History Of The World MCQ Quiz!

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| By Catherine Halcomb
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History Of The World MCQ Quiz! - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    World War I and its aftermath affected most nations in the world- Select two of the countries below: France/ Germany/ Japan/ Russia -Write a short essay in which you identify and explain:  1. How the nations changed as a result of the short term effects of World War I 2. How the two nations changed as a result of the long-range effects of World War I

  • 2. 

    Which set of effects best completes the graphic?

    • A.

      1-Illegal Weapons Importation 2-Severe Depression 3- Communist Government

    • B.

      1- Food Rationed 2- Must Pay Billions in Reparations 3- Lost Overseas Colonies

    • C.

      1-Women Enter The Workforce 2-Conquered Territory Returned 3- Reestablished the Monarchy

    • D.

      1- Wave of African Immigrants 2- Sever Inflation 3- Nation Divided in Two

    Correct Answer
    B. 1- Food Rationed 2- Must Pay Billions in Reparations 3- Lost Overseas Colonies
    Explanation
    The set of effects that best completes the graphic is 1- Food Rationed, 2- Must Pay Billions in Reparations, and 3- Lost Overseas Colonies. This set of effects is likely associated with a post-war scenario, where a country has lost a war and is facing the consequences. Food rationing is a common measure taken during times of scarcity and economic hardship. Paying billions in reparations suggests that the country has been held responsible for the damages caused during the war. Losing overseas colonies indicates a loss of power and influence. These effects together paint a picture of a country dealing with the aftermath of a major conflict.

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  • 3. 

    Which set of events best completes the graphic?

    • A.

      1- Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand 2- Germany Invades Poland

    • B.

      1- Sinking of the Lustitania 2-Atomic Bomb Dropped on Hiroshima

    • C.

      1- Communist Revolution in Russia 2-Japan Invades China

    • D.

      1- Germany Invades Belgium 2- Japan Attacks Pearl Harbor

    Correct Answer
    A. 1- Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand 2- Germany Invades Poland
    Explanation
    The events listed in the answer choice are historically accurate and in the correct chronological order. The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand triggered the start of World War I, and Germany invading Poland marked the beginning of World War II. These two events are significant in shaping the course of history during the 20th century.

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  • 4. 

    How did nations act to reduce the possibility of future wars after both World War I and World War II?

    • A.

      Introduced atomic weapons

    • B.

      Reduced the size of armed forces

    • C.

      Established international organizations

    • D.

      Fixed prices on critical materials, including food and textiles

    Correct Answer
    C. Established international organizations
    Explanation
    After both World War I and World War II, nations acted to reduce the possibility of future wars by establishing international organizations. These organizations were created to promote diplomacy, cooperation, and peaceful resolutions to conflicts among nations. Examples of such organizations include the League of Nations, which was established after World War I, and the United Nations, which was formed after World War II. These organizations aimed to foster international collaboration, prevent conflicts, and maintain global peace and security.

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  • 5. 

    The Bolshevik Revolution of 1917 established which form of government in Russia?

    • A.

      Communism

    • B.

      Democracy

    • C.

      Monarchy

    • D.

      Oligarchy

    Correct Answer
    A. Communism
    Explanation
    The Bolshevik Revolution of 1917 led to the establishment of communism in Russia. Communism is a form of government in which the means of production are owned and controlled by the community as a whole, rather than by individual citizens or private companies. In a communist system, there is no private ownership of property and the government controls all aspects of the economy. The Bolsheviks, led by Vladimir Lenin, overthrew the Russian monarchy and implemented a communist government, which eventually led to the formation of the Soviet Union.

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  • 6. 

    What event led to the change in political boundaries in Europe between 1914 and 1920?

    • A.

      The Crimean War

    • B.

      World War I

    • C.

      The Cold War

    • D.

      World War II

    Correct Answer
    B. World War I
    Explanation
    World War I led to the change in political boundaries in Europe between 1914 and 1920. The war caused the collapse of several empires, including the Austro-Hungarian, Russian, German, and Ottoman Empires. This resulted in the redrawing of borders and the creation of new nations. The Treaty of Versailles, signed in 1919, formalized many of these changes and imposed new territorial arrangements on the defeated Central Powers. The war also sparked nationalist movements and revolutions in various countries, further contributing to the reshaping of political boundaries in Europe during this period.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following terms completes the diagram?

    • A.

      Capitalism

    • B.

      Communism

    • C.

      Nationalism

    • D.

      Fascism

    Correct Answer
    C. Nationalism
    Explanation
    Nationalism completes the diagram because it is a political ideology that emphasizes the interests and culture of a particular nation, often promoting the idea of national independence and self-determination. It is one of the major ideologies that emerged in the 19th century alongside capitalism, communism, and fascism, and it plays a significant role in shaping national identity and politics.

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  • 8. 

    How did the alliance system contribute to the outbreak of conflict in Europe?

    • A.

      Germany refused to join any European alliances.

    • B.

      Nations pledged to intervene if an ally was attacked.

    • C.

      Asian nations viewed the agreements as intentionally exclusive.

    • D.

      The alliance between Fracne and Austra-Hungary upset the balance of poet among Europena nations

    Correct Answer
    B. Nations pledged to intervene if an ally was attacked.
    Explanation
    The alliance system contributed to the outbreak of conflict in Europe because nations pledged to intervene if an ally was attacked. This meant that if one country in an alliance was attacked, the other countries were obligated to come to their defense. This created a domino effect, where conflicts between individual countries could quickly escalate into larger-scale wars involving multiple nations. The alliance system thus increased the likelihood of conflicts turning into full-blown wars, ultimately leading to the outbreak of conflict in Europe.

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  • 9. 

    All of the following are characteristics of militarism EXCEPT

    • A.

      A glorification of the military

    • B.

      A military policy that dominates a state

    • C.

      A desire to fight for one's own self-interest

    • D.

      Aggressive preparation for war

    Correct Answer
    C. A desire to fight for one's own self-interest
    Explanation
    Militarism is a belief or ideology that emphasizes the importance of a strong military and its influence on society. It involves the glorification of the military, a military policy that dominates a state, and aggressive preparation for war. However, a desire to fight for one's own self-interest is not a characteristic of militarism. Militarism focuses more on the collective interests of the state or nation rather than individual self-interests.

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  • 10. 

    Which of the following terms completes the diagram?

    • A.

      Communism

    • B.

      Fascism

    • C.

      Imperialism

    • D.

      Capitialism

    Correct Answer
    C. Imperialism
    Explanation
    Imperialism completes the diagram because it is a political and economic system in which a country extends its power and influence through colonization, military force, or economic dominance over other nations or territories. In the context of the diagram, communism, fascism, and capitalism are all ideologies or economic systems, while imperialism represents a form of expansionist policy that can be associated with any of these ideologies. Therefore, imperialism is the term that completes the diagram.

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  • 11. 

    In the flow chart of actions lead to World War I, what should go in the empty sequence?

    • A.

      The ottoman empire declares war on Russia

    • B.

      Italy changes sides

    • C.

      The Neutraility of Belgium is violated

    • D.

      France attacks Germany

    Correct Answer
    C. The Neutraility of Belgium is violated
    Explanation
    The empty sequence in the flow chart should be filled with "Germany invades Belgium". This event is significant because it led to the violation of Belgium's neutrality, which was a major factor in drawing other countries into the conflict. Germany's invasion of Belgium was seen as an aggressive act and prompted France and Britain to declare war on Germany, thus escalating the tensions and ultimately leading to the outbreak of World War I.

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  • 12. 

    Which type of warfare is described by the World  War I Propaganda poster?

    • A.

      Total war

    • B.

      Blitzkrieg

    • C.

      Trench warfare

    • D.

      Guerrilla warfare

    Correct Answer
    A. Total war
    Explanation
    The World War I propaganda poster suggests the type of warfare known as total war. Total war refers to a conflict in which a nation mobilizes all of its resources and population towards the war effort. This includes not only military forces but also civilian support, economic production, and propaganda campaigns. The poster likely depicts the call for full participation and commitment from the entire population in order to achieve victory in the war.

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  • 13. 

    How did the German government's response to the obligations of Article 232 impact the economy of Germany?

    • A.

      The Germangovernment's printing of massive amounts of paper money led to rapid inflation within Germany.

    • B.

      The Germany government's refusal to pay led to a rapid increase in the price of gold on the international market.

    • C.

      The German government's payment of gold to the Allied governments led to a lack of precious metals in Germany.

    • D.

      The Germany governents trade embargo on Allied governments led to a rapid increase in the wealth of the German people.

    Correct Answer
    A. The Germangovernment's printing of massive amounts of paper money led to rapid inflation within Germany.
    Explanation
    The German government's response to the obligations of Article 232 impacted the economy of Germany by printing massive amounts of paper money, which resulted in rapid inflation within the country.

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  • 14. 

    How did President Wilson's Fourteen Points" speech influence the peace after World War I?

    • A.

      Germany agreed to his fourteen points, but France refused.

    • B.

      Each of the Fourteen points was incorporated into the Treat of Versailles.

    • C.

      Many of his points were implemented by most nations in Europe.

    • D.

      The Treaty of Versailles only implemented his one point to form an inter nation organization.

    Correct Answer
    D. The Treaty of Versailles only implemented his one point to form an inter nation organization.
    Explanation
    President Wilson's "Fourteen Points" speech influenced the peace after World War I by advocating for a fair and just peace settlement. While Germany agreed to his fourteen points, France refused. However, each of the Fourteen points was not incorporated into the Treaty of Versailles. Instead, many of his points were implemented by most nations in Europe. The correct answer states that the Treaty of Versailles only implemented his one point to form an inter-nation organization, referring to the establishment of the League of Nations.

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  • 15. 

    The unintended consequence of the Paris Peace Conference of 1918-19 was

    • A.

      The reparations of disarmament of Germany

    • B.

      The establishment of the League of Nations

    • C.

      The mandate system to replace German and Ottoman rule

    • D.

      The foundation of resentment that fueled WW II

    Correct Answer
    D. The foundation of resentment that fueled WW II
    Explanation
    The unintended consequence of the Paris Peace Conference of 1918-19 was the foundation of resentment that fueled WW II. This can be attributed to the harsh terms imposed on Germany through the Treaty of Versailles, which included massive reparations, territorial losses, and the acceptance of full blame for the war. These terms created a sense of humiliation and injustice among the German population, leading to a rise in nationalism and the eventual outbreak of World War II.

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  • 16. 

    Which of the following was a result of Germany's defeat in World War I?

    • A.

      The German economy thrived after adopting capitalist principles

    • B.

      There German government allied with Russia to become communist

    • C.

      Germany's massive war reparations destabilized the economy.

    • D.

      Germany's constitutional monarchy was replaced by democracy

    Correct Answer
    C. Germany's massive war reparations destabilized the economy.
    Explanation
    Germany's massive war reparations destabilized the economy. After Germany's defeat in World War I, the Treaty of Versailles imposed heavy financial reparations on Germany. These reparations were intended to compensate the Allied powers for the damages caused during the war. However, the burden of these reparations severely strained Germany's economy, leading to hyperinflation and economic instability. This economic instability contributed to social and political unrest in Germany, ultimately paving the way for the rise of Adolf Hitler and the Nazi party.

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  • 17. 

    Which action of the German government during World War I contributed to a communist revolution in Russia?

    • A.

      Developing the combat tank

    • B.

      Using heavy bombers on Moscow

    • C.

      Transporting Lenin in secret to Russia

    • D.

      Permitting Czar Nicholas II to escape into Austria-Hungary

    Correct Answer
    C. Transporting Lenin in secret to Russia
    Explanation
    Transporting Lenin in secret to Russia contributed to a communist revolution in Russia during World War I. Lenin, as the leader of the Bolshevik Party, played a crucial role in the October Revolution of 1917, which led to the overthrow of the Provisional Government and the establishment of a socialist state in Russia. The German government, hoping to weaken Russia's war effort, allowed Lenin to travel through Germany in a sealed train and provided him with safe passage to Petrograd (now St. Petersburg). This action enabled Lenin to return to Russia and effectively lead the Bolsheviks in their revolutionary activities.

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  • 18. 

    Which reason motivated Bolshevik leaders to form the Union of Soviet Socialists Republics in 1922?

    • A.

      To isolate forces still fighting Bolshevik leadership

    • B.

      To prevent nationalist revolutions by ethnic groups

    • C.

      To establish official borders with neighboring countries

    • D.

      To limit the expansion of fascism into newly acquired territory

    Correct Answer
    B. To prevent nationalist revolutions by ethnic groups
    Explanation
    The reason that motivated Bolshevik leaders to form the Union of Soviet Socialists Republics in 1922 was to prevent nationalist revolutions by ethnic groups. By creating a centralized state, the Bolsheviks aimed to suppress nationalist movements and maintain control over the diverse ethnic groups within the Soviet Union. This was done to ensure the unity and stability of the newly formed country.

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  • 19. 

    Which revolution best completes the diagram?

    • A.

      French REvolution

    • B.

      German Revolution

    • C.

      Russian Revolution

    • D.

      American Revolution

    Correct Answer
    C. Russian Revolution
    Explanation
    The Russian Revolution is the best answer because it is the only revolution that is not already mentioned in the diagram. The French Revolution, German Revolution, and American Revolution are already listed, so the Russian Revolution would be the next logical option to complete the diagram.

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  • 20. 

    which early soviet leaders most contributed to the consolidation of communist power in the Soviet Union?

    • A.

      Leon Trotsky and Boris Yeltsin

    • B.

      Vladimir Lenin and Joesph Stalin

    • C.

      Leonid Brezhnev and Yuri Andropov

    • D.

      Mikhail Gorbachev and Nikita Khrushchev

    Correct Answer
    B. Vladimir Lenin and Joesph Stalin
    Explanation
    Vladimir Lenin and Joseph Stalin were early Soviet leaders who significantly contributed to the consolidation of communist power in the Soviet Union. Lenin led the Bolshevik Party and played a crucial role in the October Revolution, which resulted in the establishment of a communist government. He implemented policies such as land redistribution and nationalization of industries, which aimed to create a socialist society. Stalin, Lenin's successor, further consolidated communist power through policies like collectivization and the Five-Year Plans, which aimed to industrialize the country and strengthen the Soviet Union's economy and military. Together, Lenin and Stalin laid the foundation for the Soviet Union's communist regime.

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  • 21. 

    In the above diagram, which of the following might fit in the space under cause ?

    • A.

      Beginning of the Cold War

    • B.

      End of World War I

    • C.

      Promise of Peace and Food

    • D.

      Stalin's harsh rule

    Correct Answer
    C. Promise of Peace and Food
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Promise of Peace and Food". This is because the diagram appears to be showing a cause and effect relationship, with "Promise of Peace and Food" being the cause and the other options being potential effects. This suggests that the promise of peace and food could have led to or influenced the other events mentioned in the diagram.

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  • 22. 

    What distinguishing physical feature in Russia made possible her Viking- Byzantine cultural heritage?

    • A.

      Her vast tundra

    • B.

      Her waterways

    • C.

      The Ural Mountains

    • D.

      The steppes

    Correct Answer
    B. Her waterways
    Explanation
    Russia's waterways, such as rivers and canals, played a crucial role in facilitating cultural exchange between the Vikings and the Byzantine Empire. These waterways provided a convenient and efficient means of transportation and trade, allowing for the exchange of goods, ideas, and cultural influences between the two regions. The waterways also allowed for the establishment of trade routes and settlements, further promoting cultural interaction and the development of a Viking-Byzantine cultural heritage in Russia.

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  • 23. 

    Based on the map above, which of the following explains why Tsarist Ruissia wanted to expand into the Ukraine?

    • A.

      Russia was completely landlocked.

    • B.

      The ukraine had many warm water ports

    • C.

      Ruissia had control of Ukrainian rivers

    • D.

      The ukraine was stealing Ruissian lands

    Correct Answer
    B. The ukraine had many warm water ports
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that Ukraine had many warm water ports. This suggests that Tsarist Russia wanted to expand into Ukraine in order to gain access to these ports, which would provide them with strategic advantages in terms of trade and military capabilities. By having warm water ports, Russia would have easier access to global markets and a stronger naval presence in the region.

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  • 24. 

    Why was the league of nations unable to fulfill its purpose?

    • A.

      It lacked the power or military strength to halt aggression.

    • B.

      It lacked a budget to pursue efforts for peaceful cooperation.

    • C.

      It prevented American and British efforts to stop German aggression.

    • D.

      It did not have the ability to extend membership to additional nations after 1924

    Correct Answer
    A. It lacked the power or military strength to halt aggression.
    Explanation
    The league of nations was unable to fulfill its purpose because it lacked the power or military strength to halt aggression. Without the ability to enforce its decisions or take action against aggressive nations, the league was unable to prevent conflicts and maintain peace.

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  • 25. 

    Which weapon of World War I resulted in trench warfare and higher numbers of casulaities?

    • A.

      Tanks

    • B.

      Machine guns

    • C.

      Airplanes

    • D.

      Chemical weapons

    Correct Answer
    B. Machine guns
    Explanation
    Machine guns were a key factor in the development of trench warfare during World War I. These weapons were able to fire a large number of rounds in a short period of time, making it difficult for enemy forces to advance. As a result, trenches were dug to provide protection from the deadly firepower of machine guns. This led to a stalemate on the Western Front, with both sides entrenched and unable to make significant gains. The use of machine guns also contributed to higher numbers of casualties, as soldiers were exposed to constant and devastating gunfire.

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  • Sep 06, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
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