Music Appreciation Part II Test

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Music Appreciation Part II Test - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The approximate dates of the Baroque period in music are 

    • A.

      1100-1450

    • B.

      1450-1600

    • C.

      1600-1750

    • D.

      1820-1900

    Correct Answer
    C. 1600-1750
    Explanation
    The approximate dates of the Baroque period in music are 1600-1750. This was a time when composers such as Bach, Handel, and Vivaldi were active and created music that was characterized by ornate melodies, intricate harmonies, and elaborate forms. The Baroque period was known for its emphasis on emotion and drama, as well as the use of instruments such as the harpsichord and organ. The music of this period was highly influential and laid the foundation for the development of classical music in the following centuries.

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  • 2. 

    An important composer of music in the Baroque was

    • A.

      Palestrina

    • B.

      Beethoven

    • C.

      Mozart

    • D.

      Handel

    Correct Answer
    D. Handel
    Explanation
    Handel is the correct answer because he was indeed an important composer of music in the Baroque period. He was born in Germany but later became a British citizen. Handel composed numerous works, including operas, oratorios, concertos, and chamber music. Some of his most famous compositions include Messiah, Water Music, and Music for the Royal Fireworks. Handel's music is characterized by its grandeur, emotional depth, and intricate melodies, making him one of the most influential composers of the Baroque era.

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  • 3. 

    The three main characteristics of Baroque art and music are

    • A.

      Drama, intellectual content, and conciseness

    • B.

      Large dimensions, drama, and religious intensity

    • C.

      Religious intensity, conciseness, and drama

    • D.

      Large dimensions, religious intensity, and intellectual content

    Correct Answer
    B. Large dimensions, drama, and religious intensity
    Explanation
    Baroque art and music are known for their large dimensions, drama, and religious intensity. The term "Baroque" refers to a style that emerged in the 17th century and is characterized by its grandeur and theatricality. Baroque artworks and compositions often feature exaggerated gestures, intense emotions, and elaborate ornamentation. The large dimensions of Baroque art and music reflect the desire to create a sense of awe and grandeur in the viewer or listener. Additionally, religious themes and subjects were prevalent during the Baroque period, and the intense religious intensity is reflected in the emotional and spiritual depth of the artworks and compositions.

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  • 4. 

    The patronage system allowed composers to sell their works to the highest bidder.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The patronage system did not allow composers to sell their works to the highest bidder. Instead, composers relied on the support and sponsorship of wealthy individuals or institutions, known as patrons, who would commission and financially support their work. Composers were not free to sell their works to anyone willing to pay the most, but rather had to create music specifically for their patrons.

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  • 5. 

    An important instrument in the Baroque period was the

    • A.

      Trombone

    • B.

      Piano

    • C.

      Harpsichord

    • D.

      Clarinet

    Correct Answer
    C. Harpsichord
    Explanation
    The correct answer is harpsichord. The harpsichord was a widely used instrument during the Baroque period. It is a keyboard instrument that produces sound by plucking the strings with quills. It was known for its distinct and vibrant sound, and it was often used as both a solo and accompanying instrument in Baroque music. The harpsichord had a significant influence on the development of music during this period, and its unique timbre and capabilities made it an essential instrument in Baroque compositions.

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  • 6. 

    Except for recitatives, the rhythm in Baroque music was definitely metrical.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Baroque music is known for its use of clear and consistent meter, which provides a strong rhythmic foundation. While recitatives in Baroque music may have more freedom in terms of rhythm, the rest of the music is typically metrical. This means that the beats are organized into regular patterns, allowing for a sense of stability and predictability. Therefore, the statement that the rhythm in Baroque music, except for recitatives, was definitely metrical is true.

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  • 7. 

    Styles in music are confined to designated dates.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that styles in music are limited to specific dates, which is not true. Music styles can emerge and evolve over time, and they are not restricted to specific periods or dates. Different music styles can coexist and influence each other throughout history, making the statement false.

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  • 8. 

    Arias are usually shorter than recitatives.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Arias are typically longer than recitatives. Arias are a form of musical expression in opera or oratorio that are characterized by a more melodic and lyrical style, often with a slower tempo. They are usually standalone pieces that allow the singer to showcase their vocal abilities and convey emotions. In contrast, recitatives are more speech-like and serve as a way to advance the plot or provide necessary information in the narrative. While recitatives can vary in length, they are generally shorter than arias. Therefore, the statement that arias are usually shorter than recitatives is incorrect.

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  • 9. 

    Arias often contain passages that show off the singer's vocal prowess (ability).

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Arias, which are solo vocal pieces in operas, typically have passages that highlight the singer's vocal abilities. These passages often involve challenging vocal techniques, such as high notes, long phrases, or intricate melodic lines, allowing the singer to showcase their vocal prowess and skill. Therefore, it is true that arias often contain passages that show off the singer's vocal ability.

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  • 10. 

    Cantatas are usually religious in nature.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Cantatas are a form of musical composition that originated in the 17th century and are often associated with religious themes. They are typically composed for vocal soloists, choir, and instrumental accompaniment. The text of a cantata can be based on religious texts such as biblical passages or hymns. The music of cantatas often reflects the solemn and devotional nature of religious worship. Therefore, it can be concluded that cantatas are usually religious in nature.

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  • 11. 

    Which is not usually included in an oratorio?

    • A.

      Scenery and costumes

    • B.

      Instrumental accompaniment

    • C.

      Arias

    • D.

      Choruses

    Correct Answer
    A. Scenery and costumes
    Explanation
    An oratorio is a large-scale musical composition for orchestra, choir, and soloists, typically based on a religious theme. It is performed without costumes or scenery, unlike an opera. The focus is on the music, with instrumental accompaniment, arias (solo vocal pieces), and choruses (group vocal pieces). Therefore, scenery and costumes are not usually included in an oratorio.

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  • 12. 

    A Passion is

    • A.

      A love scene in an opera

    • B.

      An oratorio on the events of Good Friday

    • C.

      A love duet

    • D.

      A cantata for soloist and orchestra

    Correct Answer
    B. An oratorio on the events of Good Friday
    Explanation
    The correct answer is an oratorio on the events of Good Friday. This is because an oratorio is a large-scale musical composition for orchestra, choir, and soloists, typically based on a religious or biblical theme. Good Friday is a significant event in Christianity, marking the crucifixion of Jesus Christ, and it is often the subject of oratorios. Therefore, an oratorio on the events of Good Friday would be a fitting description for a passion.

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  • 13. 

    Originally chorales were

    • A.

      The chorus parts of oratorios

    • B.

      Hymns to be sung by congregations in Lutheran churches

    • C.

      Collections of recitatives

    • D.

      A type of oratorio

    Correct Answer
    B. Hymns to be sung by congregations in Lutheran churches
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "hymns to be sung by congregations in Lutheran churches." Chorales were originally hymns that were meant to be sung by the congregation in Lutheran churches. They were simple and easy to sing, and were an important part of the worship service. Chorales were often based on biblical texts and were sung in unison, allowing everyone in the congregation to participate in the worship. They played a significant role in the development of Protestant church music and are still widely used in Lutheran worship today.

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  • 14. 

    Opera began when a group of noblemen

    • A.

      Entered into an entertainment business venture

    • B.

      Wished to make the singing of madrigals more popular

    • C.

      Wished to re-create musical dramas similar to ancient Greek dramas

    • D.

      Wanted to create music for students in music conservatories

    Correct Answer
    C. Wished to re-create musical dramas similar to ancient Greek dramas
    Explanation
    Opera began when a group of noblemen wished to re-create musical dramas similar to ancient Greek dramas. This suggests that the noblemen wanted to revive the style and grandeur of ancient Greek theatrical performances through music and drama. This explanation aligns with the origins of opera, which can be traced back to the late 16th century in Italy when scholars and artists sought to recreate the art forms of ancient Greece.

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  • 15. 

    The text or words an opera is called the

    • A.

      Play book

    • B.

      Libretto

    • C.

      Manuscript

    • D.

      Novella

    Correct Answer
    B. Libretto
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "libretto." In opera, the text or words of the opera are referred to as the libretto. It is the written script or book that contains the lyrics and dialogue for the performers. The libretto serves as a guide for the singers and provides the storyline and character development for the opera. It is an essential component in the production and performance of an opera.

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  • 16. 

    Elements of an opera include

    • A.

      Everything is sung

    • B.

      “Bigger than life” qualities

    • C.

      Often in foreign language

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above" because all the given options are true statements about elements of an opera. In an opera, everything is sung, meaning that the dialogue, story, and emotions are expressed through music. Operas also often have "bigger than life" qualities, with grandiose sets, costumes, and dramatic performances. Additionally, operas are frequently performed in foreign languages, such as Italian, French, or German. Therefore, all of these elements are characteristic of operas.

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  • 17. 

    Operas are sung without accompanying orchestra or keyboard instrument.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Operas are not sung without accompanying orchestra or keyboard instrument. In fact, operas are typically performed with a full orchestra or a smaller ensemble, and often include a keyboard instrument such as a piano or harpsichord. These instruments provide the musical accompaniment for the singers and help to enhance the overall sound and atmosphere of the opera. Therefore, the correct answer is False.

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  • 18. 

    Which instrument was not particularly important in Baroque music?

    • A.

      Pipe organ

    • B.

      Harpsichord

    • C.

      Violin

    • D.

      Piano

    Correct Answer
    D. Piano
    Explanation
    The piano was not particularly important in Baroque music because it was not invented until the late Baroque period. The pipe organ, harpsichord, and violin were all commonly used during this time and played significant roles in Baroque compositions. However, the piano did not become a prominent instrument until the Classical period.

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  • 19. 

    A Baroque suite is a group of 

    • A.

      Arias

    • B.

      Keyboard works

    • C.

      Stylized dance works

    • D.

      Pieces in equal temperament

    Correct Answer
    C. Stylized dance works
    Explanation
    A Baroque suite is a collection of stylized dance works. During the Baroque period, composers would often create suites consisting of various dance movements, such as allemandes, courantes, sarabandes, and gigues. These dance movements were highly stylized and followed specific rhythmic patterns and structures. The suite was typically performed as a whole, providing a diverse range of dance styles and tempos for the audience to enjoy. This genre of music was popular during the 17th and 18th centuries and was often composed for keyboard instruments like the harpsichord or organ.

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  • 20. 

    During the Baroque a sonata was a

    • A.

      Vocal work in three movements

    • B.

      Work for one or more instruments

    • C.

      Group of stylized dances

    • D.

      Group of dances that were not stylized

    Correct Answer
    B. Work for one or more instruments
    Explanation
    During the Baroque period, a sonata was a musical composition that was specifically written for one or more instruments. This type of composition typically consisted of multiple movements and showcased the technical abilities of the performers. Unlike vocal works or groups of dances, a sonata focused solely on instrumental music and allowed for intricate melodies, harmonies, and virtuosic passages to be explored.

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  • 21. 

    Water Music Suite is so named because

    • A.

      It was composed to be played on boats as the king cruised the river

    • B.

      Each work in the suite is named after a lake

    • C.

      It was inspired by the rivers and waterfalls he saw in Scotland

    • D.

      It was composed to accompany a play about England’s great ships

    Correct Answer
    A. It was composed to be played on boats as the king cruised the river
    Explanation
    The Water Music Suite was composed to be played on boats as the king cruised the river. This suggests that the music was specifically written and intended to be performed in a boat setting, possibly during a royal event or celebration. The composition was likely designed to enhance the atmosphere and entertainment for the king and his guests as they enjoyed their time on the river.

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  • 22. 

    The composer of Water Music Suite was

    • A.

      J.S. Bach

    • B.

      Corelli

    • C.

      Pachelbel

    • D.

      Handel

    Correct Answer
    D. Handel
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Handel. Handel was a German-British composer who is best known for his works in the Baroque period. The Water Music Suite is one of his most famous compositions, consisting of three suites of instrumental music. Handel composed this suite in 1717 for King George I of England, and it was performed on a barge on the River Thames. The suite is known for its lively and joyful melodies, making it a popular choice for weddings and other celebratory occasions.

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  • 23. 

    A virtuoso is

    • A.

      Someone who is very skilled in performing

    • B.

      A very honest person

    • C.

      The first chair violinist in the orchestra

    • D.

      Someone who sings with much expression

    Correct Answer
    A. Someone who is very skilled in performing
    Explanation
    The correct answer is someone who is very skilled in performing. A virtuoso is an individual who possesses exceptional talent and expertise in a particular field, often in the arts or music. They have honed their skills through extensive practice and dedication, allowing them to perform at a high level of proficiency. This term is commonly used to describe musicians who display extraordinary technical ability and mastery in their instrument.

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  • 24. 

    The role of king or authority figure in an opera is usually sung by

    • A.

      A soprano

    • B.

      An alto

    • C.

      A tenor

    • D.

      A bass

    Correct Answer
    D. A bass
    Explanation
    In opera, the role of the king or authority figure is usually sung by a bass. The bass voice type is known for its deep, rich, and powerful sound, which suits the commanding and authoritative nature of these characters. The low notes and resonance of the bass voice add gravitas and strength to portray the regal and powerful presence of a king or authority figure on stage.

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  • 25. 

    Improvisation was important in Baroque music.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    During the Baroque period, improvisation played a significant role in music. Musicians were expected to be skilled in improvising melodies, harmonies, and ornamentations. This allowed performers to add their own personal touch and creativity to the music, making each performance unique. Additionally, improvisation was commonly used in solo passages, cadenzas, and extemporaneous embellishments. Therefore, it can be concluded that improvisation was indeed important in Baroque music.

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  • 26. 

    The first markings indicating dynamic levels appeared in Baroque music.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    In Baroque music, dynamic levels were first indicated through markings. This means that composers started using symbols or words to indicate the loudness or softness of the music. This development in musical notation allowed performers to have a clearer understanding of how the music should be played in terms of volume. Therefore, it is true that the first markings indicating dynamic levels appeared in Baroque music.

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  • 27. 

    The word “classical” means something that is

    • A.

      Very old

    • B.

      Unusual

    • C.

      Of highest quality

    • D.

      Of high monetary value

    Correct Answer
    C. Of highest quality
    Explanation
    The word "classical" is commonly used to describe something that is of the highest quality. It implies a level of excellence and superiority. This can be seen in various contexts such as classical music, classical literature, or classical art, where the term is used to denote works that are considered to be of exceptional quality and have stood the test of time. Therefore, the correct answer is "of highest quality".

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  • 28. 

    The word classical refers to music composed between the years of approximately

    • A.

      1600-1700

    • B.

      1750-1820

    • C.

      1800-1850

    • D.

      1825-1900

    Correct Answer
    B. 1750-1820
    Explanation
    The word "classical" in the context of music generally refers to the Classical period, which is typically considered to have taken place between the years of approximately 1750-1820. This period is known for its focus on balance, clarity, and structure in composition, with notable composers such as Mozart, Haydn, and Beethoven emerging during this time. The other options provided do not accurately represent the Classical period in terms of its historical timeframe.

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  • 29. 

    The Classical period is sometimes referred to as the

    • A.

      Age of Kings

    • B.

      Age of Reason

    • C.

      Age of Science

    • D.

      Dawning of the Age of Aquarius

    Correct Answer
    B. Age of Reason
    Explanation
    The Classical period is sometimes referred to as the Age of Reason because it was a time when rational thinking, logic, and scientific inquiry were highly valued. During this period, there was a shift away from the dominance of religious and supernatural beliefs towards a focus on human reason and understanding. Thinkers such as Voltaire, Rousseau, and Kant emerged during this time, promoting ideas of individual rights, freedom, and the power of human intellect. The Age of Reason marked a significant intellectual and philosophical movement that emphasized the importance of using reason and evidence to understand the world.

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  • 30. 

    Which intellectual leader of the Classical period invented a musical instrument?

    • A.

      Voltaire

    • B.

      Jean-Jacques Rousseau

    • C.

      Benjamin Franklin

    • D.

      Thomas Jefferson

    Correct Answer
    C. Benjamin Franklin
    Explanation
    Benjamin Franklin, an intellectual leader of the Classical period, invented a musical instrument known as the glass armonica. This instrument consists of a series of glass bowls or goblets of different sizes, which are mounted on a spindle and played by rubbing the rims with wet fingers. Franklin's invention was inspired by the musical glasses, but he made improvements to create a more versatile and harmonious instrument. The glass armonica gained popularity and was even played by famous composers like Mozart and Beethoven.

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  • 31. 

    Under the patronage system a composer or artist

    • A.

      Was commissioned to create a particular work

    • B.

      Submitted works to publishers or dealers

    • C.

      Decided what and when he would create

    • D.

      Accepted employment with only one person or family

    Correct Answer
    D. Accepted employment with only one person or family
    Explanation
    Under the patronage system, composers or artists would often accept employment with only one person or family. This meant that they would work exclusively for their patron, creating works specifically for them and their needs. This arrangement allowed the patron to have a direct influence on the artist's output, ensuring that the works created were tailored to their tastes and desires. In return, the artist would receive financial support and stability, as they would have a steady source of income from their patron. This system was common during the Renaissance and Baroque periods, where artists relied heavily on the support of wealthy patrons to sustain their careers.

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  • 32. 

    The Classical period in art and music existed at about the same time as the

    • A.

      Fall of the Roman Empire

    • B.

      First settlements by Europeans in America

    • C.

      Revolutionary War in America

    • D.

      Civil War in America

    Correct Answer
    C. Revolutionary War in America
    Explanation
    The Classical period in art and music existed at about the same time as the Revolutionary War in America. This period, which lasted from approximately the mid-18th century to the early 19th century, was characterized by a focus on order, balance, and harmony in artistic and musical compositions. It was a time of great social and political change, and the Revolutionary War in America was a significant event during this period, as it marked the beginning of the United States' fight for independence from Britain. The war and the ideals it represented likely influenced the artistic and musical expressions of the time.

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  • 33. 

    Painters and sculptors in the Classical style favored large works that were filled with emotion.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because painters and sculptors in the Classical style actually favored works that were balanced, harmonious, and focused on idealized forms rather than being filled with emotion. Classical art emphasized clarity, proportion, and rationality, and aimed to depict the idealized human figure.

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  • 34. 

    In which movement of a symphony or concerto is sonata form likely to be found?

    • A.

      First movement

    • B.

      Second movement

    • C.

      Third movement

    • D.

      Fourth movement

    Correct Answer
    A. First movement
    Explanation
    Sonata form is most commonly found in the first movement of a symphony or concerto. This movement typically serves as an introduction to the entire piece and sets the tone for what is to come. Sonata form consists of three main sections: exposition, development, and recapitulation. It is a structured form that allows for the presentation and development of musical ideas, and is often characterized by contrasting themes and key changes. The first movement is where composers often showcase their most dramatic and complex ideas, making it an ideal place for sonata form to be employed.

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  • 35. 

    The three main sections in sonata form are

    • A.

      Exposition, recapitulation, and coda

    • B.

      Development, recapitulation, and coda

    • C.

      Exposition, development, and coda

    • D.

      Exposition, development, and recapitulation

    Correct Answer
    D. Exposition, development, and recapitulation
    Explanation
    In sonata form, the three main sections are the exposition, development, and recapitulation. The exposition introduces the main musical themes and presents them in different keys. The development section takes these themes and explores them further, often through modulation and variation. The recapitulation brings back the themes from the exposition, but this time they are presented in the original key. The coda is an optional section that follows the recapitulation and provides a conclusion to the piece.

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  • 36. 

    What city was considered the center for music during the Classical period?

    • A.

      Vienna

    • B.

      Paris

    • C.

      Venice

    • D.

      Rome

    Correct Answer
    A. Vienna
    Explanation
    During the Classical period, Vienna was considered the center for music. This is because Vienna was home to many famous composers such as Mozart, Haydn, and Beethoven, who all made significant contributions to classical music. Vienna's rich musical culture and patronage attracted talented musicians from all over Europe, making it a hub for musical innovation and creativity during this time. Additionally, Vienna was known for its prestigious music institutions and concert venues, further solidifying its reputation as the epicenter of classical music.

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  • 37. 

    Usually all the words in an opera are sung.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    In an opera, it is common for all the words to be sung. Unlike in a play or a musical where there may be spoken dialogue, operas are primarily sung throughout. Singing is the main mode of communication in operas, and the storyline, characters, emotions, and actions are all conveyed through the sung words. Therefore, it is true that usually all the words in an opera are sung.

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  • 38. 

    Opera buffa was

    • A.

      Serious opera

    • B.

      Comic opera

    • C.

      Opera in Italian

    • D.

      Opera performed without costumes or scenery

    Correct Answer
    B. Comic opera
    Explanation
    Opera buffa is a genre of opera that originated in the 18th century in Italy. It is known for its light-hearted and comedic themes, often featuring humorous characters and situations. Unlike serious opera, which focuses on dramatic and tragic themes, opera buffa aims to entertain and amuse the audience through its witty dialogue, lively music, and comedic elements. Therefore, the correct answer for this question is comic opera.

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  • 39. 

    In Mozart's Don Giovanni, the statue that comes to dinner is

    • A.

      The ruler of Don Giovanni's country

    • B.

      Don Giovanni's brother who is a priest

    • C.

      Don Giovanni's father

    • D.

      The father who died defending the honor of his daughter from Don Giovanni

    Correct Answer
    D. The father who died defending the honor of his daughter from Don Giovanni
    Explanation
    In Mozart's Don Giovanni, the statue that comes to dinner represents the father who died defending the honor of his daughter from Don Giovanni. This is evident from the context of the opera, where Don Giovanni seduces and betrays women, including the daughter of the statue's father. The statue's appearance at the dinner serves as a supernatural punishment for Don Giovanni's immoral actions, seeking justice for the harm he caused.

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  • 40. 

    Chamber music is

    • A.

      Any work that was composed in a small room or recital hall

    • B.

      A work for a small orchestra

    • C.

      A work that uses one player on each part

    • D.

      A work that uses only one instrument of each type

    Correct Answer
    C. A work that uses one player on each part
    Explanation
    Chamber music is a genre of classical music that is performed by a small group of musicians, typically one player per part. This means that each instrument or voice has its own individual part, creating a more intimate and intricate musical experience. Chamber music is often performed in small rooms or recital halls, which further enhances the intimate atmosphere of the performance. Unlike orchestral music, which involves a larger ensemble, chamber music allows for greater focus on each individual musician's contribution to the overall composition.

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  • 41. 

    The word “ensemble” means

    • A.

      Chamber music

    • B.

      String quartet music

    • C.

      A sense of oneness

    • D.

      A sense of drama

    Correct Answer
    C. A sense of oneness
    Explanation
    The word "ensemble" refers to a group of individuals or things that work together harmoniously as a whole. It implies a sense of unity, cooperation, and coordination among the members. Therefore, the correct answer "a sense of oneness" accurately captures the meaning of the word "ensemble." It suggests that when something is described as an ensemble, it conveys the idea of a unified entity or a collective working together towards a common goal.

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  • 42. 

    A string quartet consists of

    • A.

      Four violins

    • B.

      Three violins and a cello

    • C.

      Two violins and two cellos

    • D.

      Two violins, a viola, and a cello

    Correct Answer
    D. Two violins, a viola, and a cello
    Explanation
    A string quartet typically consists of two violins, a viola, and a cello. This combination of instruments allows for a rich and balanced sound, with the violins providing the high melodies, the viola adding depth and harmony, and the cello providing a strong bass foundation. The four instruments work together to create complex and intricate musical compositions.

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  • 43. 

    The third movement of Beethoven's Fifth Symphony also uses a theme called the

    • A.

      Mannheim rocket

    • B.

      Salzburg special

    • C.

      Viennese venture

    • D.

      Lark ascending

    Correct Answer
    A. Mannheim rocket
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Mannheim rocket because the Mannheim rocket was a musical technique commonly used in the classical period, particularly by composers associated with the Mannheim school. It involves a rising arpeggio played by the entire orchestra, creating a dramatic and powerful effect. Beethoven's Fifth Symphony, specifically its third movement, incorporates this technique, making it the correct answer. The other options, Salzburg special, Viennese venture, and lark ascending, are not relevant to Beethoven's Fifth Symphony or the Mannheim rocket.

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  • 44. 

    The second movement of a symphony is usually

    • A.

      Based on a dance like minuet and trio

    • B.

      In rondo form

    • C.

      Slow and melodious

    • D.

      In a fast tempo

    Correct Answer
    C. Slow and melodious
    Explanation
    The second movement of a symphony is usually slow and melodious. This is because the second movement is traditionally meant to provide a contrast to the energetic and lively first movement. By being slow and melodious, it allows for a more introspective and emotional experience for the listener. Additionally, the slower tempo allows for more intricate and expressive melodies to be explored, creating a sense of beauty and depth in the music.

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  • 45. 

    The term “scherzo” is Italian for

    • A.

      Jig

    • B.

      Scarecrow

    • C.

      Scary

    • D.

      Joke

    Correct Answer
    D. Joke
    Explanation
    The term "scherzo" is Italian for "joke". In music, a scherzo is a lively and playful musical composition that often contains humorous or witty elements. The word "joke" accurately captures the light-hearted and humorous nature of a scherzo, making it the correct answer.

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  • 46. 

    The themes in the Classical style tend to be

    • A.

      Long and flowing

    • B.

      Loud and dramatic

    • C.

      Short ideas connected together

    • D.

      Very rhythmic

    Correct Answer
    C. Short ideas connected together
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "short ideas connected together." In the Classical style, composers often used short musical ideas or motifs and connected them together to create a cohesive piece of music. This technique allowed for the development and variation of these ideas throughout the composition, creating a sense of unity and structure. This approach contrasts with the long and flowing melodies of the Romantic style or the loud and dramatic characteristics of the Baroque style. Additionally, while rhythm is an important aspect of Classical music, it is not the defining characteristic of the style.

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  • 47. 

    Gradual crescendos and decrescendos were developed during the Classical period.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    During the Classical period, composers began to experiment with dynamics, including the use of gradual crescendos (increasing volume) and decrescendos (decreasing volume). This allowed for more expressive and nuanced performances, adding depth and emotion to the music. As a result, the statement that gradual crescendos and decrescendos were developed during the Classical period is true.

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  • 48. 

    An unusual feature about Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony is

    • A.

      The second violins don’t play the second movement

    • B.

      The third and fourth movements are bridged together with no stop between the two.

    • C.

      A breakdown section

    • D.

      The note “C” isn’t played once

    Correct Answer
    B. The third and fourth movements are bridged together with no stop between the two.
    Explanation
    The unusual feature about Beethoven's Fifth Symphony is that the third and fourth movements are bridged together with no stop between the two. This means that instead of having a distinct pause or break between the two movements, they seamlessly flow into each other. This continuous transition creates a unique and uninterrupted musical experience for the listener, which is not commonly found in symphonic compositions.

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  • 49. 

    The instruments most frequently featured in concertos during the Classical period were the piano and the trumpet.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    During the Classical period, the piano was indeed a frequently featured instrument in concertos. However, the trumpet was not as commonly featured as the piano. Therefore, the given statement is false.

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  • 50. 

    Opera seria was

    • A.

      An opera about cereal

    • B.

      Comic opera

    • C.

      Performed in a dinner theater setting

    • D.

      Serious opera

    Correct Answer
    A. An opera about cereal

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