Architects And Buildings Pt 1

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Architects And Buildings Pt 1 - Quiz

FAMOUS QUOTES/BUILDINGS, STARCHITECTS AND PRITZKER PRIZE WINNERS


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    World Trade Centrer (1973-2001)

    • A.

      Kisho Kurokawa

    • B.

      Toyo Ito

    • C.

      Tadao Ando

    • D.

      Minoru Yamasaki

    Correct Answer
    D. Minoru Yamasaki
    Explanation
    Minoru Yamasaki is the correct answer because he was the architect of the World Trade Center (1973-2001). He designed the iconic twin towers that stood as a symbol of New York City's skyline for almost three decades. Yamasaki's innovative design, featuring a unique steel tube structure, made the towers some of the tallest buildings in the world at the time. Tragically, the World Trade Center was destroyed in the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001, but Yamasaki's architectural legacy lives on.

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  • 2. 

    Walt Disney Concert Hall (Los Angeles, USA)

    • A.

      Frank Gehry

    • B.

      Zaha Hadid

    • C.

      Norman Foster

    • D.

      Eero Saarinen

    Correct Answer
    A. Frank Gehry
    Explanation
    Frank Gehry is the correct answer because he is the architect of the Walt Disney Concert Hall in Los Angeles, USA. Gehry is known for his distinctive style characterized by the use of unconventional materials and sculptural forms. The Walt Disney Concert Hall is a prime example of his work, featuring a unique and iconic design that has become a landmark in the city.

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  • 3. 

    Woolworth Building (New York, USA)

    • A.

      Rem Koolhaas

    • B.

      Cass Gilbert

    • C.

      Philip Johnson

    • D.

      Frank Lloyd Wright

    Correct Answer
    B. Cass Gilbert
    Explanation
    Cass Gilbert is the correct answer because he is the architect of the Woolworth Building in New York, USA. The Woolworth Building is an iconic skyscraper that was completed in 1913 and was once the tallest building in the world. Cass Gilbert's design for the building is known for its Gothic Revival style and intricate detailing. He was chosen to design the building by Frank W. Woolworth, the founder of the Woolworth Company. Gilbert's architectural expertise and vision are evident in the Woolworth Building, making him the correct answer to this question.

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  • 4. 

    Seagram Building (New York, USA)

    • A.

      Michael Graves

    • B.

      Norman Foster

    • C.

      Daniel Libeskind & Philip Johnson

    • D.

      Ludwig Mies Van De Rohe & Philip Johnson

    Correct Answer
    D. Ludwig Mies Van De Rohe & Philip Johnson
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Ludwig Mies Van De Rohe & Philip Johnson. The Seagram Building in New York City was designed by these two architects. Ludwig Mies Van De Rohe was a German-American architect known for his modernist style, while Philip Johnson was an American architect and architectural critic. Together, they created a landmark skyscraper that is considered one of the most important examples of modern architecture.

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  • 5. 

    The Gherkin (30 St Mary Axe)

    • A.

      Norman Foster

    • B.

      Zaha Hadid

    • C.

      Aldo Rossi

    • D.

      Frank Gehry

    Correct Answer
    A. Norman Foster
    Explanation
    Norman Foster is the correct answer because he is the architect responsible for designing and creating The Gherkin, also known as 30 St Mary Axe. The Gherkin is a famous skyscraper located in London, known for its unique and distinctive shape. Norman Foster is a renowned British architect who has designed numerous iconic buildings around the world, and The Gherkin is one of his most notable works.

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  • 6. 

    IBM Plaza (Illinois, USA)

    • A.

      Toyo Ito

    • B.

      Renzo Piano

    • C.

      Ludwig Mies Van De Rohe

    • D.

      Robert Venturi

    Correct Answer
    C. Ludwig Mies Van De Rohe
    Explanation
    Ludwig Mies Van De Rohe is the correct answer because he is the architect who designed the IBM Plaza in Illinois, USA. He is known for his modernist architectural style and is considered one of the pioneers of modern architecture. His design for the IBM Plaza, also known as the One IBM Plaza, showcases his signature clean lines, use of glass, and minimalistic approach.

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  • 7. 

    The City of Arts and Sciences (Valencia, Spain)

    • A.

      Tadao Ando

    • B.

      Santiago Calatrava

    • C.

      Arta Izosaki

    • D.

      Eero Saarinen

    Correct Answer
    B. Santiago Calatrava
    Explanation
    Santiago Calatrava is the correct answer because he is one of the architects who designed the City of Arts and Sciences in Valencia, Spain. Calatrava is known for his innovative and futuristic designs, and the City of Arts and Sciences is a prime example of his work. The complex features several iconic buildings, including the Hemisfèric, the Science Museum, and the Palau de les Arts Reina Sofia, all of which showcase Calatrava's distinctive style.

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  • 8. 

    Empire State Building (New York, USA)

    • A.

      R.H. Shreve, W. Lamb & A. Harmon

    • B.

      Skidmore, Owings and Merrill

    • C.

      Erik Owen Moss

    • D.

      William Van Alen

    Correct Answer
    A. R.H. Shreve, W. Lamb & A. Harmon
    Explanation
    The correct answer is R.H. Shreve, W. Lamb & A. Harmon. These architects were responsible for the design and construction of the Empire State Building in New York, USA.

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  • 9. 

    Flatiron Building (New York, USA)

    • A.

      Norman Foster

    • B.

      Michael Graves and Louis Kahn

    • C.

      Daniel Burnham & Frederick Dinkelberg

    • D.

      Eero Saarinen

    Correct Answer
    C. Daniel Burnham & Frederick Dinkelberg
    Explanation
    The Flatiron Building in New York, USA was designed by Daniel Burnham and Frederick Dinkelberg. They were the architects responsible for the construction of this iconic triangular-shaped building, which was completed in 1902. The building's unique design and prominent location have made it a famous landmark in New York City.

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  • 10. 

    Niteroi Museum of Contemporary Arts (Rio De Janeiro, Brazil)

    • A.

      Santiago Calatrava

    • B.

      Oscar Niemeyer

    • C.

      Zaha Hadid

    • D.

      Robert Venturi

    Correct Answer
    B. Oscar Niemeyer
    Explanation
    Oscar Niemeyer is the correct answer because he was the architect of the Niteroi Museum of Contemporary Arts in Rio De Janeiro, Brazil. Niemeyer was a renowned Brazilian architect known for his modernist designs and his contributions to the development of modern architecture in Brazil. The Niteroi Museum of Contemporary Arts is one of his most famous works and is characterized by its futuristic design and its location on a cliff overlooking Guanabara Bay.

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  • 11. 

    Parco Della Musica (Rome, Italy)

    • A.

      Renzo Piano

    • B.

      Jean Nouvel

    • C.

      Robert Stern

    • D.

      I.M. Pei

    Correct Answer
    A. Renzo Piano
    Explanation
    Renzo Piano is the correct answer because he is the architect who designed the Parco Della Musica in Rome, Italy. Renzo Piano is known for his innovative and modern architectural designs, and he has received numerous awards for his work. His design for the Parco Della Musica incorporates three concert halls and a large outdoor amphitheater, creating a unique and visually striking space for music performances.

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  • 12. 

    Taj Mahal (Agra, India)

    • A.

      Ali Madran Khan

    • B.

      Geronimo Verroneo

    • C.

      Ustad Isa & Ustad Lahori

    • D.

      Shah Jahan & Mumtaz Mahal

    Correct Answer
    C. Ustad Isa & Ustad Lahori
    Explanation
    The answer "Ustad Isa & Ustad Lahori" refers to the architects who were responsible for the construction of the Taj Mahal. Ustad Isa and Ustad Lahori were both renowned architects during the Mughal era and were commissioned by Emperor Shah Jahan to design and build the Taj Mahal in memory of his wife, Mumtaz Mahal. Their expertise and skill in architecture are evident in the intricate design and grandeur of this iconic monument.

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  • 13. 

    Largest Mosque in the world

    • A.

      Imam Reza Shrine

    • B.

      The Hassan II Mosque

    • C.

      Masjid al-Haram

    • D.

      Faisal Mosque

    Correct Answer
    C. Masjid al-Haram
    Explanation
    Masjid al-Haram is the correct answer because it is the largest mosque in the world. Located in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, it surrounds the Kaaba, the holiest site in Islam. The mosque can accommodate millions of worshippers during the annual Hajj pilgrimage. It covers an area of over 4 million square feet and has a capacity to hold up to 2 million worshippers. The mosque is of great significance to Muslims worldwide and is a symbol of unity and devotion.

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  • 14. 

    "Form Follows Function"

    • A.

      Louis Sullivan

    • B.

      Le Corbusier

    • C.

      Frank Lloyd Wright

    • D.

      Mies Van De Rohe

    Correct Answer
    A. Louis Sullivan
    Explanation
    Louis Sullivan is the correct answer because he is the architect who coined the phrase "Form Follows Function." This principle emphasizes that the design of a building should be based on its intended purpose and function, rather than solely focusing on aesthetics. Sullivan believed that the form of a building should be a direct result of its function, and that the design should be honest and truthful to the purpose it serves. This concept had a significant influence on modern architecture and is still widely regarded as a fundamental principle in architectural design today.

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  • 15. 

    Villa Savoye (France)

    • A.

      Norman Foster

    • B.

      Philip Johnson

    • C.

      Robert Venturi

    • D.

      Le Corbusier

    Correct Answer
    D. Le Corbusier
    Explanation
    Le Corbusier is the correct answer because Villa Savoye is one of his most famous architectural works. Le Corbusier was a Swiss-French architect known for his modernist designs and his five points of architecture. Villa Savoye, located in France, is a prime example of his architectural principles, with its open floor plan, pilotis (supporting columns), horizontal windows, free façade, and roof garden. Le Corbusier's innovative design and his influence on modern architecture make him the most likely architect associated with Villa Savoye.

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  • 16. 

    "Less is Bore"

    • A.

      Walter Gropius

    • B.

      Robert Venturi

    • C.

      Michael Graves

    • D.

      Mies Van De Rohe

    Correct Answer
    B. Robert Venturi
    Explanation
    Robert Venturi is the correct answer because he is the architect who coined the phrase "Less is Bore." This phrase is a play on the famous design principle "Less is More" by Mies Van De Rohe. Venturi believed that simplicity and minimalism in design can sometimes be boring, and instead advocated for complexity, variety, and contradiction. His architectural style, known as postmodernism, embraced ornamentation, historic references, and a sense of humor in design.

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  • 17. 

    Centre George's Pompidou (Paris, France)

    • A.

      Renzo Piano

    • B.

      Norman Foster

    • C.

      Charles Moore

    • D.

      Oscar Niemeyer

    Correct Answer
    A. Renzo Piano
    Explanation
    Renzo Piano is the correct answer because he is an Italian architect who co-designed the Centre Georges Pompidou in Paris, France. The Centre Pompidou is a renowned cultural center known for its unique architectural design, characterized by its exposed structural elements and colorful exterior. Renzo Piano's collaboration with Richard Rogers resulted in the creation of this iconic building, which houses a vast collection of modern and contemporary art, as well as a library and various exhibition spaces.

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  • 18. 

    One World Trade Center (from 2001 - present; New York, USA) 

    • A.

      Richard Meier

    • B.

      Renzo Piano

    • C.

      David Childs

    • D.

      Robert Stern

    Correct Answer
    C. David Childs
    Explanation
    David Childs is the correct answer because he is one of the architects who designed the One World Trade Center in New York City. He worked for the architectural firm Skidmore, Owings & Merrill (SOM) and was the lead designer for the project. Childs played a crucial role in the development and construction of the iconic skyscraper, which stands as a symbol of resilience and hope after the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks.

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  • 19. 

    The world's FIRST net-zero skyscraper

    • A.

      EDITT Tower

    • B.

      Pearl River Tower

    • C.

      Clean Technology Tower

    • D.

      Pertamina Energy Tower

    Correct Answer
    B. Pearl River Tower
    Explanation
    The Pearl River Tower is considered the world's first net-zero skyscraper because it is designed to generate as much energy as it consumes. It incorporates numerous sustainable features such as wind turbines, solar panels, and geothermal systems to produce renewable energy on-site. The tower also maximizes natural lighting and ventilation, reducing the need for artificial lighting and air conditioning. Its innovative design and use of clean technology make it a pioneering example of sustainable architecture in the skyscraper industry.

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  • 20. 

    Chrysler Building (New York, USA)

    • A.

      William Van Alen

    • B.

      Frank Gehry

    • C.

      Walter Chrysler

    • D.

      H. Craig Severance

    Correct Answer
    A. William Van Alen
    Explanation
    William Van Alen is the correct answer because he was the architect who designed the Chrysler Building in New York, USA. Completed in 1930, the Chrysler Building is an iconic example of Art Deco architecture and was once the tallest building in the world. Van Alen's design incorporated unique features such as the distinctive spire and stainless steel cladding, making it a significant landmark in the city's skyline.

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  • 21. 

    Vitra Fire Station (Weil Am Rhein, Germany)

    • A.

      Zaha Hadid

    • B.

      Eero Saarinen

    • C.

      Toyo Ito

    • D.

      Alvar Aalto

    Correct Answer
    A. Zaha Hadid
    Explanation
    Zaha Hadid is the correct answer because she is the architect who designed the Vitra Fire Station in Weil Am Rhein, Germany. She is known for her innovative and futuristic designs, and the Vitra Fire Station is a prime example of her unique style. Hadid's design for the fire station features dynamic and angular shapes, creating a visually striking and functional building. Her contribution to the field of architecture has made her one of the most influential and celebrated architects of our time.

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  • 22. 

    World's greenest mixed-use development

    • A.

      Pruitt-Igoe Apartments

    • B.

      House of Stabio

    • C.

      The Picnic Project

    • D.

      Masdar HQ

    Correct Answer
    D. Masdar HQ
    Explanation
    Masdar HQ is considered the world's greenest mixed-use development because it is designed to be a sustainable and eco-friendly building. It incorporates various renewable energy sources such as solar power and wind turbines to generate its own electricity. The building also utilizes advanced technologies for energy efficiency, water conservation, and waste management. Additionally, Masdar HQ promotes sustainable transportation by having pedestrian-friendly pathways and electric vehicle charging stations. Overall, Masdar HQ sets a benchmark for environmentally conscious design and practices, making it the top choice for the world's greenest mixed-use development.

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  • 23. 

    World Trade Center Transportation Hub (New York, USA)

    • A.

      Rem Koolhaas

    • B.

      Zaha Hadid

    • C.

      Santiago Calatrava

    • D.

      Frank Gehry

    Correct Answer
    C. Santiago Calatrava
    Explanation
    Santiago Calatrava is the correct answer because he is the architect responsible for designing the World Trade Center Transportation Hub in New York, USA. Calatrava is known for his innovative and futuristic designs, and his work on the transportation hub reflects his distinctive style. The hub, also known as the Oculus, features a striking white structure resembling a bird in flight, with a large open space for commuters and visitors. Calatrava's design has become an iconic symbol of the World Trade Center complex and a significant architectural landmark in New York City.

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  • 24. 

    Burj Khalifa (at 828 meters; Dubai, UAE)

    • A.

      Adrian Smith

    • B.

      Bill Barker

    • C.

      EMAAR Properties

    • D.

      Cesar Pelli

    Correct Answer
    A. Adrian Smith
    Explanation
    Adrian Smith is the correct answer because he is the architect who designed the Burj Khalifa in Dubai, UAE. The Burj Khalifa is the tallest building in the world, standing at 828 meters. Smith is renowned for his expertise in designing tall buildings and has contributed to several iconic architectural projects globally.

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  • 25. 

    World's recognized 1st skyscraper

    • A.

      Empire State Building

    • B.

      Flatiron Building

    • C.

      Home Insurance Building

    • D.

      Metropolitan Life Insurance Company Tower

    Correct Answer
    C. Home Insurance Building
    Explanation
    The Home Insurance Building is recognized as the world's first skyscraper. Completed in 1885 in Chicago, it was the first building to use a steel frame structure, allowing it to reach a height of 138 feet. This innovative construction method paved the way for the development of taller and more efficient skyscrapers in the future. The building's design also incorporated other architectural advancements, such as large windows and an open floor plan. Its significance in the history of architecture and urban development makes it the correct answer to the question.

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  • 26. 

    "Architecture begins where engineering ends"

    • A.

      Tadao Ando

    • B.

      Rem Koolhaas

    • C.

      Walter Gropius

    • D.

      Buckminster Fuller

    Correct Answer
    C. Walter Gropius
    Explanation
    Walter Gropius is the correct answer because he was a prominent architect and founder of the Bauhaus school of design. This quote implies that architecture goes beyond the technical aspects of engineering and encompasses the artistic and conceptual elements. Gropius believed in the integration of art, craft, and technology in architecture, emphasizing the importance of design principles and aesthetics. He is known for his modernist approach and his influential role in shaping the field of architecture.

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  • 27. 

    Petronas Towers (Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)

    • A.

      Toyo Ito

    • B.

      Cesar Pelli

    • C.

      Adrian Smith

    • D.

      C.Y. Lee

    Correct Answer
    B. Cesar Pelli
    Explanation
    Cesar Pelli is the correct answer because he is the architect who designed the Petronas Towers in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The Petronas Towers are iconic twin skyscrapers and were the tallest buildings in the world from 1998 to 2004. Cesar Pelli's design for the towers incorporates Islamic influences and features a sleek and modern aesthetic. His work on the Petronas Towers has received widespread acclaim and recognition, making him the correct choice for the answer.

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  • 28. 

    Johnson Wax Headquarters (Wisconsin, USA)

    • A.

      Frank Lloyd Wright

    • B.

      Fazlur Khan

    • C.

      I.M. Pei

    • D.

      Philip Johnson

    Correct Answer
    A. Frank Lloyd Wright
    Explanation
    Frank Lloyd Wright is the correct answer because he was the architect who designed the Johnson Wax Headquarters in Wisconsin, USA. Known for his organic architecture style, Wright created a unique and innovative design for the building, incorporating elements such as the famous "lily pad" columns and a dendriform roof. His design for the Johnson Wax Headquarters is considered a masterpiece and a prime example of his architectural genius.

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  • 29. 

    30 Rockefeller (New York, USA)

    • A.

      Raymond Hood

    • B.

      Tom Wright

    • C.

      Adrian Smith

    • D.

      Norman Foster

    Correct Answer
    A. Raymond Hood
    Explanation
    Raymond Hood is the correct answer because he was one of the architects involved in the design of 30 Rockefeller in New York, USA. The other architects listed, Tom Wright, Adrian Smith, and Norman Foster, were not involved in the design of this specific building.

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  • 30. 

    Guggenheim Museum (Bilbao, Spain)

    • A.

      Santiago Calatrava

    • B.

      Frank Lloyd Wright

    • C.

      Frank Gehry

    • D.

      Zaha Hadid

    Correct Answer
    C. Frank Gehry
    Explanation
    Frank Gehry is the correct answer because he is the architect who designed the Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao, Spain. The museum is known for its unique and innovative design, characterized by its curvilinear forms and titanium-clad exterior. Gehry's design has made the museum an iconic landmark and a symbol of modern architecture. His use of unconventional materials and bold shapes has made him one of the most influential architects of our time.

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  • 31. 

    World's tallest green building/ Tallest LEED platinum rated building

    • A.

      One World Trade Center

    • B.

      Proximity Hotel

    • C.

      Taipei 101

    • D.

      BG Group Place

    Correct Answer
    C. Taipei 101
    Explanation
    Taipei 101 is the correct answer because it is known as the world's tallest green building and also the tallest LEED platinum rated building. This means that it is not only environmentally friendly but also meets the highest standards of sustainability and energy efficiency. The other options, One World Trade Center, Proximity Hotel, and BG Group Place, may be tall buildings but they do not hold the same distinction of being the tallest green building or LEED platinum rated.

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  • 32. 

    "Less is more"

    • A.

      Le Corbusier

    • B.

      Louis Sullivan

    • C.

      Ludwig Mies Van De Rohe

    • D.

      Robert Venturi

    Correct Answer
    C. Ludwig Mies Van De Rohe
    Explanation
    Ludwig Mies Van De Rohe is the correct answer because he is the architect who is most commonly associated with the phrase "Less is more." This phrase encapsulates his minimalist design philosophy, which focused on simplicity, clarity, and the use of clean lines and open spaces. Van De Rohe believed that by eliminating unnecessary elements and embracing simplicity, the true essence and beauty of a design could be revealed. His work, such as the Barcelona Pavilion and the Farnsworth House, exemplifies this principle of less being more.

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  • 33. 

    Torre Agbar aka The Shell (Barcelona, Spain)

    • A.

      Jean Nouvel

    • B.

      Herzog & De Meuron

    • C.

      Norman Foster

    • D.

      Santiago Calatrava

    Correct Answer
    A. Jean Nouvel
    Explanation
    Jean Nouvel is the correct answer because he is the architect who designed the Torre Agbar, also known as The Shell, in Barcelona, Spain. The Torre Agbar is a prominent landmark in the city and is characterized by its unique shape and colorful lighting. Nouvel's design for the building reflects his innovative and contemporary architectural style, making him the most suitable choice among the given options.

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  • 34. 

    World's first diagrid hyperboloid structure

    • A.

      Adziogol Lighthouse

    • B.

      Shukhov Tower

    • C.

      Dorton Arena

    • D.

      Święty Krzyż TV Tower

    Correct Answer
    B. Shukhov Tower
    Explanation
    The Shukhov Tower is considered the world's first diagrid hyperboloid structure. Designed by Russian engineer Vladimir Shukhov, the tower is an architectural marvel known for its innovative design and structural efficiency. The diagrid hyperboloid structure consists of a network of diagonal braces that form a curved shape, providing both strength and stability to the tower. This design allowed for a significant reduction in materials used while still maintaining structural integrity. The Shukhov Tower's unique design and engineering techniques make it a significant landmark in the history of architecture and engineering.

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  • 35. 

    Glass House (Conneticut, USA)

    • A.

      Le Corbusier

    • B.

      Walter Gropius

    • C.

      Alvar Aalto

    • D.

      Philip Johnson

    Correct Answer
    D. Philip Johnson
    Explanation
    Philip Johnson is the correct answer because he is the architect who designed the Glass House in Connecticut, USA. The Glass House is a famous architectural landmark known for its innovative use of glass and its integration with the surrounding natural landscape. Philip Johnson was a renowned architect and one of the pioneers of modern architecture. He was known for his minimalist and functionalist designs, and the Glass House is considered one of his most iconic works.

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  • 36. 

    Pyramid of Giza aka Pyramid of Khufu (Giza, Egypt)

    • A.

      Cheops

    • B.

      Cleopatra

    • C.

      Hatshepsut

    • D.

      Hemiunu

    Correct Answer
    D. Hemiunu
    Explanation
    Hemiunu is the correct answer because he is the architect and chief engineer of the Pyramid of Giza, also known as the Pyramid of Khufu. He was a high-ranking official during the reign of Pharaoh Khufu and played a significant role in the construction of the pyramid, which is one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.

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  • 37. 

    Guangzhou Opera House (Guangzhou, China)

    • A.

      Norman Foster

    • B.

      Frank Gehry

    • C.

      Eero Saarinen

    • D.

      Zaha Hadid

    Correct Answer
    D. Zaha Hadid
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Zaha Hadid because she is the architect who designed the Guangzhou Opera House in Guangzhou, China. Zaha Hadid was known for her innovative and futuristic designs, characterized by fluid forms and bold curves. The Guangzhou Opera House is a prime example of her distinctive style, with its sweeping lines and sculptural appearance. Hadid's design for the opera house has received widespread acclaim for its striking aesthetic and its successful integration into the surrounding urban landscape.

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  • 38. 

    Turning Torso (Malmo, Sweden)

    • A.

      Santiago Calatrava

    • B.

      Frank Gehry

    • C.

      Norman Foster

    • D.

      I.M. Pei

    Correct Answer
    A. Santiago Calatrava
    Explanation
    Santiago Calatrava is the correct answer because he is the architect who designed the Turning Torso in Malmo, Sweden. The Turning Torso is a skyscraper and residential building known for its unique twisting form. Calatrava is renowned for his innovative and sculptural designs, often incorporating elements of movement and organic shapes. His style is evident in the Turning Torso, which stands as a landmark in the city of Malmo.

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  • 39. 

    Millau Viaduct aka The Tallest Bridge in the World (France)

    • A.

      Santiago Calatrava

    • B.

      Renzo Piano

    • C.

      John Hejduk

    • D.

      Norman Foster

    Correct Answer
    D. Norman Foster
    Explanation
    Norman Foster is the correct answer because he is the architect who designed the Millau Viaduct, also known as the Tallest Bridge in the World, located in France. The bridge was completed in 2004 and is known for its innovative design and impressive height of 343 meters. Foster's design incorporates sleek and elegant lines, making the bridge not only functional but also aesthetically pleasing.

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  • 40. 

    Considered to be the oldest city in the world

    • A.

      Jerusalem

    • B.

      Eridu

    • C.

      Damascus

    • D.

      Aleppo

    Correct Answer
    C. Damascus
    Explanation
    Damascus is considered to be the oldest city in the world because it has a long history that dates back to at least 11,000 years. It is believed to have been continuously inhabited since its founding, making it one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. Damascus has been a significant cultural and historical center throughout its existence, serving as the capital of various empires and civilizations. Its rich history and archaeological evidence support the claim that Damascus is the oldest city in the world.

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  • 41. 

    The Father of Modernism

    • A.

      Norman Foster

    • B.

      Ludwig Mies Van De Rohe

    • C.

      Louis Sullivan

    • D.

      Walter Gropius

    Correct Answer
    C. Louis Sullivan
    Explanation
    Louis Sullivan is often referred to as the Father of Modernism because of his significant contributions to modern architecture. He was one of the pioneers of the skyscraper and is known for his innovative use of steel-frame construction and emphasis on functional design. Sullivan's ideas and designs greatly influenced the development of modern architecture in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. His famous quote, "Form follows function," became a guiding principle for modernist architects. Therefore, Sullivan is considered a key figure in the birth of modern architecture and is deserving of the title "Father of Modernism."

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  • 42. 

    Modern Art Museum of Forth Worth (Texas, USA)

    • A.

      Renzo Piano

    • B.

      Tadao Ando

    • C.

      I.M. Pei

    • D.

      Eero Saarinen

    Correct Answer
    A. Renzo Piano
    Explanation
    Renzo Piano is the correct answer because he is an Italian architect known for his modern and innovative designs. He has designed numerous iconic buildings around the world, including the Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth in Texas, USA. Piano's design for the museum incorporates clean lines, natural light, and a minimalist aesthetic, creating a space that is both functional and visually striking. His expertise and artistic vision make him a fitting choice for designing a modern art museum.

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  • 43. 

    Willis Tower (Illinois, USA)

    • A.

      Morse Diesel International

    • B.

      Gordon Bunshaft (S.O.M.)

    • C.

      Eric Owen Moss

    • D.

      Fazlur Khan & Bruce Graham

    Correct Answer
    D. Fazlur Khan & Bruce Graham
    Explanation
    Fazlur Khan and Bruce Graham are the architects who designed the Willis Tower in Illinois, USA.

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  • 44. 

    The birthplace of modern architecture

    • A.

      Villa Savoye

    • B.

      University of Salamanca

    • C.

      Crystal Palace

    • D.

      Eiffel Tower

    Correct Answer
    C. Crystal Palace
    Explanation
    Crystal Palace is considered the birthplace of modern architecture due to its innovative design and construction. Designed by Joseph Paxton for the Great Exhibition of 1851, it showcased the use of glass and iron in a large-scale structure, revolutionizing architectural techniques. The Crystal Palace's lightweight and transparent design paved the way for modern architecture, influencing future buildings and architects. Its impact on the architectural world and its significance in the development of modern architectural principles make it the correct answer.

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  • 45. 

    Tower of Winds (Yokohama, Japan)

    • A.

      Tadao Ando

    • B.

      Toyo Ito

    • C.

      Kisho Kurokawa

    • D.

      C.Y. Lee

    Correct Answer
    B. Toyo Ito
    Explanation
    Toyo Ito is the correct answer because he is the architect who designed the Tower of Winds in Yokohama, Japan. The Tower of Winds is a unique architectural structure that serves as a ventilation system for the nearby underground shopping mall. It features a series of slits and openings that allow wind to pass through and create a natural cooling effect. Toyo Ito's design for the Tower of Winds showcases his innovative approach to architecture and his ability to blend functionality with aesthetics.

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  • 46. 

    Church on the Water (Hokkaido, Japan)

    • A.

      I.M. Pei

    • B.

      Eric Owen Moss

    • C.

      Aldo Rossi

    • D.

      Tadao Ando

    Correct Answer
    D. Tadao Ando
    Explanation
    Tadao Ando is the correct answer because he is the architect of the Church on the Water in Hokkaido, Japan. Known for his minimalist style, Ando designed the church to blend with its natural surroundings, creating a serene and contemplative space. The building features a simple and clean design, with large glass windows that allow natural light to flood the interior. Ando's use of concrete and water elements further enhances the tranquil atmosphere of the church. Overall, Tadao Ando's architectural style and his specific connection to the Church on the Water make him the correct answer.

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  • 47. 

    Beijing National Stadium (Beijing, China)

    • A.

      Daniel Libeskind

    • B.

      Herzog & De Meuron

    • C.

      Zaha Hadid

    • D.

      Kohn Pedersen Fox

    Correct Answer
    B. Herzog & De Meuron
    Explanation
    Herzog & De Meuron is the correct answer because they were the architects responsible for designing the Beijing National Stadium in Beijing, China. Daniel Libeskind, Zaha Hadid, and Kohn Pedersen Fox are not associated with this particular project.

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  • 48. 

    The Beehive (California, USA)

    • A.

      Eric Owen Moss

    • B.

      Alvar Aalto

    • C.

      Frank Gehry

    • D.

      Michael Graves

    Correct Answer
    A. Eric Owen Moss
    Explanation
    Eric Owen Moss is the correct answer because he is the architect of The Beehive in California, USA. The question is asking for the architect who designed this specific building, and Eric Owen Moss is the only option listed that matches this criteria. Alvar Aalto, Frank Gehry, and Michael Graves are not associated with The Beehive.

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  • 49. 

    Jewish Museum (Berlin, Germany)

    • A.

      Daniel Libeskind

    • B.

      Aldo Rossi

    • C.

      Rem Koolhaas

    • D.

      Norman Foster

    Correct Answer
    A. Daniel Libeskind
    Explanation
    Daniel Libeskind is the correct answer because he is the architect who designed the Jewish Museum in Berlin, Germany. His design for the museum is known for its striking and unconventional architecture, which includes sharp angles, voids, and intersecting lines. The museum serves as a powerful symbol of Jewish history and identity, and Libeskind's design reflects this with its thought-provoking and emotional spaces. His work on the Jewish Museum has received international acclaim and has become a significant cultural landmark in Berlin.

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  • 50. 

    "Father of organic architecture"

    • A.

      Walter Gropius

    • B.

      Louis Sullivan

    • C.

      Frank Lloyd Wright

    • D.

      Santiago Calatrava

    Correct Answer
    C. Frank Lloyd Wright
    Explanation
    Frank Lloyd Wright is often referred to as the "Father of organic architecture" because he pioneered the concept of designing buildings that harmonize with their natural surroundings. He believed in creating structures that were in harmony with the environment, using natural materials and incorporating elements of nature into the design. His designs emphasized open spaces, natural light, and a seamless integration of indoor and outdoor spaces. Wright's philosophy and innovative approach to architecture had a significant influence on the development of modern architecture, making him a fitting choice for the title of "Father of organic architecture."

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 23, 2017
    Quiz Created by
    Abcede
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