Unit Two - Cycle Two Test About Country

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Unit Two - Cycle Two Test About Country - Quiz

2015-2016


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What country is labeled by number 3?

    • A.

      Saudi Arabia

    • B.

      Egypt

    • C.

      Turkey

    • D.

      Israel

    Correct Answer
    D. Israel
    Explanation
    Number 3 on the map corresponds to the country of Israel.

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  • 2. 

    What country is labeled by number 2?

    • A.

      Saudi Arabia

    • B.

      Turkey

    • C.

      Egypt

    • D.

      Israel

    Correct Answer
    A. Saudi Arabia
    Explanation
    The country labeled by number 2 is Saudi Arabia.

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  • 3. 

    What country is labeled by number 6?

    • A.

      Saudi Arabia

    • B.

      Iraq

    • C.

      Iran

    • D.

      Israel

    Correct Answer
    B. Iraq
    Explanation
    The country labeled by number 6 is Iraq.

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  • 4. 

    What feature is labeled by number 2?

    • A.

      Arabian Sea

    • B.

      Suez Canal

    • C.

      Persian Gulf

    • D.

      Red Sea

    Correct Answer
    D. Red Sea
    Explanation
    Number 2 is labeled as the Red Sea.

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  • 5. 

    What feature is labeled by number 5?

    • A.

      Jordan River

    • B.

      Tigris River

    • C.

      Suez Canal

    • D.

      Strait of Hormuz

    Correct Answer
    B. Tigris River
    Explanation
    Number 5 is labeled as the Tigris River.

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  • 6. 

    What feature is labeled by number 3?

    • A.

      Arabian Sea

    • B.

      Strait of Hormuz

    • C.

      Persian Gulf

    • D.

      Red Sea

    Correct Answer
    B. Strait of Hormuz
    Explanation
    Number 3 on the map is labeled as the Strait of Hormuz. The Strait of Hormuz is a narrow waterway located between the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman. It is an important strategic location as it serves as a vital shipping route for oil tankers, making it a significant chokepoint for global oil transportation.

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  • 7. 

    Which physical feature in the Middle East is an important shipping channel for much of the world’s oil supply? (Standard G5a)

    • A.

      Red Sea

    • B.

      Arabian Sea

    • C.

      Persian Gulf

    • D.

      Strait of Hormuz

    Correct Answer
    D. Strait of Hormuz
    Explanation
    The Strait of Hormuz is an important shipping channel for much of the world's oil supply. It is located between the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, connecting the Arabian Sea with the Persian Gulf. It is a narrow waterway that is strategically significant because it is the only sea passage from the Persian Gulf to the open ocean. Approximately 20% of the world's oil passes through this strait, making it a crucial route for global oil transportation.

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  • 8. 

    Which territory in the Middle East bordered by Egypt and the Mediterranean Sea continues to cause disputes between surrounding areas? (Standard G5b)

    • A.

      Iran

    • B.

      Iraq

    • C.

      Turkey

    • D.

      Gaza Strip

    Correct Answer
    D. Gaza Strip
    Explanation
    The Gaza Strip is a territory in the Middle East that is bordered by Egypt and the Mediterranean Sea. It continues to cause disputes between surrounding areas due to its complex political and geographical situation. The area has been a source of conflict between Israel and Palestine, with both sides claiming ownership and control over the territory. The ongoing disputes over land, resources, and political control have led to frequent clashes and tensions in the region.

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  • 9. 

    Although Judaism, Islam and Christianity are similar one key difference is _____. (Standard G8c)

    • A.

      Their patriarchal leader

    • B.

      Their view on Jesus Christ

    • C.

      They have places of worship

    • D.

      Jerusalem is sacred in Christianity alone

    Correct Answer
    B. Their view on Jesus Christ
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "their view on Jesus Christ." This is because Judaism and Islam do not view Jesus Christ as a central figure or as the Messiah, while Christianity considers Jesus Christ to be the Son of God and the Savior. This fundamental difference in their beliefs about Jesus Christ sets them apart from each other.

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  • 10. 

    The religions of Judaism, Islam and Christianity all have which characteristic in common. (Standard G8c)

    • A.

      Sects

    • B.

      Polytheistic

    • C.

      Monotheistic

    • D.

      Ethnic groups

    Correct Answer
    C. Monotheistic
    Explanation
    Judaism, Islam, and Christianity all share the characteristic of being monotheistic. This means that they believe in and worship only one God. Unlike polytheistic religions that believe in multiple gods, these three religions emphasize the existence of a single divine being. This common characteristic is significant as it shapes their core beliefs, practices, and religious texts, such as the Torah, Quran, and Bible. It also distinguishes them from other religions and contributes to their historical and cultural development.

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  • 11. 

    The reason for division between Sunni and Shia Muslims is based on the issue of _____. (Standard G8d)

    • A.

      The issue of women’s rights within the religion

    • B.

      Who should control the natural resources of the region

    • C.

      Who should succeed Muhammad as leader or caliph after his death

    • D.

      Where the geographic center of the Islamic world should be located

    Correct Answer
    C. Who should succeed Muhammad as leader or caliph after his death
    Explanation
    The division between Sunni and Shia Muslims is based on the issue of who should succeed Muhammad as leader or caliph after his death. This disagreement arose after the death of the Prophet Muhammad, when there was a dispute over the rightful successor to lead the Muslim community. Sunni Muslims believe that the caliph should be chosen through consensus, while Shia Muslims believe that the caliph should be a direct descendant of Muhammad. This disagreement over leadership has led to significant theological and political differences between the two sects.

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  • 12. 

    Shia and Sunni are both followers of Islam. The division lies in who is qualified to be the Caliph or leader of the religion. The Shia believe the Caliph or leader should _____. (Standard G8d)

    • A.

      Be of Muhammad’s bloodline

    • B.

      Be born of the line of a caliphate

    • C.

      Be from Muhammad’s home town

    • D.

      Have a divine calling for religious ministry

    Correct Answer
    A. Be of Muhammad’s bloodline
    Explanation
    The Shia believe that the Caliph or leader of the religion should be of Muhammad's bloodline. This means that they believe the leader should be a direct descendant of Muhammad, as they consider this lineage to be important in maintaining the authenticity and authority of the leadership position. This belief is one of the key factors that differentiate the Shia from the Sunni branch of Islam.

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  • 13. 

    Which group is both an ethnic group and religious group? (Standard G8a)

    • A.

      Jews

    • B.

      Arabs

    • C.

      Muslims

    • D.

      Persians

    Correct Answer
    A. Jews
    Explanation
    Jews are both an ethnic group and a religious group. They are considered an ethnic group because they share a common ancestry, culture, and history, often traced back to the ancient Israelites. Additionally, Judaism is their religion, making them a religious group as well. This dual identity is unique to Jews, as they are connected by both their ethnicity and their religious beliefs.

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  • 14. 

    A government that is controlled by a religious leader is a ________. (Standard CG5a)

    • A.

      Democracy

    • B.

      Monarchy

    • C.

      Theocracy

    • D.

      Parliamentary system

    Correct Answer
    C. Theocracy
    Explanation
    A government that is controlled by a religious leader is known as a theocracy. In a theocratic system, religious principles and beliefs heavily influence the laws and policies of the government. The religious leader or leaders hold significant power and authority, often making decisions based on their interpretation of religious texts or teachings. This form of government is different from a democracy, where power is held by the people, a monarchy, where power is held by a single ruler, or a parliamentary system, where power is divided between the executive and legislative branches.

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  • 15. 

    Israel is a parliamentary democracy, Saudi Arabia is a monarchy, and Iran is a theocracy. In which of these countries is the form of leadership elected by the people? (Standard CG4c)

    • A.

      Iran

    • B.

      Israel

    • C.

      Saudi Arabia

    • D.

      All three countries

    Correct Answer
    B. Israel
    Explanation
    Israel is the correct answer because it is a parliamentary democracy, where the form of leadership is elected by the people. In a parliamentary democracy, the citizens vote for representatives who then form the government. This form of government allows for the people to have a say in the selection of their leaders through elections. In contrast, Saudi Arabia is a monarchy, where the leadership is hereditary and passed down through the royal family, and Iran is a theocracy, where religious leaders hold significant power.

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  • 16. 

    What type of government does Saudi Arabia have? (Standard CG4b)

    • A.

      Autocracy

    • B.

      Oligarchy

    • C.

      Democracy

    • D.

      Theocratic Republic

    Correct Answer
    B. Oligarchy
    Explanation
    Saudi Arabia is considered an oligarchy because the country is ruled by a small group of elites who hold all the political power. The ruling family, the House of Saud, controls all major decisions and has a monopoly on political power. There is limited political participation and freedom of expression, as the government tightly controls dissent and opposition. The ruling elite also maintains control over the country's vast oil wealth, further consolidating their power.

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  • 17. 

    What generalization can be made about the relationship between GDP and literacy? (Standard G8e)

    • A.

      Literacy is always lower in countries with a higher GDP

    • B.

      Literacy is usually higher in countries with a higher GDP

    • C.

      Countries with oil wealth always have the highest literacy rates

    • D.

      There is no relationship between a country’s GDP and its literacy rate

    Correct Answer
    B. Literacy is usually higher in countries with a higher GDP
    Explanation
    The correct answer suggests that there is usually a positive correlation between a country's GDP and its literacy rate. This means that countries with higher GDP tend to have higher literacy rates. However, it does not imply that literacy is always lower in countries with a higher GDP or that countries with oil wealth always have the highest literacy rates. Additionally, it rejects the idea that there is no relationship between a country's GDP and its literacy rate.

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  • 18. 

    Which modern day country is home to mostly Persians? (Standard G8b)

    • A.

      Iraq

    • B.

      Turkey

    • C.

      Iran

    • D.

      Afghanistan

    Correct Answer
    C. Iran
    Explanation
    Iran is the correct answer because it is the modern-day country that is home to mostly Persians. Persians are the dominant ethnic group in Iran, comprising around 61% of the population. Iran has a long history and rich cultural heritage that is deeply intertwined with Persian culture, language, and traditions. Therefore, it is logical to conclude that Iran is the country where Persians are mostly found.

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  • 19. 

    Most Arabs are followers of which religion? (Standard G8b)

    • A.

      Christianity

    • B.

      Islam

    • C.

      Buddhism

    • D.

      Judaism

    Correct Answer
    B. Islam
    Explanation
    Most Arabs are followers of Islam because Islam originated in the Arabian Peninsula and spread throughout the region. Arab countries like Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Iraq, and Jordan have a predominantly Muslim population. Islam is also the official religion in many Arab countries and plays a significant role in their culture, traditions, and daily life.

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  • 20. 

    What is a group of people who share a belief system in a god or gods known as? (Standard G8a)

    • A.

      Nomadic group

    • B.

      Religious group

    • C.

      Ethnic group

    • D.

      Family group

    Correct Answer
    B. Religious group
    Explanation
    A group of people who share a belief system in a god or gods is known as a religious group. This group typically follows specific rituals, practices, and traditions associated with their belief system. They may gather in places of worship and engage in activities that are centered around their faith.

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  • 21. 

    What feature/country is labeled by number 2?

    • A.

      Jordan River

    • B.

      West Bank

    • C.

      Gaza Strip

    • D.

      Red Sea

    Correct Answer
    C. Gaza Strip
    Explanation
    The feature/country labeled by number 2 is the Gaza Strip. The Gaza Strip is a small territory located on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea. It is bordered by Israel to the east and north, and Egypt to the south. The Gaza Strip is home to a Palestinian population and has been a subject of conflict between Israel and Palestine for many years.

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  • 22. 

    What feature/country is labeled by number 3?

    • A.

      Jordan River

    • B.

      Israel

    • C.

      Gaza Strip

    • D.

      Red Sea

    Correct Answer
    B. Israel
    Explanation
    Number 3 on the list is labeled as Israel. This suggests that the feature or country being referred to is Israel.

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  • 23. 

    What feature/country is labeled by number 1?

    • A.

      Israel

    • B.

      West Bank

    • C.

      Gaza Strip

    • D.

      Egypt

    Correct Answer
    D. Egypt
    Explanation
    The feature/country labeled by number 1 is Egypt.

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  • 24. 

    What feature is labeled by number 4?

    • A.

      Jordan River

    • B.

      West Bank

    • C.

      Gaza Strip

    • D.

      Red Sea

    Correct Answer
    A. Jordan River
    Explanation
    The feature labeled by number 4 is the Jordan River.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 19, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 15, 2015
    Quiz Created by
    Catherine Halcomb
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