Module 3 SCM 300

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Manufacturing Quizzes & Trivia

Make it: Manufacturing, Facilities, Line Balancing


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the following is NOT a production layout?

    • A.

      Fixed position layout

    • B.

      OWMM cell

    • C.

      Out and back pattern

    • D.

      Line flow layout

    • E.

      Flexible flow layout

    Correct Answer
    C. Out and back pattern
    Explanation
    The out and back pattern is not a production layout because it does not involve a specific arrangement of resources or equipment. It refers to a pattern of movement or transportation where items or people go out to a certain location and then return back to their original position. In contrast, the other options listed are all examples of production layouts that are commonly used in manufacturing or service operations.

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  • 2. 

    What is a work element?

    • A.

      The maximum amount of time to work

    • B.

      The smallest unit of work that can be performed independently

    • C.

      The assignment of work to stations

    • D.

      Total number of units

    Correct Answer
    B. The smallest unit of work that can be performed independently
    Explanation
    A work element refers to the smallest unit of work that can be performed independently. It represents a specific task or action that can be completed on its own, without the need for any further breakdown or dependency on other tasks. This concept is commonly used in work measurement and process analysis to accurately assess and allocate workloads, as well as improve efficiency and productivity.

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  • 3. 

    The assignment of work to stations in a line to achieve the desired output rate is what?

    • A.

      Immediate predecessors

    • B.

      Precedence diagram

    • C.

      Line balancing

    • D.

      Cycle time

    • E.

      Theoretical minimum (TM)

    Correct Answer
    C. Line balancing
    Explanation
    Line balancing refers to the assignment of work to stations in a line in order to achieve the desired output rate. It involves distributing the workload evenly among the stations to minimize idle time and maximize efficiency. By balancing the line, the production process can be optimized, leading to improved productivity and reduced costs.

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  • 4. 

    In addition to balancing a line for a given cycle time, managers must consider what other options:

    • A.

      Pacing , behavioral factors, number of models produced and cycle times.

    • B.

      Line balancing, pacing, design flow, and cycle time

    • C.

      Mixed-model line, single modal line, idle time, and efficiency

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Pacing , behavioral factors, number of models produced and cycle times.
    Explanation
    Managers must consider pacing, behavioral factors, number of models produced, and cycle times in addition to balancing a line for a given cycle time. This means that while balancing the line is important, managers also need to take into account the speed at which the line operates (pacing), the behavior and performance of the workers (behavioral factors), the variety and quantity of products being produced (number of models produced), and the time it takes to complete each cycle (cycle times). All of these factors play a crucial role in optimizing the efficiency and productivity of the line.

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  • 5. 

    Which of the following is a line balancing rule?

    • A.

      Identify workstation candidates

    • B.

      Choose one of the candidates for placement

    • C.

      Does it fit in the workstation

    • D.

      All of the above

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The line balancing rule mentioned in the question is "Identify workstation candidates," "Choose one of the candidates for placement," and "Does it fit in the workstation." These rules outline the process of identifying potential workstations, selecting one of them, and ensuring that the chosen candidate fits within the workstation. Therefore, the correct answer is "All of the above."

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  • 6. 

    What is the "CT rule"?

    • A.

      Set up precedence diagram

    • B.

      Assign work to stations

    • C.

      Cannot go over the designated cycle time assessed

    • D.

      Work elements must be performed in order

    Correct Answer
    C. Cannot go over the designated cycle time assessed
    Explanation
    The "CT rule" refers to the requirement that the work performed in a process cannot exceed the designated cycle time that has been assessed. This means that the time taken to complete each work element within the process must be within the specified cycle time limit. This rule ensures that the process remains efficient and that each work element is completed in a timely manner.

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  • 7. 

    What is a bottleneck?

    • A.

      The top of a bottle

    • B.

      Jam in the process

    • C.

      Minimize movement

    • D.

      Manufacturing flexibility

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Jam in the process
    Explanation
    A bottleneck refers to a point in a process where the flow of work is slowed down or restricted due to various reasons such as limited resources, capacity constraints, or inefficient procedures. In this context, "Jam in the process" accurately describes a bottleneck as it implies a disruption or blockage in the smooth flow of work. The other options, "The top of a bottle," "minimize movement," and "manufacturing flexibility," are unrelated to the concept of a bottleneck and do not provide an accurate explanation.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following are examples of a hybrid layout?

    • A.

      OWMM layout

    • B.

      Group Technology (GT) layout

    • C.

      Fixed position layout

    • D.

      Both A and B

    • E.

      Both B and C

    Correct Answer
    D. Both A and B
    Explanation
    Both A and B are examples of hybrid layouts. The OWMM layout combines the advantages of the process layout and the product layout. It allows for flexibility and efficiency by grouping similar machines together while also allowing for customization and variation in the production process. Group Technology (GT) layout, on the other hand, organizes the production process into cells or groups based on the similarity of products or processes. This layout combines the benefits of both process and product layouts, allowing for efficient production and flexibility.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following is NOT a warehouse layout?

    • A.

      Batch picking system

    • B.

      Route collection system

    • C.

      Out and Back pattern

    • D.

      Zone system

    • E.

      Product mixing

    Correct Answer
    E. Product mixing
    Explanation
    Product mixing is not a warehouse layout because it refers to the process of combining different products together, rather than the physical arrangement of the warehouse. The other options, such as batch picking system, route collection system, out and back pattern, and zone system, all describe different types of warehouse layouts that involve the organization and arrangement of goods within the warehouse space.

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  • 10. 

    According to the example of the Rivertown Crossing what planning process is it using?

    • A.

      Warehouse planning

    • B.

      Store planning

    • C.

      Layout planning

    • D.

      Economic Activity Center

    Correct Answer
    C. Layout planning
    Explanation
    The example of Rivertown Crossing suggests that it is using layout planning. This planning process involves determining the arrangement of different areas within a facility to optimize efficiency, productivity, and customer flow. In the context of a shopping center like Rivertown Crossing, layout planning would involve strategically positioning stores, amenities, and common areas to create an appealing and convenient environment for shoppers. This helps maximize sales, promote customer satisfaction, and ensure smooth operations within the facility.

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  • 11. 

    What are the two dimensions of the location of a center?

    • A.

      Relative location and Absolute location

    • B.

      Department location and Store location

    • C.

      Inventory management and forecasting

    • D.

      Both A and B

    Correct Answer
    A. Relative location and Absolute location
    Explanation
    The two dimensions of the location of a center are relative location and absolute location. Relative location refers to the position of a center in relation to other landmarks or points of reference. Absolute location, on the other hand, refers to the precise coordinates of a center using latitude and longitude. Both dimensions are important in determining the exact position of a center.

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  • 12. 

    An arrangement in which the service or manufacturing site is fixed in place and the employees as well as their equipment come to the site to do their work. Which layout is this?

    • A.

      Flexible flow layout

    • B.

      Line flow layout

    • C.

      Fixed position layout

    • D.

      Group technology

    • E.

      OWMM cell

    Correct Answer
    C. Fixed position layout
    Explanation
    A fixed position layout is an arrangement where the service or manufacturing site remains fixed in one place, and the employees and their equipment come to the site to perform their work. This layout is commonly used in construction projects, shipbuilding, and other industries where the size or complexity of the product makes it impractical to move it during the production process. In a fixed position layout, the resources and materials are brought to the site, and the work is carried out in a stationary manner.

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  • 13. 

    Parts or products with similar characteristics are grouped into families. Which process layout is this?

    • A.

      OWMM cell

    • B.

      Fixed position layout

    • C.

      Line flow layout

    • D.

      Group Technology

    • E.

      Hybrid layout

    Correct Answer
    D. Group Technology
    Explanation
    Group Technology is the correct answer for this question because it refers to a process layout where parts or products with similar characteristics are grouped into families. In this layout, machines and workstations are arranged in a way that facilitates the efficient flow of materials and information within each family. This helps to improve productivity, reduce setup time, and enhance overall efficiency in the production process.

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  • 14. 

    An employee is moving along the line from station A to station B to station C. Which layout is this?

    • A.

      Hybrid layout

    • B.

      Flexible layout

    • C.

      Fixed position layout

    • D.

      OWMM cell

    • E.

      Group Technology

    Correct Answer
    D. OWMM cell
    Explanation
    This layout is referred to as an OWMM cell because it involves a linear movement of the employee from one station to another. In an OWMM (One Worker Multiple Machines) cell, a single worker operates multiple machines in a sequential manner. This layout is commonly used in manufacturing processes where the worker needs to perform different tasks at different stations along a production line.

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  • 15. 

    Pacing is:

    • A.

      The cycle time

    • B.

      Balancing of a line

    • C.

      Movement of product from one station to the next as soon as the cycle time has elapse

    • D.

      Mixed model line

    Correct Answer
    C. Movement of product from one station to the next as soon as the cycle time has elapse
    Explanation
    Pacing refers to the movement of a product from one station to the next in a production line as soon as the cycle time has elapsed. This means that each station in the line must complete its task within the specified cycle time, and the product is then moved to the next station without any delay. Pacing helps to ensure a smooth and efficient flow of products through the production line, minimizing bottlenecks and maximizing productivity. It is a critical aspect of lean manufacturing and helps to maintain a consistent production rate.

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  • 16. 

    A production line that produces several items belonging to the same family is an example of what type of line?

    • A.

      Single model line

    • B.

      Mixed model line

    • C.

      Line balancing

    • D.

      Immediate predecessors

    Correct Answer
    B. Mixed model line
    Explanation
    A production line that produces several items belonging to the same family is an example of a mixed model line. In a mixed model line, different products or variants are produced on the same line, allowing for flexibility and efficient use of resources. This type of line is commonly used in industries where there is a need to produce multiple variations of a product or where customer demand for different models fluctuates. It enables the production of different products without the need for separate dedicated lines for each model, resulting in cost savings and improved productivity.

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  • 17. 

    What is the goal of line balancing?

    • A.

      The maximum allow time for work on a unit

    • B.

      Minimize the number of workstations

    • C.

      To match the output rate to the staffing or production plan

    • D.

      The amount by which efficiency falls

    Correct Answer
    C. To match the output rate to the staffing or production plan
    Explanation
    The goal of line balancing is to match the output rate to the staffing or production plan. This means that the aim is to distribute the workload evenly across the workstations in order to ensure that each workstation is operating at the same pace and producing at the desired rate. By achieving line balancing, companies can optimize their productivity and efficiency by avoiding bottlenecks or idle time at any particular workstation.

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  • 18. 

    An efficient assembly line consist of the following components:

    • A.

      Cycle time, line balancing and capacity

    • B.

      Desired output, quality improvement, and line balancing

    • C.

      Be on the outlook for patterns and efficiencies, minimize movement, load and inefficiencies

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Be on the outlook for patterns and efficiencies, minimize movement, load and inefficiencies
    Explanation
    This answer is correct because it encompasses all the necessary components of an efficient assembly line. Being on the outlook for patterns and efficiencies allows for continuous improvement and optimization of the line. Minimizing movement, load, and inefficiencies helps to streamline the process and reduce waste. These practices contribute to the overall efficiency and productivity of the assembly line.

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  • 19. 

    Based on the home made pizza example in lecture what is NOT a decision a supply chain manager needs to make?

    • A.

      Cost of labor

    • B.

      Production time

    • C.

      Right type of equipment

    • D.

      Delivery and packaging

    • E.

      Trade agreements

    Correct Answer
    E. Trade agreements
    Explanation
    A supply chain manager does not need to make a decision regarding trade agreements because trade agreements are typically negotiated and decided at a higher level, such as between governments or organizations. The supply chain manager's main focus is on managing the flow of goods and services within the supply chain, ensuring efficient production, delivery, and packaging, as well as considering factors such as the cost of labor and production time. Therefore, trade agreements are not directly within the scope of their decision-making responsibilities.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 21, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Mastone
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