Examen 12a: Fin De Siglo: LA "Belle Epoque"

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Examen 12a: Fin De Siglo: LA "Belle Epoque" - Quiz

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    El término . . . expresa muy bien el espíritu que animó la cultura y la sociedad europea desde aproximadamente el año 1870 hasta la movilización general de la Primera Guerra Mundial.

    • A.

      Parnaso Contemporáneo

    • B.

      Cubismo

    • C.

      Impresionismo

    • D.

      Belle époque

    Correct Answer
    D. Belle époque
    Explanation
    The term "Belle époque" accurately expresses the spirit that animated European culture and society from around 1870 until the general mobilization of the First World War. The Belle époque was a period of optimism, cultural flourishing, and technological advancements in Europe. It was characterized by economic prosperity, social change, and artistic innovation. This era is often associated with elegance, luxury, and a carefree attitude, as well as significant advancements in fields such as literature, art, fashion, and technology.

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  • 2. 

    En pintura los artistas pretendían captar la impresión del momento, creando así una nueva escuela, . . .

    • A.

      El cubismo

    • B.

      El impresionismo

    • C.

      El simbolismo

    • D.

      El fauvismo

    Correct Answer
    B. El impresionismo
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "el impresionismo." En pintura los artistas pretendían captar la impresión del momento, creando así una nueva escuela. El impresionismo es un movimiento artístico que se caracteriza por capturar la luz y la atmósfera de un momento en el lienzo, enfocándose en las impresiones visuales y sensoriales más que en los detalles precisos. Los artistas impresionistas buscaban representar la fugacidad y la subjetividad de la experiencia visual.

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  • 3. 

    El representante máximo de la escuela . . . fue Henri Matisse.

    • A.

      Cubista

    • B.

      Impresionista

    • C.

      Simbolista

    • D.

      Fauvista

    Correct Answer
    D. Fauvista
    Explanation
    Henri Matisse is known as one of the leading figures of the Fauvist movement in art. Fauvism was a style that emphasized bold, vibrant colors and expressive brushwork. Matisse's use of intense color and simplified forms in his paintings exemplified the principles of Fauvism. Therefore, it is logical to conclude that Matisse was the maximum representative of the Fauvist movement.

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  • 4. 

    El estilo ornamental del . . . usaba hasta el exceso las líneas extendidas suaves, sinuosas, las curvas y los rizos.

    • A.

      Futurismo

    • B.

      Dadaísmo

    • C.

      Art nouveau

    • D.

      Surrealismo

    Correct Answer
    C. Art nouveau
    Explanation
    Art Nouveau es el estilo ornamental que se caracteriza por el uso excesivo de líneas extendidas suaves, sinuosas, curvas y rizos. Este estilo se desarrolló a finales del siglo XIX y principios del siglo XX y se caracteriza por su énfasis en la naturaleza y la belleza orgánica. Es conocido por su decoración detallada y su enfoque en la forma y el diseño. Por lo tanto, el Art Nouveau es la respuesta correcta para esta pregunta.

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  • 5. 

    . . . escribió una poesía en la que resaltaban las virtudes que él atribuía al pueblo español: espontaneidad, nobleza, humildad y fe.

    • A.

      Gabriel Miró

    • B.

      Joaquín Sorolla

    • C.

      Rubén Darío

    • D.

      José María Gabriel y Galán

    Correct Answer
    D. José María Gabriel y Galán
    Explanation
    José María Gabriel y Galán wrote a poem highlighting the virtues that he attributed to the Spanish people, such as spontaneity, nobility, humility, and faith.

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  • 6. 

    Un representante del naturalismo español es . . .

    • A.

      Armando Palacio Valdés

    • B.

      Gabriel Miró

    • C.

      Vicente Blasco Ibáñez

    • D.

      Pablo Sarasate

    Correct Answer
    C. Vicente Blasco Ibáñez
    Explanation
    Vicente Blasco Ibáñez is considered a representative of Spanish naturalism in literature. He was a Spanish novelist and playwright who depicted the harsh realities of society and human behavior in his works. His novels often focused on the struggles of the lower classes and explored themes such as poverty, injustice, and social inequality. Blasco Ibáñez's works were characterized by their realistic portrayal of characters and settings, as well as their critique of societal norms. His most famous novel, "The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse," is a prime example of his naturalistic style.

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  • 7. 

    Toda la música de . . . está pensado desde el piano y quiere ser, como él mismo decía, española con acento universal.

    • A.

      Issac Albéniz

    • B.

      Felipe Pedrell

    • C.

      Enrique Granados

    • D.

      Francisco Asenjo y Barbieri

    Correct Answer
    A. Issac Albéniz
    Explanation
    The given statement suggests that the music in question is influenced by the piano and aims to be Spanish with a universal touch. This description aligns with the style and approach of Issac Albéniz, a Spanish composer known for his piano music that often incorporates Spanish themes and influences. Therefore, the correct answer is Issac Albéniz.

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  • 8. 

    El creador del género chico fue . . .

    • A.

      Issac Albéniz

    • B.

      Felipe Pedrell

    • C.

      Enrique Granados

    • D.

      Francisco Asenjo y Barbieri

    Correct Answer
    D. Francisco Asenjo y Barbieri
    Explanation
    Francisco Asenjo y Barbieri is credited as the creator of the "género chico" genre. This genre refers to a type of Spanish zarzuela, which is a form of musical theater that combines spoken dialogue with operatic and popular songs. Asenjo y Barbieri was a Spanish composer and musicologist who played a significant role in the development of zarzuela. He composed numerous works in the género chico style, which became popular in the late 19th century. His contributions to this genre solidify his position as its creator.

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  • 9. 

    El Capricho, la Casa Vicens, la Casa Milá y el Templo de la Sagrada Familia son obras de . . .

    • A.

      Luis Domenech y Montaner

    • B.

      Antonio Gaudí

    • C.

      Enrique Saguier

    • D.

      Ninguna de las opciones anteriores

    Correct Answer
    B. Antonio Gaudí
    Explanation
    El Capricho, la Casa Vicens, la Casa Milá y el Templo de la Sagrada Familia son obras de Antonio Gaudí.

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  • 10. 

    Un destacado representante del impresionismo es el asturiano . . .

    • A.

      Antonio Muñoz Degrain

    • B.

      Darío de Regoyos

    • C.

      José Moreno Carbonero

    • D.

      Francisco de Pradilla

    Correct Answer
    B. Darío de Regoyos
    Explanation
    Darío de Regoyos is a well-known Spanish artist who was associated with the Impressionism movement. He was born in Asturias, Spain, which is mentioned in the question. Regoyos is known for his use of vibrant colors and loose brushwork, which are characteristic of the Impressionist style. Therefore, he is a notable representative of Impressionism, making him the correct answer to the question.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 19, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Johnsonc
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