Latihan Soal Klasifikasi Makhluk Hidup

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| By Hanihanifah
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Hanihanifah
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Quizzes Created: 2 | Total Attempts: 7,484
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Latihan Soal Klasifikasi Makhluk Hidup - Quiz

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Sebutkan urutan tingkatan klasifikasi makhluk hidup menurut Carolus Linnaeus dari tingkatan paling besar ke tingkatan paling kecil!

  • 2. 

    Apa tujuan dari klasifikasi makhluk hidup?

  • 3. 

    Bagaimanakah sistem pemberian nama pada makhluk hidup ?

  • 4. 

    Makhluk hidup dibagi menjadi dua kingdom. Pernyataan ini dikemukakan oleh ….

    • A.

      Carolus Linnaeus

    • B.

      Darwin

    • C.

      Einstein

    • D.

      Lamark

    Correct Answer
    A. Carolus Linnaeus
    Explanation
    Carolus Linnaeus is the correct answer because he is known for developing the system of classification for living organisms, which includes dividing them into two kingdoms. His work, published in the book "Systema Naturae," laid the foundation for modern taxonomy and is still widely used today. Darwin, Einstein, and Lamark are not associated with the division of living organisms into kingdoms.

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  • 5. 

    Pemberian tata nama ganda diatur dalam Kode Internasional yang disebut dengan ….

    • A.

      Kunci determinasi

    • B.

      Binomial nomenklatur

    • C.

      Klasifikasi

    • D.

      Pengelompokan

    Correct Answer
    B. Binomial nomenklatur
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "binomial nomenklatur". Binomial nomenklatur is a system of naming species in which each species is given a two-part scientific name consisting of its genus and species. This system is regulated by the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN) and the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN). It helps to provide a standardized and universal way of naming and classifying organisms, ensuring clarity and consistency in scientific communication.

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  • 6. 

    Tingkatan terendah dari klasifikasi tumbuhan dan hewan adalah ….

    • A.

      Kingdom

    • B.

      Filum

    • C.

      Spesies

    • D.

      Divisi

    Correct Answer
    B. Filum
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "filum." Filum is the lowest taxonomic rank in the classification of plants and animals. It is a level above species and below kingdom. Filum represents a group of organisms that share common characteristics and are classified based on their evolutionary relationships.

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  • 7. 

    Urutan takson tumbuhan dari kelompok terbesar ke kelompok terkecil adalah ….

    • A.

      Kingdom-filum-bangsa-kelas-suku-marga-jenis

    • B.

      Kingdom-filum-kelas-bangsa-suku-marga-jenis

    • C.

      Kingdom-divisio-kelas-bangsa-suku-marga-jenis

    • D.

      Kingdom-divisio-bangsa-kelas-suku-marga-jenis

    Correct Answer
    D. Kingdom-divisio-bangsa-kelas-suku-marga-jenis
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "kingdom-divisio-bangsa-kelas-suku-marga-jenis". This is the correct order of taxonomic ranks from largest to smallest. The kingdom is the highest rank, followed by divisio, which is equivalent to phylum. Then comes bangsa, which is equivalent to class, followed by kelas, which is equivalent to order. Suku is equivalent to family, marga is equivalent to genus, and jenis is equivalent to species, which is the smallest taxonomic rank.

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  • 8. 

    Pada taksonomi dari kingdom ke spesies, kondisi jumlah makhluk hidup yang berbeda dalam setiap takson akan ….

    • A.

      Semakin sedikit

    • B.

      Berubah-ubah

    • C.

      Konstan

    • D.

      Mengikuti posisi taksonnya

    Correct Answer
    A. Semakin sedikit
    Explanation
    Pada taksonomi dari kingdom ke spesies, jumlah makhluk hidup akan semakin sedikit dengan peningkatan tingkat taksonomi. Hal ini dikarenakan semakin tinggi tingkat taksonomi, semakin spesifik dan terbatas cakupannya. Sebagai contoh, dalam kingdom terdapat banyak jenis makhluk hidup, tetapi semakin turun ke tingkat spesies, jumlahnya akan semakin sedikit karena hanya mencakup satu jenis makhluk hidup.

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  • 9. 

    Dalam klasifikasi makhluk hidup sering digunakan kunci determinasi sederhana yang disebut kunci dikotomi.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because in the classification of living organisms, a simple determination key called a dichotomous key is often used. A dichotomous key is a tool that helps to identify organisms based on a series of choices between two alternative characteristics. It is a widely used method in biology and taxonomy to classify and categorize different species.

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  • 10. 

    Jenis makhluk hidup yang menyerupai tumbuhan dan hewan, tetapi bukan tumbuhan dan bukan hewan disebut Monera.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because the correct term for living organisms that resemble both plants and animals, but are neither plants nor animals, is protists. Monera refers to a kingdom of living organisms that includes bacteria and archaea.

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  • 11. 

    Penulisan nama Latin padi yang benar adalah Oryza sativa.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The correct answer is true because Oryza sativa is the correct Latin name for rice.

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  • 12. 

    Nama ilmiah dari suatu makhluk hidup adalah Mimosa pudica. Kata Mimosa menunjukkan ...  dan kata pudica menunjukkan ....

    Correct Answer
    genus, spesies
    Explanation
    The scientific name of a living organism is composed of two parts: the genus and the species. In this case, "Mimosa" refers to the genus, which is a broader classification that groups similar organisms together. "Pudica" refers to the species, which is a more specific classification that distinguishes one organism from others within the same genus. Therefore, the word "Mimosa" indicates the genus, while "pudica" indicates the species.

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  • 13. 

    Ilmu yang mempelajari prinsip dan pengelompokan makhluk hidup disebut .... 

    Correct Answer
    taksonomi
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "taksonomi." Taksonomi is the science that studies the principles and classification of living organisms. It involves identifying, naming, and categorizing organisms based on their similarities and differences. This helps in organizing and understanding the vast diversity of life on Earth.

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  • 14. 

    Sistem tata nama ganda yang dikembangkan oleh Carolus Linneus disebut juga ....

    Correct Answer
    sistem penamaan binomial
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "sistem penamaan binomial" because it refers to the dual naming system developed by Carolus Linneus. This system involves assigning a two-part scientific name to each species, consisting of the genus name and the species name. This binomial nomenclature allows for clear and standardized identification of organisms, facilitating communication and categorization in the field of taxonomy.

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  • 15. 

     Ciri mendasar yang membedakan makhluk hidup dan benda tak hidup adalah ....

    Correct Answer
    berkembang biak.
    Explanation
    The fundamental difference between living organisms and non-living objects is their ability to reproduce or reproduce. Living organisms have the ability to produce offspring through various reproductive processes such as sexual or asexual reproduction. Non-living objects, on the other hand, do not have the capacity to reproduce or create new individuals. This ability to reproduce is a defining characteristic of living organisms and sets them apart from non-living objects.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 15, 2014
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    Hanihanifah
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