Mrs Ware\'s Manicurist Exam

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Nail Quizzes & Trivia

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Improperly sanitized pedicure basins may cause:

    • A.

      Onychorrhexis

    • B.

      Leuconychia

    • C.

      Nevus

    • D.

      Tinea pedis

    Correct Answer
    D. Tinea pedis
    Explanation
    Improperly sanitized pedicure basins may cause tinea pedis. Tinea pedis, also known as athlete's foot, is a fungal infection that affects the skin on the feet. It is commonly transmitted in warm and moist environments, such as pedicure basins that have not been properly cleaned and disinfected. This infection can cause itching, redness, peeling, and cracking of the skin on the feet. Therefore, it is important to maintain proper sanitation practices to prevent the spread of tinea pedis and other infections in pedicure settings.

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  • 2. 

    Which one of the following should be the last step in fiberglass application?

    • A.

      Filing

    • B.

      Etching

    • C.

      Nipping

    • D.

      Buffing

    Correct Answer
    D. Buffing
    Explanation
    Buffing should be the last step in fiberglass application because it helps in smoothing out any rough edges or imperfections on the surface. It also enhances the shine and finish of the fiberglass, giving it a polished and professional look. By buffing the fiberglass, it removes any remaining scratches or marks left from previous steps, resulting in a smooth and flawless surface.

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  • 3. 

    What is the appearance of contaminated primer?

    • A.

      Violet

    • B.

      Amber

    • C.

      Clear

    • D.

      Cloudy

    Correct Answer
    D. Cloudy
    Explanation
    Contaminated primer appears cloudy.

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  • 4. 

    Careless filing an beviling of the fingernails may cause nails to:

    • A.

      Split

    • B.

      Grow slowly

    • C.

      Grow quickly

    • D.

      Become brittle

    Correct Answer
    A. Split
    Explanation
    Careless filing and beveling of the fingernails can cause them to split. When nails are not filed properly, it can lead to weak spots and uneven edges, making them more prone to splitting. This can be further aggravated if the filing is done in a rough or aggressive manner. Splitting of the nails can be painful and can also affect their appearance. It is important to file nails gently and in one direction to prevent splitting and maintain their health.

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  • 5. 

    Which medical problem would prevent a massage from being performed during a manicure?

    • A.

      Albinism

    • B.

      Chloasma

    • C.

      A heart condition

    • D.

      A thyroid condition

    Correct Answer
    D. A thyroid condition
    Explanation
    A thyroid condition can prevent a massage from being performed during a manicure because certain thyroid conditions can cause sensitivity or inflammation in the body, making it uncomfortable or even painful to receive a massage. It is important for the massage therapist to be aware of any medical conditions the client may have in order to provide a safe and effective treatment.

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  • 6. 

    What is the purpose of a paper wrap?

    • A.

      Fill-in bases

    • B.

      Tip overlays

    • C.

      Mail extensions

    • D.

      Quick repairs on natural nails

    Correct Answer
    D. Quick repairs on natural nails
    Explanation
    A paper wrap is used for quick repairs on natural nails. When a nail breaks or chips, a paper wrap can be applied to strengthen and support the damaged area. The paper wrap provides a temporary fix, allowing the nail to grow out without further damage. It acts as a barrier, preventing further breakage and promoting nail health. Paper wraps are a common technique used in nail care and are a convenient solution for quick repairs on natural nails.

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  • 7. 

    When clean the nail during a manicure, brush strokes should be directed:

    • A.

      Upward

    • B.

      Circular

    • C.

      Downward

    • D.

      Sideways

    Correct Answer
    A. Upward
    Explanation
    During a manicure, the nail should be cleaned using upward brush strokes. This is because brushing the nails upward helps to remove any dirt or debris from underneath the nail and prevents it from getting pushed further into the nail bed. Additionally, upward strokes promote better blood circulation in the fingertips, which can contribute to healthier nails.

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  • 8. 

    Some no-light gels may be cured by:

    • A.

      Spraying with an activator

    • B.

      Exposure to UV light

    • C.

      Soaking in acetone

    • D.

      Applying nail polish

    Correct Answer
    A. Spraying with an activator
    Explanation
    No-light gels are a type of gel that can be cured without the need for UV light. Instead, they can be cured by spraying with an activator. This activator triggers a chemical reaction in the gel, causing it to harden and cure. This method is a convenient alternative to using UV light, as it allows for faster and easier curing of the gel.

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  • 9. 

    Nail forms should be used when applying:

    • A.

      Nail tips

    • B.

      Acrylic nails

    • C.

      Mending tissue

    • D.

      Acrylic over nail tips

    Correct Answer
    B. Acrylic nails
    Explanation
    Nail forms should be used when applying acrylic nails because they provide a template for creating the desired shape and length of the nail. They are placed under the natural nail and used as a guide for applying the acrylic product. This allows the technician to sculpt the acrylic material directly onto the nail form, resulting in a customized and natural-looking nail extension. Nail forms are not necessary when applying nail tips, mending tissue, or acrylic over nail tips.

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  • 10. 

    What is study of healthy skin and skin disorders called?

    • A.

      Oncology

    • B.

      Dermatology

    • C.

      Neurology

    • D.

      Histology

    Correct Answer
    B. Dermatology
    Explanation
    Dermatology is the study of healthy skin and skin disorders. It focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of conditions affecting the skin, hair, and nails. Dermatologists are medical professionals who specialize in this field and are trained to address various skin concerns, including acne, eczema, psoriasis, skin cancer, and more. They play a crucial role in maintaining the health and well-being of the skin, which is the largest organ of the body.

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  • 11. 

    What stops the growth of microorganisms on non-living surfaces?

    • A.

      Dry sanitizes

    • B.

      Disinfectants

    • C.

      Antiseptics

    • D.

      Antibiotics

    Correct Answer
    C. Antiseptics
    Explanation
    Antiseptics are substances that inhibit the growth of microorganisms on living tissues, such as skin. They are not meant for use on non-living surfaces. Therefore, antiseptics would not be effective in stopping the growth of microorganisms on non-living surfaces. Disinfectants, on the other hand, are specifically designed to kill or inhibit the growth of microorganisms on non-living surfaces. They are effective in preventing the spread of infections and diseases in various settings, such as hospitals, homes, and public spaces.

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  • 12. 

    When applying polish, which one of the following can be used to correct a smudge before applying more polish:

    • A.

      Alcohol

    • B.

      Cuticle oil

    • C.

      Polish remover

    • D.

      Primer

    Correct Answer
    C. Polish remover
    Explanation
    Polish remover can be used to correct a smudge before applying more polish. This is because polish remover contains solvents that can dissolve and remove the polish, allowing for a clean surface to reapply the polish. Alcohol, cuticle oil, and primer do not have the same properties as polish remover and would not be effective in correcting a smudge.

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  • 13. 

    Alcohol, quats, and phenols are known as:

    • A.

      Physical agents

    • B.

      Ultraviolet rays

    • C.

      Chemical agents

    • D.

      Moist heat

    Correct Answer
    B. Ultraviolet rays
  • 14. 

    What is the function of the adductor muscles?

    • A.

      Seperate the fingers

    • B.

      Draw the fingers together

    • C.

      Bend the thumb

    • D.

      Extend the arm

    Correct Answer
    B. Draw the fingers together
    Explanation
    The adductor muscles are responsible for drawing the fingers together. These muscles are located in the hand and are responsible for controlling the movement of the fingers towards the midline of the hand. When these muscles contract, they bring the fingers closer together, allowing for actions such as gripping and grasping objects.

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  • 15. 

    What can be used by the nail technician to strengthen weak natural nails?

    • A.

      Fabric wrap

    • B.

      Nail primer

    • C.

      Acetone

    • D.

      Acrylic liquid

    Correct Answer
    A. Fabric wrap
    Explanation
    Fabric wrap can be used by a nail technician to strengthen weak natural nails. The fabric wrap is a thin, flexible material that is applied to the nail surface using adhesive. It provides support and reinforcement to the natural nail, helping to prevent breakage and promote nail growth. Unlike acrylic liquid or acetone, which are not specifically designed for strengthening nails, fabric wrap is a specialized product that is specifically designed to address the issue of weak natural nails. Nail primer is used to improve the adhesion of nail enhancements, but it does not directly strengthen the natural nails.

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  • 16. 

    What is another name for monomer used in the application of acrylic nails?

    • A.

      Powder

    • B.

      Cream

    • C.

      Paste

    • D.

      Liquid

    Correct Answer
    D. Liquid
    Explanation
    In the application of acrylic nails, the monomer refers to the liquid component that is mixed with a powder to create the acrylic substance used for building and shaping the nails. Therefore, the correct answer is "liquid."

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  • 17. 

    Effleurage druing a pedicure is:

    • A.

      Pressure applied with a fist

    • B.

      Smooth, continuous strokes

    • C.

      Kneading upward and downward

    • D.

      Lightly tapping the foot

    Correct Answer
    B. Smooth, continuous strokes
    Explanation
    Effleurage during a pedicure refers to the technique of using smooth, continuous strokes. This involves gently gliding the hands or fingers over the skin in a rhythmic and flowing motion. It is a common massage technique used to relax the muscles, improve circulation, and promote a sense of well-being. By using smooth, continuous strokes, the therapist can help to release tension and create a soothing and calming effect on the foot.

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  • 18. 

    What type of polish remover should be used if the client is wearing nail wraps?

    • A.

      Acrylic solvent

    • B.

      Acetone polish remover

    • C.

      Callus solvent

    • D.

      Non-acetone remover

    Correct Answer
    D. Non-acetone remover
    Explanation
    Nail wraps are typically made of materials such as silk, linen, or fiberglass, which are more delicate and prone to damage than acrylic nails. Acetone polish remover is known to be harsh and can cause the nail wraps to weaken or dissolve. Therefore, a non-acetone remover is recommended as it is gentler and less likely to cause damage to the nail wraps.

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  • 19. 

    When applying acrylic over bitten nails, which one of the following should not be done?

    • A.

      Build and extend acrylic to finger tip

    • B.

      Start acrylic application just below tip of bitten nail

    • C.

      Apply primer to exposed skin

    • D.

      Extend nail plate by applying small amount of acrylic to bitten end of nail bed

    Correct Answer
    C. Apply primer to exposed skin
    Explanation
    When applying acrylic over bitten nails, it is important not to apply primer to exposed skin. Primer is typically used to promote adhesion between the natural nail and the acrylic, but applying it directly to the skin can cause irritation and discomfort. It is best to only apply primer to the natural nail surface, avoiding contact with the surrounding skin.

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  • 20. 

    If a client has swelling of the nail, which one of the following conditions is present?

    • A.

      Onychohelcosis

    • B.

      Onychophyma

    • C.

      Leuconychia

    • D.

      Paronychia

    Correct Answer
    A. Onychohelcosis
    Explanation
    Onychohelcosis refers to the condition of having swelling of the nail. This condition is characterized by the thickening and discoloration of the nail, often accompanied by pain and inflammation. It can be caused by various factors such as fungal or bacterial infections, trauma, or underlying medical conditions. Therefore, onychohelcosis is the correct answer for the given question.

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  • 21. 

    In which one of the follwoing conditions do bacteria grow and multiply best?

    • A.

      Warm

    • B.

      Cold and light

    • C.

      Cool and dry

    • D.

      Warm and light

    Correct Answer
    A. Warm
    Explanation
    Bacteria grow and multiply best in warm conditions because higher temperatures provide an optimal environment for their metabolic processes. Warmer temperatures enhance the rate of enzymatic reactions, allowing bacteria to break down nutrients and reproduce more efficiently. Additionally, warm conditions can inhibit the growth of competing microorganisms, providing bacteria with a competitive advantage.

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  • 22. 

    Which one of the following results in poor adhesion of polish?

    • A.

      Improper beveling of the free edge

    • B.

      Oil traces on the nail plate

    • C.

      Split cuticles

    • D.

      Leuconychia

    Correct Answer
    B. Oil traces on the nail plate
    Explanation
    Oil traces on the nail plate can result in poor adhesion of polish because oil creates a barrier between the nail plate and the polish, preventing it from adhering properly. The oil can also cause the polish to chip or peel off more easily. To ensure good adhesion, it is important to properly clean and prepare the nail plate, removing any oil or residue before applying polish.

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  • 23. 

    Which one of the following is not a function of a muscle?

    • A.

      Movement

    • B.

      Shape

    • C.

      Support

    • D.

      Secretion

    Correct Answer
    D. Secretion
    Explanation
    Muscles are responsible for movement, maintaining body shape, and providing support to the body. However, secretion is not a function of muscles. Muscles do not have the ability to produce and release substances like hormones or enzymes. Secretion is typically performed by specialized glands or cells in the body.

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  • 24. 

    Where should disinfected manicure implements be stored?

    • A.

      In a supply closet

    • B.

      In a open cabinet

    • C.

      In a wet sanitizer

    • D.

      In a closed dry sanitizer

    Correct Answer
    D. In a closed dry sanitizer
    Explanation
    Disinfected manicure implements should be stored in a closed dry sanitizer to maintain their cleanliness and prevent contamination. Storing them in a closed container ensures that they are protected from dust, dirt, and other potential sources of contamination. Additionally, a dry sanitizer helps to keep the implements dry, which is important for preventing the growth of bacteria and fungi. This storage method helps maintain the hygiene and safety standards required for manicure tools.

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  • 25. 

    The vascular system is also known as the:

    • A.

      Muscular system

    • B.

      Nervous system

    • C.

      Circulatory system

    • D.

      Skeletal system

    Correct Answer
    A. Muscular system
    Explanation
    The correct answer is circulatory system. The vascular system refers to the network of blood vessels in the body, including arteries, veins, and capillaries, that transport blood throughout the body. This system is responsible for the circulation of oxygen, nutrients, hormones, and waste products. The muscular system, on the other hand, is responsible for movement and support of the body, while the nervous system controls and coordinates the body's functions. The skeletal system provides structure and support to the body.

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  • 26. 

    When polymer is mixed with monomer and shaped, the result is:

    • A.

      An acrylic nail

    • B.

      A clear nail varnish

    • C.

      A fiberglass nail

    • D.

      A linen nail

    Correct Answer
    A. An acrylic nail
    Explanation
    When polymer is mixed with monomer and shaped, it forms an acrylic nail. Acrylic nails are artificial nails that are created by combining a liquid monomer with a powder polymer to create a malleable substance that can be shaped over the natural nail. Once the mixture is applied to the nail, it hardens and creates a durable and long-lasting extension. This process is commonly used in nail salons for those who want to enhance the appearance and length of their natural nails.

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  • 27. 

    How should the technician reduce furrows in the nail plate?

    • A.

      File into nail corners

    • B.

      Suggest conditioning manicures

    • C.

      Buff nails lightly

    • D.

      Apply dark nail enamel

    Correct Answer
    C. Buff nails lightly
    Explanation
    Buffing the nails lightly can help reduce furrows in the nail plate. Buffing involves using a gentle abrasive tool to smooth out the surface of the nails, which can help minimize any ridges or furrows. This process helps to create a smoother and more even nail surface, resulting in a more polished appearance. It is important to buff the nails lightly to avoid causing damage or thinning the nail plate. Conditioning manicures and applying dark nail enamel may not directly address the issue of furrows in the nail plate.

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  • 28. 

    When applying acrylic nails, what will help the acrylic adhere to the natural nail?

    • A.

      Monomer

    • B.

      Catalyst

    • C.

      Primer

    • D.

      Lotion

    Correct Answer
    C. Primer
    Explanation
    Primer is used in the process of applying acrylic nails to help the acrylic adhere to the natural nail. It creates a bond between the natural nail and the acrylic, ensuring that the acrylic stays in place and lasts longer. The primer helps to remove any oils or moisture from the natural nail, creating a clean and dry surface for the acrylic to adhere to. This promotes better adhesion and prevents lifting or peeling of the acrylic nails.

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  • 29. 

    What is the main purpose of soap bath?

    • A.

      Shines the nails

    • B.

      Softens the cuticles

    • C.

      Shapes the nails

    • D.

      Removes the polish

    Correct Answer
    B. Softens the cuticles
    Explanation
    The main purpose of a soap bath is to soften the cuticles. Soaking the hands in warm soapy water helps to hydrate and soften the cuticles, making it easier to push them back or remove any excess skin. This process is often done before a manicure or nail treatment to ensure the cuticles are properly cared for and to promote healthy nail growth.

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  • 30. 

    Where is the hyponychium found?

    • A.

      Under the free edge

    • B.

      At the cuticle

    • C.

      In the matrix

    • D.

      On the sidewalls

    Correct Answer
    A. Under the free edge
    Explanation
    The hyponychium is found under the free edge of the nail. This is the area where the nail plate extends beyond the fingertip. It acts as a seal to protect the nail bed from dirt and debris.

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  • 31. 

    Which one of the following is used to remove nail stains?

    • A.

      Soap

    • B.

      Alcohol

    • C.

      Detergent

    • D.

      Hydrogen peroxide

    Correct Answer
    D. Hydrogen peroxide
    Explanation
    Hydrogen peroxide is used to remove nail stains because it is a powerful oxidizing agent that can break down and remove organic compounds, such as those found in nail polish or stains. It is commonly used as a stain remover and can effectively lighten or remove discoloration on nails caused by pigmented substances. Additionally, hydrogen peroxide has antiseptic properties, which can help to clean and disinfect the nails.

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  • 32. 

    To eliminate trapping air bubbles in the adhesive, the adhesive should be applied to the:

    • A.

      Well of the tip

    • B.

      Seam of the tip

    • C.

      Back of the natural nail

    • D.

      Sides of the natural nail

    Correct Answer
    A. Well of the tip
    Explanation
    To eliminate trapping air bubbles in the adhesive, the adhesive should be applied to the well of the tip. Applying the adhesive to the well ensures that it is evenly distributed and covers the entire surface area of the tip. This helps to create a strong bond between the tip and the natural nail, without any air pockets that could cause lifting or breakage of the artificial nail. Applying the adhesive to the seam, back, or sides of the natural nail may not provide adequate coverage and could result in the formation of air bubbles.

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  • 33. 

    What is the techical term for the nail?

    • A.

      Onyx

    • B.

      Tinea

    • C.

      Onychia

    • D.

      Paronychia

    Correct Answer
    A. Onyx
    Explanation
    The technical term for the nail is onyx.

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  • 34. 

    What must the manicurist not do when massaging arthritic hands?

    • A.

      Vigorous massage of joints

    • B.

      Circular movement in palm

    • C.

      Effleurage strokes on back of hand

    • D.

      Firm stroking of the fingers

    Correct Answer
    A. Vigorous massage of joints
    Explanation
    When massaging arthritic hands, the manicurist must avoid performing a vigorous massage on the joints. This is because arthritis causes inflammation and stiffness in the joints, and vigorous massage can potentially worsen the condition and cause pain or discomfort. Instead, the manicurist should focus on gentle techniques such as circular movements in the palm, effleurage strokes on the back of the hand, and firm stroking of the fingers to provide relief and relaxation without aggravating the arthritis.

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  • 35. 

    What should be used to remove product from a jar?

    • A.

      Spatula

    • B.

      Fingertip

    • C.

      End of a towel

    • D.

      Mail brush

    Correct Answer
    A. Spatula
    Explanation
    A spatula should be used to remove product from a jar because it is a flat, flexible tool that can easily slide under the product and lift it out without causing any damage to the jar or the product itself. Using a fingertip may be unhygienic and could contaminate the product. The end of a towel may not have enough precision or control to effectively remove the product. A mail brush is not a suitable tool for this task as it is designed for brushing and cleaning mail, not for removing product from a jar.

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  • 36. 

    Which one of the following protects nail polish from chipping?

    • A.

      Top coat

    • B.

      Dry nail polish

    • C.

      Cuticle oil

    • D.

      Nail conditioner

    Correct Answer
    A. Top coat
    Explanation
    A top coat is a clear, protective layer applied over nail polish to prevent chipping. It acts as a barrier, providing a durable and glossy finish that helps to extend the life of the nail polish. The top coat also adds an extra layer of protection against daily wear and tear, making the nail polish less prone to chipping and peeling.

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  • 37. 

    How does the nail technician dispose of used monomer?

    • A.

      Return to original container

    • B.

      Pour onto absorbent material and bag

    • C.

      Flush down drain with warm water

    • D.

      Pour into a trash receptacle

    Correct Answer
    B. Pour onto absorbent material and bag
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to pour the used monomer onto absorbent material and bag it. This is the appropriate way to dispose of the used monomer because it helps to prevent any potential environmental contamination. Absorbent material, such as paper towels or kitty litter, can absorb the liquid and make it easier to handle. By bagging it, the nail technician ensures that it is properly contained and can be disposed of in a trash receptacle without causing any harm to the environment. Flushing it down the drain or pouring it into a trash receptacle directly can lead to pollution and damage to the water supply or landfill.

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  • 38. 

    To avoid ingrown toenails, it is best to file the nails in which of the following manners?

    • A.

      Rounded, starting at the corners

    • B.

      Pointed, starting at the nail fold

    • C.

      Straight across, rounding slightly at corners

    • D.

      In an oval shape, starting at the nail fold

    Correct Answer
    C. Straight across, rounding slightly at corners
    Explanation
    To avoid ingrown toenails, it is best to file the nails straight across, rounding slightly at the corners. This method helps to prevent the nails from growing into the skin, reducing the risk of ingrown toenails. Filing the nails in a rounded shape or starting at the corners can increase the chances of the nails growing into the skin, leading to discomfort and potential infection. Filing in an oval shape starting at the nail fold can also increase the risk of ingrown toenails. Therefore, the recommended method is to file the nails straight across and round the corners slightly.

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  • 39. 

    Which one of the following is an example of sanitizing?

    • A.

      Boiling toenail separators

    • B.

      Applying disinfectant to a cut

    • C.

      Washing hands with soap and water

    • D.

      Immersing an orangewood stick in a germicide

    Correct Answer
    C. Washing hands with soap and water
    Explanation
    Sanitizing refers to the process of cleaning or disinfecting something to reduce the number of microorganisms present. Washing hands with soap and water is an example of sanitizing because it helps to remove dirt, bacteria, and viruses from the hands, reducing the risk of spreading infections.

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  • 40. 

    Which one of the following will help soften the skin around the nails?

    • A.

      Acetone

    • B.

      Cuticle oil

    • C.

      Pumice powder

    • D.

      Cuticle remover

    Correct Answer
    B. Cuticle oil
    Explanation
    Cuticle oil is a product specifically designed to soften and moisturize the skin around the nails. It contains various nourishing ingredients like vitamins and oils that help hydrate and condition the cuticles, making them softer and more pliable. Regular use of cuticle oil can prevent dryness, cracking, and peeling of the skin around the nails, promoting healthier and smoother nail growth. Acetone, pumice powder, and cuticle remover do not have the same moisturizing properties as cuticle oil and may even cause further dryness and damage to the skin.

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  • 41. 

    What is melanin?

    • A.

      Sweat pore

    • B.

      Blackhead

    • C.

      Color pigment

    • D.

      Collagen

    Correct Answer
    C. Color pigment
    Explanation
    Melanin is a color pigment that is responsible for the color of our skin, hair, and eyes. It is produced by specialized cells called melanocytes and helps protect the skin from the harmful effects of ultraviolet (UV) radiation. The amount and type of melanin present in an individual's skin determine their skin color. People with more melanin have darker skin, while those with less melanin have lighter skin. Melanin also plays a role in the development of freckles, moles, and other pigmented skin conditions.

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  • 42. 

    Which one of the following is not a type of nail form?

    • A.

      Wood

    • B.

      Paper

    • C.

      Metal

    • D.

      Plastic

    Correct Answer
    C. Metal
    Explanation
    Metal is not a type of nail form because nail forms are typically made of materials such as wood, paper, or plastic. Metal is not commonly used as a material for nail forms because it is not as flexible or easily moldable as the other materials mentioned.

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  • 43. 

    What should be done with paper wraps at every manicure?

    • A.

      Filled in

    • B.

      Repolished

    • C.

      Reinforced with silk

    • D.

      Replaced

    Correct Answer
    D. Replaced
    Explanation
    Paper wraps are used during a manicure to strengthen and protect the natural nails. However, they are not meant to be a permanent solution. Over time, paper wraps can become worn out, damaged, or lose their effectiveness. Therefore, it is recommended to replace paper wraps regularly to maintain the strength and integrity of the nails.

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  • 44. 

    A client with a disease of the fingernails should be referred to a:

    • A.

      Physician

    • B.

      Manicurist

    • C.

      Cosmetologist

    • D.

      Desairologist

    Correct Answer
    A. Physician
    Explanation
    A client with a disease of the fingernails should be referred to a physician because physicians are trained medical professionals who specialize in diagnosing and treating various diseases and conditions. They have the knowledge and expertise to properly assess and diagnose the disease of the fingernails, and can provide appropriate medical treatment or refer the client to a specialist if needed. Manicurists, cosmetologists, and desairologists do not have the necessary medical training to diagnose and treat diseases, so referring the client to a physician is the most appropriate course of action.

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  • 45. 

    All of the following are benefits of a hand and arm massage Except:

    • A.

      It relaxes the client

    • B.

      It decreases nail growth

    • C.

      It increases blood circulation

    • D.

      It softens the skin

    Correct Answer
    B. It decreases nail growth
    Explanation
    A hand and arm massage has several benefits, including relaxation, increased blood circulation, and softened skin. However, it does not have any effect on nail growth. Massaging the hands and arms can improve blood flow and promote relaxation, but it does not have any direct impact on the growth of nails. Nail growth is primarily determined by factors such as genetics, overall health, and nutrition.

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  • 46. 

    Hangnails may be caused by a dryness of the:

    • A.

      Dermis

    • B.

      Lunula

    • C.

      Cuticle

    • D.

      Nail bed

    Correct Answer
    C. Cuticle
    Explanation
    Hangnails are small, torn pieces of skin that occur around the nails. They are often caused by dryness and lack of moisture in the cuticle, which is the thin layer of skin that covers the base of the nail. When the cuticle becomes dry, it can crack and peel, leading to the formation of hangnails. Therefore, the correct answer is cuticle.

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  • 47. 

    Why is smoking prohibited during the application of artification nails?

    • A.

      Products may cause fire

    • B.

      Products will break down with heat

    • C.

      Smoke may cause product to crystallize

    • D.

      Smoke slows adhesion of product

    Correct Answer
    A. Products may cause fire
    Explanation
    Smoking is prohibited during the application of artificial nails because the products used in the process may cause fire. Smoking involves the use of a lit cigarette or other smoking materials, which can produce sparks or embers. If these sparks or embers come into contact with the flammable products used in nail artification, it can lead to a fire hazard. To ensure the safety of both the technician and the client, it is important to avoid smoking in the vicinity of these flammable products.

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  • 48. 

    Which muscle is used to bend the wrist, draw the hand upward, and close the fingers toward the forearm?

    • A.

      Pronator

    • B.

      Supinator

    • C.

      Flexor

    • D.

      Extensor

    Correct Answer
    C. Flexor
    Explanation
    The flexor muscle is responsible for bending the wrist, drawing the hand upward, and closing the fingers toward the forearm. This muscle contracts and shortens, causing these movements to occur. The pronator muscle is involved in rotating the forearm, the supinator muscle is responsible for rotating the forearm in the opposite direction, and the extensor muscle is responsible for extending the wrist and fingers. However, none of these muscles specifically perform the actions mentioned in the question.

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  • 49. 

    Nails are appendages of the:

    • A.

      Hair

    • B.

      Skin

    • C.

      Oil glands

    • D.

      Sweat glands

    Correct Answer
    B. Skin
    Explanation
    Nails are appendages of the skin. They are made up of a protein called keratin, which is also found in the skin. Nails grow from the nail matrix, which is located under the skin at the base of the nail. The matrix produces new cells that push the existing ones forward, causing the nail to grow. Therefore, nails are considered part of the skin and are closely connected to it.

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  • 50. 

    Onychocryptosis is defined as:

    • A.

      The wasting away of the nail

    • B.

      An overgrowth of nails

    • C.

      A swelling of the nail

    • D.

      An ingrown nail

    Correct Answer
    B. An overgrowth of nails
    Explanation
    Onychocryptosis is not an overgrowth of nails, but rather an ingrown nail. An ingrown nail occurs when the edge of the nail grows into the surrounding skin, causing pain, swelling, and sometimes infection. It is a common condition that can be caused by improper nail trimming, wearing tight shoes, or having curved nails. Therefore, the given answer is incorrect.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 29, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Kware
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