The New Frontier And The Great Society 1961-1968 Ch24 (Ah)

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The New Frontier And The Great Society 1961-1968 Ch24 (Ah) - Quiz

Students will show evidence of their knowledge and understanding of the period 1961-1968, known as The New Frontier and the Great Society.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Reapportionment, as ruled on the Warren Court is

    • A.

      The requirement of separate but equal facilities for schools

    • B.

      The process courts must follow when trying cases to treat individuals fairly

    • C.

      The way in which political districts are drown based on population changes

    • D.

      The separation of church and state for schools

    Correct Answer
    C. The way in which political districts are drown based on population changes
    Explanation
    Reapportionment refers to the process of redrawing political districts based on changes in population. This ensures that each district has a roughly equal number of residents, thereby ensuring fair representation in government. The answer choice correctly identifies reapportionment as the way in which political districts are drawn based on population changes.

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  • 2. 

    The policy called _____________ helped nations resist Communism by building up conventioal troops and weapons.

    • A.

      Military-industrial complex

    • B.

      Containment

    • C.

      Mutual assured destruction

    • D.

      Flexible response

    Correct Answer
    D. Flexible response
    Explanation
    Flexible response refers to a policy that aimed to resist Communism by providing nations with the ability to respond to different levels of aggression. It emphasized the development of conventional military forces and weapons, rather than relying solely on nuclear weapons like the policy of mutual assured destruction. This approach allowed nations to have a range of options and strategies to counter Communist threats, making it a more adaptable and flexible approach to containment.

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  • 3. 

    ________________________ means that the law may not treat individuals unfairly or unreasonably and must treat all individuals equally.

    • A.

      Judicial review

    • B.

      Reapportionment

    • C.

      Concensus

    • D.

      Due Process

    Correct Answer
    D. Due Process
    Explanation
    Due process refers to the legal principle that ensures fairness and equality in the treatment of individuals by the law. It guarantees that every person is entitled to certain rights and protections, such as the right to a fair trial, the right to be heard, and the right to equal protection under the law. Due process prevents the government from acting in an arbitrary or discriminatory manner and ensures that individuals are treated fairly and justly in legal proceedings.

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  • 4. 

    President Johnson was successful at building coalitions and finding a ___________ ir geberak agreement.

    • A.

      Variance

    • B.

      Accord

    • C.

      Discord

    • D.

      Consensus

    Correct Answer
    D. Consensus
    Explanation
    President Johnson was successful at building coalitions and finding a consensus agreement. This means that he was able to bring different groups or individuals together and reach a common understanding or agreement. He was skilled at finding common ground and resolving conflicts, which allowed him to build strong coalitions and achieve his goals.

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  • 5. 

    During the presidential election of 1960, Kennedy focused his campaign message on

    • A.

      How the Democrats' fiscal policies would boost inflation and harm the economy.

    • B.

      How Catholicism would influence his decision-making as President.

    • C.

      Continuing the foreign policy of the current administration.

    • D.

      Bridging the missle gap between the United States and the Soviet Union.

    Correct Answer
    D. Bridging the missle gap between the United States and the Soviet Union.
    Explanation
    During the presidential election of 1960, Kennedy focused his campaign message on bridging the missile gap between the United States and the Soviet Union. This was an important issue at the time, as there was a perceived gap in missile capabilities between the two superpowers. Kennedy promised to strengthen the United States' military capabilities and close this gap, which appealed to voters who were concerned about national security. By emphasizing this issue, Kennedy positioned himself as a strong leader who would protect the country from the threat of the Soviet Union.

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  • 6. 

    Congress defeated which of the following proposals of Kennedy's New Frontier.

    • A.

      Health care for senior citizens

    • B.

      Providing funds to build low-income housing

    • C.

      Raising the minimum wage

    • D.

      Investing funds in defense and space exploration

    Correct Answer
    A. Health care for senior citizens
    Explanation
    Congress defeated the proposal to provide health care for senior citizens as part of Kennedy's New Frontier. This means that Congress did not approve or support the idea of implementing a health care program specifically for elderly individuals.

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  • 7. 

    The Warren Court decision requiring that a defendant in a state court had the right to a lawyer, regardless of his or her ability to pay was

    • A.

      Engle v. Vitale

    • B.

      Griswolde v. Connecticut

    • C.

      Gideon v. Wainwright

    • D.

      Plessy v. Ferguson

    Correct Answer
    C. Gideon v. Wainwright
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Gideon v. Wainwright. This landmark decision by the Warren Court established that under the Sixth Amendment of the United States Constitution, individuals accused of a crime have the right to legal counsel, even if they cannot afford to hire one. Gideon v. Wainwright was a significant step in ensuring equal access to justice and protecting the rights of defendants in state courts.

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  • 8. 

    Kennedy attempted to reduce the threat of nuclear war and stop the spread of communisim by

    • A.

      Creating the peace corp

    • B.

      Withdrawing aid from Latin American countries

    • C.

      Encouraging growth in the automotive industry to assure that capitalism was superior to communisim

    • D.

      Withdrawing troops from limited military conflicts

    Correct Answer
    A. Creating the peace corp
    Explanation
    Kennedy attempted to reduce the threat of nuclear war and stop the spread of communism by creating the Peace Corps. The Peace Corps was established in 1961 and aimed to promote peace and friendship by sending American volunteers to developing countries to provide assistance in areas such as education, healthcare, and agriculture. By doing so, Kennedy hoped to demonstrate the benefits of democracy and capitalism over communism, as well as build positive relationships with other nations.

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  • 9. 

    How did Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev respond when Western powers refused to withdraw from West Berlin?

    • A.

      He enlisted 'La Brigada' to invade Cuba and remove Castro from power.

    • B.

      He had food and supplies airlifted to Berlin, to end a blockade by American Forces.

    • C.

      He had a wall built through Berlin, to keep East Germans from escaping to West Berlin.

    • D.

      He sent long-range missles to Cuba.

    Correct Answer
    C. He had a wall built through Berlin, to keep East Germans from escaping to West Berlin.
    Explanation
    Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev responded to the refusal of Western powers to withdraw from West Berlin by having a wall built through Berlin. This wall was intended to prevent East Germans from escaping to West Berlin, effectively sealing off the border between the two parts of the city. This action became known as the construction of the Berlin Wall, which lasted from 1961 to 1989 and became a symbol of the Cold War division between East and West.

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  • 10. 

    Which Johnson program provided work-study opportunities to help young people earn high-school diplomas or attend college?

    • A.

      The Peace Corp

    • B.

      AmericCorps

    • C.

      The Neighborhood Youth Corp

    • D.

      VISTA

    Correct Answer
    C. The Neighborhood Youth Corp
    Explanation
    The Neighborhood Youth Corp provided work-study opportunities to help young people earn high-school diplomas or attend college.

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  • 11. 

    Medicare and Medicaid were major accomplishments of

    • A.

      Richard Nixon's New Federalism

    • B.

      Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal

    • C.

      Lyndon Johnson's Great Society.

    • D.

      John F. Kennedy's New Frontier

    Correct Answer
    C. Lyndon Johnson's Great Society.
    Explanation
    Medicare and Medicaid were major accomplishments of Lyndon Johnson's Great Society. The Great Society was an ambitious set of social programs and reforms aimed at reducing poverty and inequality in the United States. Medicare was established to provide health insurance for elderly Americans, while Medicaid provided healthcare for low-income individuals and families. These programs were significant achievements of the Great Society, which sought to improve the overall well-being and quality of life for all Americans.

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  • 12. 

    Which idea was part of Johnson's Great Society?

    • A.

      Providing federal aid for education

    • B.

      Eliminating government-funded health care for senior citizens

    • C.

      Increasing foreign aid to Cuba

    • D.

      Opposing civil rights legislation.

    Correct Answer
    A. Providing federal aid for education
    Explanation
    One idea that was part of Johnson's Great Society was providing federal aid for education. This initiative aimed to improve access to quality education for all Americans by providing financial assistance to schools and students. By investing in education, Johnson hoped to reduce poverty, promote equal opportunities, and enhance economic growth. This idea was a key component of the Great Society's efforts to address social and economic inequalities in the United States.

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  • 13. 

    How did the Immigration Reform Act of 1965 change the composition of the American population?

    • A.

      It continued the naional origins sytem, which gave preference to northern European immigrants.

    • B.

      It set strict limits on the number if immigrants admitted to the United States.

    • C.

      It did not allow any immigrants to enter the United States from Eastern Europe

    • D.

      It opened the United States to individuals from all over the world, including Asia and Africa.

    Correct Answer
    D. It opened the United States to individuals from all over the world, including Asia and Africa.
    Explanation
    The Immigration Reform Act of 1965 changed the composition of the American population by opening the United States to individuals from all over the world, including Asia and Africa. Prior to this act, the national origins system gave preference to northern European immigrants, but the act abolished this system and set new immigration policies. It did not set strict limits on the number of immigrants admitted to the United States, nor did it restrict immigrants from Eastern Europe. Instead, it aimed to promote diversity and equal opportunity for immigrants from various regions of the world.

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  • 14. 

    President Lyndon B. Johnson's Great Society is similar to President Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal in that both programs

    • A.

      Approved efforts by states to reduce taxes for the middle class

    • B.

      Supported federal funding of programs for the poor

    • C.

      Sought ratification of the Equal Rights Amendment to guarantee equality for women.

    • D.

      Advocated passage of civil righs laws to help African Americansw.

    Correct Answer
    D. Advocated passage of civil righs laws to help African Americansw.
    Explanation
    Both President Lyndon B. Johnson's Great Society and President Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal advocated for the passage of civil rights laws to help African Americans. Both presidents recognized the need for equal rights and protections for African Americans and actively supported legislation to address racial discrimination and segregation. These laws aimed to ensure equality and justice for African Americans and promote their inclusion in American society.

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  • 15. 

    Analyze the document and answer the question, below. Although the standard of livcing for most Americans rose dramatically throught the 1960's, some Americans remained mired in poverty.  Read the excerpt below in which John Rath discusses his personal experiences with coping with poverty in his sparely-furnished room in Chicago:     "I come home to an empty room.  I don't even have a dog... NO, tghis is not the kind of life I would choose.  If a man had a little piece of loand or something, a farm, or well....anyway, you've got to have something.  You sit downin a place life this, you grit your teeth, you follow me?  so many of them are doing that, they sit down, they don't know what to do, they go out.  I see 'em in the middle of the night, they take a wald.  Don't know what to do.  Have no home environment, don't have a dog, don't have nothing....just a big zero.      ------------quoted in Division Street: America What does Rath think might help him have some purpose in his life?

    • A.

      Getting grit between his teeth.

    • B.

      Owning land or a farm.

    • C.

      Having a dog.

    • D.

      Getting a well-paying job.

    Correct Answer
    B. Owning land or a farm.
    Explanation
    In the excerpt, John Rath expresses his dissatisfaction with his current situation and states that he would like to have "a little piece of land or something, a farm." He believes that owning land or a farm would give him a sense of purpose and improve his quality of life. This aligns with the answer choice "Owning land or a farm."

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  • 16. 

    Study the map, below and determine which region of the country gave Kennedy the most electoral votes. For a full-page map, Right-Click here and open it up in a new window.

    • A.

      Midwest

    • B.

      Pacific Northwest

    • C.

      Southwest

    • D.

      Northeast.

    Correct Answer
    D. Northeast.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Northeast because this region appears to have the highest concentration of states with electoral votes for Kennedy. The map is not provided, so it is difficult to give a more detailed explanation.

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  • 17. 

    Analyze the cartoon and decide, according to the cartoon, what is Johnson trying to do? For the original page, Right Click on this link and open in a New Window.

    • A.

      Johson is trying to give health, education and welfare programs more money.

    • B.

      Military establishments and arms costs are giving money to social programs.

    • C.

      Social programs are receiving more money than the military.

    • D.

      Johnson wants to give more money to the arms race and military establishments.

    Correct Answer
    A. Johson is trying to give health, education and welfare programs more money.
    Explanation
    Johnson is trying to give health, education, and welfare programs more money. This can be inferred from the statement that "Military establishments and arms costs are giving money to social programs." This suggests that Johnson is reallocating funds from the military to social programs, indicating his intention to increase funding for health, education, and welfare programs.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 09, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Thor1872

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