Economic Analysis For Business Decisions (102)

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    In free enterprise economy basic economic problems are solved with the help of

    • A. 

      Demand and supply interaction

    • B. 

      Government

    • C. 

      Price mechanism

    • D. 

      Central planning department

    Correct Answer
    C. Price mechanism
    Explanation
    In a free enterprise economy, the basic economic problems are solved with the help of the price mechanism. The price mechanism refers to the interaction of demand and supply in determining the prices of goods and services. It allows for the allocation of resources based on consumer preferences and market forces. Prices act as signals, guiding producers and consumers in making decisions about what to produce and consume. The price mechanism promotes efficiency, competition, and innovation in the economy, as it allows for the free exchange of goods and services based on their relative scarcity and demand.

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  • 2. 

    ----------- is the example of mixed economy

    • A. 

      India

    • B. 

      USA

    • C. 

      UK

    • D. 

      Erstwhile USSR

    Correct Answer
    A. India
    Explanation
    India is an example of a mixed economy because it combines elements of both a market economy and a planned economy. In India, there is a significant private sector that operates based on market principles, allowing for competition and profit-making. However, the government also plays a crucial role in regulating and controlling certain sectors, such as infrastructure, defense, and public services. This combination of market forces and government intervention makes India a mixed economy.

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  • 3. 

    Profit is the motive of –

    • A. 

      Centrally planned economy

    • B. 

      Socialistic economy

    • C. 

      Capitalistic economy

    • D. 

      Mixed economy

    Correct Answer
    C. Capitalistic economy
    Explanation
    In a capitalistic economy, profit is the primary motive. This means that individuals and businesses aim to maximize their financial gains and accumulate wealth. The market forces of supply and demand determine the allocation of resources and the production of goods and services. The pursuit of profit incentivizes innovation, competition, and efficiency, leading to economic growth and development. In contrast, centrally planned and socialistic economies prioritize social welfare and equitable distribution of resources over profit-making. Mixed economies combine elements of both capitalism and socialism, seeking a balance between profit and social welfare.

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  • 4. 

    Inequality of income is the characteristic of –  

    • A. 

      Capitalist economy

    • B. 

      Socialistic economy

    • C. 

      Mixed economy

    • D. 

      Planning economy

    Correct Answer
    A. Capitalist economy
    Explanation
    Inequality of income is a characteristic of a capitalist economy. In a capitalist system, wealth and resources are primarily owned and controlled by private individuals and businesses. This allows for the accumulation of wealth by those who are successful in the market, leading to income disparities between the rich and the poor. In contrast, socialistic, mixed, and planning economies typically aim to reduce income inequality through redistribution of wealth and resources.

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  • 5. 

    ------------ Cost is also known as imputed cost. 

    • A. 

      Total

    • B. 

      Marginal

    • C. 

      Historical

    • D. 

      Opportunity

    Correct Answer
    D. Opportunity
    Explanation
    Cost is also known as imputed cost. Imputed cost refers to the cost that is not directly incurred but is assigned to a particular activity or resource. It is an estimated cost that is used to account for the value of resources that could have been used in an alternative way. Therefore, the correct answer is "Opportunity" as it aligns with the concept of imputed cost.

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  • 6. 

    There are -------------- branches of economics  

    • A. 

      3

    • B. 

      2

    • C. 

      1

    • D. 

      4

    Correct Answer
    B. 2
    Explanation
    There are two branches of economics.

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  • 7. 

    ------------- Cost is also known as explicit cost.  

    • A. 

      Opportunity

    • B. 

      Outlay

    • C. 

      Sunk

    • D. 

      Accounting

    Correct Answer
    D. Accounting
    Explanation
    Cost is also known as explicit cost. This means that cost refers to the actual monetary expenses incurred by a business in producing goods or services. Explicit costs are typically recorded in a company's accounting records and can be easily quantified and measured. Therefore, the term "accounting" is the correct answer as it best describes the concept of cost being synonymous with explicit cost.

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  • 8. 

    Invisible hand theory is given by-  

    • A. 

      Samuelson

    • B. 

      Adam smith

    • C. 

      Marshall

    • D. 

      Pigou

    Correct Answer
    B. Adam smith
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Adam Smith. Adam Smith is known for his concept of the invisible hand theory, which suggests that individuals pursuing their own self-interest in a free market economy will unintentionally benefit society as a whole. This theory implies that the market, through the interaction of supply and demand, will allocate resources efficiently and lead to optimal outcomes. Smith's ideas on the invisible hand theory are discussed in his book, "The Wealth of Nations," which is considered a foundational text in economics.

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  • 9. 

    Economic cost = ------------- cost+ --------------- cost. 

    • A. 

      Accounting , Explicit

    • B. 

      Implicit , explicit

    • C. 

      Accounting, outlay

    • D. 

      Explicit, imputed

    Correct Answer
    B. Implicit , explicit
    Explanation
    The economic cost includes both implicit and explicit costs. Implicit costs refer to the opportunity cost of using resources in a certain way, such as the foregone income from choosing one job over another. Explicit costs, on the other hand, are the actual out-of-pocket expenses incurred in the production process, such as wages, rent, and materials. Therefore, the correct answer is "Implicit, explicit" because both types of costs are considered in the calculation of economic cost.

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  • 10. 

    Sales maximization means-  

    • A. 

      Sale of large quantity of output

    • B. 

      Increase the selling price

    • C. 

      Minimize the cost

    • D. 

      Maximization of total revenue

    Correct Answer
    D. Maximization of total revenue
    Explanation
    Sales maximization refers to the objective of maximizing total revenue, which is the total amount of money generated from the sale of goods or services. This objective focuses on increasing the overall sales volume and does not necessarily prioritize profitability or cost minimization. By maximizing total revenue, a company aims to achieve higher market share and increase its customer base. This strategy may involve various tactics such as increasing advertising, expanding distribution channels, or offering discounts to attract more customers and generate higher sales.

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  • 11. 

    Value maximization means  

    • A. 

      Profit maximization

    • B. 

      Sales maximization

    • C. 

      Wealth maximization

    • D. 

      Cost minimization

    Correct Answer
    C. Wealth maximization
    Explanation
    Value maximization refers to the goal of increasing the overall worth or value of a business or organization. This can be achieved by making decisions and taking actions that lead to the maximization of wealth for the shareholders or owners. Wealth maximization takes into account not only profits but also other factors such as the long-term sustainability and growth prospects of the business. It focuses on creating sustainable value over time rather than just maximizing short-term profits. This approach considers the interests of all stakeholders and aims to generate long-term wealth and prosperity for the organization.

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  • 12. 

    Economic profit = total revenue –  

    • A. 

      Economic cost

    • B. 

      Implicit cost

    • C. 

      Explicit cost

    • D. 

      Accounting cost

    Correct Answer
    A. Economic cost
    Explanation
    Economic profit is calculated by subtracting economic cost from total revenue. Economic cost includes both explicit costs (actual monetary expenses) and implicit costs (opportunity costs of resources used), while accounting cost only considers explicit costs. Therefore, economic cost is the correct answer as it encompasses both explicit and implicit costs, providing a more comprehensive measure of profit.

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  • 13. 

    Accounting profit = total revenue –  

    • A. 

      Economic cost

    • B. 

      Explicit cost

    • C. 

      Implicit cost

    • D. 

      Marginal cost

    Correct Answer
    B. Explicit cost
    Explanation
    The correct answer is explicit cost. Accounting profit is calculated by subtracting explicit costs from total revenue. Explicit costs are the actual out-of-pocket expenses incurred by a business, such as wages, rent, and utilities. This calculation does not take into account economic costs, which include both explicit and implicit costs. Implicit costs are the opportunity costs of using resources for a particular business instead of their next best alternative use. Marginal cost, on the other hand, refers to the additional cost of producing one more unit of a good or service.

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  • 14. 

    Money is  

    • A. 

      Generally accepted as a medium of exchange

    • B. 

      Acts as a measure of value

    • C. 

      It is accepted in payment of goods and services and settlement of debts

    • D. 

      All of these

    Correct Answer
    D. All of these
    Explanation
    Money is generally accepted as a medium of exchange, meaning it is widely recognized and used as a form of payment for goods and services. It also acts as a measure of value, allowing individuals to compare the worth of different items and determine their relative prices. Additionally, money is accepted in payment of goods and services and settlement of debts, making it a crucial tool for conducting economic transactions. Therefore, the correct answer is "All of these" as money serves all these functions.

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  • 15. 

    Utility refers to  – 

    • A. 

      Ethical concept

    • B. 

      Want satisfying power of goods and service

    • C. 

      Stock concept

    • D. 

      Utilization

    Correct Answer
    B. Want satisfying power of goods and service
    Explanation
    Utility refers to the want satisfying power of goods and services. It is the ability of a product or service to satisfy a consumer's needs or desires. Utility can be measured in terms of the satisfaction or happiness that a consumer derives from consuming a particular good or service. The more utility a product or service provides, the more valuable it is to the consumer.

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  • 16. 

    Capital goods are those goods-  

    • A. 

      Which are consumed by consumer

    • B. 

      That can be consumed number of times

    • C. 

      That satisfy human wants

    • D. 

      That help in further production

    Correct Answer
    D. That help in further production
    Explanation
    Capital goods are goods that are used in the production of other goods and services. They are not directly consumed by consumers but are instead utilized by businesses to produce consumer goods. These goods include machinery, equipment, tools, and buildings that are necessary for the production process. By helping in further production, capital goods contribute to the growth and expansion of businesses and the economy as a whole.

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  • 17. 

    Equilibrium refers to-

    • A. 

      Optimum situation

    • B. 

      Absence of change in movement

    • C. 

      Demand is equal to supply

    • D. 

      All of these

    Correct Answer
    D. All of these
    Explanation
    Equilibrium refers to a state where all forces or factors are balanced and there is no net change or movement. It can refer to an optimum situation where everything is in perfect balance and functioning efficiently. It can also refer to a situation where demand is equal to supply, indicating a balance between the two. Therefore, all of these options accurately describe equilibrium.

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  • 18. 

    Micro economic is also known as-  

    • A. 

      Income theory

    • B. 

      Price theory

    • C. 

      Profit theory

    • D. 

      Cost theory

    Correct Answer
    B. Price theory
    Explanation
    Microeconomics is the branch of economics that focuses on the behavior of individual consumers and firms and how their decisions affect the allocation of resources. It analyzes the determination of prices and quantities in specific markets and examines the factors that influence consumer demand and firm supply. Price theory is an alternative name for microeconomics because it emphasizes the role of prices in coordinating economic activity and determining the allocation of resources.

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  • 19. 

    Adam smith’s wealth of nations published in-  

    • A. 

      1931

    • B. 

      1808

    • C. 

      1776

    • D. 

      1775

    Correct Answer
    C. 1776
    Explanation
    Adam Smith's "The Wealth of Nations" was published in 1776. This book is considered one of the most influential works in the field of economics and is often referred to as the foundation of modern economics. It discusses various economic concepts such as division of labor, free markets, and the invisible hand. The publication of this book marked a significant milestone in the development of economic thought and had a profound impact on economic theory and policy.

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  • 20. 

    Profits arise because the entrepreneurs introduce innovations- stated by-

    • A. 

      Schumpeter

    • B. 

      Knight

    • C. 

      Robbins

    • D. 

      Pigou

    Correct Answer
    A. Schumpeter
    Explanation
    Schumpeter's theory states that profits arise from the introduction of innovations by entrepreneurs. He believed that entrepreneurs play a crucial role in the economy by constantly introducing new products, services, and processes that disrupt existing markets and create economic growth. According to Schumpeter, it is the ability of entrepreneurs to innovate and take risks that leads to the generation of profits. This theory highlights the importance of entrepreneurship in driving economic development and progress.

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