# 2009 Spm ICT Sect A

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Bahagian A ICT SPM 2009

• 1.

### (2009 1.ii.) Figure 1 shows one type of biometric device. Rajah 1 menunjukkan sejenis peranti biometrik. Based on Figure 1, Berdasarkan Rajah 1, (ii) State the function of the device. ______________________________       Nyatakan fungsi peranti itu.____________________

Explanation
The function of the device shown in Figure 1 is to authenticate or identify the user.

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• 2.

### (2009 1.i.) Figure 1 shows one type of biometric device. Rajah 1 menunjukkan sejenis peranti biometrik. Based on Figure 1, Berdasarkan Rajah 1, (i) State the name of the device. _______________________________      Nyatakan nama peranti itu.__________________________.

Explanation
The correct answer is "fingerprint recognition, pengecam cap jari, fingerprint scanner, pengimbas cap jari, pembaca cap jari, fingerprint reader". This is because the device shown in Figure 1 is used for recognizing and scanning fingerprints, and it can also be referred to as a fingerprint reader or fingerprint scanner. The term "pengecam cap jari" and "pengimbas cap jari" are the translations of "fingerprint recognition" and "fingerprint scanner" in the Malay language.

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• 3.

### (2009 2.) Figure 2 shows part of an algorithm for a web page filter. Rajah 2 menunjukkan sebahagian dari algoritma penapisan laman web. State the filtering method used in the algorithm. ________________________  Nyatakan nama kaedah penapisan yang digunakan di dalam alogoritma itu __________________________.

Explanation
The filtering method used in the algorithm is keyword blocking. This method involves blocking or restricting access to web pages that contain specific keywords or phrases that are deemed inappropriate or undesirable.

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• 4.

### (2009 3.) Figure 3 shows a combination of 0s and 1s that represent character "Kâ€Ÿ in ASCII coding scheme. Rajah 3 menunjukkan kombinasi 0 dan 1 yang mewakili huruf "K" di dalam skema kod ASCII. How many bytes are used to represent character 'K' ? ____________________. Berapa banyakkah bait yang digunakan untuk mewakili aksara 'K'? _________________________.

Explanation
The character "K" in ASCII coding scheme is represented by a combination of 0s and 1s. In this case, it takes 1 byte or 1 bait or satu bait or one byte to represent the character "K".

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• 5.

### (2009 4.i.) Figure 4 shows three devices that can store data. Rajah 4 menunjukkan 3 peranti yang boleh menyimpan data. Based on Figure 4, write A, B and C to match the following : Berdasarkan Rajah 4, tulis A,B dan C untuk memadankan yang berikut : (i) Can only hold the data temporarily. _________     Hanya boleh menyimpan data buat sementara.______________

Explanation
Device C can only hold the data temporarily.

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• 6.

### (2009 4.ii.) Figure 4 shows three devices that can store data. Rajah 4 menunjukkan 3 peranti yang boleh menyimpan data. Based on Figure 4, write A, B and C to match the following : Berdasarkan Rajah 4, tulis A,B dan C untuk memadankan yang berikut : (ii) Can store data permanently until it is deleted or removed. __________.      Data boleh disimpan kekal sehingga ianya dihapus atau dibuang _____________.

Explanation
Based on Figure 4, device A is the only device that can store data permanently until it is deleted or removed. Device B is a USB flash drive, which can store data but it can be easily deleted or removed. Device C is a CD/DVD, which can also store data but it can be easily deleted or removed as well. Therefore, the correct answer is A.

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• 7.

### (2009 5.) Which feature is available in spreadsheet software ? Ciri manakah yang ada dalam perisian hamparan elektronik? A Drop cap B Lookup C Create Indexes / Reka Indeks D Query

Explanation
Lookup is a feature available in spreadsheet software. It allows users to search for specific values in a range of cells and retrieve related information. This feature is commonly used for data analysis and organizing large sets of data in a spreadsheet.

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• 8.

### (2009 6.) Table 1 shows statements about a utility program. Jadual 1 menunjukkan pernyataan tentang atur cara utiliti. Based on Table 1, write A, B, C or D to show whice type of utility is being described : Berdasarkan Jadual 1, tulis A, B, C atau D untuk menunjukkan utiliti yang diterangkan: A diagnostic    diagnostik B back up    sandaran C file management     pengurusan fail D data recovery     pemulihan data

Explanation
Based on the given table, the statement describes file management utility, which is represented by option C.

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• 9.

### (SPM 2009 7.) State one feature of proprietary software that does not apply to open source software. __________________________________________________________ Nyatakan satu ciri tentang perisian hak milik yang tidak ada kaitan dengan perisian sumber terbuka.__________________.

Explanation
One feature of proprietary software that does not apply to open source software is the need to pay for a license. Open source software is typically free and does not require users to purchase a license in order to use it. Additionally, proprietary software may not provide the source code to users, while open source software allows users to access and modify the code. Open source software also encourages sharing and collaboration, whereas proprietary software may restrict sharing and require support and updates from the developer.

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• 10.

### (SPM 2009 8.) Figure 5 shows a wired transmission medium. Rajah 5 menunjukkan satu medium penghantaran berwayar. Based on Figure 5, state the name of the medium. Berdasarkan Rajah 5, nyatkan nama medium itu.

Explanation
The correct answer is "coaxial cable" or "kabel sepaksi". This is because the image in Figure 5 shows a type of transmission medium that consists of a central conductor surrounded by an insulating layer, a metallic shield, and an outer insulating layer. This structure is characteristic of a coaxial cable, which is commonly used for wired communication and transmission of signals.

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• 11.

### (SPM 2009 9. i. UNREAL) State whether the following statement is True or False. Nyatakan sama ada pernyataaan berikut Benar atau Palsu. (i) A server is needed in a peer to peer network.     Sebuah pelayan diperlukan di dalam rangkaian rakan ke rakan. (i)_________________

Explanation
A server is not needed in a peer-to-peer network. In a peer-to-peer network, all devices are equal and can act as both clients and servers, sharing resources and information directly with each other without the need for a central server.

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• 12.

### (SPM 2009 9. ii. UNREAL) State whether the following statement is True or False. Nyatakan sama ada pernyataaan berikut Benar atau Palsu. (ii) Data transmitted from node to node in ring topology in both direction.      Di dalam topologi cincin, transmisi data dari nod ke nod adalah dari kedua arah. (ii)_________________

Explanation
In a ring topology, data can be transmitted from one node to another in both directions. This means that data can flow clockwise or counterclockwise around the ring, allowing for bidirectional communication between nodes. Therefore, the statement is true.

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• 13.

### (SPM 2009 9.i. Real) Table 2 shows three categories of wireless transmission Jadual 2 menunjukkan tiga kategori penghantaran tanpa dawai. Based on Table 2, identify category: Berdasarkan Jadual 2, kenal pasti kategori: (i) A __________________

Explanation
The correct answer is "radiowave" or "gelombang radio" because Table 2 shows three categories of wireless transmission and one of them is specifically labeled as "radiowave" or "gelombang radio" in the translation.

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• 14.

### (SPM 2009 9.ii. Real) Table 2 shows three categories of wireless transmission Jadual 2 menunjukkan tiga kategori penghantaran tanpa dawai. Based on Table 2, identify category: Berdasarkan Jadual 2, kenal pasti kategori: (ii)B__________________

Explanation
The correct answer is "microwave" because the term "gelombang mikro" in Indonesian translates to "microwave" in English. Therefore, the category identified in Table 2 is "microwave" for wireless transmission.

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• 15.

### (SPM 2009 10.) Write the words that would complete the following statement: Tulis perkataan yang dapat melengkapkan pernyataan berikut : A ________________ enables a user to access information from the web sites. ________________ membolehkan pengguna mencapai maklumat yang terdapat pada laman web.

Explanation
A web browser enables a user to access information from the web sites. Pelayar web membolehkan pengguna mencapai maklumat yang terdapat pada laman web.

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• 16.

### (SPM 2009 12.) Which of the following have a non-linear multimedia presentations ? Antara yang berikut yang manakah mempunyai persembahahan multimedia yang tidak linear? I Movies   Tayangan Filem II Computer games    Permainan komputer III Television advertisement     Iklan televisyen IV Web page browser      Pelungsur laman web A I and II B I and III C II and IV D III and IV

Explanation
Computer games and web page browsers have non-linear multimedia presentations. In computer games, players have the freedom to make choices and explore different paths, resulting in a non-linear narrative. Web page browsers also allow users to navigate through different pages and content in a non-linear manner. Movies and television advertisements typically have a linear structure, where the content is presented in a predetermined sequence.

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• 17.

### (SPM 2009 11.i.) Figure 6 shows the shows the steps during the crimping of a UTP cable.        Rajah 6 menunjukkan langkah - langkah yang diambil semasa 'crimp' kabel UTP. Based on Figure 6, state the steps in : Berdasarkan Rajah 6, nyatakan langkah - langkah dalam : (i) Q : __________________________________________

Explanation
The correct answer accurately describes the step shown in Figure 6, which is to cut the cable to the same length. This step is essential in crimping a UTP cable as it ensures that all the wires are the same length, which is necessary for proper connection and transmission of signals.

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• 18.

### (SPM 2009 11.ii.) Figure 6 shows the shows the steps during the crimping of a UTP cable.        Rajah 6 menunjukkan langkah - langkah yang diambil semasa 'crimp' kabel UTP. Based on Figure 6, state the steps in : Berdasarkan Rajah 6, nyatakan langkah - langkah dalam : (ii) S : ____________________________________________

Explanation
The correct answer is "testing the cable" or "uji kabel". This can be inferred from Figure 6, which shows the steps during the crimping of a UTP cable. The step of testing the cable is necessary to ensure that it has been crimped correctly and is functioning properly.

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• 19.

### (SPM 2009 13.i.) Figure 7 shows a web page. Rajah 7 menunjukkan sebuah laman web. (i) Based on Figure 7, state the type of program used to create the web page. ________________________________________________ Berdasarkan Rajah 7, nyatakan jenis atur cara yang digunakan untuk membina laman web. ________________________________________________

Explanation
The correct answer is "web editor". This is because a web editor is a type of program that is used to create and edit web pages. It allows users to design and modify the layout, content, and functionality of a web page. In Figure 7, we can see a screenshot of a web page, indicating that a web editor was used to create it.

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• 20.

### (SPM 2009 13.ii.) Figure 7 shows a web page. Rajah 7 menunjukkan sebuah laman web. (ii) HTML is used to structure the web page. State what HTML stands for. HTML disediakan untuk menstrukturkan laman web. Berikan makna HTML. HTML : ___________________________________________________

Explanation
HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language. It is a standard markup language used for structuring the content of a web page. HTML uses tags to define and organize the elements of a web page, such as headings, paragraphs, images, links, and more. These tags provide instructions to web browsers on how to display the content. By using HTML, web developers can create and design the layout and structure of a web page.

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• 21.

### (SPM 2009 14.i.) Figure 8 shows tasks carried out by members of a multimedia development team. Rajah 8 menunjukkan tugasan yang dilaksanakan oleh ahli pasukan pembangunan multimedia. Based on Figure 8, state the name of the team groups in X and Y: Berdasarkan Rajah 8, nyatakan nama ahli pasukan dalam X dan Y: (i) X : ________________________________________

Explanation
The correct answer is "graphic designer" and "pereka grafik" because based on Figure 8, these are the tasks carried out by members of the multimedia development team.

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• 22.

### (SPM 2009 14.ii.) Figure 8 shows tasks carried out by members of a multimedia development team. Rajah 8 menunjukkan tugasan yang dilaksanakan oleh ahli pasukan pembangunan multimedia. Based on Figure 8, state the name of the team groups in X and Y: Berdasarkan Rajah 8, nyatakan nama ahli pasukan dalam X dan Y: (ii) Y : ________________________________________

Explanation
The correct answer is audio-video technician and juruteknik audio-video.

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• 23.

### (SPM 2009 15.i.) Write the words that would complete the following statement : Tulis perkataan yang dapat melengkapkan pernyataan berikut: According to the ...........(i).......... design principle, “Proximity” states that, things that are close together will be seen as .............(ii)......... Menurut prinsip reka bentuk ................(i)........, "Proximity" menyatakan bahawa, objek - objek yang rapat akan kelihatan seperti ............(ii)..........

Explanation
According to the proximity design principle, "Proximity" states that, things that are close together will be seen as related or belonging to the same group. Menurut prinsip reka bentuk kedekatan, "Proximity" menyatakan bahawa, objek-objek yang rapat akan dilihat sebagai berkaitan atau milik kepada kumpulan yang sama.

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• 24.

### (SPM 2009 15.ii.) Write the words that would complete the following statement : Tulis perkataan yang dapat melengkapkan pernyataan berikut: According to the .............(i)........... design principle, “Proximity” states that, things that are close together will be seen as ............(ii) ........... Menurut prinsip reka bentuk ................(i)........, "Proximity" menyatakan bahawa, objek - objek yang rapat akan kelihatan seperti ............(ii)..........

Explanation
According to the design principle of "Proximity," objects that are close together will be perceived as grouped together.

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• 25.

### (SPM 2009 16.i.) Figure 9 shows the phases in multimedia production. Rajah 9 menunjukkan fasa - fasa dalam pengeluaran multimedia. Based on Figure 9, identify : Berdasarkan Rajah 9, kenal pasti : (i) X : _______________________

Explanation
The correct answer is "implementation" or "implementasi". This is because in Figure 9, the phase that is depicted is the stage where the actual production or execution of the multimedia project takes place. This phase involves putting all the planned elements together and creating the final product. Therefore, "implementation" or "implementasi" is the appropriate term to describe this phase.

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• 26.

### (SPM 2009 16.ii.) Figure 9 shows the phases in multimedia production. Rajah 9 menunjukkan fasa - fasa dalam pengeluaran multimedia. Based on Figure 9, identify : Berdasarkan Rajah 9, kenal pasti : (ii) Y : ______________________

Explanation
The correct answer is "evaluation". In Figure 9, the phase labeled "Y" is the evaluation phase of multimedia production. This phase involves assessing the quality and effectiveness of the multimedia product, gathering feedback from users or clients, and making any necessary revisions or improvements based on the evaluation results.

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• 27.

### (SPM 2009 17.) State whether the following statement is True or False. Nyatakan sama ada pernyataan berikut Benar atau Palsu. Program written using high level programming language must be translated into machines language before execution. Atur cara yang ditulis menggunakan bahasa pengaturcaraan aras tinggi mesti diterjemahkan ke dalam bahasa mesin sebelum dilaksanakan.

Explanation
This statement is true. High-level programming languages are designed to be more user-friendly and easier to understand for humans. However, computers can only understand machine language, which consists of binary code. Therefore, programs written in high-level languages need to be translated into machine language through a process called compilation or interpretation before they can be executed by the computer.

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• 28.

### (SPM 2009 18.) Choose the correct statement regarding variables and constants. Pilih pernyataan yang betul tentang pemboleh ubah dan pemalar. I Variables are identifiers   Pemboleh ubah adalah pengecam II Constants are identifiers   Pemalar adalah pengecam III Variables are assigned values that may change    Pemboleh ubah digunakan untuk nilai yang boleh berubah IV Constants are assigned values that may change    Pemboleh ubah digunakan untuk nilai yang boleh berubah A I, II and III B I, II and IV C I, III and IV D II, III and IV

Explanation
Variables are identifiers that are used to store values that may change. Constants, on the other hand, are also identifiers but they are used to store values that cannot be changed. Therefore, statement I is correct. Statement II is incorrect because constants are not identifiers, they are values that are assigned to identifiers. Statement III is correct because variables are assigned values that may change. Statement IV is incorrect because constants are not used for values that may change.

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• 29.

### (SPM 2009 19.i.) Table 3 shows some types of data. Jadual 3 menunjukkan beberapa jenis data. Based on Table 3, state the types of data for : Berdasarkan Rajah 3, nyatakan jedis data ini untuk (i) R : ...........................................

Explanation
The correct answer is boolean because based on Table 3, the data type for "R" is not specified. The term "boolean" refers to a data type that can have only two values, typically true or false. Since no other information is given in the question, it can be assumed that "R" represents a boolean data type.

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• 30.

### (SPM 2009 20.i.) Figure 10 shows types of operator. Rajah 10 menunjukkan jenis-jenis operator. Based on Figure 10, state two logical operators. Berdasarkan Rajah 10, nyatakan dua operator logik.

• A.

>

• B.

OR (ATAU)

• C.

+

• D.

AND (DAN)

B. OR (ATAU)
D. AND (DAN)
Explanation
The correct answer is OR (ATAU) and AND (DAN) because these are the two logical operators shown in Figure 10. The figure displays different types of operators, and the two operators mentioned in the answer are clearly visible in the figure.

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• 31.

### (SPM 2009 21.) Which of the following symbols represents a decision in a selection control structure? Antara yang berikut simbol yang manakah mewakili keputusan dalam struktur kawalan pilihan?

c
Explanation
The symbol "c" represents a decision in a selection control structure. In programming, a selection control structure is used to make decisions based on certain conditions. The symbol "c" may be used to represent a conditional statement or an if statement, which allows the program to execute different sets of instructions depending on whether a condition is true or false.

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• 32.

### (SPM 2009 22.) Write the words that would complete the following statement. Tulis perkataan yang dapat melengkapkan pernyataan berikut. Buying books from an online shop and selling shoes on an internet auction site are both examples of .............................. Membeli buku dari kedai atas talian dan menjual kasut melalui tapak jualan lelong melalui tapak jualan lelong dalam internet adalah contoh ..........................

e-commerce
e-dagang
Explanation
The words "e-commerce" and "e-dagang" both refer to the same concept of conducting business transactions online. Buying books from an online shop and selling shoes on an internet auction site are both examples of e-commerce or e-dagang.

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• 33.

### (SPM 2009 19.ii.) Table 3 shows some types of data. Jadual 3 menunjukkan beberapa jenis data. Based on Table 3, state the types of data for : Berdasarkan Rajah 3, nyatakan jedis data ini untuk (ii) S :............................................

integer
Explanation
The correct answer is "integer" because in Table 3, the data type "S" is listed as "integer".

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• 34.

### (SPM 2009 23.i.) Based on the text, Berdasarkan teks, (i) State the name of the information system.     Nyatakan nama sistem maklumat itu.

expert system
sistem pakar
Explanation
The correct answer is "expert system" or "sistem pakar" because it is stated in the text that the information system being referred to is an expert system.

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• 35.

### (SPM 2009 23.ii.) Based on the text, Berdasarkan teks, (ii) State where the facts and rules come from.      Nyatakan dari mana fakta dan peraturan tersebut diperoleh.

expert
pakar
specialist
Explanation
The question is asking for the source or origin of the facts and rules mentioned in the text. The words "expert," "pakar," and "specialist" indicate that the facts and rules come from knowledgeable individuals who have expertise in the subject matter. These experts have likely conducted research, studied the topic extensively, or have practical experience in the field, making them a reliable source of information.

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• 36.

### (SPM 2009 24.) State whether the following statement is True or False. Nyatakan sama ada pernyataan berikut adalah Benar atau Palsu. Delete, Filter, Insert, Upgrade and Search are basic operations of data manipulation. Hapus, Saring, Sisip, Naik gred dan Penggelintaran adalah operasi asas dalam manipulasi data.

palsu
false
Explanation
The statement is false because while Delete, Filter, Insert, and Search are indeed basic operations of data manipulation, "Upgrade" and "Penggelintaran" are not recognized as basic operations in data manipulation.

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• 37.

### (SPM 2009 25.) The basic operation used to select a few records from a database is Operasi asas yang digunakan untuk memilih beberapa rekod daripada pangkalan data adalah A index    Indeks B delete     hapus C filter     saring D update     kemas kini

c
Explanation
The basic operation used to select a few records from a database is filtering. This operation allows the user to specify certain criteria or conditions, and only the records that meet those criteria will be selected and displayed. The other options, such as index, delete, and update, are not specifically used for selecting records, but rather for organizing, deleting, or updating existing records in the database.

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