English 112 Quiz - 2019 Batch

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English 112 Quiz - 2019 Batch - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    It is 2036. An enormous asteroid is going to collide with Earth. If it isn't stopped, it will crash into the Pacific Ocean, creating a devastating tsunami. What happens next? And no, that isn't a question about the plot of a science fiction film. It is a question about a very real danger. There are millions of asteroids in our solar system, and if a large one collided with the Earth, it would be a disaster. If a large asteroid crashed into the Earth tomorrow, what would happen? If it landed in a large city, millions of people would die instantly. The impact would cause massive destruction- imagine colliding with a rock as big as a mountain that is traveling at 20 km/s! If the asteroid landed in the ocean, there would be a giant tsunami. Thousands of cities around the world would flood. If the asteroid landed in a very remote area of land, there would be fewer deaths at first. However, the explosion would send a huge cloud of dust into the Earth's atmosphere. This dark cloud would block the light and heat from the sun. Crops wouldn't grow and it would be impossible to feed people. The short answer is: it has happened already. About 65 million years ago, most life on Earth disappeared- including all of the dinosaurs. We now believe that this was because of a huge asteroid which changed the Earth's weather. The asteroid was at least 10 km in diameter and landed in Mexico, leaving a hole more than 180 km across. On the morning of 30 June 1908, a much smaller asteroid (about 90 meters across) exploded in the sky above central Siberia. Nobody lived nearby, so there were no deaths - although the explosion was so powerful that it destroyed an enormous area of forest and knocked a man off his chair 112 km away! Scientists believe that there are two main options: we could blow up the asteroid with nuclear weapons or we could make it change direction. Both options have their disadvantages. If we blew up the asteroid, it could break into smaller pieces. Each piece could then be a danger! There are several ideas about how to make asteroid change direction, but nobody knows which would work best - and it's impossible to test the technology. And if we failed, we probably wouldn't get another chance.

  • 2. 

    Ali __already ___the bank papers for his debt.

    • A.

      Has / finished

    • B.

      Had been / finished 

    • C.

      Has been / finishing

    • D.

      Had been / finishing

    Correct Answer
    A. Has / finished
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "has / finished" because the sentence is in the present perfect tense, indicating an action that started in the past and is still relevant in the present. "Has" is the correct form of the auxiliary verb for the third person singular subject "Ali," and "finished" is the correct past participle form of the verb "finish."

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  • 3. 

    Husam __ 3 books in 2 days.

    • A.

      Have finished

    • B.

      Has finished

    • C.

      Has been finishing

    • D.

      Had finished

    Correct Answer
    B. Has finished
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "has finished" because the sentence is in the present perfect tense and refers to an action that was completed in the past but has relevance to the present. "Has finished" is the correct form of the verb for the third person singular subject "Husam."

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  • 4. 

    Ahmad looks tired and yellowish, he _____sick tomorrow.

    • A.

      Will be

    • B.

      Had been

    • C.

      Is

    • D.

      Is going to be

    Correct Answer
    D. Is going to be
    Explanation
    Ahmad's tired and yellowish appearance suggests that he is currently not feeling well. The phrase "is going to be" implies a future state, indicating that Ahmad's sickness will continue or worsen tomorrow. This choice is appropriate as it aligns with the context of the sentence and Ahmad's current condition.

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  • 5. 

    Don't knock the door tomorrow at 5 o'clock, the baby _____.

    • A.

      Will sleep

    • B.

      Will have slept

    • C.

      Will be sleeping

    • D.

      Will have been sleeping

    Correct Answer
    C. Will be sleeping
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "will be sleeping." This is because the sentence is referring to a future action that will be ongoing at a specific time (tomorrow at 5 o'clock). The continuous form "will be sleeping" indicates that the baby will be in the process of sleeping during that time.

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  • 6. 

    By the time he arrives, the plane______to Europe.

    • A.

      Will travel

    • B.

      Will have travelled

    • C.

      Will be travelling

    • D.

      Is going to travel

    Correct Answer
    B. Will have travelled
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "will have travelled". This is because the sentence is in future perfect tense, indicating an action that will be completed before a specific time in the future. In this case, the action of the plane traveling to Europe will be completed before the person arrives.

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  • 7. 

    I have slept in bed ___3 hours

    • A.

      Since

    • B.

      For

    • C.

      As

    • D.

      At

    Correct Answer
    B. For
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "for" because it indicates the duration or length of time that the person has slept in bed. The phrase "for 3 hours" indicates that the person has been sleeping in bed for a period of 3 hours.

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  • 8. 

    When I went to my friend, Rahaf _____ beside me.

    • A.

      Was walking

    • B.

      Walks

    • C.

      Has walked 

    • D.

      Had been walking

    Correct Answer
    A. Was walking
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "was walking" because the sentence is in the past tense and the action of walking was ongoing at the time the speaker went to their friend Rahaf.

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  • 9. 

    Sami's bus ____at 5 o'clock tonight.

    • A.

      Will travel

    • B.

      Is going to travel

    • C.

      Travels

    • D.

      Will be travelling

    Correct Answer
    C. Travels
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "travels" because the sentence is referring to a habitual action that occurs at a specific time, which is 5 o'clock tonight. In this case, the simple present tense is used to describe the regular schedule of Sami's bus, indicating that it travels at that particular time.

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  • 10. 

    Marah _____ the best teacher for our class, until she broke her arm.

    • A.

      Was

    • B.

      Had been

    • C.

      Is

    • D.

      Was being

    Correct Answer
    B. Had been
    Explanation
    Marah had been the best teacher for our class, until she broke her arm. This implies that Marah was previously the best teacher for the class, but her status changed after she broke her arm. The phrase "had been" indicates a past action or state that occurred before another past event, which in this case is Marah breaking her arm.

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  • 11. 

    I have ___ rice that doesn’t suffice. I should go and buy some

    • A.

      Few

    • B.

      A few

    • C.

      Little

    • D.

      A little

    Correct Answer
    C. Little
    Explanation
    The word "little" is the correct answer because it is used to describe an amount of rice that is not enough or insufficient. In this context, the speaker is stating that they have a small amount of rice that does not suffice or meet their needs, so they should go and buy some more.

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  • 12. 

    Ali ______ football for 2 hours until he felt thirsty

    • A.

      Had played

    • B.

      Had been playing

    • C.

      Has played

    • D.

      Has been playing

    Correct Answer
    B. Had been playing
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "had been playing." This is because the sentence is in the past perfect continuous tense, indicating an action that started in the past and continued up until a specific point in the past. Therefore, "had been playing" is the most appropriate verb form to describe Ali's continuous action of playing football for 2 hours until he felt thirsty.

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  • 13. 

    Sara is really exhausted, she ____ for more than 4 hours.

    • A.

      Has run

    • B.

      Has been running

    • C.

      Ran

    • D.

      Had run

    Correct Answer
    B. Has been running
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "has been running." This is because the sentence indicates that Sara is currently exhausted, suggesting that her running activity is ongoing or recently completed. The present perfect continuous tense "has been running" is used to describe an action that started in the past and is still happening or has just ended.

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  • 14. 

    Brave and cowardly are _____.

    • A.

      Synonyms

    • B.

      Antonyms

    • C.

      Non of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Antonyms
    Explanation
    The words "brave" and "cowardly" have opposite meanings, making them antonyms. "Brave" refers to someone who is courageous and fearless, while "cowardly" describes someone who is timid and afraid. Therefore, the correct answer is antonyms.

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  • 15. 

    The room is never dirty, it is always ____ spotless

    • A.

      Absolutely

    • B.

      Very

    • C.

      Completely

    • D.

      Two are correct

    Correct Answer
    D. Two are correct
    Explanation
    Both "absolutely" and "completely" can be used to describe the room as spotless. These adverbs emphasize the cleanliness of the room, indicating that there is no dirt or mess present. "Very" does not convey the same level of intensity as "absolutely" or "completely" and may not fully capture the pristine condition of the room. Therefore, the correct answer is that two options, "absolutely" and "completely," are correct.

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  • 16. 

    Ali is a nice guy, but he __ a bad one these days.

    • A.

      Is

    • B.

      Is being

    • C.

      Being

    • D.

      Was

    Correct Answer
    B. Is being
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "is being". This is because the sentence is referring to Ali's current behavior, indicating that he is currently behaving in a bad way. The present continuous tense "is being" is used to describe an action or behavior that is happening at the present moment.

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  • 17. 

    The evening got off to a great start with a ________ speech by the principal: the whole audience was laughing -"I don't think it was that funny"

    • A.

      Ridiculous

    • B.

      Terrible

    • C.

      Hilarious

    • D.

      Freezing

    Correct Answer
    C. Hilarious
    Explanation
    The principal's speech was hilarious because it made the whole audience laugh.

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  • 18. 

    When we got into the _______ forest, the road was not as it had been before the war. We were _________.

    • A.

      Destroying / misleading

    • B.

      Destroyed / misled

    • C.

      Destroying / misled

    • D.

      Misled / destroying

    Correct Answer
    B. Destroyed / misled
    Explanation
    In this sentence, the phrase "the road was not as it had been before the war" indicates that the road was in a different condition than it previously was. This suggests that something happened to the road during the war that caused it to be changed or damaged. Therefore, the correct answer is "destroyed / misled" because it implies that the forest was destroyed during the war, and as a result, the road became misleading or difficult to navigate.

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  • 19. 

    The murderer______________ a complete confession to the police last night.

    • A.

      Made

    • B.

      Did

    • C.

      Had

    • D.

      Make

    Correct Answer
    A. Made
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Made". In this sentence, the word "made" is the past tense form of the verb "make". The sentence states that the murderer "made" a complete confession to the police last night, indicating that the murderer confessed to their crime.

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  • 20. 

    Has your sister ______ washing-up yet?

    • A.

      Done

    • B.

      Made

    • C.

      Taken

    • D.

      Had

    Correct Answer
    A. Done
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "done" because it is the past participle form of the verb "do." In this sentence, "Has your sister done washing-up yet?" implies that the sister has completed the task of washing-up. The other options, "made," "taken," and "had," do not fit the context of the sentence and do not convey the same meaning as "done."

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  • 21. 

    In which year will an enormous asteroid crash with earth ? 

    • A.

      2022

    • B.

      2036

    • C.

      2039

    • D.

      2020

    Correct Answer
    B. 2036
  • 22. 

    The same meaning of the word " collide " is `?

    • A.

      Crash

    • B.

      Disappear

    • C.

      Damage

    • D.

      Danger

    Correct Answer
    A. Crash
    Explanation
    The word "collide" means to crash or come into violent contact with something. It implies a forceful impact or collision between two objects or entities. Therefore, the correct answer is "crash."

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  • 23. 

    Before 65 million years ago , most life on earth disappeared.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Before 65 million years ago, there was a mass extinction event known as the Cretaceous-Paleogene extinction event. This event led to the disappearance of a significant amount of life on Earth, including the dinosaurs. Fossil records and scientific studies support the fact that a large number of species went extinct during this period. Therefore, it is true that before 65 million years ago, most life on Earth disappeared.

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  • 24. 

    The function of the signal word " although " in the passage is

    • A.

      Addition

    • B.

      Sequence

    • C.

      Exemplification

    • D.

      Change

    Correct Answer
    D. Change
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Change" because the signal word "although" is used to introduce a contrasting or contradictory statement. It indicates that there is a shift or change in the information being presented in the passage.

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  • 25. 

    The asteroid that exploded in the sky was above ____ .

    • A.

      Siberia

    • B.

      Philippines

    • C.

      Australia

    • D.

      Asia

    Correct Answer
    A. Siberia
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Siberia because historical records and scientific evidence confirm that an asteroid exploded in the sky above Siberia in 1908. Known as the Tunguska event, this explosion caused widespread damage and flattened trees over an area of about 2,000 square kilometers. Eyewitness accounts and subsequent investigations have provided strong evidence that the explosion occurred in the remote region of Siberia, specifically near the Podkamennaya Tunguska River.

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  • 26. 

    All of the following are effects of the destruction of the asteroid above Siberia except....

    • A.

      Destruction an enormous area 

    • B.

      Knocked a man off his chair 112 km away 

    • C.

      A powerful explosion

    • D.

      Turn off life 

    Correct Answer
    D. Turn off life 
    Explanation
    The destruction of the asteroid above Siberia had several effects, including destruction of an enormous area, knocking a man off his chair 112 km away, and causing a powerful explosion. However, it is unlikely that it would have the ability to turn off life completely.

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  • 27. 

    The appropriate title for the text is ...

    • A.

      Collision Course 

    • B.

      Natural disasters

    • C.

      How to stop an asteroid

    • D.

      Enormous Asteroid

    Correct Answer
    A. Collision Course 
    Explanation
    The appropriate title for the text is "Collision Course" because the text likely discusses an asteroid or object on a path that will result in a collision with another celestial body or planet. The title suggests that the text will focus on the potential impact and consequences of this collision.

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