ASVAB Vocabulary Trivia Quiz! Exam

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ASVAB Vocabulary Trivia Quiz! Exam - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The prince abdicated the crown and returned to his castle. Abdicated means…

    • A.

      Gave up.

    • B.

      Sold.

    • C.

      Reinvested into.

    • D.

      Auctioned.

    Correct Answer
    A. Gave up.
    Explanation
    To abdicate means to relinquish or give up a throne, power, right, or responsibility

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  • 2. 

    The convicted criminal absconded prior to the sentencing phase of the trial. Absconded means

    • A.

      Touched the jury.

    • B.

      Reported immediately.

    • C.

      Left after discussion.

    • D.

      Departed secretly.

    Correct Answer
    D. Departed secretly.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Departed secretly." The word "absconded" means to leave or depart in a secretive or clandestine manner, especially to avoid detection or legal consequences. In the given context, the convicted criminal fled before the sentencing phase of the trial, indicating that they left secretly to evade punishment.

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  • 3. 

    The aural component of balance is critical for postural control during ambulation. Aural means related to the…

    • A.

      Eye.

    • B.

      Ear.

    • C.

      Nose.

    • D.

      Mouth.

    Correct Answer
    B. Ear.
    Explanation
    The aural component of balance refers to the sense of hearing, which plays a crucial role in maintaining postural control while walking. The ear is responsible for detecting sound waves and transmitting them to the brain, allowing us to perceive our surroundings and make necessary adjustments to maintain balance and stability. Therefore, the correct answer is ear.

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  • 4. 

    The old man was benevolent with his fortune. Benevolent means…

    • A.

      Secretive.

    • B.

      Stingy.

    • C.

      Kind.

    • D.

      Careful.

    Correct Answer
    C. Kind.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Kind." The word "benevolent" is used to describe someone who is generous and kind-hearted, especially in terms of their actions or the use of their wealth. In this context, the old man is described as being benevolent with his fortune, which suggests that he is generous and uses his wealth to help others.

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  • 5. 

    The extra dirt was a key buttress to the foundation. Buttress means…

    • A.

      Limiting factor.

    • B.

      Support.

    • C.

      Overwhelming condition.

    • D.

      Obstacle.

    Correct Answer
    B. Support.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Support." In this context, the extra dirt is described as a key buttress to the foundation, indicating that it provides support. A buttress is a structure or support that reinforces or strengthens something, so "Support" is the most appropriate definition for buttress in this case.

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  • 6. 

    The cathode of a battery was removed. Cathode means…

    • A.

      A. Positive pole.

    • B.

      B. Negative pole.

    • C.

      C. Neutral pole.

    • D.

      D. Opposite pole.

    Correct Answer
    B. B. Negative pole.
    Explanation
    The cathode of a battery is the electrode where reduction (gain of electrons) occurs. It is the negative pole of the battery, as electrons flow from the cathode to the positive pole (anode) during the discharge of the battery.

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  • 7. 

    The doctor was known as a charlatan over the years of his practice. Charlatan means…

    • A.

      Quack.

    • B.

      Knowledgeable physician.

    • C.

      Procedural physician.

    • D.

      Medical examiner.

    Correct Answer
    A. Quack.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Quack". A charlatan is someone who falsely claims to have knowledge or skills, especially in the field of medicine. This term is often used to describe someone who pretends to be a doctor or medical professional but lacks the necessary qualifications or expertise.

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  • 8. 

    The wound exhibited signs of copious drainage requiring medical intervention. Copious means…

    • A.

      Minimal.

    • B.

      Clear.

    • C.

      Maximal.

    • D.

      Foul.

    Correct Answer
    C. Maximal.
    Explanation
    The word "copious" means abundant or plentiful. In the given sentence, it is mentioned that the wound exhibited signs of copious drainage, which implies that there was a large amount of drainage coming from the wound. Therefore, the correct answer is "Maximal," as it aligns with the meaning of the word "copious."

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  • 9. 

    The attorney accused the witness of defaming the defendant. Defaming means…

    • A.

      Killing

    • B.

      Badgering.

    • C.

      Suffocating.

    • D.

      Slandering.

    Correct Answer
    D. Slandering.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Slandering." In this context, defaming means making false statements about someone with the intention of harming their reputation. Slandering specifically refers to making false spoken statements, as opposed to libel which refers to false written statements.

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  • 10. 

    The detective was able to derive the facts of the case. Derive means…

    • A.

      Desist.

    • B.

      Deter.

    • C.

      Devise.

    • D.

      Deduce.

    Correct Answer
    D. Deduce.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Deduce." To deduce means to infer or conclude something based on evidence or reasoning. In this context, the detective was able to derive or extract the facts of the case by using their investigative skills and logical thinking.

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  • 11. 

    The scientist was able to evoke powerful emotions from her audience. Evoke means…

    • A.

      Sell.

    • B.

      Calm.

    • C.

      Call forth.

    • D.

      Exaggerate.

    Correct Answer
    C. Call forth.
    Explanation
    The word "evoke" means to call forth or bring out. In this context, the scientist was able to elicit strong emotions from her audience, suggesting that she was successful in bringing out or calling forth these emotions. Therefore, the correct answer is "Call forth."

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  • 12. 

    The judge was fallible during deliberation. Fallible means…

    • A.

      Careful not to err.

    • B.

      Falsely accused.

    • C.

      Loyal to his supporters.

    • D.

      Capable of mistakes.

    Correct Answer
    D. Capable of mistakes.
    Explanation
    Fallible means capable of making mistakes. In the given context, it suggests that the judge was not infallible or perfect during the deliberation process. This implies that the judge was prone to making errors or incorrect judgments while considering the case.

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  • 13. 

    The chemist collected the germane data during the experiment. Germane means…

    • A.

      Relevant.

    • B.

      Obscure.

    • C.

      Limited.

    • D.

      Usual.

    Correct Answer
    A. Relevant.
    Explanation
    The word "germane" means relevant or closely related to the subject at hand. In this context, the chemist collected data that was relevant to the experiment, suggesting that it was important and directly related to the experiment's objectives.

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  • 14. 

    The desperados held up in a grotto in New Mexico during the escape. Grotto means…

    • A.

      Large cave.

    • B.

      Small cavern.

    • C.

      Hotel.

    • D.

      Motel.

    Correct Answer
    B. Small cavern.
    Explanation
    A grotto refers to a small cavern, typically a natural cave or an artificial structure resembling a cave. In the given context, the desperados are hiding out in a grotto in New Mexico during their escape. This suggests that they have taken refuge in a small cavern, which provides them with a hidden and secluded location to evade capture.

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  • 15. 

    The official exhibited a heedless attitude when dealing with the dignitaries. Heedless means…

    • A.

      Thoughtless.

    • B.

      Pleasant.

    • C.

      Friendly.

    • D.

      Bitter.

    Correct Answer
    A. Thoughtless.
    Explanation
    The official exhibited a heedless attitude when dealing with the dignitaries. Heedless means thoughtless.

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  • 16. 

    The Sherman tank commander noted innumerable troops moving forward against his position. Innumerable means…

    • A.

      Limited.

    • B.

      Weary.

    • C.

      Countless.

    • D.

      Harmless.

    Correct Answer
    C. Countless.
    Explanation
    The word "innumerable" means that there are too many to count or too numerous to be counted. In the given context, the Sherman tank commander observes a large number of troops advancing towards his position, indicating that there are countless troops moving forward against his position.

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  • 17. 

    The general tried to instill in his troops the hope of victory. Instill means…

    • A.

      Infuse.

    • B.

      Delay.

    • C.

      Inscribe

    • D.

      Indict.

    Correct Answer
    A. Infuse.
    Explanation
    The word "instill" means to gradually introduce or infuse something into someone's mind or feelings. In this context, the general is trying to gradually introduce or infuse hope of victory into his troops. Therefore, the correct answer is "Infuse."

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  • 18. 

    The winning team of the World Series often has a jovial attitude. Jovial means…

    • A.

      Merry.

    • B.

      Sad.

    • C.

      Somber.

    • D.

      Laborious.

    Correct Answer
    A. Merry.
    Explanation
    The winning team of the World Series often has a jovial attitude because they are happy and in high spirits after their victory. Jovial means merry, so it is the most appropriate word to describe the attitude of the winning team.

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  • 19. 

    The plant entered the latent phase of development in the fall. Latent means…

    • A.

      First.

    • B.

      Growth.

    • C.

      Last.

    • D.

      Dormant.

    Correct Answer
    D. Dormant.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Dormant." The sentence states that the plant entered the latent phase of development in the fall. The term "latent" refers to a period of inactivity or dormancy, where growth is temporarily halted. Therefore, the plant is not actively growing during this phase, which aligns with the meaning of "dormant."

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  • 20. 

    The yacht club members were excited about conditions on the loch. Loch means…

    • A.

      Water

    • B.

      Lake.

    • C.

      Gulf.

    • D.

      Ocean.

    Correct Answer
    B. Lake.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Lake." In this context, "loch" refers to a body of water, specifically a lake.

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  • 21. 

      Ephemeral most nearly means:

    • A.

      Short-lived

    • B.

      Mythical

    • C.

      Dead

    • D.

      Exceptional

    Correct Answer
    A. Short-lived
    Explanation
    "Ephemeral" means something that is short-lived or lasting for a very short period of time. It refers to things that are transient, fleeting, or temporary in nature. It is often used to describe things that have a brief existence or are quickly forgotten. Therefore, "short-lived" is the closest synonym to "ephemeral" among the given options.

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  • 22. 

     Her conversation was incoherent.

    • A.

      Eloquent

    • B.

      Amusing

    • C.

      Succinct

    • D.

      unintelligible

    Correct Answer
    D. unintelligible
    Explanation
    The word "incoherent" means lacking logical or meaningful connection, making it difficult to understand. Therefore, the correct answer is "unintelligible," which means not able to be understood.

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  • 23. 

    Mulct most nearly means:

    • A.

      Complain

    • B.

      Play

    • C.

      Work

    • D.

      Defraud

    Correct Answer
    D. Defraud
    Explanation
    Mulct is a verb that means to defraud or swindle someone out of money or possessions. It involves dishonestly obtaining something from someone through deceit or fraud. Therefore, "defraud" is the closest synonym to "mulct" among the given options.

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  • 24. 

    Kvetch most nearly means:

    • A.

      Assert

    • B.

      Yell

    • C.

      Complain

    • D.

      Argue

    Correct Answer
    C. Complain
    Explanation
    "Kvetch" is a Yiddish word that means to complain or grumble. It is often used to describe someone who constantly finds fault or expresses dissatisfaction. Therefore, the word "complain" is the best synonym for "kvetch" in this context.

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  • 25. 

     Universities and colleges should be designed to cater to the philomath.

    • A.

      Students

    • B.

      scholars

    • C.

      Teachers

    • D.

      Faculty

    Correct Answer
    B. scholars
    Explanation
    Universities and colleges should be designed to cater to scholars because scholars are individuals who have a deep interest in acquiring knowledge and conducting research. They are dedicated to their academic pursuits and are likely to make significant contributions to their respective fields. By designing educational institutions to cater to scholars, universities and colleges can create an environment that fosters intellectual growth, encourages critical thinking, and provides ample resources for research and learning. This will ultimately benefit not only the scholars themselves but also the broader academic community and society as a whole.

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  • 26. 

     Debouch most nearly means:

    • A.

      Emerge

    • B.

      Fight

    • C.

      relax

    • D.

      Capture

    Correct Answer
    A. Emerge
    Explanation
    Debouch means to emerge or come out, usually from a confined space or a narrow opening. It implies the act of moving or flowing out, like a river debouching into a larger body of water. Therefore, the correct answer is "emerge".

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  • 27. 

    The word most opposite in meaning to benison is:

    • A.

      theft

    • B.

      Replaceable

    • C.

      Curse

    • D.

      heavy

    Correct Answer
    C. Curse
    Explanation
    The word "benison" refers to a blessing or a favorable outcome. On the other hand, the word "curse" refers to a verbal invocation of harm or misfortune. These two words are opposite in meaning as they represent positive and negative outcomes respectively.

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  • 28. 

    Raffish most nearly means:

    • A.

      Clean

    • B.

      Serene

    • C.

      Tawdry

    • D.

      Expensive

    Correct Answer
    C. Tawdry
  • 29. 

    Assimilate most nearly means:

    • A.

      Absorb

    • B.

      React

    • C.

      Pretend

    • D.

      Lie

    Correct Answer
    A. Absorb
    Explanation
    Assimilate means to absorb or take in information, ideas, or experiences and understand them fully. It implies a process of incorporating something into oneself in a comprehensive and meaningful way. Therefore, the word "absorb" closely aligns with the meaning of assimilate. The other options, react, pretend, and lie, do not capture the essence of assimilate and are not synonymous with absorbing or understanding something fully.

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  • 30. 

    The commodity was sold. What is commodity?

    • A.

      Product

    • B.

      Stock

    • C.

      idea

    • D.

      Table

    Correct Answer
    A. Product
    Explanation
    In the given question, the term "commodity" refers to something that is sold. Among the options provided, "product" is the most suitable term that matches the definition of a commodity. A product is an item that is produced and sold in the market. Therefore, "product" is the correct answer in this context.

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  • 31. 

    Fiscal most nearly means:

    • A.

      Year

    • B.

      financial

    • C.

      Calendar

    • D.

      Three months

    Correct Answer
    B. financial
    Explanation
    Fiscal most nearly means financial. Fiscal relates to the financial aspects of a government or organization, such as budgeting, spending, and revenue. It is often used to describe matters related to public finance or the economy. Therefore, financial is the closest synonym to fiscal in this context.

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  • 32. 

    He gave a succinct account of the events. what is succinct?

    • A.

      Passionate

    • B.

      Lengthy

    • C.

      Uncensored

    • D.

      Concise

    Correct Answer
    D. Concise
    Explanation
    The word "succinct" means being brief and to the point. It suggests that the person provided a clear and concise summary of the events without unnecessary details or elaboration. Therefore, the correct answer is "concise."

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  • 33. 

    The actions of the CEO were unconscionable. What is unconscionable?

    • A.

      Clever

    • B.

      Illegal

    • C.

      Automatic

    • D.

      Automatic

    Correct Answer
    C. Automatic
    Explanation
    The word "unconscionable" means something that is morally or ethically unacceptable or unjustifiable. It is used to describe actions that are considered extremely wrong or unfair. The word "automatic" does not have any relation to the meaning of "unconscionable." Therefore, it cannot be the correct answer.

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  • 34. 

    He tried to goad his audience. Goad means:

    • A.

      insult

    • B.

      Incite

    • C.

      Please

    • D.

      Bore

    Correct Answer
    B. Incite
    Explanation
    The word "goad" means to provoke or stimulate someone into action. In the given sentence, the subject is trying to goad his audience, indicating that he is attempting to incite or provoke them in some way. Therefore, the correct answer is "incite".

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  • 35. 

    He ran headlong into the fight. What is headlong?

    • A.

      Headfirst

    • B.

      Reluctantly

    • C.

      Happily

    • D.

      Recklessly

    Correct Answer
    D. Recklessly
    Explanation
    The word "headlong" means to do something in a reckless or impulsive manner, without thinking about the consequences. In this context, the phrase "He ran headlong into the fight" suggests that the person rushed into the fight without considering the potential dangers or risks involved. Therefore, the correct answer is "recklessly."

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  • 36. 

    Flagrant most nearly means:

    • A.

      Quiet

    • B.

      Amazing

    • C.

      Delayed

    • D.

      Glaring

    Correct Answer
    A. Quiet
  • 37. 

    His irritability was obvious to everyone. Obvious means:

    • A.

      Apparent

    • B.

      Unknown

    • C.

      Annoying

    • D.

      Brought

    Correct Answer
    A. Apparent
    Explanation
    The word "obvious" means something that is easily seen or understood, so in this context, it suggests that his irritability was clearly noticeable and apparent to everyone.

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  • 38. 

    Isochronous most nearly means:

    • A.

      Fast

    • B.

      Slow

    • C.

      Equal

    • D.

      Different

    Correct Answer
    C. Equal
    Explanation
    Isochronous most nearly means equal. The term is derived from the Greek words "iso" meaning equal and "chronos" meaning time. In the context of this question, isochronous refers to something that occurs or operates at the same or equal intervals of time. It implies a consistent and regular timing or rhythm. Therefore, out of the given options, equal is the most appropriate synonym for isochronous.

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  • 39. 

    Brevity is the soul of wit. What is brevity?

    • A.

      Beauty

    • B.

      intelligence

    • C.

      Terseness

    • D.

      Humor

    Correct Answer
    C. Terseness
    Explanation
    Brevity refers to the quality of being concise and to the point. It means expressing ideas or information in a brief and succinct manner. Terseness is synonymous with brevity as it emphasizes the use of few words to convey a message effectively. Therefore, the correct answer is terseness.

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  • 40. 

    She was a tennis fanatic. What is fanatic?

    • A.

      Observer

    • B.

      Zealot

    • C.

      Player

    • D.

      Coach

    Correct Answer
    B. Zealot
    Explanation
    A fanatic is someone who is extremely enthusiastic and passionate about a particular activity or interest. In this case, the person described as a "tennis fanatic" is someone who is deeply devoted to and obsessed with the sport of tennis. They likely have a strong passion for playing, watching, and following tennis, and may be highly knowledgeable about the game. The term "zealot" accurately captures this level of intense dedication and enthusiasm.

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  • 41. 

    He facilitated her promotion. facilitated means:

    • A.

      Hindered

    • B.

      Helped

    • C.

      Disliked

    • D.

      Ignored

    Correct Answer
    B. Helped
    Explanation
    The word "facilitated" means to make something easier or smoother. In this context, if someone facilitated her promotion, it means that they helped or assisted her in achieving the promotion.

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  • 42. 

    The spectator enjoyed the game. spectator means:

    • A.

      Competitor

    • B.

      Observer

    • C.

      Referee

    • D.

      Organizer

    Correct Answer
    B. Observer
    Explanation
    A spectator is someone who watches an event or game, rather than participating in it. Therefore, the correct answer is observer.

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  • 43. 

    Enmity most nearly means:

    • A.

      Enemy

    • B.

      Hatred

    • C.

      Anger

    • D.

      Childish

    Correct Answer
    B. Hatred
    Explanation
    Enmity is a strong feeling of hatred or hostility towards someone. It goes beyond mere anger or childish behavior and implies a deep-seated animosity or ill will towards another person. Therefore, "hatred" is the closest synonym to enmity among the given options.

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  • 44. 

    The teacher cited some examples. cited means:

    • A.

      Memorized

    • B.

      Specified

    • C.

      Specified

    • D.

      Examined

    Correct Answer
    C. Specified
    Explanation
    The teacher cited some examples means that the teacher mentioned or referred to specific examples.

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  • 45. 

    Tim promised to meet us at the apex.

    • A.

      top

    • B.

      Bottom

    • C.

      Canyon

    • D.

      River

    Correct Answer
    A. top
    Explanation
    Tim promised to meet us at the apex means that Tim agreed to meet at the highest point or peak of something. In this context, "top" is the correct answer as it best represents the highest point.

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  • 46. 

    Datum most nearly means

    • A.

      fiscal year date

    • B.

      Congruence

    • C.

      Fact

    • D.

      Positive result

    Correct Answer
    C. Fact
    Explanation
    Datum is a singular form of data, which refers to a single piece of information or a fact. It is a discrete and objective piece of information that can be used as evidence or basis for reasoning. Therefore, "fact" is the closest synonym to "datum" among the given options.

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  • 47. 

    Mary went to the store and bought peanuts galore.

    • A.

      abundant

    • B.

      salty

    • C.

      On sale

    • D.

      roasted

    Correct Answer
    A. abundant
    Explanation
    Mary bought peanuts galore, which means she bought a large quantity or an abundance of peanuts.

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  • 48. 

    The judge imposed a severe penalty due to Tom’s actions.

    • A.

      Scheduled

    • B.

      Made an example of

    • C.

      levied

    • D.

      Questioned

    Correct Answer
    C. levied
    Explanation
    The word "levied" means to impose or impose a penalty, which aligns with the context of the sentence where the judge imposed a severe penalty on Tom. The other options - scheduled, made an example of, and questioned - do not accurately convey the meaning of imposing a penalty.

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  • 49. 

    The word most opposite in meaning to stimulate is

    • A.

      Support

    • B.

      Arrest

    • C.

      Travel

    • D.

      Dislike

    Correct Answer
    B. Arrest
    Explanation
    The word "stimulate" means to encourage, excite, or provoke. On the other hand, the word "arrest" means to stop, detain, or hinder. These two words have opposite meanings as "stimulate" implies movement or activity while "arrest" implies a halt or restriction. Therefore, "arrest" is the most opposite in meaning to "stimulate."

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  • 50. 

    Licit most nearly means

    • A.

      Historical

    • B.

      Lawful

    • C.

      Storied

    • D.

      Willfully

    Correct Answer
    B. Lawful
    Explanation
    The word "licit" refers to something that is lawful or legal. It is synonymous with "lawful" and means that an action or behavior is in accordance with the law. Therefore, "lawful" is the correct answer as it best captures the meaning of "licit".

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