PBL 1: Prognosis And Complications Of Infertility

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| By LifeLearner101
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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 76
Questions: 11 | Attempts: 76

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PBL 1: Prognosis And Complications Of Infertility - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Prognosis of infertility depends on age, diagnosis and treatment.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because the prognosis of infertility is influenced by various factors such as age, diagnosis, and treatment. Age plays a significant role as fertility declines with age, making it harder to conceive. The specific diagnosis of infertility also affects the prognosis, as some conditions may be more treatable than others. Additionally, the type of treatment pursued can impact the chances of successful conception. Therefore, considering these factors is crucial in determining the prognosis of infertility.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following are treatment options for a female presenting with infertility?

    • A.

      IVF

    • B.

      Gonadotrophin therapy

    • C.

      Clomifen citrate

    • D.

      Hormone replacement therapy

    • E.

      Hysterectomy

    • F.

      Salpingostomy

    • G.

      Open abdominal surgery

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. IVF
    B. Gonadotrophin therapy
    C. Clomifen citrate
    Explanation
    The correct answer includes IVF, gonadotrophin therapy, and clomifen citrate as treatment options for female infertility. IVF (In vitro fertilization) involves fertilizing an egg with sperm outside the body and then implanting the fertilized embryo into the uterus. Gonadotrophin therapy is a treatment that involves injecting hormones to stimulate the ovaries to produce more eggs. Clomifen citrate is a medication that stimulates ovulation in women who have irregular or absent menstrual cycles. These treatment options aim to address the underlying causes of infertility and increase the chances of pregnancy.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following are treatment options for a male presenting with infertility?

    • A.

      IVF

    • B.

      Gonadotrophin therapy

    • C.

      Clomifen citrate

    • D.

      Hormone replacement therapy

    • E.

      Hysterectomy

    • F.

      Salpingostomy

    • G.

      Open abdominal surgery

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. IVF
    B. Gonadotrophin therapy
    Explanation
    IVF (in vitro fertilization) and gonadotrophin therapy are both treatment options for male infertility. IVF involves retrieving eggs from a woman's ovaries and fertilizing them with sperm in a laboratory, then transferring the resulting embryos into the woman's uterus. This can be used when there are issues with the man's sperm quality or quantity. Gonadotrophin therapy involves the use of hormones to stimulate the production of sperm in the testicles. This can be helpful for men with hormonal imbalances or low sperm production.

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  • 4. 

    True or false: a male with primary infertility caused by chromosomal defects will not pass these onto their offspring during IVF.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    A male with primary infertility caused by chromosomal defects can pass these defects onto their offspring during IVF. This is because chromosomal defects are genetic abnormalities that can be inherited by the offspring. Therefore, it is not true that a male with primary infertility caused by chromosomal defects will not pass these onto their offspring during IVF.

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  • 5. 

    IVF success rates are unaffected by age and remain relatively constant across women from all age groups.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement is false. IVF success rates are actually affected by age. As women get older, their chances of success with IVF decrease. This is because older women tend to have fewer eggs and a higher chance of chromosomal abnormalities, which can reduce the success of IVF. Therefore, IVF success rates vary across different age groups, with younger women generally having higher success rates compared to older women.

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  • 6. 

    Although there are concerns that fertility drugs may be associated with ovarian cancer, there is currently inconclusive evidence to support this claim.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that there are concerns about the possible link between fertility drugs and ovarian cancer. However, it also states that there is currently no conclusive evidence to support this claim. Therefore, the answer "True" indicates that the statement accurately reflects the current state of knowledge on the topic.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following statements regarding IVF are true?

    • A.

      Can lead to multiple gestation

    • B.

      Is one of the most successful fertility treatments

    • C.

      Success rates decrease with age

    • D.

      Increases probability of autoimmunity in the mother

    • E.

      Success rate of treatment for a woman over 42y/o is only 7%

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Can lead to multiple gestation
    B. Is one of the most successful fertility treatments
    C. Success rates decrease with age
    E. Success rate of treatment for a woman over 42y/o is only 7%
    Explanation
    IVF can lead to multiple gestation, meaning that there is a possibility of having twins, triplets, or more. IVF is considered one of the most successful fertility treatments, as it has high success rates in helping couples conceive. However, the success rates of IVF decrease with age, as fertility declines in women as they get older. Additionally, the success rate of IVF for a woman over 42 years old is only 7%, indicating that the chances of successful pregnancy through IVF decrease significantly in older women.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following are side effects of the drug clomifidene?

    • A.

      Hot flushes

    • B.

      Headaches

    • C.

      Visual changes

    • D.

      Poor endometrium development

    • E.

      Lower implantation rates

    • F.

      Better endometrium development

    • G.

      Higher implantation rates

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Hot flushes
    B. Headaches
    C. Visual changes
    D. Poor endometrium development
    E. Lower implantation rates
    Explanation
    The drug clomifidene can cause various side effects. Hot flushes, headaches, and visual changes are commonly reported side effects of this drug. Additionally, clomifidene can lead to poor endometrium development, which refers to the lining of the uterus not thickening adequately. This can negatively impact fertility and decrease the chances of successful implantation of an embryo, resulting in lower implantation rates. Therefore, all the mentioned options are potential side effects of clomifidene.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following statements about gonadotrophin therapy are true?

    • A.

      Can lead to ovarian hyper-stimulation syndrome (OHSS)

    • B.

      Can increase capillary permeability, leading to further complications

    • C.

      Is less effective in women aged 35 or over

    • D.

      Is more effective than IVF

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Can lead to ovarian hyper-stimulation syndrome (OHSS)
    B. Can increase capillary permeability, leading to further complications
    C. Is less effective in women aged 35 or over
    Explanation
    Gonadotrophin therapy can lead to ovarian hyper-stimulation syndrome (OHSS), a condition characterized by enlarged ovaries and fluid accumulation in the abdomen. This can occur as a result of the ovaries being overly stimulated by the therapy. Additionally, gonadotrophin therapy can increase capillary permeability, which can lead to further complications such as fluid leakage and electrolyte imbalances. Lastly, the therapy is generally found to be less effective in women aged 35 or over, as ovarian reserve and response to stimulation decrease with age. However, it is not stated that gonadotrophin therapy is more effective than IVF.

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  • 10. 

    Infertile men with abnormal serum analysis are 20X more likely to develop testicular cancer compared to fertile men.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Infertile men with abnormal serum analysis have a significantly higher risk of developing testicular cancer compared to fertile men. This suggests a potential link between infertility and testicular cancer. The 20X increased likelihood indicates a strong association between these two factors, highlighting the importance of monitoring and addressing fertility issues in men as a potential indicator for testicular cancer risk.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Aug 08, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    LifeLearner101
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