Managerial Accounting 2302 Exam! Trivia Test! Quiz

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Catherine Halcomb
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Managerial Accounting Quizzes & Trivia

How ready re you for the managerial accounting 2302 exam? Managerial accounting provides the information needed to fuel the decision-making process by managers. If you have some doubts on how well you remember the things you learnt before the exam, the quiz below is exactly what you need to refresh your memory. Do give it a shot and see how much more you actually remember. All the best and keep practicing.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Financial statement analysis involves all of the following except: 

    • A.

      The application of analytical tools to general-purpose financial statements and related data for making business decisions

    • B.

      Transforming accounting data into useful information for decision-making

    • C.

      Helping users make better decisions

    • D.

      Helping to reduce uncertainty in decision-making

    • E.

      Assuring that the company will be more profitable in the future

    Correct Answer
    E. Assuring that the company will be more profitable in the future
    Explanation
    Financial statement analysis involves the application of analytical tools to general-purpose financial statements and related data for making business decisions. It also involves transforming accounting data into useful information for decision-making and helping users make better decisions. Additionally, financial statement analysis helps to reduce uncertainty in decision-making. However, it does not assure that the company will be more profitable in the future. This is because financial statement analysis provides insights and information that can guide decision-making, but it cannot guarantee future profitability.

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  • 2. 

    The building blocks of financial statement analysis do not include:

    • A.

      External analyst services

    • B.

      Solvency

    • C.

      Profitability

    • D.

      Market prospects

    • E.

      Liquidity and efficiency

    Correct Answer
    A. External analyst services
    Explanation
    The building blocks of financial statement analysis refer to the key components that are considered when analyzing financial statements. These components include solvency, profitability, market prospects, and liquidity and efficiency. However, external analyst services are not considered a building block of financial statement analysis. External analyst services typically refer to the services provided by external professionals or firms who analyze financial statements on behalf of investors or other stakeholders. While external analyst services can be valuable in interpreting financial statements, they are not considered one of the fundamental building blocks of financial statement analysis.

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  • 3. 

    The ability to meet short term obligations and to efficiently generate revenues is called: 

    • A.

      Liquidity and Efficiency

    • B.

      Solvency

    • C.

      Profitability

    • D.

      Market Prospects

    • E.

      Creditworthiness

    Correct Answer
    A. Liquidity and Efficiency
    Explanation
    Liquidity and efficiency refers to a company's ability to meet its short-term obligations and generate revenues efficiently. It involves having enough cash and liquid assets to cover immediate expenses and being able to efficiently utilize resources to generate income. This concept focuses on the company's ability to maintain its financial stability in the short term and effectively manage its operations to maximize profitability. Solvency, profitability, market prospects, and creditworthiness are all related to a company's financial health, but they do not specifically address the ability to meet short-term obligations and generate revenues efficiently.

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  • 4. 

    Three of the most common tools of financial analysis are:

    • A.

      Financial reporting, ratio analysis, vertical analysis

    • B.

      Ratio analysis, horizontal analysis, financial reporting

    • C.

      Horizontal analysis, vertical analysis, ratio analysis

    • D.

      Trend analysis, financial reporting, ratio analysis

    • E.

      Vertical analysis, political analysis, horizontal analysis

    Correct Answer
    C. Horizontal analysis, vertical analysis, ratio analysis
    Explanation
    The correct answer is horizontal analysis, vertical analysis, and ratio analysis. These three tools are commonly used in financial analysis. Horizontal analysis compares financial data over different periods to identify trends and changes. Vertical analysis involves analyzing financial statements by expressing each item as a percentage of a base amount. Ratio analysis involves calculating and interpreting various financial ratios to assess a company's performance and financial health. These tools provide valuable insights into a company's financial position, profitability, and efficiency.

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  • 5. 

    A company's sales in Year 1 were $250,000 and in Year 2 were $287,500. Using Year 1 as the base year, the percent change for Year 2 compared to the base year is: 

    • A.

      87%

    • B.

      100%

    • C.

      115%

    • D.

      15%

    • E.

      13%

    Correct Answer
    D. 15%
    Explanation
    The percent change for Year 2 compared to the base year can be calculated by finding the difference between the sales in Year 2 and Year 1, dividing that by the sales in Year 1, and then multiplying by 100. In this case, the difference between the sales in Year 2 and Year 1 is $37,500 ($287,500 - $250,000). Dividing that by the sales in Year 1 ($250,000) gives a result of 0.15. Multiplying by 100 gives 15%, which is the percent change for Year 2 compared to the base year.

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  • 6. 

    Common-size statements: 

    • A.

      Reveal changes in the relative importance of each financial statement item to a base amount

    • B.

      Do not empathize the relative importance

    • C.

      Compare financial statements over time

    • D.

      Show the dollar amount of change for financial statement items

    Correct Answer
    A. Reveal changes in the relative importance of each financial statement item to a base amount
    Explanation
    Common-size statements are used to reveal changes in the relative importance of each financial statement item to a base amount. This means that common-size statements help to show how each item on the financial statement has changed in relation to a base amount, such as total assets or total sales. It allows for easy comparison of financial statements over time and helps to highlight the trends and changes in the financial position of a company. It does not emphasize the dollar amount of change for financial statement items, but rather focuses on the relative importance of each item.

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  • 7. 

    Managerial accounting is different from financial accounting in that:

    • A.

      Managerial accounting is more focused on the organization as a whole and financial accounting is more focused on subdivisions of the organization

    • B.

      Managerial accounting never includes non monetary information

    • C.

      Managerial accounting includes many projections and estimates whereas financial accounting has a minimum of predictions

    • D.

      Managerial accounting is used extensively by investors, whereas financial accounting is only used by creditors

    Correct Answer
    C. Managerial accounting includes many projections and estimates whereas financial accounting has a minimum of predictions
    Explanation
    Managerial accounting includes many projections and estimates because it is primarily used for internal decision-making and planning purposes within an organization. It helps managers in budgeting, forecasting, and setting goals. On the other hand, financial accounting focuses on providing accurate and reliable financial information to external stakeholders such as investors, creditors, and regulatory authorities. It follows strict accounting principles and standards, minimizing the use of predictions and estimates to ensure the reliability of financial statements.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following items is NOT a management concept that was created to improve companies' performances?

    • A.

      Just-in-time manufacturing

    • B.

      GAAP constraints and guidelines

    • C.

      Total quality management

    • D.

      Continuous improvement

    • E.

      Customer orientation

    Correct Answer
    B. GAAP constraints and guidelines
    Explanation
    GAAP (Generally Accepted Accounting Principles) constraints and guidelines are not a management concept created to improve companies' performances. GAAP is a set of standards and principles that guide financial accounting and reporting. It ensures consistency, transparency, and comparability in financial statements, but it does not directly focus on improving overall company performance like the other options mentioned. Just-in-time manufacturing, total quality management, continuous improvement, and customer orientation are all management concepts aimed at enhancing operational efficiency, product quality, and customer satisfaction.

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  • 9. 

    An approach to managing inventories and production operations such that units of materials and products are obtained and provided only as they are needed is called:

    • A.

      Continuous improvement

    • B.

      Customer orientation

    • C.

      Just-in-time manufacturing

    • D.

      Theory of constraints

    • E.

      Total quality management

    Correct Answer
    C. Just-in-time manufacturing
    Explanation
    Just-in-time manufacturing is an approach to managing inventories and production operations where units of materials and products are obtained and provided only as they are needed. This approach aims to eliminate waste, reduce inventory costs, and improve efficiency by synchronizing production with customer demand. By implementing just-in-time manufacturing, companies can minimize inventory holding costs, reduce lead times, and improve overall productivity. This approach is commonly used in lean manufacturing systems to optimize production processes and deliver products to customers in a timely manner.

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  • 10. 

    A direct cost is a cost that is:

    • A.

      Identifiable as controllable

    • B.

      Traceable to the company as a whole

    • C.

      Does not change with the volume of activity

    • D.

      Traceable to a single cost object

    • E.

      Traceable to multiple cost objects

    Correct Answer
    D. Traceable to a single cost object
    Explanation
    A direct cost is a cost that can be specifically attributed to a particular cost object, such as a product, service, or project. It is identifiable and traceable to that specific cost object, meaning that it can be directly linked to it and cannot be allocated to other cost objects. Direct costs do not change with the volume of activity, meaning that they remain constant regardless of the level of production or sales. Therefore, the correct answer is "Traceable to a single cost object."

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  • 11. 

    A classification of costs that determines whether a cost is expensed to the income statements or capitalized to inventory is:

    • A.

      Fixed versus Variable

    • B.

      Direct versus Indirect

    • C.

      Service versus Manufacturing

    • D.

      Product versus Period

    Correct Answer
    D. Product versus Period
    Explanation
    The classification of costs that determines whether a cost is expensed to the income statement or capitalized to inventory is the Product versus Period classification. This classification distinguishes between costs that are directly associated with the production of goods (product costs) and costs that are not directly related to production and are expensed in the period they are incurred (period costs). Product costs are capitalized and included in the cost of inventory until the goods are sold, while period costs are expensed immediately.

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  • 12. 

    Costs that are capitalized as inventory when they are incurred are called:

    • A.

      Period costs

    • B.

      Product costs

    • C.

      General costs

    • D.

      Administrative costs

    • E.

      Fixed costs

    Correct Answer
    B. Product costs
    Explanation
    Product costs are costs that are capitalized as inventory when they are incurred. These costs are directly related to the production of goods or services and include direct materials, direct labor, and manufacturing overhead. By capitalizing these costs as inventory, they are not immediately expensed but rather recorded as an asset until the goods are sold. This allows for the matching of costs with revenues when the goods are eventually sold. Period costs, on the other hand, are expensed in the period they are incurred and are not directly tied to the production process.

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  • 13. 

    The cost of workers who assist in, or supervise, the manufacturing process, not linked to specific units of product is called:

    • A.

      Unspecified labor

    • B.

      Direct labor

    • C.

      Indirect labor

    • D.

      Basic labor

    Correct Answer
    C. Indirect labor
    Explanation
    Indirect labor refers to the cost of workers who assist in or supervise the manufacturing process, but their labor cannot be directly linked to specific units of product. This includes workers who provide support services such as maintenance, quality control, and supervision. Unlike direct labor, which is directly involved in the production of goods, indirect labor costs are not directly attributable to individual units of product. Therefore, the correct answer is indirect labor.

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  • 14. 

    Manufacturing costs other than direct materials and direct labor, and are not readily traceable to specific units or batches of production are called: 

    • A.

      Non-manufacturing costs

    • B.

      Prime costs

    • C.

      Factory overhead

    • D.

      Preproduction costs

    Correct Answer
    C. Factory overhead
    Explanation
    Factory overhead refers to the indirect costs incurred in the manufacturing process that cannot be directly attributed to specific units or batches of production. These costs include expenses such as rent, utilities, depreciation of factory equipment, and indirect labor costs. Unlike direct materials and direct labor, which can be easily traced to specific units of production, factory overhead costs are allocated to products based on predetermined allocation methods, such as using machine hours or labor hours. Therefore, factory overhead is the correct term for manufacturing costs that are not readily traceable to specific units or batches of production.

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  • 15. 

    Which of the following costs is not included in factory overhead?

    • A.

      Payroll taxes on the wages of factory supervisors

    • B.

      Indirect labor

    • C.

      Depreciation of manufacturing equipment

    • D.

      Manufacturing supplies used

    • E.

      Direct materials

    Correct Answer
    E. Direct materials
    Explanation
    Direct materials are not included in factory overhead costs because they are considered a direct cost of production. Factory overhead costs, also known as indirect costs, include expenses such as indirect labor, depreciation of manufacturing equipment, and manufacturing supplies used. Payroll taxes on the wages of factory supervisors are also considered part of factory overhead costs. However, direct materials, which are the materials directly used in the production process, are not included in factory overhead costs because they can be easily traced to specific products or units of production.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 13, 2018
    Quiz Created by
    Catherine Halcomb

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