An Early Modern World History MCQ Quiz!

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| By Rkleine74
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Rkleine74
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Quizzes Created: 15 | Total Attempts: 7,228
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Modern History Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What major theme of the Northern Renaissance did German artist Albrecht Durer display in his engravings?

    • A.

      Religious upheaval

    • B.

      Peasant life

    • C.

      Women's rights

    • D.

      Social art

    Correct Answer
    A. Religious upheaval
    Explanation
    Albrecht Durer, a German artist during the Northern Renaissance, displayed the major theme of religious upheaval in his engravings. The Northern Renaissance was characterized by a shift in focus towards individualism, humanism, and a questioning of traditional religious beliefs. Durer's engravings often depicted religious subjects and explored the tensions and conflicts surrounding religious reform movements, such as the Protestant Reformation. Through his art, Durer captured the spirit of religious upheaval and the changing religious landscape of his time.

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  • 2. 

    What resulted from the Peace of Augsburg in 1555?

    • A.

      Martin Luther was forced to recant his 95 Theses.

    • B.

      The Catholic Church stopped selling indulgences.

    • C.

      Martin Luther was excommunicated from the Church.

    • D.

      Each German prince could decide the religion in his land.

    Correct Answer
    D. Each German prince could decide the religion in his land.
    Explanation
    The Peace of Augsburg in 1555 resulted in each German prince being able to decide the religion in his land. This agreement was reached to bring an end to the religious conflicts between Catholics and Protestants in the Holy Roman Empire. It established the principle of "cuius regio, eius religio," meaning that the religion of the ruler would determine the religion of the territory. This allowed for a degree of religious tolerance and helped to prevent further religious wars in Germany.

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  • 3. 

    Humanist scholars differed from medieval thinkers in that Humanists:

    • A.

      Used Latin as the language for scholarship.

    • B.

      Tended to focus on more spiritual subjects.

    • C.

      Rejected the learning of Greece and Rome.

    • D.

      Tended to focus on more worldly subjects.

    Correct Answer
    D. Tended to focus on more worldly subjects.
    Explanation
    Humanist scholars differed from medieval thinkers in that they tended to focus on more worldly subjects. Unlike medieval thinkers who predominantly focused on spiritual matters, humanists emphasized the importance of human experiences, secular knowledge, and the study of classical civilizations. They sought to understand and appreciate the achievements of ancient Greece and Rome, embracing their literature, art, and philosophy. This shift in focus marked a significant departure from the medieval worldview and contributed to the intellectual and cultural changes of the Renaissance period.

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  • 4. 

    In the 1600s Robert Boyle's work transformed the field of:

    • A.

      Astronomy

    • B.

      Medicine

    • C.

      Chemistry

    • D.

      Philosophy

    Correct Answer
    C. Chemistry
    Explanation
    Robert Boyle's work in the 1600s had a significant impact on the field of chemistry. He is considered one of the founders of modern chemistry and made important contributions to the understanding of gases and the concept of chemical elements. His experiments and observations laid the foundation for the development of the scientific method in chemistry. Boyle's work transformed the field by bringing a more empirical and experimental approach to the study of chemical substances, which was a departure from the philosophical and theoretical approaches of the time.

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  • 5. 

    The Last Supper and the Mona Lisa were works of the great artist:

    • A.

      Michelangelo

    • B.

      Botticelli

    • C.

      Raphael

    • D.

      Da Vinci

    Correct Answer
    D. Da Vinci
    Explanation
    The correct answer is da Vinci because both The Last Supper and the Mona Lisa are iconic works of art created by Leonardo da Vinci. He was a renowned artist during the Renaissance period, known for his skillful techniques and innovative ideas. The Last Supper is a mural painting depicting the biblical scene of Jesus and his disciples, while the Mona Lisa is a portrait of a woman with a mysterious smile. Both of these artworks showcase da Vinci's mastery in capturing human emotions and his attention to detail.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following describes the ideal woman according to Italian writer Castiglione?

    • A.

      Her inner goodness transcends her outer beauty.

    • B.

      Her outer beauty is a reflection of her inner goodness.

    • C.

      She should have knowledge of literature and history.

    • D.

      She should be athletic but not muscular.

    Correct Answer
    B. Her outer beauty is a reflection of her inner goodness.
    Explanation
    According to Italian writer Castiglione, the ideal woman is described as having her outer beauty as a reflection of her inner goodness. This means that her physical appearance is a manifestation of her inner qualities such as kindness, virtue, and moral character. Castiglione emphasizes the importance of inner beauty and suggests that a woman's external beauty is a direct result of her inner qualities.

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  • 7. 

    The inventor who perfected the microscope and was the first to see cells and microorganisms was:

    • A.

      Anton van Leeuwenhoek

    • B.

      Ambroise Pare

    • C.

      Andreas Vesalius

    • D.

      Robert Boyle

    Correct Answer
    A. Anton van Leeuwenhoek
    Explanation
    Anton van Leeuwenhoek is the correct answer because he is widely recognized as the inventor of the microscope and was the first to observe and document microorganisms and cells. His advancements in microscope technology allowed for groundbreaking discoveries in the field of microbiology and laid the foundation for our understanding of the microscopic world. Ambroise Pare, Andreas Vesalius, and Robert Boyle were all notable figures in the history of science, but they did not contribute to the development of the microscope or the discovery of cells and microorganisms.

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  • 8. 

    What triggered the events that led to the development of the Church of England?

    • A.

      The pope would not end corruption.

    • B.

      Henry VIII wanted a divorce.

    • C.

      Henry VIII converted to Lutheranism.

    • D.

      The pope rejected the Act of Supremacy.

    Correct Answer
    B. Henry VIII wanted a divorce.
    Explanation
    Henry VIII wanted a divorce, which triggered a series of events that led to the development of the Church of England. Henry's desire to end his marriage to Catherine of Aragon and marry Anne Boleyn led him to seek an annulment from the Pope. When the Pope refused, Henry took matters into his own hands and declared himself the supreme head of the Church in England, breaking away from the authority of the Pope. This ultimately led to the establishment of the Church of England and the English Reformation.

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  • 9. 

    In the scientific method, a hypothesis is a:

    • A.

      Conclusion that shouldn't be questioned.

    • B.

      Possible explanation that should be tested.

    • C.

      Truth that leads to deeper understanding.

    • D.

      Truth known at the beginning of inquiry.

    Correct Answer
    B. Possible explanation that should be tested.
    Explanation
    A hypothesis in the scientific method is a possible explanation that should be tested. It is a proposition or educated guess that is formulated based on observations or previous knowledge. The purpose of testing a hypothesis is to gather evidence and determine whether it is supported or refuted by the data collected. By conducting experiments and analyzing the results, scientists can evaluate the validity of a hypothesis and gain a better understanding of the phenomenon being studied.

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  • 10. 

    How did Martin Luther react when he found out peasants were rebelling against the nobles for social change in his name?

    • A.

      He denounced the peasants and the rebellion was crushed.

    • B.

      He supported the peasants and overthrew the nobles.

    • C.

      He made a public statement that he would not take sides.

    • D.

      He offered to negotiate a compromise between both sides.

    Correct Answer
    A. He denounced the peasants and the rebellion was crushed.
    Explanation
    Martin Luther reacted to the peasants' rebellion by denouncing them, leading to the eventual crushing of the rebellion.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 17, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Rkleine74
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