Fenomene Fizice SI Fenomene Chimice - Test GriLA Cu Raspuns LA Alegere -

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| By Limbas Oxana
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Limbas Oxana
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Questions: 9 | Attempts: 512

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Fenomene Fizice SI Fenomene Chimice - Test GriLA Cu Raspuns LA Alegere - - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Orice schimbare sau transformare se numește fenomen. Acestea sunt ?

    • A.

      Fenomene naturale;

    • B.

      Fenomene artificiale;

    • C.

      Fenomene naturale sau fenomene artificiale;

    Correct Answer
    C. Fenomene naturale sau fenomene artificiale;
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "fenomene naturale sau fenomene artificiale." This is because the question asks for the name of any change or transformation, and both natural and artificial phenomena can fit this description. Therefore, the correct answer includes both options.

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  • 2. 

    Transformările corpurilor care schimba felul substanţelor sunt:

    • A.

      Fenomenele fizice;

    • B.

      Fenomenele chimice;

    • C.

      Atât fenomene fizice cât și chimice

    Correct Answer
    B. Fenomenele chimice;
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "fenomenele chimice" because chemical transformations are processes that involve the rearrangement of atoms and the formation of new chemical substances. These transformations result in changes in the chemical properties of the substances involved, such as their composition, reactivity, and energy content. Physical phenomena, on the other hand, refer to processes that do not involve a change in the chemical nature of the substances, but rather only affect their physical properties, such as their state, shape, or size. Therefore, only chemical phenomena can change the nature of substances.

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  • 3. 

    Transformările corpurilor care nu schimbă felul substanţelor sunt:

    • A.

       fenomene fizice;

    • B.

      Fenomene chimice;

    • C.

      Atât fenomene fizice cât şi fenomene chimice.

    Correct Answer
    A.  fenomene fizice;
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "fenomene fizice." This is because physical transformations do not change the nature or composition of substances. These transformations only alter the physical properties of the substance, such as shape, size, or state of matter, without creating new substances. On the other hand, chemical transformations involve the formation of new substances with different properties through chemical reactions. Therefore, only physical transformations can occur without changing the nature of substances.

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  • 4. 

    Modificarea stărilor de agregare este un fenomen:

    • A.

      Chimic şi reversibil;

    • B.

      Fizic şi reversibil;

    • C.

      Atat fizic cât şi chimic, dar ireversibil.

    Correct Answer
    B. Fizic şi reversibil;
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "fizic şi reversibil" because the question is asking about the phenomenon of changing states of matter. This change is physical because it involves the rearrangement of molecules or atoms within a substance, and it is reversible because it can be undone by changing the conditions (such as temperature or pressure) back to their original state.

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  • 5. 

    Transformarea sucului de struguri în vin se numeşte:

    • A.

      Fierberea mustului şi este un fenomen fizic;

    • B.

      Fermentaţia mustului şi este un fenomen chimic;

    • C.

      Atât fierbere cât şi fermentare, dar nu este un fenomen.

    Correct Answer
    B. Fermentaţia mustului şi este un fenomen chimic;
    Explanation
    The transformation of grape juice into wine is called fermentation, which is a chemical phenomenon. During fermentation, yeast converts the sugars in the grape juice into alcohol and carbon dioxide. This process is essential in the production of wine and is responsible for its unique flavor and alcoholic content.

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  • 6. 

    Curcubeul, descompunerea luminii, topirea, solidificarea, vaporizarea, condensarea sunt:

    • A.

       fenomene fizice;

    • B.

      Fenomene chimice;

    • C.

      Patru fenomene fizice şi două fenomene chimice.

    Correct Answer
    A.  fenomene fizice;
    Explanation
    The given options list different phenomena, such as the rainbow, decomposition of light, melting, solidification, vaporization, and condensation. These phenomena are all examples of physical changes, where the substance undergoes a change in its physical state or appearance without any alteration in its chemical composition. Therefore, the correct answer is "fenomene fizice" which means physical phenomena.

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  • 7. 

    Ruginirea fierului, formarea ceţii, coclirea aramei, dilatarea şinelor de tren, obtinerea oţetului sunt:

    • A.

       trei fenomene fizice şi două fenomene chimice;

    • B.

      Patru fenomene chimice şi un fenomen fizic;

    • C.

      Două fenomene fizice şi trei fenomene chimice.

    Correct Answer
    C. Două fenomene fizice şi trei fenomene chimice.
    Explanation
    The answer "două fenomene fizice şi trei fenomene chimice" is correct because it states that there are two physical phenomena (ruginirea fierului, dilatarea şinelor de tren) and three chemical phenomena (formarea ceţii, coclirea aramei, obtinerea oţetului). This accurately represents the given list of phenomena and their classifications.

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  • 8. 

    Prin incalzire puternică, o bucata de carne se carbonizează. Se produce:

    • A.

       un fenomen fizic;

    • B.

      Un fenomen chimic;

    • C.

      Nu se produce nici un fenomen.

    Correct Answer
    B. Un fenomen chimic;
    Explanation
    When a piece of meat is subjected to intense heat, it undergoes a chemical process called carbonization. This involves the breakdown of organic compounds present in the meat, resulting in the formation of carbon and other byproducts. This transformation is a chemical reaction rather than a physical change, as it involves the alteration of the molecular structure of the meat. Therefore, the correct answer is "un fenomen chimic" (a chemical phenomenon).

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  • 9. 

    Plantele sunt adevarate "uzine chimice", producătoare de oxigen prin procesul numit:

    • A.

      Homeosinteza, care este un fenomen fizic;

    • B.

      Fotosinteza, care este un fenomen fizic;

    • C.

      Fotosinteza, care este un fenomen chimic.

    Correct Answer
    C. Fotosinteza, care este un fenomen chimic.
    Explanation
    Plants are true "chemical factories" that produce oxygen through the process of photosynthesis, which is a chemical phenomenon.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 15, 2020
    Quiz Created by
    Limbas Oxana
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