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Choose the best answer for each of the multiple choice questions.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The first ¢ower source of the Industri"l Revolution w"s ________________

    • A.

      Foot pedals and running water.

    • B.

      Steam engines.

    • C.

      Electricity.

    • D.

      Windmills.

    Correct Answer
    A. Foot pedals and running water.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is foot pedals and running water. This is because during the Industrial Revolution, before the invention of steam engines and electricity, foot pedals and running water were used as power sources. Foot pedals were used to power machines through human labor, while running water was used to power water wheels, which in turn powered various machines. These power sources played a crucial role in driving the early stages of industrialization and mechanization.

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  • 2. 

    Engl"nd not only held " ¡ono¢oly over ¢roducts th"t were in world de¡"nd "t the beginning of the Industri"l Revolution, but "lso " ¡ono¢oly on ____________

    • A.

      International transportation. international transportation. international transportation. international transportation. international transportation. international transportation.

    • B.

      The sources of raw materials.

    • C.

      The skill necessary to make the machines that manufactured the products.

    • D.

      All available labor.

    Correct Answer
    C. The skill necessary to make the machines that manufactured the products.
    Explanation
    During the Industrial Revolution, England not only had a monopoly over products that were in high demand worldwide, but they also held a monopoly on the skill required to produce the machines that manufactured these products. This means that England had exclusive control over the knowledge and expertise needed to build the machinery used in the production process. This gave them a significant advantage in terms of production efficiency and allowed them to dominate the international transportation industry.

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  • 3. 

    Industry diffusing to Western Euro¢e involved, "s in Brit"in, the loc"tion"l criteri": co"lfields, w"ter co¡¡unic"tion, "nd ____________

    • A.

      Iron ore.

    • B.

      Markets.

    • C.

      Labor.

    • D.

      Ports.

    Correct Answer
    D. Ports.
    Explanation
    The industry diffusing to Western Europe involved certain local criteria such as coalfields, water communication, and ports. The presence of ports is important for industries as it allows for easy transportation of goods and materials, both domestically and internationally. Ports provide access to waterways, enabling trade and commerce to flourish. Therefore, the inclusion of ports as a criteria for industry diffusion in Western Europe makes sense.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the four cl"ssific"tions of industry ¡ust loc"te where the resources "re found?

    • A.

      Secondary

    • B.

      Tertiary

    • C.

      Primary

    • D.

      Quaternary

    Correct Answer
    C. Primary
    Explanation
    The correct answer is primary because the primary classification of industry refers to the extraction and production of raw materials from the Earth. This includes industries such as mining, agriculture, fishing, and forestry, where resources are directly obtained from the environment.

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  • 5. 

    The incre"se in ti¡e "nd cost with dist"nce is referred to "s ________________

    • A.

      Production costs.

    • B.

      Distribution costs.

    • C.

      Friction of distance.

    • D.

      Distance decay.

    Correct Answer
    C. Friction of distance.
    Explanation
    The increase in time and cost with distance refers to "friction of distance." This concept explains how as distance increases, the effort and resources required for production and distribution also increase. It implies that the farther an object or location is from its origin or market, the more difficult and costly it becomes to transport goods or services, resulting in higher production and distribution costs.

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  • 6. 

    The zone of ¢rob"bility for " business is ¡"rked by:

    • A.

      Low income and low cost.

    • B.

      Low income and high cost.

    • C.

      High income and low cost.

    • D.

      High income and high cost.

    Correct Answer
    C. High income and low cost.
    Explanation
    The zone of profitability for a business is marked by high income and low cost. This means that the business is generating a high level of revenue or income, while keeping its costs or expenses relatively low. This combination allows the business to maximize its profits and achieve a healthy financial position. By having high income, the business can cover its expenses and still have a significant amount left over as profit. Additionally, by keeping costs low, the business can maintain a competitive advantage and increase its overall profitability.

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  • 7. 

    When Alfred Weber ¢ublished his book Theory of the Loc"tion of Industries (1909), wh"t did he select "s the critic"l deter¡in"nt of region"l industri"l loc"tion?

    • A.

      Availability of labor

    • B.

      Nearby markets

    • C.

      Costs of labor

    • D.

      Transportation costs

    Correct Answer
    D. Transportation costs
    Explanation
    Alfred Weber, in his book Theory of the Location of Industries (1909), identified transportation costs as the critical determinant of regional industrial location. This means that Weber believed that the cost of transporting goods and raw materials was the most important factor in determining where industries should be located. He argued that industries should be located in areas where transportation costs were the lowest, in order to minimize expenses and maximize efficiency. This theory emphasized the importance of infrastructure and transportation networks in shaping industrial development.

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  • 8. 

    If a substantial number of enterprises all develop in, or move to, the same area the factor is called _______________

    • A.

      Cluster.

    • B.

      Focus.

    • C.

      Agglomeration.

    • D.

      Intensity.

    Correct Answer
    C. Agglomeration.
    Explanation
    Agglomeration refers to the phenomenon when a significant number of businesses either develop or relocate to the same geographic area. This clustering of enterprises can occur due to various factors such as shared resources, access to a skilled workforce, or proximity to key suppliers or customers. Agglomeration can lead to increased productivity, innovation, and collaboration among companies within the cluster, as they benefit from the agglomeration economies and knowledge spillovers that arise from being in close proximity to one another.

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  • 9. 

    Hotelling's location analysis emphasized the role of _______________

    • A.

      Locational interdependence.

    • B.

      Raw materials.

    • C.

      Labor.

    • D.

      Markets.

    Correct Answer
    A. Locational interdependence.
    Explanation
    Hotelling's location analysis emphasized the role of locational interdependence. This means that the location of one business or firm can have an impact on the success or failure of other businesses in the same area. Hotelling argued that businesses tend to locate themselves close to their competitors in order to better serve the market and attract customers. This concept highlights the importance of considering the actions and decisions of other businesses when making location choices, as they can directly influence the success of a business.

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  • 10. 

    Industrialization occurred along an axis from Northern France through North-Central Germany to Czech Republic and South Poland.  This axis correlates with ________ as a locational factor.

    • A.

      population

    • B.

      Coalfields

    • C.

      Major ports

    • D.

      The trend of the drainage system

    Correct Answer
    B. Coalfields
    Explanation
    The correct answer is coalfields. Industrialization occurred along this axis because it was rich in coalfields. Coal was a crucial resource for powering factories and machinery during the industrial revolution. The availability of coal in this region made it an attractive location for industries to set up their operations.

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  • 11. 

     In the United States, most interstate oil pipelines originate:

    • A.

      In Pennsylvania.

    • B.

      In New Mexico.

    • C.

      Along the Gulf of Mexico in Texas and Louisiana.

    • D.

      In the Appalachian Mountains.

    Correct Answer
    C. Along the Gulf of Mexico in Texas and Louisiana.
    Explanation
    Interstate oil pipelines in the United States primarily originate along the Gulf of Mexico in Texas and Louisiana. This region is known for its significant oil production and refining capabilities, making it a strategic location for pipeline infrastructure. The Gulf of Mexico is home to numerous offshore oil rigs and platforms, and the pipelines transport the extracted oil to refineries and distribution centers across the country. Additionally, Texas and Louisiana have extensive pipeline networks and storage facilities, further supporting the argument that most interstate oil pipelines originate in this region.

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  • 12. 

    Manufacturing in North America began in _____ as early as late colonial times.

    • A.

      New York

    • B.

      Boston

    • C.

      Philadelphia

    • D.

      New England

    Correct Answer
    D. New England
    Explanation
    Manufacturing in North America began in New England as early as late colonial times. This region, which includes states such as Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut, was known for its abundant natural resources, including water power and timber, as well as its skilled workforce. The growth of manufacturing in New England was driven by industries such as textiles, shipbuilding, and ironworks, making it an important center of industrialization during this period. The other options, New York, Boston, and Philadelphia, were also important cities in colonial America, but they did not have the same level of manufacturing activity as New England.

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  • 13. 

    Raw materials play an important role in industrial location.  In the northeastern United States, what is the orientation of this industry?

    • A.

      In the mountains where the iron ore is located

    • B.

      in the interior for good rail connections

    • C.

      Along major rivers for a water supply

    • D.

      Along the coast to facilitate imports of iron ore

    Correct Answer
    D. Along the coast to facilitate imports of iron ore
    Explanation
    The northeastern United States is located along the coast, which makes it easier to import iron ore from other countries. Being located along the coast provides access to ports and facilitates the transportation of raw materials, such as iron ore, by sea. This allows industries in the region to have a steady supply of raw materials necessary for their operations.

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  • 14. 

    New York City, like other large urban centers with great ports, is called a break of bulk location because ____________

    • A.

      Plentiful labor is available to unload massive cargo ships.

    • B.

      Markets are readily available for shipped goods.

    • C.

      Large dock warehouses are available where goods can be stored large dock warehouses are available where goods can be stored until sold

    • D.

      Transported cargo can be transferred from one kind of carrier to another.

    Correct Answer
    D. Transported cargo can be transferred from one kind of carrier to another.
    Explanation
    New York City, like other large urban centers with great ports, is called a break of bulk location because transported cargo can be transferred from one kind of carrier to another. In break of bulk locations, goods are often transferred from large cargo ships to smaller vessels or trucks for further distribution to their final destinations. This allows for more efficient transportation and delivery of goods, as different modes of transportation can be utilized based on their suitability for specific routes or areas.

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  • 15. 

    In which major world manufacturing country does industry not lie near sources of raw material?

    • A.

      China

    • B.

      Japan

    • C.

      India

    • D.

      The United States

    Correct Answer
    B. Japan
    Explanation
    Japan is the correct answer because it is a major world manufacturing country where industries do not lie near sources of raw materials. Japan is known for its advanced manufacturing industries, including automobiles and electronics. However, due to its limited natural resources, Japan heavily relies on importing raw materials from other countries. This is in contrast to countries like China, India, and the United States, which have abundant natural resources and often have industries located near these sources.

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  • 16. 

    Mass production of standardized goods using assembly line techniques is referred to as: ____________

    • A.

      Fordist.

    • B.

      Manufacturing.

    • C.

      Global production.

    • D.

      Mass production.

    Correct Answer
    A. Fordist.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Fordist." This term refers to the mass production of standardized goods using assembly line techniques, which was popularized by Henry Ford and his automobile manufacturing techniques. Fordist production revolutionized the manufacturing industry by increasing efficiency and productivity through the division of labor and the use of interchangeable parts.

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  • 17. 

    Fast, flexible production of small lots with outsourcing around the world is referred to as: ____________

    • A.

      Fordist.

    • B.

      Post-Fordist.

    • C.

      Socialist.

    • D.

      Colonial production.

    Correct Answer
    B. Post-Fordist.
    Explanation
    Fast, flexible production of small lots with outsourcing around the world is referred to as post-Fordist. This term describes a production system that has moved away from the mass production methods of Fordism, which focused on large-scale, standardized production. Post-Fordism emphasizes flexibility, customization, and the use of advanced technology to meet the demands of a globalized market. It involves outsourcing production to different locations to take advantage of cost efficiencies and specialized skills. This approach allows for quicker response times, reduced inventory, and increased customization, making it suitable for producing small lots.

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  • 18. 

    The type of manufacturing that is more likely to be located in peripheral countries is ____________

    • A.

      Technical design.

    • B.

      Labor-intensive.

    • C.

      Low-labor needs.

    • D.

      High-tech.

    Correct Answer
    B. Labor-intensive.
    Explanation
    Labor-intensive manufacturing is more likely to be located in peripheral countries because these countries often have lower labor costs and a surplus of unskilled or low-skilled labor. This type of manufacturing requires a large amount of manual labor and less reliance on technology or advanced machinery. Peripheral countries can benefit from labor-intensive industries as it provides employment opportunities and can contribute to economic growth. Additionally, these countries may lack the infrastructure or resources for high-tech manufacturing, making labor-intensive manufacturing a more feasible option.

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  • 19. 

    Current amounts of goods and resources moving in the global system would be impossible without the invention of _____________

    • A.

      Aircraft.

    • B.

      Container systems.

    • C.

      Bulk cargo ships.

    • D.

      Railroads.

    Correct Answer
    B. Container systems.
    Explanation
    Container systems revolutionized global trade by providing a standardized and efficient way to transport goods. Before their invention, goods were loaded individually onto ships, leading to long loading and unloading times. Container systems allowed for easy transfer between different modes of transportation, such as ships, trains, and trucks, making the movement of goods faster and more cost-effective. This innovation played a crucial role in the growth of global trade and the interconnectedness of economies around the world.

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  • 20. 

    Which country is almost completely dependent upon imported oil/natural gas?

    • A.

      Netherlands

    • B.

      Russia

    • C.

      United States

    • D.

      Japan

    Correct Answer
    D. Japan
    Explanation
    Japan is almost completely dependent upon imported oil and natural gas. This is due to the fact that Japan has limited domestic energy resources and relies heavily on imports to meet its energy needs. The country's lack of natural resources, such as oil and natural gas, has led to a high level of dependency on imports, making it one of the world's largest importers of these energy sources.

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  • 21. 

    Between 1940 and the early 1960s, China's industrial growth was aided by ______________

    • A.

      Soviet planners.

    • B.

      The location of raw materials.

    • C.

      Improved transportation.

    • D.

      The distribution of the work force.

    Correct Answer
    A. Soviet planners.
    Explanation
    During the period between 1940 and the early 1960s, China's industrial growth was supported and facilitated by Soviet planners. These planners provided assistance and guidance to China in terms of industrial development, helping them establish and expand their industries. The collaboration with Soviet planners included sharing expertise, technology, and resources, which played a crucial role in China's industrial growth during this time.

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  • 22. 

    Service industries are commonly referred to as _____ industries.

    • A.

      Tertiary

    • B.

      Secondary

    • C.

      Quaternary

    • D.

      Quinary

    Correct Answer
    A. Tertiary
    Explanation
    Service industries are commonly referred to as tertiary industries. This is because the term "tertiary" is used to describe the third level or stage of economic activity, which includes the provision of services rather than the production of goods. Service industries encompass a wide range of sectors such as healthcare, education, hospitality, finance, and transportation, where the primary focus is on delivering intangible services to consumers. Therefore, the correct answer is tertiary.

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  • 23. 

    People working in the ___________ sector of economic activity tend to have high levels of specialized knowledge or technical skills.

    • A.

      Quaternary

    • B.

      Tertiary

    • C.

      Secondary

    • D.

      Primary

    Correct Answer
    A. Quaternary
    Explanation
    The correct answer is quaternary. The quaternary sector of economic activity refers to the knowledge-based sector, where individuals possess specialized knowledge or technical skills. This sector includes professions such as research and development, information technology, and education. People working in the quaternary sector are often highly educated and contribute to the advancement of technology and innovation.

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  • 24. 

    The most important locational factor for the service sector is _________________

    • A.

      Energy.

    • B.

      Transportation.

    • C.

      Market.

    • D.

      Labor.

    Correct Answer
    C. Market.
    Explanation
    The service sector relies heavily on the presence of a market to thrive. A market refers to the availability of potential customers or clients who are willing to pay for the services being offered. Without a market, there would be no demand for services, making it difficult for businesses in the service sector to sustain themselves. Therefore, the market is the most important locational factor for the service sector as it determines the viability and profitability of businesses in this sector.

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  • 25. 

    Fayetteville, Arkansas has become a ________________ because of Wal-Mart.

    • A.

      Break-of-bulk point

    • B.

      Techno pole

    • C.

      Growth pole

    • D.

      The most polluted city in America

    Correct Answer
    C. Growth pole
    Explanation
    Fayetteville, Arkansas has become a growth pole because of Wal-Mart. A growth pole refers to a city or region that experiences rapid economic growth and serves as a center for attracting investment, creating jobs, and stimulating development in the surrounding areas. Wal-Mart, being a major corporation with its headquarters in Fayetteville, has contributed to the city's growth by creating employment opportunities, attracting other businesses, and generating economic activity. As a result, Fayetteville has become a thriving hub of economic growth and development.

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  • 26. 

    Technopoles, a collection of high-technology industries, can be found in a number of countries.  Which of the following is not a region containing one of these countries?

    • A.

      Eastern Asia

    • B.

      Africa

    • C.

      Australia

    • D.

      North America

    Correct Answer
    B. Africa
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Africa. Technopoles, which are collections of high-technology industries, can be found in Eastern Asia, Australia, and North America. However, Africa is not mentioned as a region containing one of these countries.

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  • 27. 

    High-technology corridors have sprung up in the global economic core.  The resulting collection of high-tech industries has been called a tehcnopole with the best known being California's “Silicon Valley.”  A similar concentration has appeared around the city of ______________ in the eastern United States.

    • A.

      New York

    • B.

      Philadelphia

    • C.

      Richmond

    • D.

      Boston

    Correct Answer
    D. Boston
    Explanation
    A similar concentration of high-tech industries has appeared around the city of Boston in the eastern United States, making it a technopole like California's "Silicon Valley" and other high-technology corridors in the global economic core.

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  • 28. 

    Technopoles tend to locate near ______________

    • A.

      Raw materials.

    • B.

      Cheap labor.

    • C.

      Electricity supplies.

    • D.

      Centers of research and development (major research universities).

    Correct Answer
    D. Centers of research and development (major research universities).
    Explanation
    Technopoles tend to locate near centers of research and development (major research universities) because these institutions provide a wealth of knowledge, expertise, and resources. By being in close proximity to these centers, technopoles can easily collaborate with researchers, access cutting-edge technology, and attract highly skilled professionals. This proximity also fosters innovation and facilitates the transfer of knowledge between academia and industry, leading to the development of new technologies and products. Additionally, being near research universities can enhance the reputation and credibility of technopoles, attracting further investment and partnerships.

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  • 29. 

    A highly organized and specialized system for organizing industrial production and labor. Named after automobile producer Henry Ford, this type of production features assembly-line production of standardized components for mass consumption.

    • A.

      Break-of-bulk point

    • B.

      Technopole

    • C.

      Fordist

    • D.

      Distance decay

    Correct Answer
    C. Fordist
    Explanation
    Fordist refers to a highly organized and specialized system for organizing industrial production and labor. It is named after automobile producer Henry Ford and is characterized by assembly-line production of standardized components for mass consumption. This production system revolutionized manufacturing by increasing efficiency and productivity.

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  • 30. 

    Places where two or more modes of transportation meet (including air, road, rail, barge, and ship).

    • A.

      Intermodal connections

    • B.

      Fordist

    • C.

      Deglomeration

    • D.

      Technopole

    Correct Answer
    A. Intermodal connections
    Explanation
    Intermodal connections refer to places where different modes of transportation, such as air, road, rail, barge, and ship, intersect or come together. These connections allow for the seamless transfer of goods and passengers between different modes of transportation, improving efficiency and connectivity in the transportation network. They play a crucial role in facilitating the movement of goods and people across different regions, enabling a more integrated and multimodal transportation system.

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  • 31. 

    With reference to production, to outsource to a third party located outside of the country.

    • A.

      Deindustrialization

    • B.

      Offshore

    • C.

      Deglomeration

    • D.

      Sunbelt

    Correct Answer
    B. Offshore
    Explanation
    Offshore refers to the practice of outsourcing production or services to a third party located outside of the country. This can be done to take advantage of lower labor costs, access specialized skills or resources, or to expand into new markets. Offshoring has become increasingly common in the globalized economy as companies seek to optimize their operations and remain competitive.

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  • 32. 

    The South and Southwest regions of the United States

    • A.

      Technopole

    • B.

      Fordist

    • C.

      Sunbelt

    • D.

      Outsourced

    Correct Answer
    C. Sunbelt
    Explanation
    The term "Sunbelt" refers to the southern and southwestern regions of the United States. This region is characterized by a warm climate and has experienced significant population and economic growth in recent decades. The term is often used to describe the shift of industries and people from the colder northern states to the warmer southern states. This migration has been driven by factors such as lower costs of living, business-friendly policies, and an abundance of job opportunities in sectors like technology, manufacturing, and tourism.

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  • 33. 

    Centers or nodes of high-technology research and activity around which a high-technology corridor is sometimes established.

    • A.

      Technopole

    • B.

      Post-fordist

    • C.

      Outsourced

    • D.

      Offshore

    Correct Answer
    A. Technopole
    Explanation
    A technopole refers to centers or nodes of high-technology research and activity. These are areas where there is a concentration of technological innovation and development. Sometimes, a high-technology corridor is established around these technopoles to further promote and support technological advancements.

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  • 34. 

    The effects of distance on interaction, generally the greater the distance the less interaction.

    • A.

      Distance decay

    • B.

      Locational interdependence

    • C.

      Offshore

    • D.

      Post-fordist

    Correct Answer
    A. Distance decay
    Explanation
    Distance decay refers to the concept that as the distance between two locations increases, the level of interaction or connection between them decreases. This can be observed in various aspects of human interaction, such as communication, trade, or social relationships. The idea behind distance decay is that physical distance creates barriers and obstacles that make it more difficult for people or entities to interact and maintain relationships. Therefore, the greater the distance, the less likely it is for interaction to occur, leading to a decline in connectivity and interdependence between locations.

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  • 35. 

    Theory developed by economist Harold Hotelling that suggests competitors, in trying to maximize sales, will seek to constrain each other's territory as much as possible which will therefore lead them to locate adjacent to one another in the middle of their collective customer base

    • A.

      Primary industrial regions

    • B.

      Global division of labor

    • C.

      Outsourced

    • D.

      Locational interdependence

    Correct Answer
    D. Locational interdependence
    Explanation
    Locational interdependence refers to the theory developed by economist Harold Hotelling that suggests competitors, in trying to maximize sales, will seek to constrain each other's territory as much as possible. This theory states that competitors will locate adjacent to one another in the middle of their collective customer base. This allows them to effectively serve their customers and reduce transportation costs. Therefore, the concept of locational interdependence explains the behavior of competitors in terms of their strategic decisions regarding their geographical locations.

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  • 36. 

    World economic system characterized by a more flexible set of production practices in which goods are not mass-produced; instead, production has been accelerated and dispersed around the globe by multinational companies that shift production, outsourcing it around the world and bringing places closer together in time and space than would have been imaginable at the beginning of the twentieth century

    • A.

      Sunbelt

    • B.

      Friction of distance

    • C.

      Post-fordist

    • D.

      Break-of-bulk point

    Correct Answer
    C. Post-fordist
    Explanation
    Post-Fordist is the correct answer because it accurately describes the economic system characterized by flexible production practices, accelerated and dispersed production, and outsourcing around the world. This term refers to the shift away from the mass production methods of Fordism, where goods were produced in large quantities in a centralized location. Post-Fordism reflects the globalization and increased interconnectedness of the world economy, with multinational companies playing a significant role in production and bringing different places closer together in terms of time and space.

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  • 37. 

    With reference to production, to turn over in part or in total to a third party

    • A.

      Outsourced

    • B.

      Friction of distance

    • C.

      Industrial revolution

    • D.

      Variable costs

    Correct Answer
    A. Outsourced
    Explanation
    Outsourcing refers to the practice of transferring a portion or the entirety of production to a third party. This allows companies to focus on their core competencies while benefiting from the expertise and cost efficiencies of external suppliers. By outsourcing, businesses can reduce operational costs, access specialized skills, and improve overall efficiency. It has become increasingly prevalent in the globalized economy, enabling companies to leverage resources from different locations and take advantage of lower labor costs.

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  • 38. 

    The term applied to the social and economic changes in agriculture, commerce and manufacturing that resulted from technological innovations and specialization in late-eighteenth-century Europe.

    • A.

      Industrial revolution

    • B.

      Agglomeration

    • C.

      Offshore

    • D.

      Fordist

    Correct Answer
    A. Industrial revolution
    Explanation
    The term "industrial revolution" refers to the social and economic changes in agriculture, commerce, and manufacturing that occurred in late-eighteenth-century Europe. This period was characterized by technological innovations and specialization, which led to significant advancements in industries and the overall economy. The industrial revolution marked a shift from manual labor to machine-based production, resulting in increased productivity, urbanization, and significant changes in social and economic structures.

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  • 39. 

    Costs that change directly with the amount of production (e.g. energy supply and labor costs).

    • A.

      Industrial revolution

    • B.

      Agglomeration

    • C.

      Outsourced

    • D.

      Variable costs

    Correct Answer
    D. Variable costs
    Explanation
    Variable costs are expenses that fluctuate in direct proportion to the level of production or business activity. This means that as production increases, variable costs also increase, and vice versa. Examples of variable costs include energy supply and labor costs. In the context of the given options, the term "variable costs" best fits the description of costs that change directly with the amount of production.

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  • 40. 

    A process involving the clustering or concentrating of people or activities. The term often refers to manufacturing plants and businesses that benefit from close proximity because they share skilled-labor pools and technological and financial amenities.

    • A.

      Agglomeration

    • B.

      Deglomeration

    • C.

      Intermodal

    • D.

      Post-fordist

    Correct Answer
    A. Agglomeration
    Explanation
    Agglomeration refers to the process of clustering or concentrating people or activities, particularly in manufacturing plants and businesses. This clustering is beneficial as it allows for the sharing of skilled labor, technological resources, and financial amenities. The term "agglomeration" is commonly used to describe situations where proximity between entities leads to increased efficiency and productivity.

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  • 41. 

    Describe the American Manufacturing Belt.  When and how did this region develop? What impact has post-Fordism and deindustrialization had on this region?

  • 42. 

    The tertiary sector of economic activity is often broken down into three categories. Identify the categories.  How is this tied to deindustrialization?  What was the relation between the rise of these tertiary activities and the explosion of high-technology usages in the past couple of decades?

  • 43. 

    कौन सा राजवंश हूणो के आक्रमण से अत्यंत विचलित हुआ

    • A.

      मौर्य

    • B.

      गुप्त

    • C.

      शुंग

    • D.

      कुषाण

    Correct Answer
    B. गुप्त
    Explanation
    The Gupta dynasty was greatly disturbed by the Huna invasions. The Huna tribe, also known as the White Huns, were a nomadic group from Central Asia who invaded India in the 5th century. They posed a significant threat to the Gupta Empire and caused widespread devastation. The Guptas struggled to defend their territory against the Huna attacks, leading to a decline in their power and influence. This made the Gupta dynasty extremely unsettled and vulnerable.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 14, 2019
    Quiz Created by
    Ritesh Kumar
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