the pseudonym of the patriot Ahn Chang-Ho.

• D.

Do-San is the pen name of the scholar Park Hyeong-Ha.

• E.

Do-San devoted his life to furthering the education of Korea and its independence movement.

C. Do-San is the pseudonym of the patriot Ahn Chang-Ho.
E. Do-San devoted his life to furthering the education of Korea and its independence movement.
Explanation
Do-San is the pseudonym of the patriot Ahn Chang-Ho (1876-1938), who devoted his life to furthering the education of Korea and its independence movement.

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• 16.

### Select the correct statements about pattern Won-Hyo.

• A.

Won-Hyo introduced Buddhism to the Silla Dynasty in 686 AD.

• B.

The number of moves represent Won-Hyo's age when he died.

• C.

Won-Hyo was a monk.

• D.

The diagram represents "integrity".

• E.

Won-Hyo is named after the patriot Ahn Won-Hyo,

A. Won-Hyo introduced Buddhism to the Silla Dynasty in 686 AD.
C. Won-Hyo was a monk.
Explanation
Won-Hyo was the noted monk who introduced Buddhism to the Silla Dynasty in the year of 686 AD.

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• 17.

### Select the correct statements about pattern Yul-Gok.

• A.

The diagram represents "scholar".

• B.

Yul-Gok was called the "Confucius of Korea".

• C.

Yul-Gok is the pseudonym of the scholar Yi I.

• D.

Yul-Gok is named after the poet Lee Yul-Gok.

• E.

The movements refer to Yul-Gok's birthplace.

A. The diagram represents "scholar".
B. Yul-Gok was called the "Confucius of Korea".
C. Yul-Gok is the pseudonym of the scholar Yi I.
E. The movements refer to Yul-Gok's birthplace.
Explanation
Yul-Gok is the pseudonym of a great philosopher and scholar Yi l (1536-1584) nicknamed the "Confucius of Korea". The 38 movements of this pattern refer to his birthplace on 38 latitude and the diagram represents "scholar".

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• 18.

### Select the correct statements about pattern Toi-Gye.

• A.

The diagram represents "teacher".

• B.

Toi-Gye was an authority on Neo-Confusianism.

• C.

Toi-Gye is the pseudonym of the scholar Yi Hwang.

• D.

The number of movements refer to the Infantry Division where Tae Kwon Do developed.

• E.

The number of movements refer to Toi-Gye's birthplace.

B. Toi-Gye was an authority on Neo-Confusianism.
C. Toi-Gye is the pseudonym of the scholar Yi Hwang.
E. The number of movements refer to Toi-Gye's birthplace.
Explanation
Toi-Gye is the pen name of the noted scholar Yi Hwang (16th century), an authority on neo Confucianism. The 37 movements of the pattern refer to his birthplace on 37 latitude, the diagram represents "scholar".

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• 19.

### Select the correct statements about pattern Joong-Gun.

• A.

Joong-Gun was named after the patriot Ahn Joong-Gun

• B.

Joong-Gun is named after the holy Joon-Gun.

• C.

The movements represent Joong-Gun's age when he was executed.

• D.

Joong-Gun assassinated Hiro-Bumi Ito.

• E.

The movements refer to the last two digits of the year Joong-Gun was born in.

A. Joong-Gun was named after the patriot Ahn Joong-Gun
C. The movements represent Joong-Gun's age when he was executed.
D. Joong-Gun assassinated Hiro-Bumi Ito.
Explanation
Joong-Gun is named after the patriot Ahn Joong-Gun who assassinated Hiro-Bumi Ito, the first Japanese governor-general of Korea, known as the man who played the leading part in the Korea-Japan merger. There are 32 movements in this pattern to represent Mr. Ahn's age when he was executed in a Lui-Shung prison (1910)

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• 20.

### Select the correct statements about pattern Hwa-Rang.

• A.

Hwa-Rang was the driving force for the unification of the three Kingdoms.

• B.

Hwa-Rang is named after General Jung Hwa-Rang of the Yi Dynasty.

• C.

Hwa-Rang is named after a youth group from the Silla Dynasty.

• D.

The number of movements refer to the Infantry Division where Tae Kwon Do developed.

• E.

Hwa-Rang means "Fighting Youth".

A. Hwa-Rang was the driving force for the unification of the three Kingdoms.
C. Hwa-Rang is named after a youth group from the Silla Dynasty.
D. The number of movements refer to the Infantry Division where Tae Kwon Do developed.
Explanation
Hwa-Rang is named after the Hwa-Rang youth group, which originated in the Silla Dynasty about 600 AD. This group eventually became the actual driving force for the unification of the three Kingdoms of Korea (the Goguryeo, Baekje and Silla dynasties). The 29 movements refer to the 29th Infantry Division, where Tae kwon-Do developed into maturity.

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• 21.

### Select the correct statements about pattern Choong-Moo.

• A.

The diagram represents "regrettable death"

• B.

Choong-Moo is the pseudonym of the philosopher Pak Yeung-Ho

• C.

Choong-Moo is named after Admiral Yi Soon-Sin of the Yi Dynasty.

• D.

The number of movements represent Choong-Moo's age when he died.

• E.

Choong-Moo invented the Kobukson (armoured battleship).

C. Choong-Moo is named after Admiral Yi Soon-Sin of the Yi Dynasty.
E. Choong-Moo invented the Kobukson (armoured battleship).
Explanation
Choong-Moo was the name given to the great Admiral Yi Soon-Sin of the Yi Dynasty. He was reputed to have invented the first armoured battleship (Kobukson) in 1592, which is said to be the precursor of the present day submarine.

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• 22.

### Enter the missing words from the following sentence in order in the box below. Choong-Moo ends with a left hand attack to symbolize his _______ death, having no chance to show his _______ _______ checked by the _______ _______ of his _______ to the king

regrettable unrestrained potentiality forced reservation loyalty
Explanation
Choong-Moo ends with a left hand attack to symbolize his regrettable death, having no chance to show his unrestrained potentiality checked by the forced reservation loyalty of his loyalty to the king.

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• 23.

### Select the correct statements about pattern Kwang-Gae.

• A.

The number of movements refer to the year Kwang-Gae came to the throne.

• B.

Kwang-Gae means "broad expander of territories".

• C.

The number of movements refer to Kwang-Gae's age when he came to the throne.

• D.

The diagram represents the expansion and recovery of lost territories.

• E.

Kwang-Gae is named after King Kwang-Gae-Toh-Wang

A. The number of movements refer to the year Kwang-Gae came to the throne.
B. Kwang-Gae means "broad expander of territories".
D. The diagram represents the expansion and recovery of lost territories.
E. Kwang-Gae is named after King Kwang-Gae-Toh-Wang
Explanation
Kwang-Gae is named after the famous Kwang-Gae-Toh-Wang, the 19th King of the Koguryo Dynasty, who regained all the lost territories including the greater part of Manchuria (his name translates as king - broad expander of territories). The diagram represents the expansion and recovery of lost territory. The 39 movements refer to the first two figures of 391 A. D., the year he came to the throne.

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• 24.

### Select the correct statements about pattern Po-Eun.

• A.

The diagram represents "scholar".

• B.

The number of movements refer to Po-Eun's age when he died.

• C.

Po-Eun is the pen name of the scholar Go Nam-Sun

• D.

The diagram represents the Po-Eun's unerring loyalty.

• E.

Po-Eun is the pen name of the poet Chong Mong-Chu

D. The diagram represents the Po-Eun's unerring loyalty.
E. Po-Eun is the pen name of the poet Chong Mong-Chu
Explanation
Po-Eun is the pseudonym of a loyal subject Chong Mong-Chu (1400) who was a famous poet and whose poem:
"Though I die and die again a hundred times,
That my bones turn to dust, whether my soul remains or not,
Ever loyal to my Lord, how can this red heart ever fade away?"
is know to every Korean. The diagram represents his unerring loyalty to the king and country towards the end of the Koryo Dynasty.

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• 25.

### Select the correct statements about pattern Gae-Baek.

• A.

Gae-Baek killed his wife and children when outnumbered in battle.

• B.

Gae-Baek is named after General Gae-Baek of the Baek Je dynasty.

• C.

The number of movements represent the number of armies Gae-Baek defeated

• D.

The diagram represents Gae-Baeks severe and strict military discipline.

• E.

Gae-Baek is named after Colonel Gae-Baek of the Goguryeo dynasty.

A. Gae-Baek killed his wife and children when outnumbered in battle.
B. Gae-Baek is named after General Gae-Baek of the Baek Je dynasty.
D. The diagram represents Gae-Baeks severe and strict military discipline.
Explanation
Gae-Baek is named after Gae-Baek, a great general in the Baek Je Dynasty (660 AD). The diagram represents his severe and strict military discipline. When outnumbered by a Silla army Gae-baek reportedly killed his wife and children to boost the fallen morale and patriotism of his army, and to prevent the thought of them to influence his actions or to cause him to falter in battle.

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