What Do You Know About Glucagon? Trivia Quiz

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What do you know about glucagon? Glucagon is a protein hormone that is produced by the pancreatic islets of Langerhans and promotes an increase in blood glucose by increasing the rate of glycogen breakdown in the liver. It is administered for some patients with low blood sugar. Do take up this quiz and get to learn some more about this protein and how beneficial it is to the human body.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    When is glucagon given? 

    • A.

      During an episode of hypoglycemia

    • B.

      When the student with diabetes has lost consciousness during severe hypglycemia

    • C.

      When the student has not taken insulin,but has eaten a full meal

    • D.

      When any student is having a seizure

    Correct Answer
    B. When the student with diabetes has lost consciousness during severe hypglycemia
    Explanation
    Glucagon is given when a student with diabetes has lost consciousness during severe hypoglycemia. Hypoglycemia is a condition where blood sugar levels drop too low, and severe hypoglycemia can lead to loss of consciousness. Glucagon is a hormone that helps raise blood sugar levels quickly, and it is administered in emergency situations to treat severe hypoglycemia and prevent further complications.

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  • 2. 

    Immediately after administering glucagon,school personnel should:

    • A.

      Call the parents

    • B.

      Call the doctor

    • C.

      Take the student's blood pressure

    • D.

      Turn the student on his or her side

    Correct Answer
    D. Turn the student on his or her side
    Explanation
    Turning the student on their side after administering glucagon is the correct action because it helps prevent choking if the student vomits. Glucagon is a medication used to treat severe hypoglycemia (low blood sugar), and it can cause nausea or vomiting as a side effect. By turning the student on their side, any vomit can safely exit their mouth and prevent them from choking on it. Calling the parents and doctor may be necessary, but ensuring the student's safety and well-being by turning them on their side is the immediate priority. Taking the student's blood pressure is not necessary in this situation.

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  • 3. 

    Before giving glucagon, it is necessary to:

    • A.

      Mix the diluent with the powdered glucagon and draw up the mixture into a syringe

    • B.

      Weigh the student and calculate dosage

    • C.

      Take his/her blood sugar

    • D.

      Get a verbal order for its administration from the student's doctor

    Correct Answer
    A. Mix the diluent with the powdered glucagon and draw up the mixture into a syringe
    Explanation
    Before giving glucagon, it is necessary to mix the diluent with the powdered glucagon and draw up the mixture into a syringe. This is because glucagon is typically supplied in a powdered form that needs to be reconstituted with a diluent before administration. Drawing up the mixture into a syringe ensures that the correct dosage is prepared and ready for injection. Weighing the student and calculating the dosage, taking their blood sugar, and obtaining a verbal order from the doctor may also be necessary steps in the process, but the immediate action required is to mix and draw up the glucagon mixture.

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  • 4. 

    What is the best way to avoid having to give glucagon?

    • A.

      Home school all unstable diabetic school-aged children

    • B.

      Prevent episodes of severe hypoglycemia by consistent glucose monitoring

    • C.

      Anytime the student says they have low blood sugar give them 12oz of regular coke

    • D.

      Administer 5 units of humulin insulin for every carbohydrate serving that the student has eaten.

    Correct Answer
    B. Prevent episodes of severe hypoglycemia by consistent glucose monitoring
    Explanation
    Consistent glucose monitoring allows for early detection of low blood sugar levels, enabling prompt intervention to prevent severe hypoglycemia. By regularly monitoring blood sugar levels, any fluctuations can be identified and managed before they become critical, reducing the need for administering glucagon. This approach focuses on proactive prevention rather than reactive treatment, ensuring the stability and well-being of diabetic school-aged children.

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  • 5. 

    Unless corrected, hypoglycemia will lead to:

    • A.

      Unconsciousness

    • B.

      Convulsions

    • C.

      Possible death

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Hypoglycemia, which is low blood sugar, can lead to unconsciousness, convulsions, and possible death if not corrected. When blood sugar levels drop too low, the brain does not receive enough fuel to function properly, leading to loss of consciousness. Severe hypoglycemia can also cause convulsions or seizures, which are involuntary muscle movements. If left untreated, hypoglycemia can be life-threatening and potentially result in death. Therefore, all of the mentioned outcomes are possible if hypoglycemia is not corrected.

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  • 6. 

    You should anticipate the student to be nauseous and/or vomiting after glucagon is administered? 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Glucagon is a hormone that is used to treat severe hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) in emergency situations. When glucagon is administered, it causes the liver to release stored glucose into the bloodstream, raising blood sugar levels. However, one of the common side effects of glucagon is nausea and vomiting. This occurs because glucagon stimulates the digestive system, leading to an increase in gastric motility and secretion. Therefore, it is expected that a student may experience nausea and/or vomiting after glucagon administration.

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  • 7. 

    After giving the injection of glucagon, the student  with diabetes should regain consciousness within:

    • A.

      An hour

    • B.

      20-30 minutes

    • C.

      10-15 minutes

    • D.

      Seconds

    Correct Answer
    A. An hour
    Explanation
    After giving the injection of glucagon, it takes approximately an hour for the student with diabetes to regain consciousness. Glucagon is a hormone that raises blood sugar levels, and it takes time for the body to respond to this hormone and for the blood sugar levels to normalize. Therefore, it is expected that the student will regain consciousness within an hour after receiving the injection.

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  • 8. 

    It is dangerous to give glucagon to a student that may not need it:

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Giving glucagon to a student who does not need it is not dangerous. Glucagon is a hormone that helps increase blood sugar levels in cases of severe hypoglycemia. It is commonly used to treat individuals with diabetes who experience low blood sugar levels. If a student does not have low blood sugar, administering glucagon would not have any harmful effects. However, it is important to accurately assess the student's condition before administering any medication.

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  • 9. 

    The student who has been given glucagon should:

    • A.

      Go back to class

    • B.

      Have a snack that contains protein and carbohydrates

    • C.

      Be checked by his/her licensed medical provider

    • D.

      Both a and c

    Correct Answer
    A. Go back to class
    Explanation
    The student who has been given glucagon should go back to class. This suggests that the student's condition has stabilized after receiving the medication. However, it is important for the student to be checked by their licensed medical provider to ensure that their health is fully assessed and any necessary follow-up care is provided. Therefore, both options "Go back to class" and "Be checked by his/her licensed medical provider" are correct.

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  • 10. 

    School staff should be trained on emergency medications such as glucagon and EpiPen:

    • A.

      Every 90 days

    • B.

      Twice a year

    • C.

      Annually

    • D.

      No retraining is necessary

    Correct Answer
    A. Every 90 days
    Explanation
    School staff should be trained on emergency medications such as glucagon and EpiPen every 90 days to ensure they have the most up-to-date knowledge and skills to administer these medications in case of an emergency. Regular training helps to reinforce proper procedures and protocols, ensuring the safety and well-being of students.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Aug 24, 2016
    Quiz Created by
    Susan
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