# State Board Review ...............................................................................................

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All students preparing for a state board theory exam should take practice tests to conquer test anxiety and get comfortable with the testing process. The best part? With a practice test, you can take as many exams as you need to feel at ease for the real thing. Check out our state board theory exam study tips here. All students preparing for a state board theory exam should take practice tests to conquer test anxiety and get comfortable with the testing process. The best part? With a practice test, you can take as many exams as you need to feel Read moreat ease for the real thing. Check out our state board theory exam study tips here.

• 1.

### What’s the medical term for eye lashes ?

• A.

Cilia

• B.

Lash Band

• C.

Ophtha

• D.

Iris

• E.

Cornea

A. Cilia
Explanation
The medical term for eye lashes is cilia.

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• 2.

### What is the distance between 2 eyes ?

• A.

2 eyes

• B.

13 inches

• C.

1 eye

• D.

2 inches

C. 1 eye
Explanation
The question asks for the distance between 2 eyes, and the answer given is "1 eye". This means that the distance between 2 eyes is equal to the distance of one eye.

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• 3.

### If the PH 7 is neutral, and you have the a PH of 9 , how many more times more alkaline is it ?

• A.

1000 times

• B.

60 times

• C.

70 times

• D.

100 times

D. 100 times
Explanation
A pH of 9 is 100 times more alkaline than a neutral pH of 7. This is because the pH scale is logarithmic, meaning that each whole number change in pH represents a tenfold difference in acidity or alkalinity. Therefore, a pH of 9 is two whole numbers higher than 7, indicating a difference of 100 times in alkalinity.

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• 4.

### Distilled water has a PH of ?

• A.

4.2

• B.

6.5

• C.

7.0

• D.

3

C. 7.0
Explanation
Distilled water has a pH of 7.0 because it is neutral. The pH scale ranges from 0 to 14, with 7 being the midpoint or neutral point. Distilled water is created through a process of boiling and condensation, which removes impurities and minerals, resulting in a pH of 7.0. This means that distilled water is neither acidic nor alkaline, making it suitable for various applications where a neutral pH is desired.

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• 5.

### Cell division is called ?

• A.

Cell renewal

• B.

Photoplasma

• C.

Mitosis

• D.

Nucleus

C. Mitosis
Explanation
Mitosis is the correct answer because it is the process of cell division in which a single cell divides into two identical daughter cells. During mitosis, the nucleus of the cell divides, and the genetic material is equally distributed between the daughter cells. This process is essential for growth, development, and tissue repair in multicellular organisms. Cell renewal refers to the replacement of old or damaged cells with new ones, but it is not the specific term used for cell division. Photoplasma is not a term related to cell division, and the nucleus is a cellular organelle involved in controlling cell functions, but it is not the process of cell division itself.

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• 6.

### What is the largest bone of the mouth region ?

• A.

Ethmoid

• B.

Ethmoid

• C.

Mandible

• D.

Maxilla

C. Mandible
Explanation
The mandible is the largest bone in the mouth region. It is commonly known as the lower jawbone and is responsible for the movement of the lower jaw. It forms the lower part of the skull and plays a crucial role in chewing, speaking, and overall facial structure. The ethmoid bone is located between the eyes and does not belong to the mouth region. The maxilla is the upper jawbone and is smaller in size compared to the mandible.

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• 7.

### What is another term for white blood cells ?

• A.

Capillaries

• B.

Leukocytes

• C.

Arterioles

• D.

Venues

B. Leukocytes
Explanation
Leukocytes is another term for white blood cells. Leukocytes are an important part of the immune system and are responsible for fighting off infections and diseases. They are produced in the bone marrow and circulate throughout the body, helping to protect against harmful pathogens.

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• 8.

### How much blood does the human body contain ?

• A.

One to three pints

• B.

Eight to 10 pints

• C.

12 to 14 pints

• D.

17 to 20 pints

B. Eight to 10 pints
Explanation
The human body contains approximately eight to ten pints of blood.

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• 9.

### How would you handle a blood spill during a service ?

• A.

Stop immediately

• B.

Call 911

• C.

Continue the service

• D.

Ask the client what should be done

A. Stop immediately
Explanation
In the event of a blood spill during a service, it is important to stop immediately to prevent any further contamination or spread of bloodborne pathogens. This allows for the situation to be assessed and appropriate measures to be taken to ensure the safety of everyone involved. Calling 911 may be necessary depending on the severity of the spill and any potential injuries. Continuing the service without addressing the blood spill would pose a risk to both the service provider and the client. Asking the client what should be done may not be the best course of action as they may not have the necessary knowledge or experience to handle the situation properly.

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• 10.

### What do we call an exfoliant that is rolled or massages off ?

• A.

Carbuncle

• B.

Gommage

• C.

Sugar Scrub

• D.

Humectant

B. Gommage
Explanation
Gommage is the correct answer because it refers to an exfoliant that is rolled or massaged off the skin. Gommage is a French term that translates to "to erase" or "to remove," and it is commonly used to describe a type of facial or body scrub that is applied to the skin and then gently rolled or massaged to remove dead skin cells and impurities. This technique is often used in skincare treatments to reveal smoother and brighter skin.

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• 11.

### Pus- forming bacteria that grow in clusters like a bunch of grapes . They cause abscessee , pustules and boils ?

• A.

Staphylococci

• B.

Coccyx

• C.

Diplococci

• D.

Sarcina

• E.

Streptococcus

A. Staphylococci
Explanation
Staphylococci is the correct answer because they are pus-forming bacteria that grow in clusters like a bunch of grapes. They are known to cause abscesses, pustules, and boils.

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• 12.

### In which direction do you clean a man’s face ?

• A.

Counter clockwise

• B.

50 Degree angle

• C.

Start in the middle

• D.

In the direction of the hair growth

D. In the direction of the hair growth
Explanation
When cleaning a man's face, it is important to clean in the direction of the hair growth. This helps to prevent irritation and ingrown hairs. Cleaning in the opposite direction can cause the hair to be pulled or cut too short, leading to discomfort and potential skin problems. Therefore, it is best to follow the natural direction of the hair growth while cleaning a man's face.

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• 13.

### What is caused by improper shaving ?

• A.

Razor burn

• B.

Couperose

• C.

Folliculitis

• D.

Keratosis

C. Folliculitis
Explanation
Improper shaving can cause folliculitis, which is the inflammation of hair follicles. This occurs when bacteria enter the hair follicles, leading to red, swollen, and sometimes pus-filled bumps. Improper shaving techniques such as using a dull blade, not cleaning the razor properly, or shaving too closely can increase the risk of developing folliculitis.

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• 14.

### What is the use of plants for therapeutic purposes?

• A.

Phototherapy

• B.

Hypertropy

• C.

Aromatherapy

• D.

Essential oils

A. Phototherapy
Explanation
Phototherapy is the use of light to treat certain medical conditions. It has been found that certain plants, when exposed to specific wavelengths of light, can produce therapeutic effects. This is the use of plants for therapeutic purposes, as they are utilized in the process of phototherapy. Hypertropy is not related to the use of plants for therapeutic purposes. Aromatherapy and essential oils are also used for therapeutic purposes, but they are not specifically related to the use of light in treatment.

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• 15.

### What is the high frequency modality made up of ?

• A.

Wood

• B.

Rubber

• C.

Glass

• D.

Coil

C. Glass
Explanation
The high frequency modality is made up of glass.

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• 16.

### The scientific study of hair and its diseases?

• A.

Trichology

• B.

Anatomy

• C.

Histology

• D.

Chemistry

A. Trichology
Explanation
Trichology is the correct answer because it specifically refers to the scientific study of hair and its diseases. Anatomy, histology, and chemistry are not specific to the study of hair and may encompass a broader range of topics.

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• 17.

### In ingredients what is retinol made up of ?

• A.

Filler

• B.

Oil

• C.

Vitamin A

• D.

Water

• E.

Parabens

C. Vitamin A
Explanation
Retinol is a form of Vitamin A. It is a derivative of Vitamin A and is commonly used in skincare products for its anti-aging properties. It helps to improve the appearance of fine lines, wrinkles, and uneven skin tone. Therefore, the correct answer for the question is Vitamin A.

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• 18.

### What are the appendages of the skin ?

• A.

Collagen

• B.

Hair and nails

• C.

Keratin

• D.

Seborrhea

B. Hair and nails
Explanation
Hair and nails are considered appendages of the skin because they are derived from the epidermis, which is the outermost layer of the skin. Both hair and nails are made up of a protein called keratin, which provides strength and protection. Hair follicles are located in the dermis, the layer beneath the epidermis, and produce hair strands. Nails, on the other hand, are formed by specialized cells in the nail matrix at the base of the nail bed. These appendages play important roles in protecting the skin and providing sensory functions.

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• 19.

### What are sweat glands known as ?

• A.

Sudoriferous Glands

• B.

Sebaceous Gland

• C.

• D.

Thyroid Gland

A. Sudoriferous Glands
Explanation
Sweat glands are known as sudoriferous glands. These glands are responsible for producing sweat, which helps regulate body temperature and eliminate waste products from the body. Sweat is mainly composed of water, electrolytes, and small amounts of waste products. Sudoriferous glands are found all over the body, with the highest concentration in the palms, soles of the feet, and armpits.

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• 20.

### What produces sebum ?

• A.

Metabolism Gland

• B.

Sebaceous Gland

• C.

Hypertrophy Gland

• D.

Enzymes Gland

B. Sebaceous Gland
Explanation
Sebaceous glands produce sebum, which is an oily substance that moisturizes and protects the skin. Sebum is secreted through the hair follicles and helps to keep the skin and hair lubricated. These glands are found all over the body, except for the palms of the hands and soles of the feet. Sebum production can be influenced by hormones, genetics, and other factors, and imbalances in sebum production can lead to skin issues such as acne.

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• 21.

### What is scabies ?

• A.

Bloodborne virus that causes diseases

• B.

Type of fungus that affects plants or grow on inanimate objects

• C.

Superficial fungal infection that commonly affects the skin

• D.

Contagious disease caused by the itch mite

D. Contagious disease caused by the itch mite
Explanation
Scabies is a contagious disease caused by the itch mite. It is a skin condition that occurs when the mite burrows into the top layer of the skin and lays eggs, leading to intense itching and a rash. It is highly contagious and can spread through close physical contact or by sharing personal items such as clothing or bedding. Treatment usually involves medication to kill the mites and relieve symptoms.

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• 22.

### What is bacilli ?

• A.

Round shaped bacteria

• B.

Spherical bacteria that grows in pairs

• C.

Spiral or corkscrew shaped bacteria

• D.

Short , rod shaped bacteria

D. Short , rod shaped bacteria
Explanation
Bacilli are short, rod-shaped bacteria. This means that they have a cylindrical shape and are longer than they are wide. Bacilli can be found in various environments, including soil, water, and the human body. They are known for their ability to form endospores, which are protective structures that allow them to survive in harsh conditions. Bacilli can cause a range of diseases in humans, including tuberculosis and anthrax.

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• 23.

### Thin opening of chapped skin is called ?

• A.

Fissure

• B.

Cracking of the skin

• C.

Split

• D.

Excoriation

A. Fissure
Explanation
A thin opening of chapped skin is called a fissure. Fissures are commonly seen in dry and cracked skin, especially in areas like the lips, hands, and feet. They can be painful and may bleed, causing discomfort and irritation. Fissures can be caused by various factors such as dry weather, excessive handwashing, and certain skin conditions. Treatment usually involves keeping the area moisturized and protected, and in severe cases, medical intervention may be required.

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• 24.

### What plant has soothing and calming properties?

• A.

Aloe vera

• B.

Lavender

• C.

Chamomile

• D.

Peppermint

C. Chamomile
Explanation
Chamomile is known for its soothing and calming properties. It is commonly used in herbal teas and aromatherapy to promote relaxation and reduce anxiety. Chamomile contains compounds that have a sedative effect on the central nervous system, helping to induce sleep and relieve stress. It is also used topically to soothe skin irritations and inflammation.

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• 25.

### Inner layer of the skin known as the true skin ?

• A.

Dermis

• B.

Epidermis

• C.

Subcutaneous layer

• D.

Stratum lucidum

A. Dermis
Explanation
The correct answer is Dermis. The dermis is the inner layer of the skin, also known as the true skin. It is located between the epidermis (outer layer) and the subcutaneous layer. The dermis contains various structures such as blood vessels, hair follicles, sweat glands, and nerve endings. It provides support and nourishment to the epidermis and helps regulate body temperature.

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• 26.

### When damage to the ____ this will cause the hair growth to be inhibited ?

• A.

Shaft

• B.

Papilla

• C.

Root

• D.

Scalp

B. Papilla
Explanation
When there is damage to the papilla, it can cause the hair growth to be inhibited. The papilla is a structure at the base of the hair follicle that supplies nutrients to the hair bulb, which is responsible for producing new hair cells. If the papilla is damaged, it can disrupt the blood flow and nutrient supply to the hair bulb, leading to inhibited hair growth.

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• 27.

### Massage movements used on the forehead to relax facial muscles?

• A.

Friction

• B.

Tapping

• C.

Insertion to origin

• D.

Effleurage

D. Effleurage
Explanation
Effleurage is a massage movement that involves gentle, gliding strokes on the skin. It is commonly used to relax and soothe the muscles, including the facial muscles. By applying light pressure and using long, sweeping motions, effleurage helps to increase blood flow, release tension, and promote relaxation in the forehead and other facial areas. This technique is often used at the beginning and end of a massage session to warm up and cool down the muscles.

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• 28.

### Why does the body perspire ?

• A.

To protect us from overheating

• B.

To protect us from freezing

• C.

To protect us from dehydration

• D.

To protect us from over hydration

A. To protect us from overheating
Explanation
The body perspires to protect us from overheating. When the body temperature rises, the sweat glands produce sweat, which evaporates from the skin and cools down the body. This process helps regulate body temperature and prevents overheating, which can lead to heat exhaustion or heatstroke.

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• 29.

### How many times thicker than the epidermis is the dermis , approximately?

• A.

25

• B.

50

• C.

75

• D.

100

A. 25
Explanation
The dermis is approximately 25 times thicker than the epidermis. This means that the dermis layer of the skin is significantly thicker compared to the outermost layer, the epidermis. The dermis is responsible for providing structural support to the skin and contains various structures such as blood vessels, hair follicles, and sweat glands. Its thickness allows it to protect the underlying tissues and organs while also providing flexibility and elasticity to the skin.

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• 30.

### Symptoms that can be observed are known as ?

• A.

Viewing

• B.

Sensation

• C.

Objective

• D.

Personal evaluation

• E.

C. Objective
Explanation
Objective symptoms are those that can be observed and measured by others, such as a doctor or healthcare professional. These symptoms are typically physical in nature and can include things like a rash, fever, or abnormal heart rate. Unlike subjective symptoms, which are based on an individual's personal experience or perception, objective symptoms are more concrete and can be used to make a diagnosis or determine the severity of a condition.

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• 31.

### What is used to measure the skins ability to tolerate sun exposure?

• A.

Glogau scale

• B.

Rubin’s classification

• C.

PH scale

• D.

Fitzpatrick scale

D. Fitzpatrick scale
Explanation
The Fitzpatrick scale is used to measure the skin's ability to tolerate sun exposure. It categorizes different skin types based on factors such as skin color, reaction to sun exposure, and tanning ability. The scale ranges from Type I (very fair skin that always burns and never tans) to Type VI (very dark skin that never burns and always tans). This scale is commonly used in dermatology and helps determine the appropriate level of sun protection and treatment for individuals based on their skin type.

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• 32.

### How many grades of acne are there ?

• A.

4

• B.

7

• C.

3

• D.

A. 4
Explanation
There are four grades of acne.

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• 33.

### What term is used to describe any mark , wound , or abnormality?

• A.

Lesion

• B.

Papule

• C.

Cyst

• D.

Skin tag

A. Lesion
Explanation
A lesion is a general term used to describe any mark, wound, or abnormality on the skin. It can refer to a wide range of conditions such as cuts, bruises, sores, or tumors. Lesions can be caused by various factors including injury, infection, or underlying medical conditions. The term "lesion" is a broad and inclusive term that encompasses different types of skin abnormalities, making it the correct answer in this context.

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• 34.

### What is leukoderma ?

• A.

Flat , hairy spots on the skin

• B.

Light patches caused by destroyed pigment - producing cells

• C.

Brown or wine colored discoloration

• D.

Thick scar resulting from excessive fibrous tissue

B. Light patches caused by destroyed pigment - producing cells
Explanation
Leukoderma refers to light patches on the skin caused by the destruction of pigment-producing cells. This condition results in the loss of skin color in certain areas, leading to the appearance of light patches.

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• 35.

### What is the term for a flat spot or discoloration of the skin , such as a freckle ?

• A.

Pustule

• B.

Cyst

• C.

Macule

• D.

Stain

C. Macule
Explanation
A macule is a term used to describe a flat spot or discoloration of the skin, such as a freckle. It is a small, non-raised area that is usually a different color than the surrounding skin. A macule can be caused by various factors, including sun exposure, genetics, or certain medical conditions. It is different from a pustule, which is a small raised bump filled with pus, and a cyst, which is a closed sac filled with fluid or semi-solid material. Stain is not the correct term for a flat spot or discoloration of the skin.

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• 36.

### Why is UVB radiation also known as “ burning rays “ ?

• A.

UVB wavelengths cause burning of the skin as well as cancer

• B.

UVB radiation burns paper upon direct exposure

• C.

UVB radiation burns wood upon direct exposure

• D.

UVB causes premature aging in skin

A. UVB wavelengths cause burning of the skin as well as cancer
Explanation
UVB radiation is known as "burning rays" because it can cause burning of the skin. When the skin is exposed to UVB radiation, it can cause sunburns, which is a result of the skin's attempt to repair damage caused by the radiation. Additionally, UVB radiation is also known to increase the risk of skin cancer, further emphasizing its burning effect on the skin.

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• 37.

### What is NOT an element of the skin’s acid mantle ?

• A.

Blood

• B.

Sebum

• C.

Lipids

• D.

Sweat

A. Blood
Explanation
The skin's acid mantle is a protective barrier that helps maintain the skin's pH balance and prevents the growth of harmful bacteria. Sebum, lipids, and sweat are all components of the acid mantle as they contribute to its protective properties. However, blood is not an element of the skin's acid mantle. While blood vessels are present in the skin, blood itself is not a part of the acid mantle.

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• 38.

### What causes injected skin to restore itself to its normal thickness ?

• A.

Botox injections

• B.

Hyperproduction of cells

• C.

Daily exposure to the sun

• D.

Gentle massage

B. Hyperproduction of cells
Explanation
Hyperproduction of cells causes injected skin to restore itself to its normal thickness. When the skin is injected with substances like Botox, it triggers the body's natural healing response, leading to an increased production of cells in the area. This increased cell production helps to repair and regenerate the skin, restoring it to its normal thickness.

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• 39.

### What are the items in the dermis that respond to touch , pain , cold , heat and pressure ?

• A.

Sebaceous glands

• B.

Sensory nerve endings

• C.

Fibrous tissues

• D.

Pituitary glands

B. Sensory nerve endings
Explanation
The items in the dermis that respond to touch, pain, cold, heat, and pressure are sensory nerve endings. These nerve endings are responsible for transmitting signals to the brain when the skin is stimulated by these sensations. They play a crucial role in our ability to perceive and respond to different types of sensory stimuli.

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• 40.

### How many chambers does the heart have ?

• A.

6

• B.

4

• C.

8

• D.

2

B. 4
Explanation
The heart has four chambers, which are the left and right atria and the left and right ventricles. The atria receive blood from the body and lungs, while the ventricles pump blood out to the body and lungs. This division of chambers allows for efficient circulation of oxygenated and deoxygenated blood throughout the body.

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• 41.

### What skin does not age as quickly ?

• A.

African americans

• B.

Asian

• C.

Native americans

• D.

Caucasian

A. African americans
Explanation
African Americans have a higher amount of melanin in their skin, which provides some natural protection against the sun's harmful UV rays. This melanin helps to slow down the aging process by reducing the damage caused by sun exposure, such as wrinkles, fine lines, and age spots. Therefore, African American skin tends to age at a slower rate compared to other ethnicities.

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• 42.

### In treating acne or blemished skin, what is the most important step for the esthetician?

• A.

Steaming the skin

• B.

Double cleanse

• C.

The effective removal and cleansing of blemishes

• D.

Applying pressure to the temple

C. The effective removal and cleansing of blemishes
Explanation
The most important step for an esthetician in treating acne or blemished skin is the effective removal and cleansing of blemishes. This step is crucial in getting rid of the impurities and excess oil that contribute to acne and blemishes. By properly cleansing and removing these blemishes, the esthetician can help improve the overall condition of the skin and prevent further breakouts.

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• 43.

### What is a characteristic of seborrhea ?

• A.

Oily skin

• B.

Dry skin

• C.

Flaky skin

• D.

Scaly skin

A. Oily skin
Explanation
Seborrhea is a condition characterized by excessive oil production by the sebaceous glands in the skin. This leads to oily skin, which is the correct answer. Dry skin, flaky skin, and scaly skin are not characteristic of seborrhea.

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• 44.

### How do you obtain secondary colors ?

• A.

Mixing equal parts of two primary colors

• B.

Red & blue

• C.

Mixing purple, green & orange

• D.

Mixing 1/3 green with black

A. Mixing equal parts of two primary colors
Explanation
Secondary colors are obtained by mixing equal parts of two primary colors. In this case, the two primary colors mentioned are red and blue. When these two colors are mixed in equal proportions, they create the secondary color purple.

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• 45.

### What procedure removes fat and skin from the upper and lower lids , making them less baggy ?

• A.

Lipo

• B.

Eye lid surgery

• C.

Phototherapy

• D.

Blepharoplasty

D. Blepharoplasty
Explanation
Blepharoplasty is a surgical procedure that removes excess fat and skin from the upper and lower eyelids, reducing the appearance of bagginess. It is commonly performed to improve the aesthetic appearance of the eyes and can also help to improve vision in cases where sagging eyelids obstruct the visual field. Lipo refers to liposuction, which is a procedure used to remove excess fat from various parts of the body, but it is not specifically designed for the eyelids. Eye lid surgery is a broad term that can refer to various procedures performed on the eyelids, including blepharoplasty. Phototherapy is a treatment method that uses light to treat certain skin conditions and is not related to eyelid surgery.

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• 46.

### What term refers to the ability to produce an effect ?

• A.

Efficacy

• B.

Disinfection

• C.

Motility

• D.

Sterilization

A. Efficacy
Explanation
Efficacy refers to the ability to produce an effect. It is the measure of how well a treatment or intervention can achieve its intended outcome or result. In this context, efficacy represents the capacity of a substance or process to produce the desired effect, whether it is in the context of a medication, disinfectant, or any other treatment.

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• 47.

### What term indicates that a product is capable of destroying bacteria ?

• A.

Bacteriphobic

• B.

Bacterial

• C.

Probacterial

• D.

Bactericidal

D. Bactericidal
Explanation
The term "bactericidal" indicates that a product is capable of destroying bacteria. This term is derived from the word "bactericide," which refers to a substance that kills bacteria. Therefore, "bactericidal" is the correct answer as it accurately describes the capability of a product to eliminate or destroy bacteria.

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• 48.

### What term refers to a resistance to disease that is partly inherited and partly developed through healthy living ?

• A.

Natural immunity

• B.

Physical immunity

• C.

Acquired immunity

• D.

Healthy immunity

A. Natural immunity
Explanation
Natural immunity refers to a resistance to disease that is partly inherited and partly developed through healthy living. This means that individuals have a certain level of protection against diseases due to their genetic makeup, as well as their lifestyle choices such as maintaining a balanced diet, exercising regularly, and getting enough sleep. This combination of genetic factors and healthy living practices helps to strengthen the immune system and enhance the body's ability to fight off infections and diseases.

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• 49.

### What is scabies?

• A.

Bloodborne virus that causes disease

• B.

Type of fungus that affects plants or grows on inanimate objects

• C.

Superficial infection that commonly affects the skin

• D.

Contagious disease caused by the itch mite

D. Contagious disease caused by the itch mite
Explanation
Scabies is a contagious disease caused by the itch mite. It is a skin infection that commonly affects humans. The mites burrow into the skin and lay eggs, causing intense itching and a rash. Scabies can spread through close contact with an infected person or by sharing personal items such as clothing or bedding. Treatment usually involves topical creams or oral medications to kill the mites and relieve symptoms.

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• 50.

### What does the term porous mean ?

• A.

Made or constructed of a material that does not have openings

• B.

Made or constructed of a material that openings

• C.

Susceptible to disease

• D.

Immune to a disease