MS 7 Spring 14 Mid Term

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MS 7 Spring 14 Mid Term - Quiz

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Find the noun in this sentence: I think I see the mailman outside.

    Explanation
    The noun in the sentence is "mailman" because it is a person, place, or thing that the sentence is referring to. In this case, the sentence is talking about seeing the mailman outside. "Mailman" is a person who delivers mail, and it is the main subject of the sentence.

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  • 2. 

    Find the action verb in this sentence: My little brother rides a tricycle.

    Explanation
    The action verb in the sentence is "rides." This verb shows the action of the subject, which is the little brother, who is riding a tricycle.

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  • 3. 

    Is this a complete sentence? They returned at eight o’clock sharp.          

    • A.

      Yes

    • B.

      No

    Correct Answer
    A. Yes
    Explanation
    The given sentence "They returned at eight o'clock sharp" is a complete sentence because it contains a subject ("They") and a predicate ("returned at eight o'clock sharp"). It expresses a complete thought and can stand alone as a grammatically correct sentence.

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  • 4. 

    ·         Is this a complete sentence? Hikers all along the trail.

    • A.

      Yes

    • B.

      No

    Correct Answer
    B. No
    Explanation
    The given statement "Hikers all along the trail" is not a complete sentence because it lacks a subject or verb. It is a sentence fragment. A complete sentence should have a subject (who or what the sentence is about) and a verb (the action or state of being). In this case, the subject is missing, and therefore it is not a complete sentence.

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  • 5. 

    ·         Type out this sentence with the correct punctuation: Your stereo Mom shouted is much too loud

    Correct Answer
    “Your stereo,” Mom shouted, “is much too loud!”
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the sentence: "Your stereo," Mom shouted, "is much too loud!" This answer is correct because it properly uses quotation marks to indicate direct speech. The comma is placed before the opening quotation mark to separate the introductory phrase "Your stereo" from the rest of the sentence. The exclamation mark at the end indicates that Mom is shouting.

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  • 6. 

    ·         Type out this sentence with the correct punctuation: On February 14 1912 3020 cherry trees were shipped from Yokohama Japan to Seattle Washington

    Correct Answer
    On February 14, 1912, 3,020 cherry trees were shipped from Yokohama, Japan, to Seattle, Washington.
    Explanation
    The explanation for the given correct answer is that it correctly adds the necessary punctuation marks to the sentence. Commas are used to separate the date (February 14, 1912) and the number (3,020) for clarity. Additionally, commas are used to set off the locations (Yokohama, Japan, and Seattle, Washington) to indicate that they are separate elements in the sentence.

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  • 7. 

    Choose the helping verb that agrees with the subject and properly completes the verb phrase. Those garage doors ____ squeaking loudly.

    • A.

      Is

    • B.

      Are

    • C.

      Be

    • D.

      Was

    Correct Answer
    B. Are
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "are" because the subject "Those garage doors" is plural, indicating that there are multiple doors. The helping verb "are" agrees with the plural subject and properly completes the verb phrase.

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  • 8. 

       A dolphin was swimming at 20 feet below sea level. Then it dove to 45 feet below its original position. Which integer represents the depth of the dolphin’s dive?

    • A.

      - 45 ft

    • B.

      -20 ft

    • C.

      20 ft

    • D.

      45ft

    Correct Answer
    A. - 45 ft
    Explanation
    The question states that the dolphin dove 45 feet below its original position. Since the dolphin was originally swimming at 20 feet below sea level, diving 45 feet below that would result in a depth of -45 feet. The negative sign indicates that the dolphin is below sea level.

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  • 9. 

     Grace measures a bean plant at the end of every week. At the end of week 1, the plant is 4 inches tall. It grows 1/2 inch each week for 5 more weeks. How tall is Grace’s bean plant at the end of week 5?

    • A.

      5 inches

    • B.

      5 1/2 inches

    • C.

      6 inches

    • D.

      6 1/2 inches

    Correct Answer
    C. 6 inches
    Explanation
    The bean plant starts at 4 inches tall and grows 1/2 inch each week for 5 more weeks. To find the height at the end of week 5, we can add the growth of 1/2 inch for each of the 5 weeks to the initial height of 4 inches. 5 * 1/2 inch = 2 1/2 inches. Adding this to the initial height of 4 inches gives us a total height of 6 inches at the end of week 5.

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  • 10. 

       A diagram of Ryan’s yard is shown.  Which expression can Ryan use to find the total area of his yard?

    • A.

      (10 + 4) X (12 + 5)

    • B.

      (10 + 4) X (12 – 5)

    • C.

      (12 X 10) – (5 X 4)

    • D.

      (12 X 10) + (5 X 4)

    Correct Answer
    D. (12 X 10) + (5 X 4)
    Explanation
    Ryan can find the total area of his yard by multiplying the length of the yard (12) by the width of the yard (10), and then adding the product of the length of the yard (5) and the width of the yard (4). This can be expressed as (12 X 10) + (5 X 4).

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  • 11. 

    What is the next term in the following pattern:  10.5, 9.25, 8.00, 6.75, …

    • A.

      5.00

    • B.

      5.25

    • C.

      5.50

    • D.

      5.75

    Correct Answer
    C. 5.50
    Explanation
    The pattern in the given sequence is that each term is decreasing by 1.25. So, to find the next term, we subtract 1.25 from the previous term, which gives us 5.50.

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  • 12. 

    For a school fundraiser, Paco needs to sell 58 rolls of wrapping paper. So far, he has sold 2 rolls to his grandmother, 4 rolls to his uncle, and 9 rolls to a neighbor. How many more rolls of wrapping paper does Paco need to sell?

    Correct Answer
    43 more rolls of paper
    Explanation
    Paco has already sold a total of 2 + 4 + 9 = 15 rolls of wrapping paper. Since he needs to sell a total of 58 rolls, he still needs to sell 58 - 15 = 43 more rolls of wrapping paper.

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  • 13. 

    In 1587, before the first colony in Virginia was formed, a group of people were left in America to start a colony. Three years later a supply ship came and found they had all disappeared. They are known to us as the Lost Colony. What was the colony's real name?

    • A.

      Providence

    • B.

      Roanoke

    • C.

      Hartford

    • D.

      Smithtown

    Correct Answer
    B. Roanoke
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Roanoke. In 1587, a group of people were left in America to start a colony, which later became known as the Lost Colony. Three years later, when a supply ship arrived, they discovered that all the colonists had disappeared. The colony's real name was Roanoke.

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  • 14. 

    Why did people want to leave Europe for a strange new land? Pick the two answers that are most accurate.

    • A.

      For religious freedom

    • B.

      To join family living abroad

    • C.

      To own their own land

    • D.

      For adventure

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. For religious freedom
    C. To own their own land
    Explanation
    People wanted to leave Europe for a strange new land primarily for two reasons. Firstly, they sought religious freedom, as many individuals faced religious persecution in Europe and desired a place where they could freely practice their faith. Secondly, they wanted to own their own land, as Europe was often crowded and land ownership was limited. By migrating to a new land, they could have the opportunity to own and cultivate their own land, providing them with economic independence and a chance for a better life.

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  • 15. 

    Some people could not pay their own way and came as what kind of servant?

    • A.

      Dentures

    • B.

      Indentured

    • C.

      Dependent

    • D.

      Independent

    Correct Answer
    B. Indentured
    Explanation
    Indentured servants were individuals who could not afford to pay for their own passage to a new country, so they would enter into a contract with a wealthy person or family. In exchange for their passage, the indentured servants would agree to work for a set number of years, usually between four to seven years, to repay their debt. This arrangement allowed them to start a new life in a different country, but they were essentially bound to serve their master until their debt was paid off.

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  • 16. 

    • A.

      Octagon

    • B.

      Pentagon

    • C.

      Circle

    • D.

      Heart

    Correct Answer
    C. Circle
  • 17. 

    If you were this type of servant, you would have to work up to _ _ to repay your debt.

    • A.

      1 year

    • B.

      5 years

    • C.

      7 years

    • D.

      10 years

    Correct Answer
    C. 7 years
    Explanation
    If you were this type of servant, you would have to work up to 7 years to repay your debt. This suggests that the type of servant being referred to is an indentured servant. Indentured servitude was a common practice in colonial America, where individuals would agree to work for a set number of years in exchange for passage to the New World or to repay a debt. The fact that the repayment period is specified as 7 years indicates that this was the agreed-upon term for the servitude.

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  • 18. 

    In the Southern colonies, some of the richer people owned plantations. Pick two of the three "cash crops" that were grown on plantations.

    • A.

      Tobacco

    • B.

      Wheat

    • C.

      Corn

    • D.

      Indigo

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Tobacco
    D. Indigo
    Explanation
    In the Southern colonies, the wealthier individuals owned plantations where they cultivated cash crops. Two of the cash crops grown on these plantations were tobacco and indigo. Tobacco was a highly profitable crop that was in high demand in Europe, while indigo was used to produce a blue dye that was also in demand. These crops played a significant role in the economic success of the Southern colonies, as they were exported for profit.

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  • 19. 

    In December, 1773, what act did the Sons of Liberty do in a harbor in Boston, to show their disgust over taxes?

    • A.

      They dumped tea overboard.

    • B.

      They dumped coffee overboard.

    • C.

      They dumped tobacco overboard

    • D.

      They dumped sailors overboard.

    Correct Answer
    A. They dumped tea overboard.
    Explanation
    In December 1773, the Sons of Liberty protested against taxes by dumping tea overboard in a harbor in Boston. This act, known as the Boston Tea Party, was a demonstration of their opposition to the Tea Act imposed by the British government. The Sons of Liberty believed that this act would send a strong message to the British authorities about their discontentment with taxation without representation.

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  • 20. 

    The first English colony in America was formed in 1607.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The first English colony in America was indeed formed in 1607. This colony, known as Jamestown, was established in present-day Virginia by the Virginia Company. It was the first permanent English settlement in North America and played a significant role in the colonization and development of the continent. The colonists faced numerous challenges, including conflicts with Native Americans and harsh living conditions, but their establishment marked the beginning of English colonization in America.

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  • 21. 

    What is a colony?

    • A.

      Land that is handed down in a person’s family.

    • B.

      A village or town.

    • C.

      Land that is ruled by another country.

    • D.

      A fort built for war.

    Correct Answer
    C. Land that is ruled by another country.
    Explanation
    A colony refers to a territory or land that is governed and controlled by another country. In a colony, the ruling country has the authority to make decisions, establish laws, and exploit the resources of the land. The people living in the colony are often subject to the laws and regulations imposed by the ruling country.

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  • 22. 

    What is the definition of colonist?

    • A.

      A person who lives in a colony.

    • B.

      A person who helps to create a colony.

    • C.

      Both A and B

    • D.

      None of the above.

    Correct Answer
    C. Both A and B
    Explanation
    The definition of a colonist is a person who lives in a colony and also a person who helps to create a colony. This means that both options A and B are correct. A colonist can be someone who chooses to reside in a colony, as well as someone who actively participates in establishing or developing a colony.

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  • 23. 

    Who was the Declaration of Independence addressed to?

    • A.

      The King of England

    • B.

      George Washington

    • C.

      The King of France

    • D.

      Native Americans

    Correct Answer
    A. The King of England
    Explanation
    The Declaration of Independence was addressed to the King of England because it was a formal document written by the American colonists to declare their independence from British rule. The document outlined their grievances against the King and stated their intention to form a new nation. By addressing it to the King of England, the colonists were making it clear that they no longer recognized his authority over them.

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  • 24. 

    The "shot heard 'round the world" was fired where?

    • A.

      In England

    • B.

      In the Battle of Concord and Lexington

    • C.

      In Jamestown

    • D.

      In New Orleans

    Correct Answer
    B. In the Battle of Concord and Lexington
    Explanation
    The "shot heard 'round the world" refers to the first shot fired in the Battle of Concord and Lexington. This battle took place on April 19, 1775, during the American Revolutionary War. It marked the beginning of the war and was a significant moment in American history. The shot fired in this battle symbolizes the start of the fight for independence and is often referred to as the "shot heard 'round the world" due to its impact and historical significance.

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  • 25. 

    Which of the following is the correct definition of “weathering”? 

    • A.

      The breakdown of rocks.

    • B.

      The removal of rocks.

    • C.

      Neither

    Correct Answer
    A. The breakdown of rocks.
    Explanation
    Weathering refers to the process of breaking down rocks into smaller fragments or particles. This can occur through various mechanisms such as physical, chemical, and biological processes. Over time, weathering plays a crucial role in shaping the Earth's surface by wearing down rocks and contributing to the formation of soil. Therefore, the correct definition of weathering is "The breakdown of rocks."

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  • 26. 

    Which types of changes are included in the process of weathering?

    • A.

      Chemical changes

    • B.

      Physical changes

    • C.

      Both

    • D.

      Neither

    Correct Answer
    C. Both
    Explanation
    Both chemical changes and physical changes are included in the process of weathering. Weathering refers to the breakdown and alteration of rocks and minerals on the Earth's surface. Chemical weathering involves the chemical reactions that cause rocks to decompose or dissolve, resulting in the formation of new minerals. Physical weathering, on the other hand, involves the physical breakdown of rocks into smaller fragments without any change in their chemical composition. Both types of weathering processes work together to gradually break down and transform rocks over time.

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  • 27. 

    What are the three states of matter?

    • A.

      Density, volume and weight

    • B.

      Solid, liquid, and gas

    • C.

      Water, metal and gases

    Correct Answer
    B. Solid, liquid, and gas
    Explanation
    The three states of matter are solid, liquid, and gas. This is because matter can exist in different forms depending on the arrangement and movement of its particles. In a solid, particles are tightly packed together and vibrate in place. In a liquid, particles are close together but can move past each other. In a gas, particles are spread apart and move freely. Density, volume, and weight are properties of matter, but they do not define the states of matter. Water, metal, and gases are examples of substances that can exist in different states of matter.

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  • 28. 

    Matter is something that takes up space and has mass.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    This statement is true because matter is defined as anything that occupies space and has mass. Matter can exist in various forms, such as solids, liquids, and gases. It includes both living and non-living things. The concept of matter is fundamental in understanding the physical world around us and is a key concept in fields such as physics and chemistry.

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  • 29. 

    What is the standard definition of rotation, as it relates to Earth?

    • A.

      Earth’s orbital path around the sun

    • B.

      Earth spinning on its axis

    Correct Answer
    B. Earth spinning on its axis
    Explanation
    The standard definition of rotation, as it relates to Earth, is when the Earth spins on its axis. This means that the Earth rotates or turns around an imaginary line called its axis, which runs through the North and South poles. This rotation causes day and night as different parts of the Earth are exposed to the Sun's light. It takes approximately 24 hours for the Earth to complete one full rotation on its axis, resulting in a day.

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  • 30. 

    Work is being done only when a force is ________________________ an object.

    • A.

      With

    • B.

      Moving

    • C.

      Next to

    Correct Answer
    B. Moving
    Explanation
    Work is being done only when a force is moving an object. In order for work to be done, there must be a displacement of the object in the direction of the applied force. If the object is not moving, even if a force is applied, no work is being done because there is no displacement. Therefore, the correct answer is "moving".

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  • 31. 

    When a moving object has the energy of motion it has this type of energy.

    • A.

      Potential energy

    • B.

      Kinetic energy

    • C.

      Transfer energy

    Correct Answer
    B. Kinetic energy
    Explanation
    Kinetic energy refers to the energy possessed by a moving object due to its motion. It is determined by the object's mass and velocity. When an object is in motion, it has the ability to do work and can transfer its energy to other objects or systems. Therefore, kinetic energy is the appropriate term to describe the energy of motion possessed by a moving object.

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  • 32. 

    Which of the following are considered normal adolescent development?

    • A.

      Growth of body and underarm hair

    • B.

      Possible acne

    • C.

      Growth spurt of the body

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    During adolescence, the body goes through various changes as part of normal development. These changes include the growth of body and underarm hair, possible acne, and a growth spurt of the body. All of these are considered normal and expected during this stage of life.

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  • 33. 

    The first step of CPR is to __________, __________, and __________ to see if the person is breathing and has a pulse?

    Correct Answer
    Look, Listen, and Feel
    look listen feel
    Explanation
    The first step of CPR is to look, listen, and feel to see if the person is breathing and has a pulse. This involves visually observing the person's chest for any signs of breathing, listening for any sounds of breathing, and feeling for any movement or pulse. By performing these actions, it helps determine if the person is in need of immediate CPR intervention.

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  • 34. 

    Please identify the actions below that deal with stress and anxiety in a POSITIVE way.

    • A.

      Walk away and take a break from the stressful situation

    • B.

      Fight back and refuse to do your homework

    • C.

      Participate in a church youth group

    • D.

      A and C are both positive choices

    Correct Answer
    D. A and C are both positive choices
    Explanation
    Walking away and taking a break from a stressful situation can help to reduce stress and anxiety by giving oneself time and space to relax and recharge. Participating in a church youth group can also be beneficial as it provides a supportive and positive environment where individuals can connect with others, share their experiences, and find comfort and solace. Both of these actions promote self-care, stress management, and emotional well-being.

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  • 35. 

    Bulimia is defined by eating a large amount of food followed by too much exercise and possible vomiting.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Bulimia is an eating disorder characterized by episodes of binge eating followed by compensatory behaviors such as excessive exercise and self-induced vomiting. This behavior is done to compensate for the excessive food intake and to prevent weight gain. Therefore, the statement that bulimia is defined by eating a large amount of food followed by too much exercise and possible vomiting is true.

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