Nature Of Science Pre-test

25 Questions | Total Attempts: 2067

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Nature Of Science Pre-test - Quiz

Nature of Science Pre-Test is a quiz on scientific research and the scientists themselves. If you are interested in either of the subjects, this is the quiz for you. Take it up and see how much you know.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Directions:Match each term with the correct statement below. The terms may be used more than once. A researcher wanted to test whether the amount of noise in a widget factory affected how much work employees accomplished. Three groups of employees were tested. All three groups did the same type of work, were equally trained to do the work, were tested at the same time of the day, used the same equipment, etc. The number of widgets assembled by the employees in one hour was determined. Group one was given headphones that blocked out almost all outside noise. Group two was given earplugs that blocked out some, but not all of the outside noise. Group three was not given anything to block out noise.
    1. Independent variable
    2. Dependent variable
    3. Constant
    4. Control
    25. employee training 26. number of widgets assembled 27. time of day 28. group three 29. amount of noise 30. equipment used Form your answers like below in the area provided for you: EXAMPLE: 31. Amount of sunlight- dependent variable
  • 2. 
    All important scientific discoveries are made by professional scientists. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 3. 
    Scientists use all the steps in a scientific method in the same order to solve different problems.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    In a controlled experiment, the independent variable is the factor that is changed by the researcher.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    When observing and recording the results of an experiment, observations my include both measurements and descriptions
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    Using scientific methods means doing a controlled experiment
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 7. 
    There are never variables or controls in an observational study
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    If the results of a study do not support a hypothesis, it means that the hypothesis is wrong.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 9. 
    Results from scientific experiments and observations often raise more questions and lead to further studies
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    Data tables help you to organize your observations and test results.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    The process of trying to understand the world around you is___________________.
    • A. 

      A controlled experiment

    • B. 

      A control

    • C. 

      A hypothesis

    • D. 

      Science

  • 12. 
    Approaches taken to try to solve a problem are _______________
    • A. 

      Controlled experiments

    • B. 

      Sciences

    • C. 

      Scientific methods

    • D. 

      Hypothesis

  • 13. 
    A prediction about a problem that can be tested is _______________________
    • A. 

      A hypothesis

    • B. 

      An independent variable

    • C. 

      A dependent variable

    • D. 

      A control

  • 14. 
    A factor being measured in an experiment is the ______________________.
    • A. 

      Independent variable

    • B. 

      Dependent variable

    • C. 

      Control

    • D. 

      Constant

  • 15. 
    A variable in an experiment that stays the same is ______________
    • A. 

      An independent variable

    • B. 

      A dependent variable

    • C. 

      A constant

    • D. 

      A control

  • 16. 
    One way to analyze data from a study is to ______________
    • A. 

      Make a graph

    • B. 

      Develop a hypothesis

    • C. 

      Choose which variable to keep constant

    • D. 

      Recognize a problem

  • 17. 
    Scientists may draw conclusions from the results of ____________________.
    • A. 

      Experiments

    • B. 

      Observational studies

    • C. 

      Both experiments and observational studies

    • D. 

      Neither experiments nor observational studies

  • 18. 
    Looking for differences in objects or events is _________________.
    • A. 

      Comparing

    • B. 

      Contrasting

    • C. 

      Infering

    • D. 

      Hypothesizing

  • 19. 
    An arrangement of things or events in certain order is _________________
    • A. 

      A comparison

    • B. 

      A contrast

    • C. 

      A sequence

    • D. 

      A hypothesis

  • 20. 
    When designing an experiment, the first step is to _________________.
    • A. 

      Draw conclusions

    • B. 

      Form a hypothesis

    • C. 

      Recognize a problem

    • D. 

      Test a hypothesis

  • 21. 
    When conducting an experiment, the last step is to ___________________
    • A. 

      Analyze the data

    • B. 

      Draw conclusions

    • C. 

      Form a hypothesis

    • D. 

      Recognize a problem

  • 22. 
    In the experiment whose data is shown (below), number of math problems complete is the ________________. Number of math problems completed in 5 minutes.
    • A. 

      Independent variable

    • B. 

      Dependent variable

    • C. 

      Constant

    • D. 

      Control

  • 23. 
    In the experiment whose data is shown (above), amount of light is the ___________
    • A. 

      Independent variable

    • B. 

      Dependent variable

    • C. 

      Constant

    • D. 

      Control

  • 24. 
    In the experiment whose data is shown (above), the condition with normal lighting is the _______________
    • A. 

      Independent variable

    • B. 

      Dependent variable

    • C. 

      Constant

    • D. 

      Control

  • 25. 
    /in the experiment whose data is shown (above), amount of time is the _________________
    • A. 

      Independent variable

    • B. 

      Dependent variable

    • C. 

      Constant

    • D. 

      Control

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