State Board Exam For Master Cosmetology Questions

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State Board Exam For Master Cosmetology Questions - Quiz

100 question exam of questions that may be on the State Board Exam for Master Cosmetology. It is timed at 90 minutes, just like the State Board Exam.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Under-processing is caused by

    • A.

      Insufficient processing time

    • B.

      Wrong choice of waving lotion

    • C.

      Improper wrapping

    • D.

      Adding water to waving lotion

    Correct Answer
    A. Insufficient processing time
    Explanation
    Insufficient processing time can cause under-processing. This means that the hair is not left in the waving lotion for a long enough period to properly process and set the desired wave or curl. This can result in the hair not achieving the desired texture or style, and may lead to the waves or curls not lasting as long as intended.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following guidelines is true if your client has a round facial shape?

    • A.

      Add height at the crown

    • B.

      Add a full fringe

    • C.

      Add width at the sides

    • D.

      Add equal fullness around the entire face

    Correct Answer
    A. Add height at the crown
    Explanation
    If a client has a round facial shape, adding height at the crown can help create the illusion of a longer face shape. This technique helps to balance out the roundness by elongating the overall appearance of the face. By adding height at the crown, it draws the eye upward and creates a vertical line, which can make the face appear more oval-shaped.

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  • 3. 

    A client as a level 7 red-orange brassy looking hair.  What is the best choice for neutralizing this color?

    • A.

      Level 7 yellow-green

    • B.

      Level 6 blue-violet

    • C.

      Level 6 blue-green

    • D.

      Level 5 blue

    Correct Answer
    C. Level 6 blue-green
    Explanation
    The best choice for neutralizing a level 7 red-orange brassy hair color would be level 6 blue-green. Blue-green is opposite to red-orange on the color wheel, so it can effectively counteract the unwanted warm tones and create a more neutral result.

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  • 4. 

    Do NOT give a permanent wave if what exists?

    • A.

      Gray hair

    • B.

      Tinted hair

    • C.

      Scalp abrasions

    • D.

      Dandruff

    Correct Answer
    C. Scalp abrasions
    Explanation
    Performing a permanent wave on a client with scalp abrasions can cause further irritation and discomfort. The chemicals used in the process may aggravate the already sensitive and damaged skin, leading to more pain and potential complications. It is important to prioritize the client's health and safety, and therefore, avoiding a permanent wave in such cases is the best course of action.

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  • 5. 

    The chemical often required in addition to the chemical relaxer is

    • A.

      Petroleum cream

    • B.

      Conditioner

    • C.

      Waving lotion

    • D.

      Stabilizer

    Correct Answer
    D. Stabilizer
    Explanation
    Stabilizer = neutralizer

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following is considered a cool color?

    • A.

      Blue

    • B.

      Brown

    • C.

      Red

    • D.

      Yellow

    Correct Answer
    A. Blue
    Explanation
    Blue is considered a cool color because it is often associated with calmness, tranquility, and serenity. It is reminiscent of the sky and water, which can have a soothing effect on people. Cool colors are typically associated with a sense of relaxation and are often used to create a peaceful atmosphere. In contrast, warm colors like red and yellow are associated with energy and excitement. Brown, while not a cool color, is often associated with earthiness and stability.

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  • 7. 

    You should apply waving lotion to the

    • A.

      Top of each rod only

    • B.

      Top and bottom of each rod

    • C.

      Area between the rods

    • D.

      Top hairline and allow it to drip down

    Correct Answer
    B. Top and bottom of each rod
    Explanation
    To achieve the desired outcome, it is necessary to apply waving lotion to both the top and bottom of each rod. This ensures that the entire hair strand is evenly coated with the waving lotion, allowing for a consistent and uniform wave pattern. Applying the lotion only to the top of each rod may result in an uneven distribution of the product and an inconsistent wave formation.

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  • 8. 

    Which statement about hair lightening is CORRECT?

    • A.

      Very dark hair may be damaged by extreme lightening

    • B.

      Hair lighteners are used as preliminary treatments, never by themselves

    • C.

      Lighteners are not effective in removing undesirable off-shades

    • D.

      Lightening has no effect on hair's porosity

    Correct Answer
    A. Very dark hair may be damaged by extreme lightening
    Explanation
    Very dark hair may be damaged by extreme lightening because the process of lightening involves removing the natural pigment from the hair shaft. The darker the hair, the more pigment needs to be lifted, which can cause damage if not done correctly. Extreme lightening refers to using high levels of bleach or strong lightening agents, which can cause the hair to become brittle, dry, and prone to breakage. Therefore, it is important to take caution when lightening very dark hair to minimize the risk of damage.

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  • 9. 

    Which bonds are individually very weak?

    • A.

      Hydrogen

    • B.

      Salt

    • C.

      Disulfide

    • D.

      Both A and B

    Correct Answer
    D. Both A and B
    Explanation
    Both hydrogen bonds and salt bonds are individually very weak. Hydrogen bonds occur when a hydrogen atom is attracted to an electronegative atom, such as oxygen or nitrogen. These bonds are weaker than covalent or ionic bonds. Salt bonds, also known as ionic bonds, occur when there is an electrostatic attraction between positively and negatively charged ions. These bonds are also weaker than covalent bonds. Therefore, both A (hydrogen bonds) and B (salt bonds) are individually very weak bonds.

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  • 10. 

    The relaxer cream is applied near the scalp last because processing is accelerated in this area by

    • A.

      Your speed in application

    • B.

      The sebaceous glands

    • C.

      Body heat

    • D.

      Perspiration

    Correct Answer
    C. Body heat
    Explanation
    The relaxer cream is applied near the scalp last because body heat accelerates the processing of the cream in this area. The scalp naturally generates heat, which helps in activating the chemicals present in the relaxer cream. By applying the cream near the scalp last, it allows the body heat to work on the hair strands for a longer duration, ensuring that the relaxer is evenly distributed and provides the desired results.

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  • 11. 

    The haircut with a constant elevation of 90 degrees will result in

    • A.

      A blunt cut with no layers

    • B.

      Graduation with added fullness at the crown

    • C.

      Layers that are all the same length

    • D.

      Layers with shorter lengths at the crown

    Correct Answer
    C. Layers that are all the same length
    Explanation
    A haircut with a constant elevation of 90 degrees means that the hair is cut at the same angle all around the head. This technique creates layers that are all the same length because the hair is cut straight across without any graduation or tapering. Therefore, the correct answer is layers that are all the same length.

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  • 12. 

    Nail polish should be applied

    • A.

      From the free edge to the base

    • B.

      Using light, sweeping strokes

    • C.

      On the sides first

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Using light, sweeping strokes
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "using light, sweeping strokes". When applying nail polish, it is recommended to use light, sweeping strokes from the free edge to the base. This technique helps to evenly distribute the polish and prevent streaks or clumps. It also allows for better control and precision during application. Applying the polish in this manner ensures a smooth and professional finish.

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  • 13. 

    Hot oil manicures are partially effective on

    • A.

      Soft nails

    • B.

      Diseased nails

    • C.

      Brittle nails

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Brittle nails
    Explanation
    Hot oil manicures are partially effective on brittle nails because the heat from the oil helps to moisturize and strengthen the nails, making them less prone to breakage and splitting. The hot oil also helps to improve blood circulation to the nail bed, promoting healthier nail growth. However, hot oil manicures may not be as effective for soft or diseased nails, as these conditions require different treatments and care. Therefore, the correct answer is brittle nails.

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  • 14. 

    After rinsing the waving lotion from the hair, you should

    • A.

      Apply the neutralizer

    • B.

      Blow dry the hair

    • C.

      Set and style the hair

    • D.

      Blot off excess water

    Correct Answer
    D. Blot off excess water
    Explanation
    After rinsing the waving lotion from the hair, it is important to blot off excess water. This is because excess water can dilute the neutralizer, affecting its effectiveness. Blotting off the excess water ensures that the neutralizer can properly react with the hair, resulting in a successful waving process. Additionally, blotting off excess water helps in achieving the desired hairstyle and prevents excessive dripping during the subsequent steps of blow drying, setting, and styling the hair.

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  • 15. 

    Your client will most likely accept suggestions about hair color services when you

    • A.

      Begin by explaining the prices of all your services

    • B.

      Base your suggestions on the client's needs and lifestyle

    • C.

      Carefully explain the underlying chemistry of hair coloring

    • D.

      Show the client color photos of movie stars with the same color

    Correct Answer
    B. Base your suggestions on the client's needs and lifestyle
    Explanation
    When you base your suggestions on the client's needs and lifestyle, it shows that you understand their individual preferences and are offering personalized recommendations. This approach is likely to be more appealing to the client as it demonstrates that you are taking their specific requirements into consideration. It also helps to build trust and rapport with the client, increasing the likelihood that they will accept your suggestions for hair color services.

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  • 16. 

    A client requests a style with no laters, but angled toward her face.  Which elevation would you use?

    • A.

      180 degrees

    • B.

      90 degrees

    • C.

      45 degrees

    • D.

      0 degrees

    Correct Answer
    D. 0 degrees
    Explanation
    When a client requests a style with no layers but angled toward her face, the elevation to be used would be 0 degrees. This means that the hair should be cut straight across without any elevation or graduation, while still being angled towards the face. This technique helps to create a soft and face-framing effect without adding any layers to the hair.

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  • 17. 

    Sebaceous glands are NOT found in which of the following areas of the skin

    • A.

      Forehead

    • B.

      Groin

    • C.

      Palms

    • D.

      Scalp

    Correct Answer
    C. Palms
    Explanation
    Sebaceous glands are NOT found in the palms of the hands. Sebaceous glands are responsible for producing sebum, an oily substance that helps lubricate the skin and hair. However, the palms of the hands do not have sebaceous glands, which is why they do not produce sebum. This is why the correct answer is palms.

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  • 18. 

    When you chemically relax a client's hair with a "no base" relaxer, you should always

    • A.

      Apply a protective cream to the entire scalp

    • B.

      Apply a protective cream to the hairline and ears

    • C.

      Make sure the hair is wet before beginning the procedure

    • D.

      Part the hair into no more than three sections

    Correct Answer
    B. Apply a protective cream to the hairline and ears
    Explanation
    When chemically relaxing a client's hair with a "no base" relaxer, it is important to apply a protective cream to the hairline and ears. This is because the relaxer can be harsh on the skin and may cause irritation or burns. By applying a protective cream to these areas, it creates a barrier between the relaxer and the skin, reducing the risk of any adverse reactions. Additionally, it helps to prevent the relaxer from dripping onto the skin during the application process, further protecting the client's sensitive areas.

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  • 19. 

    Which is an INCORRECT statement about head lice?

    • A.

      Lice can be seen as small white eggs or nits

    • B.

      Lice can be treated safely in the salon

    • C.

      Lice can be treated with medicated shampoos

    • D.

      Lice can be spread through contact with infested combs

    Correct Answer
    B. Lice can be treated safely in the salon
  • 20. 

    Which layer of the skin contains the melanocytes that give skin its color?

    • A.

      Dermis

    • B.

      Reticular layer

    • C.

      Stratum germivatium layer

    • D.

      Subcutaneous layer

    Correct Answer
    C. Stratum germivatium layer
    Explanation
    The stratum germivatium layer is the correct answer because it is the deepest layer of the epidermis where melanocytes are located. Melanocytes are responsible for producing melanin, the pigment that gives color to the skin. This layer is also involved in the production of new skin cells through cell division. The dermis is the layer beneath the epidermis, the reticular layer is a part of the dermis, and the subcutaneous layer is the deepest layer of the skin, but none of these layers contain melanocytes.

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  • 21. 

    What is the pH range of a sodium hydroxide relaxer?

    • A.

      3 to 5

    • B.

      5 to 8

    • C.

      8 to 12

    • D.

      12 to 14

    Correct Answer
    D. 12 to 14
    Explanation
    Sodium hydroxide is a strong base, and its pH range is typically high. A pH range of 12 to 14 indicates a highly alkaline solution. This makes sense because sodium hydroxide is commonly used in relaxers to break down the disulfide bonds in hair, allowing for straightening. The high pH helps to open the hair cuticle and make it more receptive to the relaxing process.

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  • 22. 

    Grasping a single strand of hair securely in one hand and then sliding the thumb and forefinger of the other hand down the strand toward the scalp is used to test the hair for

    • A.

      Density

    • B.

      Elasticity

    • C.

      Fragility

    • D.

      Porosity

    Correct Answer
    D. Porosity
    Explanation
    The given action of grasping a single strand of hair and sliding the thumb and forefinger down the strand towards the scalp is used to test the hair for porosity. Porosity refers to the hair's ability to absorb and retain moisture. By performing this test, one can determine how easily the hair absorbs water and whether it retains moisture or becomes dry quickly. This information is important for determining the hair's overall health and the appropriate hair care routine.

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  • 23. 

    The pH scale is a unit of measurement that indicates whether a substance is

    • A.

      Acidic

    • B.

      Alkaline

    • C.

      Neutral

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The pH scale is a measurement scale that determines the acidity or alkalinity of a substance. It ranges from 0 to 14, with 0 being highly acidic, 7 being neutral, and 14 being highly alkaline. Therefore, the correct answer is "all of the above" because the pH scale can indicate whether a substance is acidic, alkaline, or neutral depending on its value on the scale.

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  • 24. 

    A towel or neck strip is placed under the cape when draping a client:

    • A.

      To prevent itching

    • B.

      To keep the client cool

    • C.

      For sanitary reasons

    • D.

      For beauty

    Correct Answer
    C. For sanitary reasons
    Explanation
    A towel or neck strip is placed under the cape when draping a client for sanitary reasons. This is done to prevent any hair or chemicals from coming into direct contact with the client's skin or clothing. It helps to maintain cleanliness and hygiene during the hairdressing or barbering process.

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  • 25. 

    When retouching a client's hair with a sodium hydroxide relaxer, you should

    • A.

      Relax the entire head again

    • B.

      Relax only the curliest part of the hair

    • C.

      Wait at least 6 months between treatments

    • D.

      Relax the new growth only

    Correct Answer
    D. Relax the new growth only
    Explanation
    When retouching a client's hair with a sodium hydroxide relaxer, you should relax the new growth only. This is because sodium hydroxide relaxers are strong chemical treatments that break down the protein structure of the hair, making it straight. Applying the relaxer to the entire head again can lead to over-processing and damage the previously relaxed hair. Relaxing only the curliest part of the hair may result in an uneven texture. Waiting at least 6 months between treatments is not necessary for a retouch, as it is usually done every 8-12 weeks to maintain the straightened hair. Therefore, the best approach is to relax only the new growth to achieve consistent results without causing unnecessary damage.

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  • 26. 

    Trichology is the study of

    • A.

      Skin

    • B.

      Nails

    • C.

      Hair

    • D.

      Muscles

    Correct Answer
    C. Hair
    Explanation
    Trichology is the study of hair. It focuses on understanding the structure, function, and diseases of hair, as well as the techniques for its care and treatment. Trichologists analyze hair and scalp conditions, identify hair loss causes, and provide solutions for hair and scalp problems. They study various aspects such as hair growth, texture, color, and patterns to gain insights into overall health and well-being. By specializing in hair, trichologists play a crucial role in diagnosing and addressing hair-related issues, helping individuals maintain healthy and beautiful hair.

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  • 27. 

    Which face shape looks good with almost any hairstyle?

    • A.

      Round

    • B.

      Square

    • C.

      Oval

    • D.

      Oblong

    Correct Answer
    C. Oval
    Explanation
    Oval face shape looks good with almost any hairstyle because it is considered to be the most versatile face shape. It has balanced proportions with slightly wider cheekbones and a gentle narrowing towards the forehead and jawline. This balanced symmetry allows for a wide range of hairstyles to complement the face shape. Hairstyles that add volume on the sides or create soft layers can enhance the natural symmetry of an oval face shape. Additionally, oval faces can also pull off both short and long hairstyles effortlessly.

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  • 28. 

    What is the cell reproducer of the nail?

    • A.

      Lunula

    • B.

      Matrix

    • C.

      Nail bed

    • D.

      Nerves

    Correct Answer
    B. Matrix
    Explanation
    The matrix is the correct answer because it is the part of the nail responsible for cell reproduction. It is located at the base of the nail and contains the cells that produce new nail cells. The matrix is essential for the growth and maintenance of the nail, making it the cell reproducer of the nail.

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  • 29. 

    What happens to each individual hair strand when an aniline derivative (oxidation) tint is mixed with hydrogen peroxide and applied to the hair?

    • A.

      Heat is created causing the hair to soften and absorb color

    • B.

      The cortex swells allowing pigment molecules to enter

    • C.

      The H-bonds and S-bonds are broken, changing the hair's shape

    • D.

      The disulfide bonds are rebonded in waving lines

    Correct Answer
    B. The cortex swells allowing pigment molecules to enter
    Explanation
    When an aniline derivative (oxidation) tint is mixed with hydrogen peroxide and applied to the hair, the cortex of each individual hair strand swells. This swelling allows the pigment molecules from the tint to enter the hair strand, resulting in the absorption of color.

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  • 30. 

    In order the raise a client's head so you can shampoo the back of the head, you should

    • A.

      Ask the client to support his/her head

    • B.

      Ask the client to turn around

    • C.

      Support the client's head with your hand

    • D.

      Ask another stylist to support the client's head

    Correct Answer
    C. Support the client's head with your hand
    Explanation
    To shampoo the back of the client's head, it is necessary to support their head with your hand. This ensures that the client's head remains stable and in the desired position throughout the shampooing process. Asking the client to support their own head may not provide enough stability, and asking them to turn around would not be an effective solution for accessing the back of their head. Asking another stylist to support the client's head may not be necessary if you are able to do so yourself.

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  • 31. 

    Which of the following problems is due to an over-production of sebum?

    • A.

      Asteatosis

    • B.

      Anhydrosis

    • C.

      Psoriasis

    • D.

      Seborrhea

    Correct Answer
    D. Seborrhea
    Explanation
    Seborrhea is a condition characterized by an excessive production of sebum, an oily substance secreted by the sebaceous glands in the skin. This over-production of sebum can lead to oily skin, clogged pores, and the development of acne. Therefore, seborrhea is the correct answer as it directly relates to the over-production of sebum. Asteatosis refers to dry skin, anhydrosis is the inability to sweat, and psoriasis is a chronic autoimmune skin condition, none of which are directly caused by an over-production of sebum.

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  • 32. 

    Which is the chemical symbol for hydrogen peroxide?

    • A.

      H2O

    • B.

      H2O2

    • C.

      H2SO4

    • D.

      NaOH

    Correct Answer
    B. H2O2
    Explanation
    Hydrogen peroxide is a chemical compound with the molecular formula H2O2. It is a pale blue liquid that appears colorless in a dilute solution. The correct chemical symbol for hydrogen peroxide is H2O2, as indicated in the answer. H2O represents water, H2SO4 represents sulfuric acid, and NaOH represents sodium hydroxide, none of which are the correct chemical symbol for hydrogen peroxide.

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  • 33. 

    Another term for thermal waving is

    • A.

      Finger waving

    • B.

      Roller setting

    • C.

      Dry hairstyling

    • D.

      Marcel waving

    Correct Answer
    D. Marcel waving
    Explanation
    Marcel waving is another term for thermal waving. It involves using a hot curling iron to create waves or curls in the hair. This technique is named after Francois Marcel, a French hairstylist who invented the curling iron in the late 19th century. Marcel waving is a popular method for achieving long-lasting waves or curls in the hair, and it is commonly used in hairstyling and hairdressing.

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  • 34. 

    Warm toned colors are made primarily of

    • A.

      Blues and greens

    • B.

      Reds and yellows

    • C.

      Black and white

    • D.

      Shades of gray

    Correct Answer
    B. Reds and yellows
    Explanation
    Warm toned colors are made primarily of reds and yellows because these colors are associated with warmth, energy, and vibrancy. Reds and yellows are both considered to be warm colors on the color wheel. When mixed together or used in combination, they create a range of warm tones such as oranges, browns, and golden hues. These warm tones are often used to evoke feelings of coziness, excitement, and positivity in art, design, and interior spaces.

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  • 35. 

    Wet hair stretches what percent of its lenggth?

    • A.

      20 to 30

    • B.

      40 to 50

    • C.

      60 to 70

    • D.

      10 to 15

    Correct Answer
    B. 40 to 50
    Explanation
    When hair is wet, it becomes more elastic and can stretch up to 40 to 50 percent of its original length. This is because water molecules penetrate the hair shaft, causing it to swell and become more flexible. This increased elasticity allows the hair to be manipulated and styled more easily when wet.

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  • 36. 

    You should hold both the comb and shears in your dominant hand while

    • A.

      Styling hair

    • B.

      Blow-drying hair

    • C.

      Combing hair

    • D.

      Cutting hair

    Correct Answer
    C. Combing hair
    Explanation
    This question is confusing -- but "combing hair" is the answer given by the answer key. Why would you be holding shears if you are only combing hair? But, if you are cutting hair, you may transfer the comb to your non-dominant hand? CONFUSING QUESTION!

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  • 37. 

    When giving a soft-curl perm, apply thio until hair on all rods is thoroughly saturated, then

    • A.

      Mist with water

    • B.

      Rinse excess thio

    • C.

      Drape the client

    • D.

      Replace saturated cotton

    Correct Answer
    D. Replace saturated cotton
    Explanation
    When giving a soft-curl perm, it is important to ensure that the hair on all rods is thoroughly saturated with thio. Once this is done, the next step is to replace the saturated cotton. This is necessary because the cotton absorbs excess thio and helps to prevent it from dripping onto the client's skin or clothing. By replacing the saturated cotton, the stylist ensures that the perm process is controlled and that the client remains comfortable and protected.

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  • 38. 

    When giving a soft-curl perm, you should take a test curl frequently in order to ensure

    • A.

      The hair id not becoming too curly

    • B.

      The hair is curling properly but not becoming damaged

    • C.

      The client's skin is not becoming irritated

    • D.

      The heat is not too great for the client to tolerate

    Correct Answer
    B. The hair is curling properly but not becoming damaged
    Explanation
    When giving a soft-curl perm, it is important to take a test curl frequently to ensure that the hair is curling properly but not becoming damaged. This is because a soft-curl perm should create gentle, natural-looking curls without causing any harm to the hair. By checking the test curl regularly, the stylist can make adjustments to the process if needed, such as adjusting the timing or the solution used, to achieve the desired result without causing damage to the hair.

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  • 39. 

    The action of sodium hydroxide relaxer causes the hair to

    • A.

      Soften and swell

    • B.

      Expand and harden

    • C.

      Harden and set

    • D.

      Shrink

    Correct Answer
    A. Soften and swell
    Explanation
    When sodium hydroxide relaxer is applied to the hair, it causes the hair to soften and swell. This is because sodium hydroxide is a strong alkaline compound that breaks down the protein bonds in the hair, allowing it to become more pliable and easier to manipulate. The swelling of the hair shaft also helps to loosen the curl pattern and straighten the hair. Therefore, the correct answer is "soften and swell".

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  • 40. 

    On which type of hair should you use and acid-balanced perm?

    • A.

      Coarse, resistant hair

    • B.

      Highlighted or tinted hair

    • C.

      Normal hair

    • D.

      Fine, resistant hair

    Correct Answer
    B. Highlighted or tinted hair
    Explanation
    An acid-balanced perm is suitable for highlighted or tinted hair because it is gentler and less damaging compared to other types of perms. Highlighted or tinted hair is already chemically treated, and using an acid-balanced perm helps to minimize further damage and maintain the color and condition of the hair. This type of perm provides a softer and more natural-looking curl, which is ideal for highlighted or tinted hair.

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  • 41. 

    Which statement about the use of a razor for haircutting is INCORRECT?

    • A.

      The razor guard should face you, the cosmetologist, while you use the razor

    • B.

      The razor can be used for thinning as well as for haircutting

    • C.

      When combing the hair, put the razor down and hold the comb in your dominant hand

    • D.

      Keep the hair damp while working to prevent dulling the blade of the razor

    Correct Answer
    C. When combing the hair, put the razor down and hold the comb in your dominant hand
    Explanation
    The incorrect statement is "when combing the hair, put the razor down and hold the comb in your dominant hand." When combing the hair, the razor should be held in the non-dominant hand while the comb is held in the dominant hand. This allows for better control and precision while cutting or thinning the hair with the razor.

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  • 42. 

    Texturizing is also referred to as

    • A.

      Thinning

    • B.

      Cross-checking

    • C.

      Sectioning

    • D.

      Parting

    Correct Answer
    A. Thinning
    Explanation
    Texturizing is a technique used in hair cutting to remove bulk and create texture in the hair. Thinning is the term commonly used to describe this technique, where the hair is strategically thinned out to reduce its density and create a softer, more textured look. Cross-checking, sectioning, and parting are all different techniques or processes used in hair cutting, but they are not specifically synonymous with texturizing.

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  • 43. 

    The main active ingredient in an alkaline perm is

    • A.

      Hydrogen peroxide

    • B.

      Ammonium thioglycolate

    • C.

      Glycerol

    • D.

      Potassium bromate

    Correct Answer
    B. Ammonium thioglycolate
    Explanation
    Ammonium thioglycolate is the main active ingredient in an alkaline perm. It is a reducing agent that breaks the disulfide bonds in the hair, allowing it to be reshaped. This chemical is responsible for the curling or straightening effect of a perm. Hydrogen peroxide is commonly used in hair bleaching or coloring processes, but it is not the main active ingredient in an alkaline perm. Glycerol and potassium bromate are not typically used in perm solutions.

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  • 44. 

    Relaxers with ammonium thioglycolate differ from relaxers with sodium hydroxide because thio is

    • A.

      Milder

    • B.

      Quicker

    • C.

      More dangerous

    • D.

      Hotter

    Correct Answer
    A. Milder
    Explanation
    Relaxers with ammonium thioglycolate are milder compared to relaxers with sodium hydroxide. Ammonium thioglycolate is a gentler chemical that is less likely to cause damage or irritation to the scalp and hair. It works by breaking down the protein bonds in the hair, allowing it to be reshaped or straightened. Sodium hydroxide, on the other hand, is a stronger chemical that can cause more damage if not used properly. It is important to choose the right relaxer based on hair type and desired results to minimize the risk of damage.

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  • 45. 

    Texturizing can

    • A.

      Reduce bulk and create support

    • B.

      Create visual texture

    • C.

      Create fullness and mobility

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Texturizing techniques in hairstyling can serve multiple purposes. By reducing bulk and creating support, texturizing can help to remove excess weight from the hair and provide structure and lift. Additionally, texturizing can create visual texture by adding dimension and movement to the hair. It can also create fullness and mobility, making the hair appear thicker and more voluminous. Therefore, the correct answer is "all of the above."

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  • 46. 

    The technical name for the nail is

    • A.

      Onyx

    • B.

      Cuticle

    • C.

      Mantle

    • D.

      Lunula

    Correct Answer
    A. Onyx
    Explanation
    The technical name for the nail is "onyx" because onyx refers to the hard, translucent substance that makes up the nail. It is derived from the Greek word "onychos," meaning claw or nail. The term onyx is commonly used in medical and anatomical contexts to describe the structure and composition of the nail.

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  • 47. 

    While shampooing, protect the client's face and ears from water spray with

    • A.

      Your hand

    • B.

      The cape

    • C.

      A neck strip

    • D.

      An apron

    Correct Answer
    A. Your hand
    Explanation
    While shampooing, it is important to protect the client's face and ears from water spray. Using your hand to shield the client's face and ears is an effective method as it allows for precise control and ensures that water does not come into contact with sensitive areas. This method also allows for quick adjustments based on the client's comfort level. Using a cape, neck strip, or apron may provide some protection but may not be as effective in preventing water from reaching the client's face and ears.

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  • 48. 

    The occipital bone forms the back and base of the

    • A.

      Neck

    • B.

      Cranium

    • C.

      Upper jaw

    • D.

      Forehead

    Correct Answer
    B. Cranium
    Explanation
    The occipital bone is a cranial bone that is located at the back and base of the skull. It forms the posterior part of the cranium, providing protection to the brain and support to the skull. Therefore, the correct answer is cranium.

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  • 49. 

    Overgrown cuticles are referred to as

    • A.

      Onychophagy

    • B.

      Agnails

    • C.

      Leucoychia

    • D.

      Pterygium

    Correct Answer
    D. Pterygium
    Explanation
    A pterygium refers to an overgrowth of the cuticle, which is the skin that covers the base of the nail. This condition can cause the cuticle to extend and cover a larger portion of the nail, sometimes even growing onto the nail plate itself. Pterygium can be caused by various factors such as excessive dryness, trauma, or repetitive picking or biting of the cuticles. It can be unsightly and may cause discomfort or pain if left untreated. Therefore, pterygium is the correct answer for the given question.

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  • 50. 

    Whichh is the quickest way to lighten hair?

    • A.

      Tint remover

    • B.

      Oil bleach

    • C.

      Powder or paste bleach

    • D.

      Pre-softener

    Correct Answer
    C. Powder or paste bleach
    Explanation
    Powder or paste bleach is the quickest way to lighten hair. Bleaching agents in powder or paste form contain high concentrations of chemicals like hydrogen peroxide, which effectively strip the hair of its natural color. These bleaching agents work by breaking down the melanin pigment in the hair shaft, causing it to lighten. Compared to other options like tint remover, oil bleach, or pre-softener, powder or paste bleach is known for its fast and efficient lightening results.

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