AP Biology Plant Quiz

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Quizzes Created: 23 | Total Attempts: 6,752
Questions: 21 | Attempts: 259

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Species Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The simplest phlya of plants are called

    • A.

      Pteridophytes

    • B.

      Gymnosperms

    • C.

      Bryophytes

    • D.

      Angiosperms

    Correct Answer
    C. Bryophytes
    Explanation
    Bryophytes are the simplest phyla of plants. They are non-vascular plants that lack true roots, stems, and leaves. They include mosses, liverworts, and hornworts. Bryophytes reproduce through spores and require moist environments to survive. They play an important role in ecosystems by stabilizing soil and providing habitats for other organisms. Unlike pteridophytes, gymnosperms, and angiosperms, bryophytes do not have seeds or flowers. They are considered the most primitive group of land plants and have unique adaptations to survive in diverse environments.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following are not shared by all phyla of vascular plants?

    • A.

      The development of seeds

    • B.

      Alternation of generation

    • C.

      Dominance of the diploid sporophyte generation

    • D.

      Xylem and phloem

    Correct Answer
    A. The development of seeds
    Explanation
    The development of seeds is not shared by all phyla of vascular plants. While seeds are a common feature in many phyla, such as gymnosperms and angiosperms, there are some phyla, like ferns, that do not produce seeds. Ferns reproduce through spores instead of seeds. Therefore, the development of seeds is not a characteristic shared by all phyla of vascular plants.

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  • 3. 

    A fruit is most commonly

    • A.

      A mature ovary

    • B.

      A thickened style

    • C.

      An enlarged ovule

    • D.

      A modified root

    Correct Answer
    A. A mature ovary
    Explanation
    The correct answer is a mature ovary. This is because a fruit is formed from the mature ovary of a flower after fertilization has occurred. The ovary contains the ovules, which develop into seeds when fertilized. The ovary wall then becomes the fruit, protecting the seeds and aiding in their dispersal. Therefore, a fruit is most commonly a mature ovary.

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  • 4. 

    Gymnosperms and Angiosperms have all the following in common except

    • A.

      Seeds

    • B.

      Pollen

    • C.

      Vascular tissue

    • D.

      Ovaries

    Correct Answer
    D. Ovaries
    Explanation
    Gymnosperms and Angiosperms have several similarities, including the presence of seeds, pollen, and vascular tissue. However, the one feature that differentiates them is the presence of ovaries. Gymnosperms do not have ovaries, while Angiosperms do. Ovaries are the female reproductive organs that contain the eggs and develop into fruits after fertilization in Angiosperms. Therefore, ovaries are not common to both Gymnosperms and Angiosperms.

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  • 5. 

    Which of the following represent the female structures of flowers?

    • A.

      Sepal and petal

    • B.

      Anther and filament

    • C.

      Stamen and carpel

    • D.

      Stigma and style

    Correct Answer
    D. Stigma and style
    Explanation
    The stigma and style are the female reproductive structures of flowers. The stigma is the sticky surface at the top of the carpel where pollen grains land and germinate. The style is the elongated tube-like structure that connects the stigma to the ovary, allowing the pollen tube to grow and deliver the sperm cells to the ovules for fertilization. Therefore, the correct answer is stigma and style.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following are male structures in flowers?

    • A.

      Sepal and petal

    • B.

      Anther and filament

    • C.

      Stamen and carpel

    • D.

      Stigma and style

    Correct Answer
    B. Anther and filament
    Explanation
    The anther and filament are male structures in flowers. The anther is responsible for producing pollen, which contains the male reproductive cells. The filament is the stalk that supports the anther and positions it for optimal pollen dispersal. These structures are part of the stamen, which is the male reproductive organ in flowers. The other options, sepal and petal, stigma and style, and carpel, are either female structures or not directly involved in the male reproductive process.

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  • 7. 

    Xylem is a vascular tissue that functions in the transport of _____________through plants.

    • A.

      Food

    • B.

      Water

    • C.

      Light

    • D.

      Organic substances

    Correct Answer
    B. Water
    Explanation
    Xylem is a vascular tissue that functions in the transport of water through plants. This tissue is responsible for carrying water and dissolved minerals from the roots to the rest of the plant, including the leaves. It forms a network of tubes that provide support and also helps in the movement of water against gravity. Without xylem, plants would not be able to absorb water and nutrients efficiently, leading to their inability to survive and grow.

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  • 8. 

    Phloem is a vascular tissue that is responsible for transporting _____________ through plants.

    • A.

      Water

    • B.

      Organic food substances

    • C.

      Light particles

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Organic food substances
    Explanation
    Phloem is a vascular tissue that is responsible for transporting organic food substances through plants. This includes sugars, amino acids, and other nutrients that are produced in the leaves during photosynthesis and need to be transported to other parts of the plant for growth and metabolism. Phloem consists of specialized cells called sieve tubes that form a continuous network throughout the plant, allowing for the efficient transport of these organic food substances.

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  • 9. 

    ____ is to xylem as ____ is to phloem.

    • A.

      Sclerenchyma cell; parenchyma cell

    • B.

      Apical meristem; vascular cambium

    • C.

      Vessel element; sieve-tube member

    • D.

      Cortex; pith

    • E.

      Vascular cambium; cork cambium

    Correct Answer
    C. Vessel element; sieve-tube member
  • 10. 

    Most of the mass of organic material of a plant comes from

    • A.

      Water.

    • B.

      Carbon dioxide

    • C.

      Soil minerals

    • D.

      Atmospheric oxygen.

    • E.

      Nitrogen

    Correct Answer
    B. Carbon dioxide
    Explanation
    Plants obtain most of their mass from carbon dioxide. Through the process of photosynthesis, plants use carbon dioxide from the atmosphere to produce glucose, which serves as a building block for organic materials such as carbohydrates, proteins, and lipids. Water, soil minerals, and atmospheric oxygen are also essential for plant growth, but they do not contribute as significantly to the overall mass of organic material in a plant as carbon dioxide does.

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  • 11. 

    Mycorrhizae enhance plant nutrition mainly by

    • A.

      Absorbing water and minerals through the fungal hyphae.

    • B.

      Providing sugar to the root cells, which have no chloroplasts of their own

    • C.

      Converting atmospheric nitrogen to ammonia

    • D.

      Enabling the roots to parasitize neighboring plants

    • E.

      Stimulating the development of root hairs.

    Correct Answer
    A. Absorbing water and minerals through the fungal hyphae.
    Explanation
    Mycorrhizae enhance plant nutrition by absorbing water and minerals through the fungal hyphae. This symbiotic relationship between the plant roots and fungi allows the plant to access nutrients that may be otherwise unavailable. The fungal hyphae extend into the soil, greatly increasing the surface area for nutrient absorption. This enables the plant to uptake essential minerals such as phosphorus and nitrogen more efficiently, leading to improved plant growth and nutrition.

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  • 12. 

    A plant that has small, green petals is most likely to be

    • A.

      Bee pollinated

    • B.

      Bird pollinated

    • C.

      Bat pollinated

    • D.

      Wind pollinated

    Correct Answer
    D. Wind pollinated
    Explanation
    A plant that has small, green petals is most likely to be wind pollinated. Wind-pollinated plants typically have small, inconspicuous flowers with no need for bright colors or attractive scents to attract pollinators. Instead, they rely on the wind to carry their pollen from the male to the female flowers. The small, green petals of such plants serve the purpose of protecting the reproductive structures and ensuring efficient pollen transfer by wind.

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  • 13. 

    Pollen grain is to ____ as ____ is to female gametophyte

    • A.

      Male gametophyte; embryo sac

    • B.

      Embryo sac; ovule

    • C.

      Ovule; sporophyte

    • D.

      Anther; seed

    • E.

      Petal; sepal

    Correct Answer
    A. Male gametophyte; embryo sac
    Explanation
    The analogy in this question is comparing the relationship between a pollen grain and a male gametophyte to the relationship between something else and an embryo sac. The correct answer is "male gametophyte; embryo sac" because a pollen grain is the male gametophyte in plants, responsible for fertilizing the female gametophyte (embryo sac) in the process of sexual reproduction.

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  • 14. 

    Which of the following conditions is needed by almost all seeds to break dormancy?

    • A.

      Exposure to light

    • B.

      Imbibition

    • C.

      Abrasion of the seed coat

    • D.

      Exposure to cold

    • E.

      Covering of fertile soil

    Correct Answer
    B. Imbibition
    Explanation
    Imbibition is the process by which a seed absorbs water and swells, leading to the activation of enzymes and metabolic processes necessary for germination. It is a crucial condition for breaking dormancy in almost all seeds. Exposure to light, abrasion of the seed coat, exposure to cold, and covering of fertile soil may be required by some specific seeds, but imbibition is a common requirement for most seeds to break dormancy.

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  • 15. 

    Which of the following is a land plant that produces flagellated sperm and has a sporophyte dominate life cycle?

    • A.

      Moss

    • B.

      Fern

    • C.

      Liverwort

    • D.

      Hornwort

    Correct Answer
    B. Fern
    Explanation
    Fern is the correct answer because it is a land plant that produces flagellated sperm and has a sporophyte dominant life cycle. Ferns have a distinct alternation of generations, with the dominant phase being the sporophyte generation. The sporophyte produces spores through meiosis, which develop into gametophytes. The gametophytes produce flagellated sperm and eggs, and fertilization occurs when the sperm swim to the eggs. This life cycle is characteristic of ferns.

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  • 16. 

    Which of the following is not a characteristic that distinguishes gymnosperms and angiosperm from other plants?

    • A.

      Alternation of generation

    • B.

      Seeds

    • C.

      Pollen

    • D.

      Minor gametophyte

    Correct Answer
    A. Alternation of generation
    Explanation
    Gymnosperms and angiosperms are both characterized by the presence of seeds and pollen, which are not found in other plants. Additionally, they both have a reduced gametophyte stage, known as a minor gametophyte. However, the alternation of generation is a characteristic that is not unique to gymnosperms and angiosperms, as it is also present in other plant groups such as ferns and mosses. Therefore, the correct answer is alternation of generation.

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  • 17. 

    The productivity of a crop declines when leaves begin to wilt due to drought stress mainly because

    • A.

      The chlorophyll of wilting leaves decomposes

    • B.

      Flaccid mesophyll cells are incapable of photosynthesis

    • C.

      Stomata close, preventing CO2 from entering the leaf.

    • D.

      Photolysis, the water-splitting step of photosynthesis, cannot occur when there is a water deficiency.

    • E.

      An accumulation of CO2 in the leaf inhibits the enzymes required for photosynthesis.

    Correct Answer
    C. Stomata close, preventing CO2 from entering the leaf.
    Explanation
    When leaves begin to wilt due to drought stress, the stomata close, preventing CO2 from entering the leaf. This is because the stomata are responsible for the exchange of gases, including CO2, between the leaf and the atmosphere. When the stomata close, the leaf is unable to take in CO2, which is essential for photosynthesis. As a result, the productivity of the crop declines because photosynthesis cannot occur efficiently without an adequate supply of CO2.

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  • 18. 

    This tissue is often used to store extra carbohydrates and conduct photosynthesis.

    • A.

      Collenchyma

    • B.

      Parenchyma

    • C.

      Schlerenchyma

    • D.

      Option 4

    Correct Answer
    B. Parenchyma
    Explanation
    Parenchyma tissue is often used to store extra carbohydrates and conduct photosynthesis. This tissue is found in various parts of plants, such as leaves, stems, and roots. It consists of living cells with thin cell walls, which allows for the exchange of gases and nutrients necessary for photosynthesis. Additionally, parenchyma cells have large vacuoles that can store carbohydrates, such as starch. These characteristics make parenchyma tissue well-suited for storing excess carbohydrates and performing photosynthesis.

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  • 19. 

    The function of a stoma is to...

    • A.

      Import water and carbon dioxide; export oxygen

    • B.

      Import carbon dioxide; export oxygen

    • C.

      Import oxygen; export carbon dioxide and water

    • D.

      Import oxygen; export carbon dioxide and water

    Correct Answer
    B. Import carbon dioxide; export oxygen
    Explanation
    A stoma is a small pore found on the surface of leaves and stems of plants. Its main function is to facilitate gas exchange in plants by allowing the entry of carbon dioxide (import) and the exit of oxygen (export). This is essential for the process of photosynthesis, where plants use carbon dioxide to produce oxygen and glucose. Therefore, the correct answer is "Import carbon dioxide; export oxygen."

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  • 20. 

    Which of the following is incorrect?

    • A.

      Epidermis: Protection

    • B.

      Stoma: Gas exchange

    • C.

      Spongy Mesophyll: Gas exchange

    • D.

      Palisades Mesophyll: Translocation

    Correct Answer
    D. Palisades Mesophyll: Translocation
    Explanation
    The given options are related to different parts of a plant and their functions. The epidermis is responsible for protection, stomata are involved in gas exchange, and spongy mesophyll also plays a role in gas exchange. However, the palisade mesophyll is not involved in translocation. Translocation refers to the movement of sugars and other organic compounds throughout the plant. This process primarily occurs in the phloem tissue, not in the palisade mesophyll. Therefore, the statement that palisade mesophyll is involved in translocation is incorrect.

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  • 21. 

    Double fertilization refers to

    • A.

      A male gametophyte fertilizing two eggs.

    • B.

      A male gametophyte fertilizing one seed and one ovule.

    • C.

      A male gametophyte fertilizing one ovule and one endosperm.

    • D.

      A male gametophyte fertilizing one ovule and one seed coat.

    Correct Answer
    C. A male gametophyte fertilizing one ovule and one endosperm.
    Explanation
    Double fertilization refers to the process in flowering plants where two sperm cells from the male gametophyte (pollen) fertilize two different structures within the female reproductive system. One sperm fertilizes the egg cell, resulting in the formation of a zygote, which develops into an embryo. The other sperm fertilizes the central cell, which contains the polar nuclei, resulting in the formation of the endosperm. Therefore, the correct answer is "A male gametophyte fertilizing one ovule and one endosperm."

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 10, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Justin Lovrien
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