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• 1.

### How much water can be wasted by a running tap that has been left on for an hour?

• A.

200 litres

• B.

1000 litres

• C.

500 litres

• D.

50 litres

• E.

None of the above

B. 1000 litres
Explanation
If a tap is left running for an hour, it can waste a significant amount of water. The answer of 1000 litres indicates that a large quantity of water can be wasted in this scenario.

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• 2.

### Which household activity consumes the most water?

• A.

Dishwashing

• B.

Taking a bath

• C.

Vacuuming

• D.

Washing clothes

• E.

I don't know

D. Washing clothes
Explanation
Washing clothes consumes the most water among the given household activities. This is because washing machines typically use a large amount of water to clean clothes effectively. The water is constantly flowing in and out of the machine during the washing cycle, resulting in a high water consumption. Dishwashing and taking a bath also require water, but the amount used is generally lower compared to washing clothes. Vacuuming does not involve water consumption at all.

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• 3.

### What electronic device(s) consume(s) the most power when in standby mode?

• A.

TV

• B.

Multifunction printer

• C.

Laptop computer

• D.

DVR with a digital cable box

• E.

I don't know

D. DVR with a digital cable box
Explanation
DVRs with digital cable boxes consume the most power when in standby mode. This is because they are constantly receiving and processing signals from the cable provider, which requires a significant amount of energy. TVs, multifunction printers, and laptop computers may also consume power in standby mode, but not as much as DVRs with digital cable boxes.

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• 4.

### All of the following are advantages of light-emitting diodes (LEDs) EXCEPT:

• A.

LEDs cost half as much as incandescents for the same light output.

• B.

LEDs typically use 90 to 95 percent less energy than incandescents for the same light output.

• C.

LEDs often come with estimated lifespans of 10 to 20 years and tens of thousands of hours of use.

• D.

LEDs work great for rapid on-off switching.

• E.

I don't know

A. LEDs cost half as much as incandescents for the same light output.
Explanation
The given answer is correct because the statement contradicts the advantages of LEDs. The other options highlight the advantages of LEDs, such as their energy efficiency, long lifespan, and suitability for rapid on-off switching. However, the statement that LEDs cost half as much as incandescents for the same light output is incorrect, as LEDs are generally more expensive upfront compared to incandescent bulbs.

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• 5.

### How much money can you save in energy costs with a single Energy Star-certified LED bulb vs. a conventional incandescent light bulb?

• A.

\$6

• B.

\$10

• C.

\$15

• D.

\$40

• E.

I don't know

D. \$40
Explanation
An Energy Star-certified LED bulb can save you up to \$40 in energy costs compared to a conventional incandescent light bulb. LED bulbs are more energy-efficient and have a longer lifespan, which means they consume less electricity and need to be replaced less frequently. This results in significant savings in energy costs over time.

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• 6.

### Up to how many years an LED light bulb last for?

• A.

15 years

• B.

25 years

• C.

35 years

• D.

45 years

• E.

I don't know

B. 25 years
Explanation
LED light bulbs can last up to 25 years. Unlike traditional incandescent bulbs, LED bulbs do not have a filament that can burn out. Instead, they use a semiconductor to emit light, which is more durable and long-lasting. LED bulbs also have a lower energy consumption, reducing the strain on the bulb and increasing its lifespan. Therefore, it is possible for an LED light bulb to last for up to 25 years, making it a cost-effective and energy-efficient choice for lighting.

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• 7.

### How often should you water lawns in March?

• A.

Once a day

• B.

Every three days

• C.

Once a week

• D.

I don't know

C. Once a week
Explanation
In March, the weather is typically transitioning from winter to spring, and the temperature is starting to rise. Lawns do not require as much water during this time as they do in hotter months. Watering them once a week is sufficient to keep the grass healthy without overwatering it. This allows the roots to grow deeper and promotes a stronger lawn.

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• 8.

### How many gallons of water per year can a family save by turning off the water while brushing teeth?

• A.

3,000

• B.

1,500

• C.

500

• D.

10

• E.

I don't know

A. 3,000
Explanation
By turning off the water while brushing teeth, a family can save a significant amount of water per year. The answer of 3,000 gallons suggests that this is the highest amount of water that can be saved compared to the other options provided. This indicates that by practicing this simple habit, a family can conserve a substantial amount of water annually.

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• 9.

### Which of the following behaviours will help to save water at home?

• A.

Filling the dishwasher all the way full before using

• B.

Plugging up the sink when washing dishes

• C.

Taking a short shower instead of a bath

• D.

All of the above

D. All of the above
Explanation
Filling the dishwasher all the way full before using, plugging up the sink when washing dishes, and taking a short shower instead of a bath are all behaviors that can help to save water at home. By filling the dishwasher completely, less water is wasted in each cycle. Plugging up the sink prevents water from continuously running while washing dishes. Taking a short shower instead of a bath reduces the amount of water used. Therefore, all of these behaviors contribute to water conservation at home.

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• 10.

### Turning the tap off while brushing your teeth can save about 10 litres of water per minute.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
Turning the tap off while brushing your teeth can save about 10 litres of water per minute. This is because leaving the tap running while brushing wastes a significant amount of water. By turning the tap off, you can conserve water and contribute to water conservation efforts.

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• 11.

### How many litres of water, per year, can you save if you fixed leaky tap?

• A.

More than 6,000 litres

• B.

Less than 9,000 litres

• C.

A. More than 6,000 litres
Explanation
Fixing a leaky tap can save a significant amount of water per year. The answer "More than 6,000 litres" suggests that the amount of water saved by fixing a leaky tap is greater than 6,000 litres. This indicates that fixing the leak can result in substantial water conservation, potentially helping to reduce water waste and promote sustainability.

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• 12.

### …………. Of power consumed by incandescent bulbs gets wasted in the form of heat

• A.

60%

• B.

75%

• C.

85%

• D.

50%

• E.

I don't know

C. 85%
Explanation
Incandescent bulbs produce light by passing an electric current through a filament, which heats up and emits light. However, only a small fraction of the energy used to power the bulb is actually converted into visible light. The majority of the energy is instead converted into heat, making incandescent bulbs highly inefficient. Therefore, it can be concluded that approximately 85% of the power consumed by incandescent bulbs gets wasted in the form of heat.

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• 13.

### How much of the earth's water is fresh (non-salt) water?

• A.

50%

• B.

10%

• C.

3%

• D.

15%

• E.

I don't know

C. 3%
Explanation
Only 3% of the earth's water is fresh (non-salt) water. The majority of the earth's water is found in the oceans and is too salty for human consumption or use in agriculture. The remaining 97% is saltwater, while only a small fraction is freshwater, with most of it being trapped in ice caps and glaciers. This limited availability of fresh water highlights the importance of conservation and sustainable management of this vital resource.

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• 14.

### How much of the water on earth is available for people’s everyday use?

• A.

10%

• B.

More than 25%

• C.

Less than 1%

• D.

25%

• E.

I don't know

C. Less than 1%
Explanation
Less than 1% of the water on Earth is available for people's everyday use. This is because the majority of Earth's water is in the form of saltwater in oceans, which is not suitable for drinking or other daily needs. Only a small fraction of water is freshwater, and out of that, a significant portion is locked in glaciers, ice caps, and underground aquifers. Therefore, less than 1% of Earth's water is accessible and usable for human activities like drinking, cooking, and sanitation.

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• 15.

### True of false? Its okay to flush some trash down the toilet like cotton balls and tissue.

• A.

True

• B.

False

• C.

I don't know

B. False
Explanation
Flushing trash like cotton balls and tissue down the toilet is not okay. This is because these items do not break down easily in water and can cause clogs in the plumbing system. Additionally, they can contribute to blockages in the sewer system and cause environmental damage. It is important to dispose of trash properly in designated waste bins.

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• 16.

### When is the best time of the day to water your lawn?

• A.

Early Morning or late evening

• B.

In the afternoon

• C.

All day long

A. Early Morning or late evening
Explanation
The best time of day to water your lawn is early morning or late evening. This is because during these times, the temperature is cooler, which reduces evaporation and allows the water to penetrate the soil effectively. Watering in the afternoon is not recommended as the heat can cause rapid evaporation, resulting in water loss. Watering all day long is also not advisable as it can lead to overwatering and potentially harm the lawn.

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• 17.

### If you want enough time to wash yourself without wasting water, how long should you spend in the shower?

• A.

1-2 mins

• B.

3-5 mins

• C.

6-10 mins

• D.

11-15 mins

B. 3-5 mins
Explanation
To wash yourself without wasting water, it is recommended to spend around 3-5 minutes in the shower. This time frame allows for an efficient and effective cleaning while minimizing water usage. Spending less than 3 minutes may not provide enough time to thoroughly clean, while exceeding 5 minutes can lead to unnecessary water wastage. Therefore, 3-5 minutes strikes a balance between conserving water and maintaining personal hygiene.

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• 18.

### How much water is referred to as the “standard drink” in the metropolitan area?

• A.

15 millimetres

• B.

5 millimetres

• C.

20 millimetres

• D.

10 millimetres

D. 10 millimetres
Explanation
The term "standard drink" refers to a specific amount of alcohol that is commonly consumed. It is not used to refer to the amount of water consumed. Therefore, the answer of 10 millimeters is incorrect and does not make sense in the context of the question.

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• 19.

### Which home appliance generally consumes the most electricity?

• A.

Clothes dryer

• B.

Oven

• C.

Refrigerator

• D.

Water heater

C. Refrigerator
Explanation
The refrigerator generally consumes the most electricity among the given options. This is because it is constantly running to maintain a cool temperature and keep food fresh. Additionally, refrigerators often have larger sizes and more advanced features compared to other home appliances, leading to higher energy consumption. While other appliances like clothes dryers, ovens, and water heaters also consume electricity, they are typically used for shorter periods of time or less frequently, resulting in lower overall energy usage.

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• 20.

### How much water can be wasted by a running tap that has been left on for an hour?

• A.

200 litres

• B.

1000 litres

• C.

500 litres

• D.

50 litres

• E.

None of the above

B. 1000 litres
Explanation
A running tap can waste a significant amount of water in a short period of time. If left on for an hour, it can waste a large volume of water. The correct answer of 1000 litres indicates that a tap left running for an hour can waste this amount of water.

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• 21.

### The average person uses how many litres of water per day around the house?

• A.

135 litres

• B.

125 litres

• C.

360 litres

• D.

450 litres

• E.

None of the above

C. 360 litres
Explanation
The average person uses 360 litres of water per day around the house. This includes water used for activities such as drinking, cooking, cleaning, bathing, and flushing toilets. This amount may vary depending on factors such as personal habits, household size, and water conservation practices.

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• 22.

### True or false: Washing your clothes in cold water will use 80% less energy than washing them in hot water

• A.

True

• B.

False

• C.

I don't know

A. True
Explanation
Washing clothes in cold water will use 80% less energy than washing them in hot water. This is because heating water requires a significant amount of energy, whereas washing clothes in cold water eliminates the need for this energy consumption. Using cold water not only saves energy but also helps to preserve the color and quality of the clothes, making it an environmentally friendly and cost-effective option.

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• 23.

### How much can you save on heating and cooling per year by turning your thermostat back from its normal setting by 7 to 10 degrees F for 8 hours a day?

• A.

3%

• B.

6%

• C.

8%

• D.

10%

D. 10%
Explanation
By turning the thermostat back by 7 to 10 degrees F for 8 hours a day, you can save 10% on heating and cooling per year. This is because lowering the temperature reduces the workload of the heating and cooling system, resulting in less energy consumption and cost savings.

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• 24.

### True or false: 90% of the energy used by incandescent light bulbs is given off as heat.

• A.

True

• B.

False

• C.

I don't know

A. True
Explanation
Incandescent light bulbs work by passing an electric current through a wire filament, which causes the filament to heat up and emit light. However, only a small portion of the energy used is actually converted into visible light, while the majority is released as heat. This is why incandescent bulbs are considered inefficient and have been phased out in many countries in favor of more energy-efficient alternatives. Therefore, the statement that 90% of the energy used by incandescent light bulbs is given off as heat is true.

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• 25.

### If the energy efficiency of commercial and industrial buildings were to improve by 10 percent, the resulting reduction in greenhouse gas emissions would be the equivalent of taking how many cars off the road?

• A.

50,000

• B.

500,000

• C.

1,000,000

• D.

30,000,000

D. 30,000,000
Explanation
If the energy efficiency of commercial and industrial buildings were to improve by 10 percent, the resulting reduction in greenhouse gas emissions would be equivalent to taking 30,000,000 cars off the road. This means that the improved energy efficiency would have a significant impact on reducing greenhouse gas emissions, which are a major contributor to climate change. By reducing the emissions equivalent to such a large number of cars, the environment would benefit greatly from this improvement in energy efficiency.

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