A History Of Strategy Chapter Four

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A History Of Strategy Chapter Four - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Who was the most important military writer in the years leading up to the French Revolution?

    • A.

      Jean Jacque Rousseau

    • B.

      Jean Louis David

    • C.

      Jacques Antoine de Guibert

    • D.

      Jacques Déchirer

    Correct Answer
    C. Jacques Antoine de Guibert
    Explanation
    Jacques Antoine de Guibert was the most important military writer in the years leading up to the French Revolution. His works, particularly his book "Essai général de tactique," had a significant influence on military strategy and thinking at the time. Guibert emphasized the importance of discipline, training, and organization in the military, advocating for a professional and centralized army. His ideas were widely discussed and implemented in the French military, shaping its structure and tactics during the revolutionary period.

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  • 2. 

    Why were Guibert's conceptual innovations so significant?

    • A.

      They provided Napoleon with a basis for his strategy.

    • B.

      They permitted much larger armies.

    • C.

      They created the concept of military professionalism.

    • D.

      They completed the vision of Machiavelli.

    Correct Answer
    B. They permitted much larger armies.
    Explanation
    Guibert's conceptual innovations were significant because they allowed for the formation and utilization of much larger armies. This means that Napoleon was able to assemble and command larger forces, giving him a strategic advantage in his military campaigns. With the ability to deploy larger armies, Napoleon had greater flexibility and power on the battlefield, which contributed to his success as a military leader.

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  • 3. 

    What geometric concept best illustrates von Bülow's new way of looking at war?

    • A.

      Lines

    • B.

      Points

    • C.

      Circles

    • D.

      Planes

    Correct Answer
    A. Lines
    Explanation
    Von Bülow's new way of looking at war can be best illustrated by the concept of lines. Lines represent direction, movement, and strategy, which are all crucial elements in the context of war. Von Bülow's perspective likely involves analyzing the linear progression of military actions and identifying patterns or strategies within them. Lines also symbolize the connections and relationships between different aspects of warfare, such as troop movements, supply lines, and communication channels. Therefore, lines serve as an appropriate geometric concept to depict von Bülow's innovative approach to understanding war.

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  • 4. 

    What important technological innovation made possible von Bülow's new approach to war?

    • A.

      Firearms

    • B.

      Longer-range artillery

    • C.

      The telegraph

    • D.

      Maps

    Correct Answer
    D. Maps
    Explanation
    Maps were an important technological innovation that made possible von Bülow's new approach to war. Maps provided crucial information about the terrain, allowing commanders to plan their strategies and movements more effectively. With detailed maps, von Bülow could analyze the topography, identify key positions, and coordinate his troops accordingly. This enabled him to exploit the advantages of the terrain and launch successful offensives. Without maps, von Bülow would have lacked the necessary information to navigate the battlefield and make informed tactical decisions.

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  • 5. 

    What was the whole point of Napoleonic war?

    • A.

      To attrition the enemy.

    • B.

      To annihilate the enemy.

    • C.

      To cut enemy lines without exposing one's own.

    • D.

      To push back the enemy lines.

    Correct Answer
    C. To cut enemy lines without exposing one's own.
    Explanation
    The whole point of the Napoleonic war was to cut enemy lines without exposing one's own. This strategy involved strategically dividing the enemy forces by attacking their lines of communication and supply, while minimizing the risk of direct confrontation. By cutting off the enemy's ability to receive reinforcements and supplies, Napoleon aimed to weaken their position and force them into surrender or retreat. This approach allowed Napoleon to effectively control and dominate the battlefield without unnecessarily risking his own troops.

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  • 6. 

    With what strategist was the maneoeuvre sur les derrieres most associated?

    • A.

      Von Bülow

    • B.

      Guibert

    • C.

      Jomini

    • D.

      Ney

    Correct Answer
    C. Jomini
    Explanation
    Jomini is the correct answer because he was a renowned military strategist who popularized the concept of maneuvering the enemy's rear in warfare. His book "The Art of War" emphasized the importance of surprise attacks and strategic movements to outmaneuver and defeat the enemy. Jomini's ideas greatly influenced military tactics and were widely adopted by various armies during the 19th century.

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  • 7. 

    How does van Creveld characterize Clausewitz's approach to understanding the first principles of war?

    • A.

      Deductive

    • B.

      Inductive

    • C.

      Both deductive and inductive

    • D.

      Empirical

    Correct Answer
    C. Both deductive and inductive
    Explanation
    Van Creveld characterizes Clausewitz's approach to understanding the first principles of war as both deductive and inductive. This means that Clausewitz used a combination of logical reasoning and observation of empirical evidence to develop his understanding of war. He employed deductive reasoning to derive general principles from abstract concepts, such as the nature of war, and then used inductive reasoning to test and refine these principles through observation and analysis of historical examples. This combination of deductive and inductive approaches allows for a comprehensive and nuanced understanding of the complexities of war.

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  • 8. 

    What, according to Clausewitz, is the purpose for studying war?

    • A.

      To win battles.

    • B.

      To learn how it can be avoided.

    • C.

      To understand the nature of Man.

    • D.

      To avoid reinventing the wheel.

    Correct Answer
    D. To avoid reinventing the wheel.
    Explanation
    According to Clausewitz, the purpose of studying war is to avoid reinventing the wheel. This means that by studying past wars and understanding their strategies, tactics, and outcomes, one can learn from the mistakes and successes of others, and apply that knowledge to future conflicts. By doing so, one can avoid making the same errors and develop more effective strategies, ultimately increasing the chances of success in warfare.

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  • 9. 

    What does Clausewitz say is the best strategy?

    • A.

      To be very strong.

    • B.

      To know the enemy better than yourself.

    • C.

      To have superior willpower.

    • D.

      To be flexible.

    Correct Answer
    A. To be very strong.
    Explanation
    Clausewitz says that the best strategy is to be very strong. This implies that having a strong military force and being well-prepared in terms of resources, training, and equipment is crucial for success in warfare. Being strong not only provides a tactical advantage but also deters potential adversaries from initiating conflicts. Additionally, strength can be seen as a deterrent to potential enemies, as they may think twice before challenging a powerful force. Overall, Clausewitz emphasizes the importance of strength as a fundamental aspect of successful military strategy.

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  • 10. 

    What distinguishes Clausewitz from his Western predecessors and contemporaries?

    • A.

      He had seen actual combat.

    • B.

      He had actually commanded an army as a general.

    • C.

      He was a philosopher.

    • D.

      He was an aristocrat.

    Correct Answer
    C. He was a philosopher.
    Explanation
    Clausewitz's distinction from his Western predecessors and contemporaries lies in the fact that he was a philosopher. While it is true that he had seen actual combat and commanded an army as a general, what sets him apart is his philosophical approach to war. Clausewitz's work "On War" revolutionized military theory by delving into the political, psychological, and social aspects of warfare. His ideas on the nature of war and its relationship with politics have had a lasting impact on military strategy and continue to be studied and debated to this day.

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