H's TOEFL Ibt Reading Test (Official)

30 Questions | Total Attempts: 220

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Hello! I'm H. Welcome to H's TOEFL iBT READING TEST. Let's have a look at what I have designed for you:In this section of the test, you will read THREE different passages, each followed by 10 questions about it. Give yourself 20 minutes to complete each practice set. Hope you have a great experience with this mock test, and good luck! From H.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    According to paragraph 1, the theory that people first migrated to the Americas by way of an ice-free corridor was seriously called into question by
    • A. 

      Paleoecologist Glen MacDonald's argument that the original migration occurred much later than had previously been believed

    • B. 

      The demonstration that certain previously accepted radiocarbon dates were incorrect

    • C. 

      Evidence that the continental ice began its final retreat much later than had previously been believed

    • D. 

      Research showing that the ice-free corridor was not as long lasting as had been widely assumed

  • 2. 
    The word "persuasively" in the passage is closest in meaning to
    • A. 

      Aggressively

    • B. 

      Inflexibly

    • C. 

      Convincingly

    • D. 

      Carefully

  • 3. 
    Paragraph 2 begins by presenting a theory and then goes on to
    • A. 

      Discuss why the theory was rapidly accepted but then rejected

    • B. 

      Present the evidence on which the theory was based

    • C. 

      Cite evidence that now shows that the theory is incorrect

    • D. 

      Explain why the theory was not initially considered plausible

  • 4. 
    The phrase "prior to" is closest in meaning to
    • A. 

      Before

    • B. 

      Immediately after

    • C. 

      During

    • D. 

      In spite of

  • 5. 
    Which of the sentences below best expresses the essential information in the underlined sentence in passage 3? Incorrect choices change the meaning in important ways or leave out essential information.
    • A. 

      Because this region has been settled the longest, it also displays the greatest diversity in Native American languages.

    • B. 

      Fladmark's hypothesis states that the west coast of the Americas has been settled longer than any other region.

    • C. 

      The fact that the greatest diversity of Native American languages occurs along the west coast of the Americas lends strength to Fladmark's hypothesis.

    • D. 

      According to Fladmark, Mauve American languages have survived the longest along the west coast of the Americas.

  • 6. 
    The author's purpose in paragraph 4 is to
    • A. 

      Indicate that a number of recent geologic studies seem to provide support for the coastal hypothesis

    • B. 

      Indicate that coastal and inland migrations may have happened simultaneously

    • C. 

      Explain why humans may have reached America's northwest coast before animals and plants did

    • D. 

      Show that the coastal hypothesis may explain how people first reached Alaska but it cannot explain how people reached areas like modern British Columbia and Washington State

  • 7. 
    According to paragraph 5, the discovery of the remains of large land animals supports the coastal hypothesis by providing evidence that
    • A. 

      Humans were changing their hunting techniques to adapt to coastal rather than inland environments

    • B. 

      Animals had migrated from the inland to the coasts, an indication that a midcontinental ice-free corridor was actually implausible

    • C. 

      Humans probably would have been able to find enough resources along the coastal corridor

    • D. 

      The continental shelf was still exposed by lower sea levels during the period when the southward migration of people began

  • 8. 
    The word "inhospitable" in the passage is closest in meaning to
    • A. 

      Not familiar

    • B. 

      Not suitable

    • C. 

      Not dangerous

    • D. 

      Not reachable

  • 9. 
    According to paragraph 5, the most recent geologic research provides support for a first colonization of America dating as far back as
    • A. 

      6,000 years ago

    • B. 

      14,000 years ago

    • C. 

      12,500 years ago

    • D. 

      10,000 years ago

  • 10. 
    The word "impetus" in the passage is closest in meaning to
    • A. 

      Chance

    • B. 

      Protection

    • C. 

      Possibility

    • D. 

      Incentive

  • 11. 
    The word "justified" in the passage is closest in meaning to
    • A. 

      Supported

    • B. 

      Shaped

    • C. 

      Stimulated

    • D. 

      Suggested

  • 12. 
    According to paragraph 1, it was believed that reflection could help teachers
    • A. 

      Understand intellectual principles of teaching

    • B. 

      Strengthen their intellectual connection to their work

    • C. 

      Use scientific fact to improve discipline and teaching

    • D. 

      Adopt a more disciplined approach to teaching

  • 13. 
    The word "flourish" in the passage is closest in meaning to
    • A. 

      Continue

    • B. 

      Occur

    • C. 

      Succeed

    • D. 

      Apply

  • 14. 
    All of the following are mentioned about the experimental strategy described in paragraph 2 EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      It was designed so that teachers would eventually reflect without help from others.

    • B. 

      It was used by a group of teachers over a period of years.

    • C. 

      It involved having teachers take part in discussions of classroom events.

    • D. 

      It involved having teachers record in writing their reflections about teaching.

  • 15. 
    The word "objective" in the passage is closest in meaning to
    • A. 

      Unbiased

    • B. 

      Positive

    • C. 

      Systematic

    • D. 

      Thorough

  • 16. 
    According to paragraph 3, what did the teachers working with Wildman and Niles often fall to do when they attempted to practice reflection?
    • A. 

      Correctly calculate the amount of time needed for reflection

    • B. 

      Provide sufficiently detailed descriptions of the methods they used to help them reflect

    • C. 

      Examine thoughtfully the possible causes of events in their classrooms

    • D. 

      Establish realistic goals for themselves in practicing reflection

  • 17. 
    How is paragraph 4 related to other aspects of the discussion of reflection in the passage?
    • A. 

      It describes and comments on steps taken to overcome problems identified earlier in the passage.

    • B. 

      It challenges the earlier claim that teachers rarely have the time to think about their own or others' teaching.

    • C. 

      It identifies advantages gained by teachers who followed the training program described earlier in the passage.

    • D. 

      It explains the process used to define the principles discussed later in the passage.

  • 18. 
    It can be inferred from paragraph 5 that the teachers working with Wildman and Niles held which of the following beliefs concerning reflection?
    • A. 

      Reflection is such a good idea that it is likely to gain the support of others.

    • B. 

      Administrators tend to be stronger supporters of reflection than teachers are.

    • C. 

      Teachers will become more comfortable with the process of reflection if they receive help from administrators.

    • D. 

      Teachers can afford to engage in reflection only after other needs have been met.

  • 19. 
    According to paragraph 6, teachers may be discouraged from reflecting because
    • A. 

      It is not generally supported by teacher educators

    • B. 

      The benefits of reflection may not be apparent immediately

    • C. 

      It is impossible to teach and reflect on one's teaching at the same time

    • D. 

      They have often failed in their attempts to become reflective practitioners

  • 20. 
    Which of the sentences below best expresses the essential information in the underlined sentence in the passage? Incorrect choices change the meaning in important ways or leave out essential information.
    • A. 

      The practice of being reflective is no longer simply a habit among teachers but something that is externally motivated.

    • B. 

      Most teachers need to explore ways to form the habit of reflection even when no external motivation exists.

    • C. 

      Many aspects of the motivation to reflect have not been studied, including the comparative benefits of externally motivated and habitual reflection among teachers.

    • D. 

      There has not been enough exploration of why teachers practice reflection as a habit with or without external motivation.

  • 21. 
    The phrase "at random" in the passage is closest in meaning to
    • A. 

      Finally

    • B. 

      Over a long period of time

    • C. 

      Successfully

    • D. 

      Without a definite pattern

  • 22. 
    Which of the sentences below best expresses the essential information in the underlined sentence in the passage? Incorrect choices change the meaning in important ways or leave out essential information.
    • A. 

      Some of the earliest important examples of symbiosis—the close cooperation of two or more living things—occur in island communities.

    • B. 

      Symbiosis—the close cooperation of pairs or small groups of living organisms—is especially important in these island environments.

    • C. 

      The first organisms on these islands worked together closely in a relationship known as symbiosis, which is particularly important on islands.

    • D. 

      It is significant to note that organisms in the beginning stages of the development of island life cannot survive without close cooperation.

  • 23. 
    It can be inferred from paragraph 2 that the fungi in lichens benefit from their symbiotic relationship with algae in what way?
    • A. 

      The algae help the fungi meet some of their energy needs.

    • B. 

      The algae protect the fungi from the Sun's radiation.

    • C. 

      The algae provide the fungi with greater space for absorbing water.

    • D. 

      The fungi produce less waste in the presence of algae.

  • 24. 
    The word "abundantly" in the passage is closest in meaning to
    • A. 

      Occasionally

    • B. 

      Plentifully

    • C. 

      Usefully

    • D. 

      Fortunately

  • 25. 
    The word "propagate" in the passage is closest in meaning to
    • A. 

      Multiply

    • B. 

      Emerge

    • C. 

      Live

    • D. 

      Evolve

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