Chemistry B Quiz 1

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    LAB / What volume of water must be added to 250ml of 7M HCl to produce 5M HCl? (Hint: M1V1 = M2V2)

    • A.

      100 ml

    • B.

      1000 ml

    • C.

      350 ml

    • D.

      250 ml

    Correct Answer
    A. 100 ml
    Explanation
    To calculate the volume of water that must be added, we can use the formula M1V1 = M2V2. The initial concentration of the HCl solution is 7M and the final concentration we want is 5M. The initial volume is given as 250ml. By rearranging the formula, we can solve for V2, which represents the volume of water to be added. Plugging in the values, we get (7M)(250ml) = (5M)(250ml + V2). Solving for V2 gives us V2 = 100ml. Therefore, 100 ml of water must be added to the 250ml of 7M HCl to produce a 5M HCl solution.

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  • 2. 

    LAB / What volume of water must be added to 250ml of 7M HCl to produce 5M HCl? (Hint: M1V1 = M2V2)

    • A.

      100 ml

    • B.

      1000 ml

    • C.

      350 ml

    • D.

      250 ml

    Correct Answer
    A. 100 ml
    Explanation
    To calculate the volume of water that must be added, we can use the formula M1V1 = M2V2. In this case, M1 is 7M, V1 is 250ml, M2 is 5M, and V2 is the volume of water we need to find. Plugging in these values, we get 7(250) = 5(V2). Solving for V2, we find that V2 is equal to 350 ml. Therefore, 350 ml of water must be added to 250 ml of 7M HCl to produce 5M HCl.

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  • 3. 

    LAB / What volume of water must be added to 250ml of 7M HCl to produce 5M HCl? (Hint: M1V1 = M2V2)

    • A.

      100 ml

    • B.

      1000 ml

    • C.

      350 ml

    • D.

      250 ml

    Correct Answer
    A. 100 ml
    Explanation
    To find the volume of water that must be added, we can use the formula M1V1 = M2V2.
    Given:
    M1 = 7M (initial concentration of HCl)
    V1 = 250ml (initial volume of HCl)
    M2 = 5M (final concentration of HCl)
    V2 = ? (final volume of HCl)

    Rearranging the formula, we have:
    V2 = (M1V1) / M2
    V2 = (7M * 250ml) / 5M
    V2 = 1750ml / 5
    V2 = 350ml

    Therefore, 350ml of HCl is needed to produce 5M HCl. Since we already have 250ml of HCl, we need to add 100ml of water to reach the desired concentration.

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  • 4. 

     What is the atomic mass of the element cadmium (Cd)?

    • A.

      112

    • B.

      64

    • C.

      48

    • D.

      96

    Correct Answer
    A. 112
    Explanation
    The atomic mass of an element is the weighted average mass of all the isotopes of that element, taking into account their abundance. In the case of cadmium (Cd), the atomic mass is 112. This means that on average, a cadmium atom has a mass of 112 atomic mass units (amu), which is approximately equal to the mass of 112 hydrogen atoms.

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  • 5. 

     How many electrons does an atom of the element mercury (Hg) have?

    • A.

      12

    • B.

      121

    • C.

      80

    • D.

      201

    Correct Answer
    C. 80
    Explanation
    An atom of the element mercury (Hg) has 80 electrons. The atomic number of mercury is 80, which represents the number of protons in the nucleus of the atom. In a neutral atom, the number of electrons is equal to the number of protons, so mercury has 80 electrons.

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  • 6. 

     What coefficient is needed in front of NH3 in order for the following equation to be balanced? N2   +   H2   →  NH3

    • A.

      2

    • B.

      3

    • C.

      4

    • D.

      5

    Correct Answer
    A. 2
    Explanation
    To balance the equation N2 + H2 -> NH3, we need a coefficient of 2 in front of NH3. This is because there are 2 nitrogen atoms on the left side of the equation (in N2) and only 1 nitrogen atom on the right side (in NH3). By adding a coefficient of 2 in front of NH3, we balance the number of nitrogen atoms on both sides of the equation.

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  • 7. 

     Propane, C3H8 (g), burns in oxygen to form carbon dioxide and water.  Which equation correctly shows this reaction? a. C3H8  +  O2  →  CO  +  H2O b. C3H  +  5O2  →  3CO  +  4H2O  c. C3H  +  5O2  →  CO  +  4H2O  d. 2C3H8  +  5O  →  3CO  +  4H2O  

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    B. B
    Explanation
    The balanced equation for the combustion of propane is C3H8 + 5O2 -> 3CO2 + 4H2O. This equation correctly shows that one molecule of propane reacts with five molecules of oxygen to produce three molecules of carbon dioxide and four molecules of water. Option B is the correct answer because it matches the balanced equation.

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  • 8. 

     In which situation is a chemical reaction occurring?

    • A.

      Salt dissolving in water

    • B.

      A nail rusting

    • C.

      Ice melting

    • D.

      a glass window breaking

    Correct Answer
    B. A nail rusting
    Explanation
    A chemical reaction occurs when a substance undergoes a chemical change, resulting in the formation of new substances with different properties. In the given options, only the process of a nail rusting involves a chemical reaction. When iron in the nail reacts with oxygen and moisture in the air, it forms iron oxide, which is the rust. This chemical change is a clear indication of a chemical reaction taking place.

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  • 9. 

     Given the unbalanced equation ___Fe2O3   +   ___CO →    ___Fe  +   ___CO2 When the equation is correctly balanced, using the smallest whole-number coefficients, what is the coefficient of CO2? a. 1 b. 2 c. 3 d. 4

    • A.

      1

    • B.

      2

    • C.

      3

    • D.

      4

    Correct Answer
    B. 2
    Explanation
    The balanced equation for the given unbalanced equation is 2Fe2O3 + 3CO → 4Fe + 3CO2. In this balanced equation, the coefficient of CO2 is 3.

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  • 10. 

     Fossil fuels that contain carbon, such as coal, petroleum and natural gas, combine with oxygen to produce carbon dioxide gas and energy often in the form of heat.  These processes are example of which type of reactions?  

    • A.

      Endothermic reactions

    • B.

      Exothermic reaction

    • C.

      Metabolic reactions

    • D.

      Replacement reactions

    Correct Answer
    B. Exothermic reaction
    Explanation
    The given processes, where fossil fuels combine with oxygen to produce carbon dioxide gas and energy in the form of heat, are examples of exothermic reactions. Exothermic reactions release energy in the form of heat to the surroundings. In this case, the combustion of fossil fuels releases heat energy, making it an exothermic reaction.

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  • 11. 

     What can a polar molecule dissolve?

    • A.

      Any solute

    • B.

      A nonpolar solute

    • C.

      A polar solute

    • D.

      No solute

    Correct Answer
    C. A polar solute
    Explanation
    A polar molecule can dissolve a polar solute. Polar molecules have a positive and negative end, which allows them to interact with other polar molecules through electrostatic attractions. When a polar solute is placed in a polar solvent, the solvent molecules surround the solute particles and break them apart, forming a solution. On the other hand, polar molecules cannot dissolve nonpolar solutes because nonpolar solutes lack a charge and cannot form strong attractions with the polar solvent molecules. Therefore, the correct answer is a polar solute.

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  • 12. 

     If a water solution conducts electricity, what must the solute be?

    • A.

      Solid

    • B.

      Liquid

    • C.

      Electrolyte

    • D.

      Nonelectrolyte

    Correct Answer
    C. Electrolyte
    Explanation
    An electrolyte is a substance that conducts electricity when dissolved in water. This is because electrolytes dissociate into ions, which are charged particles that can carry an electric current. Therefore, if a water solution conducts electricity, it indicates the presence of an electrolyte as the solute.

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  • 13. 

     All of the following speed up the dissolving process except _______.

    • A.

      Stirring the solution

    • B.

      Increasing the size of the solid to be dissolved

    • C.

      Increasing the temperature of the solvent

    • D.

      Crushing the solid to be dissolve

    Correct Answer
    B. Increasing the size of the solid to be dissolved
    Explanation
    Increasing the size of the solid to be dissolved does not speed up the dissolving process. In fact, it has the opposite effect. When the solid is larger, there is less surface area available for the solvent to come into contact with, which slows down the dissolving process. On the other hand, stirring the solution helps to distribute the solvent evenly and increase the contact between the solvent and the solid, thus speeding up the dissolving process. Increasing the temperature of the solvent also speeds up the dissolving process as it increases the kinetic energy of the molecules, leading to more collisions and faster dissolution. Crushing the solid to be dissolved increases its surface area, allowing for more contact with the solvent and therefore speeding up the dissolving process.

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  • 14. 

     Which is NOT an element?

    • A.

      He

    • B.

      N

    • C.

      NaCl

    • D.

      Mg

    Correct Answer
    C. NaCl
    Explanation
    NaCl is not an element because it is a compound made up of two elements, sodium (Na) and chlorine (Cl). Elements are substances that cannot be broken down into simpler substances by chemical means, whereas compounds are substances made up of two or more elements chemically combined. He (helium), N (nitrogen), and Mg (magnesium) are all elements as they consist of only one type of atom.

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  • 15. 

     What is the mass of an atom with 8 protons, 7 neutrons, and 8 electrons?

    • A.

      15 amu

    • B.

      7 amu

    • C.

      8 amu

    • D.

      23 amu

    Correct Answer
    A. 15 amu
    Explanation
    The mass of an atom is determined by the sum of the masses of its protons, neutrons, and electrons. In this case, the atom has 8 protons, 7 neutrons, and 8 electrons. The mass of a proton is approximately 1 amu, the mass of a neutron is also approximately 1 amu, and the mass of an electron is negligible compared to that of a proton or neutron. Therefore, the mass of the atom can be calculated as 8 amu (protons) + 7 amu (neutrons) = 15 amu.

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  • 16. 

     Which of the following has six valence electrons?

    • A.

      Beryllium

    • B.

      Carbon

    • C.

      Oxygen

    • D.

      Neon

    Correct Answer
    C. Oxygen
    Explanation
    Oxygen has six valence electrons because it is located in group 16 of the periodic table. Group 16 elements, also known as the oxygen family, have six valence electrons in their outermost energy level. Valence electrons are the electrons involved in chemical bonding and determining the reactivity of an element. Therefore, oxygen fits the criteria of having six valence electrons.

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  • 17. 

     In the electron cloud model of an atom, what accounts for most of the volume?

    • A.

      Electrons

    • B.

      Empty space

    • C.

      Neutrons

    • D.

      Protons

    Correct Answer
    B. Empty space
    Explanation
    In the electron cloud model of an atom, most of the volume is accounted for by empty space. This is because the electrons in an atom occupy specific energy levels or orbitals, which are located at various distances from the nucleus. The space between these orbitals is mostly empty, meaning that the volume of an atom is primarily composed of empty space rather than particles such as electrons, neutrons, or protons.

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  • 18. 

     When iron is exposed to air and moisture, it corrodes or rusts.  Examine the equation below for the formation of hydrated iron (III) oxide: __Fe  +  __O2  +  __H2O     →    __Fe2O3+ 3H2O How many molecules of water are contained in the product?

    • A.

      2

    • B.

      3

    • C.

      6

    • D.

      1

    Correct Answer
    B. 3
    Explanation
    The equation shows that for every 1 molecule of Fe2O3, 3 molecules of H2O are produced. Therefore, the product contains 3 molecules of water.

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  • 19. 

     In which situation is a chemical reaction occurring?

    • A.

      Salt dissolving in water

    • B.

      A nail rusting

    • C.

      Ice melting

    • D.

      A glass window breaking

    Correct Answer
    B. A nail rusting
    Explanation
    A chemical reaction occurs when substances undergo a chemical change, resulting in the formation of new substances. In the given options, only the process of a nail rusting involves a chemical reaction. When iron in the nail reacts with oxygen in the presence of water or moisture, it forms iron oxide or rust. This chemical change indicates a chemical reaction taking place. The other options involve physical changes such as dissolving, melting, or breaking, which do not involve the formation of new substances.

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  • 20. 

     H2SO +  KOH  →  K2SO +  H2O Cu  +  2AgNO →  Cu(NO3)2  +  2Ag NiCl +  NaOH  →  Ni(OH)2  +  2NaCl\ H2  +  O → 2H2O All of the equations above show what?

    • A.

      Reactants combining with products to produce a new substance

    • B.

      No chemical changes occurring

    • C.

      Physical changes taking place

    • D.

      Reactants combining to produce new substances

    Correct Answer
    D. Reactants combining to produce new substances
    Explanation
    The equations above demonstrate chemical reactions where reactants combine to produce new substances. In each equation, the reactants on the left side of the arrow combine and undergo a chemical change to form the products on the right side of the arrow. This indicates that a chemical reaction has occurred, resulting in the formation of new substances.

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  • 21. 

     Propane, C3H8(g), burns in oxygen to form carbon dioxide and water.  Which equation correctly shows this reaction? a. C3H8  +  O2  →  CO2  +  H2O b. C3H  +  5O2    →  3CO2  +  4H2O c. C3H  +  5O2    →  CO2  +  4H2O  d. 2C3H  +  5O2    →  3CO2  +  4H2O   

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    B. B
    Explanation
    The equation in option B correctly shows the reaction of propane burning in oxygen to form carbon dioxide and water. The balanced equation indicates that for every 1 molecule of propane (C3H8), 5 molecules of oxygen (O2) are required to produce 3 molecules of carbon dioxide (CO2) and 4 molecules of water (H2O).

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  • 22. 

     What coefficient is needed in front of NH3 in order for the following equation to be balanced? N2   +   H2    →    NH3

    • A.

      2

    • B.

      3

    • C.

      4

    • D.

      6

    Correct Answer
    A. 2
    Explanation
    To balance the equation N2 + H2 → NH3, we need a coefficient of 2 in front of NH3. This is because there are 2 nitrogen atoms on the left side (N2) and 2 nitrogen atoms on the right side (2NH3) after balancing. Similarly, there are 6 hydrogen atoms on the left side (3H2) and 6 hydrogen atoms on the right side (2NH3) after balancing. Therefore, a coefficient of 2 in front of NH3 is needed to balance the equation.

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  • 23. 

    What is the name of the OH- ion?

    • A.

      Anhydride

    • B.

      Oxide

    • C.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. None of the above
  • 24. 

     Fossil fuels that contain carbon, such as coal, petroleum and natural gas, combine with oxygen to produce carbon dioxide gas and energy often in the form of heat.  These processes are example of which type of reactions?

    • A.

      Endothermic reactions

    • B.

      Exothermic reaction

    • C.

      Metabolic reactions

    • D.

      Replacement reactions

    Correct Answer
    B. Exothermic reaction
    Explanation
    Fossil fuels that contain carbon, such as coal, petroleum, and natural gas, undergo a chemical reaction when they combine with oxygen. This reaction releases energy in the form of heat, indicating that it is an exothermic reaction. In exothermic reactions, energy is released to the surroundings, resulting in a temperature increase. Therefore, the given statement accurately describes the type of reaction that occurs when fossil fuels combine with oxygen.

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  • 25. 

    The _______  is the complete arrangement of electrons in an atom and determines how the atom will chemically bond and influences the orientation of its orbital in space, and its spin.

    • A.

      Electron configuration

    • B.

      Orbital science

    • C.

      Chemical properties of an atom

    Correct Answer
    A. Electron configuration
    Explanation
    The electron configuration refers to the arrangement of electrons in an atom, which plays a crucial role in determining how the atom will chemically bond and influences the orientation of its orbitals in space, as well as their spin. It provides valuable information about an atom's chemical properties and behavior.

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  • 26. 

    Write the name of the compound H2SO4

    • A.

      Hydrogen Sulfide

    • B.

      Sulfurous Hydride

    • C.

      Sulfuric Acid

    • D.

      DiHydrogen TetraSulfate

    Correct Answer
    C. Sulfuric Acid
    Explanation
    Sulfuric acid is the correct answer because its chemical formula is H2SO4. The compound consists of two hydrogen atoms (H2) and one sulfur atom (S), bonded to four oxygen atoms (O4). Sulfuric acid is a strong acid and is commonly used in various industrial processes, such as in the production of fertilizers, dyes, and detergents. It is also a highly corrosive substance and should be handled with caution.

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  • 27. 

    Horizontal rows of elements are called ______; Vertical columns of elements are called _______.

    • A.

      Periods, columns

    • B.

      Periods, trends

    • C.

      Periods, groups

    • D.

      Groups, periods

    Correct Answer
    C. Periods, groups
    Explanation
    Horizontal rows of elements in the periodic table are called periods, while vertical columns of elements are called groups. This is because elements in the same period have the same number of electron shells, while elements in the same group have similar chemical properties due to having the same number of valence electrons.

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  • 28. 

    Using only the periodic table, list the following elements according to increasing electronegativity: Ca, Cs, F, Si

    • A.

      F, Si, Ca, Cs

    • B.

      Cs, Ca, Si, F

    • C.

      Cs, Si, F, Ca

    • D.

      F, Cs, Ca, Si

    Correct Answer
    B. Cs, Ca, Si, F
    Explanation
    The elements are listed in increasing order of electronegativity. Electronegativity is the tendency of an atom to attract electrons towards itself in a chemical bond. In general, electronegativity increases from left to right across a period and decreases down a group on the periodic table. Cs (Cesium) is the least electronegative element among the given options, followed by Ca (Calcium), Si (Silicon), and F (Fluorine) which is the most electronegative element.

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  • 29. 

    What are the products in an acid / base reaction?

    • A.

      Hydrogen gas and water

    • B.

      Hydronium ions and hydroxide ions

    • C.

      A salt and water

    Correct Answer
    C. A salt and water
    Explanation
    In an acid/base reaction, the products formed are a salt and water. This is because acids and bases react to form water and a salt compound. The acid donates a proton (H+) to the base, forming water, while the remaining ions from the acid and base combine to form a salt. Therefore, the correct answer is a salt and water.

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  • 30. 

    Write the name of the compound CCl

    • A.

      Carbon Tetrachlorate

    • B.

      Carbon Chloride

    • C.

      Carbonic Acid

    • D.

      Carbon Tetrachloride

    Correct Answer
    D. Carbon Tetrachloride
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Carbon Tetrachloride. This compound is commonly known as Carbon Tetrachloride and is represented by the chemical formula CCl4. It is a colorless liquid with a sweet odor, and it is widely used as a solvent for oils, fats, and waxes, as well as in the production of refrigerants and fire extinguishers. Carbon Tetrachloride is composed of one carbon atom bonded to four chlorine atoms, hence the name "tetrachloride."

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  • 31. 

    This equation is balanced and represents a neutralization reaction. HCL (aq) + 2NaOH (aq) --> NaCl (aq) + H2O (l)

    • A.

      True balanced, but not a neutralization reaction

    • B.

      True

    • C.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. True
    Explanation
    The given equation is balanced and represents a neutralization reaction because it involves the reaction between an acid (HCl) and a base (NaOH) to form a salt (NaCl) and water (H2O). In a neutralization reaction, the acid and base react to neutralize each other's properties, resulting in the formation of a salt and water. Therefore, the given equation fits the criteria of a neutralization reaction.

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  • 32. 

    What is the formula for Sodium Hydroxide? a. Na(OH)2       b. NaHO     c. NaH          d.  NaOH        e. none of the above

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    • E.

      E

    Correct Answer
    D. D
    Explanation
    The correct formula for Sodium Hydroxide is NaOH.

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  • 33. 

    Which of the following elements has the smallest atomic radius?

    • A.

      Sulfur

    • B.

      Chlorine

    • C.

      Aluminum

    • D.

      Sodium

    Correct Answer
    B. Chlorine
    Explanation
    Chlorine has the smallest atomic radius because it is located in the upper right corner of the periodic table. As you move from left to right across a period, the atomic radius decreases due to increased nuclear charge and stronger attraction between the electrons and the nucleus. Additionally, chlorine has a higher effective nuclear charge compared to the other elements listed, which further decreases its atomic radius.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 12, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Kevin L.
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