Test Your Knowledge About Diseases And Conditions! Trivia Quiz

44 Questions | Total Attempts: 69

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Test Your Knowledge About Diseases And Conditions! Trivia Quiz - Quiz

Are you looking to Test Your Knowledge about Diseases and Conditions! Diseases can be caused by different things in and outside the body and it is up to the medical practitioner to carry out adequate tests to diagnose the problem based on the symptoms one exhibits and tests one. How about you give it a shot and see how knowledgeable you are?


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A 55-year-old woman presents with com­plaints of chest pain. She states that the chest pain predictably occurs when she climbs 4 flights of stairs to reach her apartment or when she has been jogging for more than 10 minutes. she is particularly concerned because her mother died of a myocardial infarction at 50 years of age.Which of the following best describes this patient's state?
    • A. 

      Arrhythmia

    • B. 

      Myocardial infarction

    • C. 

      Variable angina

    • D. 

      Stable angina

    • E. 

      Unstable angina

  • 2. 
    A 32-year-old woman returns to her physician for a follow-up of hypertension that has been poorly controlled in spite of numerous antihypertensive medications. It is decided to evaluate the patient for possi­ble "secondary" hypertension. Which of the following is a well-known cause of second­ary hypertension?
    • A. 

      Ethnicity

    • B. 

      Obesity

    • C. 

      Renal artery stenosis

    • D. 

      Smoking

    • E. 

      Stress

  • 3. 
    A 53-year-old woman presents with dys­pnea on exertion, orthopnea, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea, edema in the legs and feet, and fatigue. She has no history of angina, other signs of coronary artery dis­ease, hypertension, or valvular disease. Echocardiography reveals cardiomegaly, with four-chamber hypertrophy and dila­tion. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis?
    • A. 

      Congestive or dilated cardiomyopathy

    • B. 

      Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

    • C. 

      Myocarditis

    • D. 

      Restrictive cardiomyopathy

  • 4. 
    A 64-year-old woman presents with dependent peripheral edema in her ankles and feet. She has long-standing chronic obstructive lung disease and a long history of cigarette smoking. Further investigation reveals that she has cor pul­monale with right-sided heart failure. Which of the following is the most likely cause of the right-sided heart failure in this patient?
    • A. 

      Constrictive pericarditis

    • B. 

      Disease of the lungs or pulmonary vessels

    • C. 

      Left sided heart failure

    • D. 

      Systemic hypertension

  • 5. 
    What affects in general does valvular stenosis cause?
    • A. 

      Pressure overload cardiac hypertrophy

    • B. 

      Volume overload hypertrophy

    • C. 

      No affect

    • D. 

      Restrictive cardomyopathy

  • 6. 
    The patient presents with approx 70% fixed obstruction of a blood vessel. She feels pain on exertion such as when climbing a hill or walking her dog. The pain is relieved by rest. Likely cause?
    • A. 

      Stable angina

    • B. 

      Unstable angina

    • C. 

      Variant angina

    • D. 

      MI

  • 7. 
    What type of ECG change may a Transmural infarct cause?
    • A. 

      ST segment elevation

    • B. 

      Non- ST segment elevation

    • C. 

      Wide QRS complex

    • D. 

      Presence of a J wave

  • 8. 
    When a person moves from a supine position to a standing position, which of the following compensatory changes occurs?
    • A. 

      Decreased heart rate

    • B. 

      Increased contractility

    • C. 

      Decreased total peripheral resistance

    • D. 

      Decreased cardiac output

  • 9. 
    A person’s electrocardiogram (ECG) has no P wave but has a normal QRS complex and a normal T wave. Therefore, his pacemaker is located in the
    • A. 

      SA node

    • B. 

      AV node

    • C. 

      Bundle of His

    • D. 

      Purkinje fibers

  • 10. 
    If the ejection fraction increases, there will be a decrease in
    • A. 

      Cardiac output

    • B. 

      End systolic volume

    • C. 

      Heart rate

    • D. 

      Stroke volume

    • E. 

      Systolic pressure

  • 11. 
    An increase in contractility is demonstrated on a Frank–Starling diagram by
    • A. 

      Increased cardiac output for a given end-diastolic volume

    • B. 

      Increased cardiac output for a given end-systolic volume

    • C. 

      Decreased cardiac output for a given end-diastolic volume

    • D. 

      Decreased cardiac output for a given end-systolic volume

  • 12. 
    The first heart sound corresponds to point 
    • A. 

      1

    • B. 

      2

    • C. 

      3

    • D. 

      4

  • 13. 
    If the heart rate is 70 beats/min, then the cardiac output of this ventricle is closest to 
    • A. 

      3.45 L/min

    • B. 

      4.55 L/min

    • C. 

      5.25 L/min

    • D. 

      8.00 L/min

  • 14. 
    In which of the following situations is pulmonary blood flow greater than aortic blood flow?
    • A. 

      Normal adult

    • B. 

      Fetus

    • C. 

      Left-to-right ventricular shunt

    • D. 

      Right-to-left ventricular shunt

    • E. 

      Administration of a positive inotropic agen

  • 15. 
    Where is the thoracic aorta located
    • A. 

      Superior mediastinum

    • B. 

      Anterior mediastinum

    • C. 

      Posterior mediastinum

    • D. 

      Middle mediastinum

  • 16. 
    Where does the aorta become the descending aorta
    • A. 

      Sternal angle 

    • B. 

      T1/T2

    • C. 

      T3/T4

    • D. 

      T4/T5

  • 17. 
    Does the vagus nerve carry pain sensations?
    • A. 

      Yes

    • B. 

      No

  • 18. 
    The opening of the oesophageal hiatus in the diaphragm is at 
    • A. 

      T8

    • B. 

      T10

    • C. 

      T12

    • D. 

      T7

  • 19. 
    Superior meatus receives the opening of
    • A. 

      Anterior ethmoid air cells

    • B. 

      Frontal sinus

    • C. 

      Maxillary sinus

    • D. 

      Posterior ethmoid air cells

  • 20. 
    The olfactory epithelium in the roof of the nasal cavity is innervated by the olfactory nerve. what is the roman numeral associated with this nerve
    • A. 

      CN I

    • B. 

      CN V2

    • C. 

      CN V

    • D. 

      CN II

  • 21. 
    What is a Colles' fracture?
    • A. 

      Fracture of the distal radius

    • B. 

      Fracture of the proximal radius

    • C. 

      Fracture of the distal ulna

    • D. 

      Fracture of the proximal ulna

  • 22. 
    What nerve is being assessed with the trapezius movement?
    • A. 

      Accessory nerve

    • B. 

      3rd and 4th cervical nerves

    • C. 

      Suprascapular nerve

    • D. 

      Axillary nerve

  • 23. 
    Median nerve injury affects what the most?
    • A. 

      Elbow flexion

    • B. 

      Loss of abduction and adduction of the 2-5th finger digits.

    • C. 

      Ability to effectively use thumb, index and middle fingers

    • D. 

      Elbow extension

  • 24. 
    Which is the most common fractures tarsal bone?
    • A. 

      Talus

    • B. 

      Navicular

    • C. 

      Cuboid

    • D. 

      Calcaneus

  • 25. 
    How do you assess psoas major muscle?
    • A. 

      Ask patient to dorsiflex

    • B. 

      Ask patient to plantarflex

    • C. 

      Ask patient to flex thigh at hip joint with leg flexed at the knee

    • D. 

      Ask patient to extend thigh at hip joint with leg also flexed at knee

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