Soalan Psl

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| By Lissa_passo
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Quizzes Created: 6 | Total Attempts: 19,733
Questions: 26 | Attempts: 3,837

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Soalan Psl - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Di antara berikut yang manakah di kenali sebagai power house

    • A.

      Nucleus

    • B.

      Libosome

    • C.

      Ribosome

    • D.

      Mitochondria

    Correct Answer
    D. Mitochondria
    Explanation
    Mitochondria are known as the powerhouses of the cell. They are responsible for producing most of the energy needed by the cell to carry out its functions. Through a process called cellular respiration, mitochondria convert nutrients into adenosine triphosphate (ATP), which is the main source of energy for cellular activities. This energy production is essential for the cell to perform various metabolic processes and maintain its overall functioning. Therefore, mitochondria are recognized as the powerhouses of the cell.

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  • 2. 

    Terangkan mengenai tulang sesamoid

    • A.

      Bentuk kiub

    • B.

      Bentuk panjang

    • C.

      Ada lapisan yang padat

    • D.

      Bentuk kompleks dan sekata

    Correct Answer
    D. Bentuk kompleks dan sekata
    Explanation
    Tulang sesamoid memiliki bentuk kompleks dan sekata. Ini berarti bahwa tulang ini tidak memiliki bentuk yang sederhana seperti kubus atau bentuk panjang. Sebaliknya, tulang sesamoid memiliki bentuk yang lebih kompleks dan seragam. Tulang ini juga memiliki lapisan yang padat, yang menambah kekuatan dan kepadatan tulang tersebut.

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  • 3. 

    Proses pernafasan melibatkan fasa berikut kecuali

    • A.

      Pertukaran gas

    • B.

      Pulse

    • C.

      Inspirasi

    • D.

      Ekspirasi

    Correct Answer
    A. Pertukaran gas
    Explanation
    The process of respiration involves several phases, including inspiration, expiration, and the exchange of gases. However, the term "pertukaran gas" translates to "gas exchange" in English, which is a crucial step in respiration. Therefore, the correct answer is "pertukaran gas" because it is not excluded from the respiratory process.

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  • 4. 

     Apakah fungsi darah dalam tubuh

    • A.

      Hasilkan antibodi

    • B.

      Mengikat otot licin

    • C.

      Menyokong organ

    • D.

      Kawal pH dalam badan

    Correct Answer
    D. Kawal pH dalam badan
    Explanation
    Darah memiliki fungsi untuk mengatur pH dalam tubuh. pH adalah ukuran keasaman atau kebasaan dalam tubuh yang penting untuk menjaga keseimbangan kimia dan fungsi normal sel-sel tubuh. Darah mengandung zat-zat kimia seperti bikarbonat dan ion hidrogen yang berperan dalam mengatur pH. Jika pH tubuh terlalu asam atau terlalu basa, dapat menyebabkan gangguan pada fungsi organ dan sel. Oleh karena itu, darah berperan penting dalam menjaga pH tubuh agar tetap dalam kisaran yang sehat.

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  • 5. 

    Komponen penting dalam proses pembekuan darah

    • A.

      Monocyte

    • B.

      Leucocyte

    • C.

      Erythrocyte

    • D.

      Thrombocyte

    Correct Answer
    D. Thrombocyte
    Explanation
    Thrombocytes, also known as platelets, are an important component in the blood clotting process. When there is an injury or damage to a blood vessel, thrombocytes gather at the site and form a plug to stop bleeding. They release chemicals that attract more platelets and help in the formation of a stable blood clot. Without thrombocytes, the blood clotting process would be impaired, leading to excessive bleeding and difficulty in wound healing. Therefore, thrombocytes play a crucial role in hemostasis and are essential for the proper functioning of the blood clotting mechanism.

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  • 6. 

    Sendi yang tidak boleh bergerak terdapat di

    • A.

      Fibrous Tendon

    • B.

      Sinovial tendon

    • C.

      Membrane synovial

    • D.

      Cartilaginous tendon

    Correct Answer
    A. Fibrous Tendon
    Explanation
    A fibrous tendon is a type of connective tissue that connects muscle to bone and is responsible for transmitting forces from muscle to bone, allowing movement. Unlike synovial tendons, which are surrounded by synovial fluid-filled sheaths and allow for smooth movement, fibrous tendons do not have this fluid-filled sheath and therefore do not allow for movement. Therefore, a sendi (joint) that cannot move would be supported by fibrous tendons.

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  • 7. 

    Pilih pernyataan yang betul berkaitan dengan fungsi bladder

    • A.

      Menghasilkan urin

    • B.

      Menghasilkan hormon erithropoietin

    • C.

      Mengawal keseimbangan elektrolit

    • D.

      Merupakan tempat penakungan urin

    Correct Answer
    D. Merupakan tempat penakungan urin
    Explanation
    Bladder adalah organ yang berfungsi sebagai tempat penampungan urin sebelum dikeluarkan dari tubuh. Fungsi utama bladder adalah menyimpan urin yang diproduksi oleh ginjal dan mengeluarkannya saat sudah mencapai kapasitas tertentu.

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  • 8. 

    Penyataan ini adalah pathogen dan jenis penyakit

    • A.

      Virus-malaria

    • B.

      Fungus-hepatitis

    • C.

      Bakteria-cholera

    • D.

      Protozoa-tubercolisis

    Correct Answer
    C. Bakteria-cholera
    Explanation
    The given statement is about pathogens and types of diseases caused by them. The correct answer, "Bakteria-cholera," aligns with this statement as it correctly identifies bacteria as the pathogen and cholera as the disease caused by it.

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  • 9. 

    Jururawat telah memberi ubat frusemide mengikut arahan Dr kepada Encik Y yang mengalami congestive cardiac failure.Berikut adalah tindakan kesan daripada Frusemide kecuali 

    • A.

      Decreased edema

    • B.

      Increase urinary output

    • C.

      Increase blood preasure

    • D.

      Decreased shortness of breath

    Correct Answer
    C. Increase blood preasure
    Explanation
    Frusemide is a diuretic medication commonly used to treat congestive cardiac failure. It works by increasing the excretion of water and electrolytes through urine. This leads to a decrease in fluid overload and subsequently reduces edema (swelling) in the body. It also helps to relieve symptoms such as shortness of breath by reducing fluid accumulation in the lungs. However, frusemide does not increase blood pressure. In fact, it typically has a hypotensive effect by promoting fluid loss. Therefore, the correct answer is "Increase blood pressure."

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  • 10. 

    Tindakan yang perlu anda lakukan sekiranya berlaku kesilapan semasa mendokumentasi dalam record dangerous drug adalah

    • A.

      Kemukakan surat tunjuk sebab

    • B.

      Maklumkan kepada Ketua Jururawat

    • C.

      Gariskan bahagian yang salah dan tandatangan 

    • D.

      Padamkan kesalahan menggunakan pemadam dan pembaris

    Correct Answer
    C. Gariskan bahagian yang salah dan tandatangan 
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to underline the incorrect section and sign it.

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  • 11. 

    Tujuan perkenalkan diet suku-suku separuh untuk kekalkan kesihatan yang optima adalah sebagai

    • A.

      Panduan pengambilan makanan mengikut keperluan 

    • B.

      Panduan pemakanan kegemaran ramai

    • C.

      Panduan saiz otot yang di alami seseorang

    • D.

      Memberi gambaran corak pemakanan rakyat Malaysia

    Correct Answer
    A. Panduan pengambilan makanan mengikut keperluan 
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Panduan pengambilan makanan mengikut keperluan". This is because the purpose of introducing the suku-suku separuh diet is to maintain optimal health by providing a guideline for individuals to consume food according to their specific needs. This means that the diet takes into account individual requirements and helps them make informed choices about their food intake.

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  • 12. 

     Pertumbuhan perkembangan individu dalam bentuk fizikal adalah

    • A.

      Perubahan saiz badan yang di alami individu

    • B.

      Perubahan saiz otot yang di alami individu

    • C.

      Kebolehan individu memahami diri sendiri

    • D.

      Kebolehan individu memahami sesuatu berkaitan dengan kematangan sistem

    Correct Answer
    D. Kebolehan individu memahami sesuatu berkaitan dengan kematangan sistem
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Kebolehan individu memahami sesuatu berkaitan dengan kematangan sistem" because it refers to the individual's ability to understand something related to the maturity of the system. This suggests that the growth and development of an individual in a physical form is not solely about changes in body size or muscle size, but also about their cognitive abilities and understanding of the world around them in relation to the maturity of their system.

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  • 13. 

    Tafsiran terhadap sesuatu kenyataan menjadi kurang tepat senmasa proses mendapatkan maklumat dari pesakit di sebabkan oleh

    • A.

      Mendegar secara selektif

    • B.

      Menggunakan eye contact

    • C.

      Mewujudkan komunikasi dua hala

    • D.

      Memberikan tumpuan kepada non-verbal communication

    Correct Answer
    A. Mendegar secara selektif
    Explanation
    The explanation for the given correct answer is that selective listening refers to the tendency of individuals to pay attention only to certain parts of a conversation or information while ignoring others. This can lead to a less accurate interpretation of the statement because important details may be missed or misunderstood. In the context of obtaining information from a patient, selective listening can hinder the healthcare provider's ability to fully understand the patient's condition or concerns.

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  • 14. 

    Sebagai jururawat  anda perlu mengamalkan nilai-nilai murni bagi mencapai kepuasan pelanggan melalui 

    • A.

      Maklum balas daripada klien

    • B.

      Surat penghargaan dari pihak pengurusan

    • C.

      Bilangan anggota yang mendapat anugerah

    • D.

      Peningkatan bilangan pesakit mendapat rawatan 

    Correct Answer
    A. Maklum balas daripada klien
    Explanation
    As a nurse, it is important to practice core values in order to achieve customer satisfaction. One of the ways to measure customer satisfaction is through feedback from clients or patients. By receiving feedback from clients, nurses can assess their performance and make improvements if needed. This feedback can help nurses understand the needs and expectations of their clients, leading to better care and satisfaction.

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  • 15. 

    Jururawat perlu mengamalkan sikat proaktif dalam memberi perkhidmatan kejururawatan.Amalan tersebut ialah

    • A.

      Bertindak sebelum di beri arahan 

    • B.

      Bersedia awal sebelum di beri tugas

    • C.

      Bertindak pantas dalam semua situasi

    • D.

      Beri bantuan tanpa balasan

    Correct Answer
    C. Bertindak pantas dalam semua situasi
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Bertindak pantas dalam semua situasi" because nurses need to act quickly and efficiently in all situations to provide timely and effective healthcare services. This includes responding promptly to emergencies, assessing and addressing patients' needs promptly, and providing timely interventions and treatments. By acting promptly, nurses can help prevent complications, improve patient outcomes, and ensure the delivery of quality healthcare services.

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  • 16. 

    Semasa mengangkat pesakit Jururawat perlu mengekalkan keseimbangan pergerakan tubuh

    • A.

      Regangkan kaki untuk luaskan dasar sokongan

    • B.

      Bongkokkan ke hadapan

    • C.

      Guna internal grifle

    • D.

      Letakkan kedudukan  pesakit di atas pinggang jururawat

    Correct Answer
    A. Regangkan kaki untuk luaskan dasar sokongan
    Explanation
    When lifting a patient, it is important for the nurse to maintain balance and stability. By stretching the legs and widening the base of support, the nurse can ensure a solid foundation for lifting and carrying the patient. This will help prevent falls or injuries to both the nurse and the patient.

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  • 17. 

    Kehilangan haba dari badan ke persekitaran sejuk ialah melalui proses

    • A.

      Radiation

    • B.

      Evaporation

    • C.

      Conduction

    • D.

      Convection

    Correct Answer
    D. Convection
    Explanation
    Kehilangan haba dari badan ke persekitaran sejuk melalui proses konveksi. Konveksi adalah perpindahan haba melalui pergerakan zarah-zarah dalam bendalir atau gas. Dalam kes ini, haba hilang apabila zarah-zarah haba di dalam badan bergerak dan memindahkan haba kepada zarah-zarah haba yang lain dalam persekitaran sejuk.

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  • 18. 

    Encik A di masukkan ke wad kerana sesak nafas.Doktor arahkan oksigen 5L/min.Kaedah yang sesuai

    • A.

      Ventimask

    • B.

      Nasal prong 

    • C.

      Nasal catheter

    • D.

      High Flow Mask

    Correct Answer
    A. Ventimask
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Ventimask. Ventimask is a device used to deliver oxygen to a patient with respiratory distress. It provides a higher concentration of oxygen compared to other methods such as nasal prong or nasal catheter. This is suitable for Encik A who is experiencing shortness of breath.

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  • 19. 

     Kurang pengambilan lemak akan mengakibatkan

    • A.

      Obesiti

    • B.

      Hipertensi

    • C.

      Sakit Pinggang

    • D.

      Tumbesaran terbantut

    Correct Answer
    D. Tumbesaran terbantut
    Explanation
    Kurang pengambilan lemak akan mengakibatkan tumbesaran terbantut. Fat is an essential nutrient that plays a crucial role in growth and development. It provides energy and helps in the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins. Without an adequate intake of fat, the body may not receive enough energy and nutrients for proper growth, leading to stunted growth.

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  • 20. 

    Tujuan pengguanan heat theraphy seperti berikut kecuali

    • A.

      Membantu penyembuhan 

    • B.

      Mengekalkan suhu panas

    • C.

      Untuk mengawal pendarahan

    • D.

      Untuk kurangkan kesakitan

    Correct Answer
    C. Untuk mengawal pendarahan
    Explanation
    Heat therapy is commonly used to aid in the healing process, maintain warmth, and reduce pain. However, it is not typically used to control bleeding. Other methods such as direct pressure or medical interventions are usually employed to control bleeding. Therefore, the correct answer is "Untuk mengawal pendarahan" (To control bleeding).

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  • 21. 

    Dextrose 5% merupakan solusi jenis 

    • A.

      Isotonik

    • B.

      Hypotonik

    • C.

      Hypertonik

    • D.

      Hyperosmolar

    Correct Answer
    A. Isotonik
    Explanation
    Dextrose 5% is an isotonic solution because it has the same osmotic pressure as the body's fluids. Isotonic solutions have the same concentration of solutes as the cells in the body, allowing for equal movement of water in and out of the cells without causing any cell shrinkage or swelling. Dextrose 5% is commonly used as a source of energy and to treat dehydration.

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  • 22. 

    Berikut merupakan symptom pesakit CCF yang mengalami fluid volume deficit

    • A.

      Lung congestion

    • B.

      Decreased hematocrit

    • C.

      Increased BP

    • D.

      Decreased CVP

    Correct Answer
    D. Decreased CVP
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Decreased CVP". In patients with congestive heart failure (CCF) experiencing fluid volume deficit, the central venous pressure (CVP) is expected to decrease. CVP is a measurement of the pressure in the large veins near the heart and is commonly used to assess fluid status. In fluid volume deficit, there is a decrease in blood volume, leading to a decrease in the pressure within the veins. This can be observed as a decreased CVP. The other symptoms mentioned, such as lung congestion, decreased hematocrit, and increased blood pressure, are not consistent with fluid volume deficit in CCF.

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  • 23. 

    Seorang pesakit telah mengadu diarea selama 2 hari di sertai abdominal & muscle cramp .Pesakit mungkn telah mengalami 

    • A.

      Fluid excess

    • B.

      Hyponatremia

    • C.

      Hypocalcaemia

    • D.

      Hypernatremia

    • E.

      Option 5

    Correct Answer
    B. Hyponatremia
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Hyponatremia. Hyponatremia is a condition characterized by low levels of sodium in the blood. In this case, the patient has been experiencing abdominal and muscle cramps, which can be symptoms of hyponatremia. This condition can occur due to excessive fluid intake or retention, causing an imbalance in electrolytes. It is important to diagnose and treat hyponatremia promptly to prevent further complications.

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  • 24. 

    Penyakit kronik alcoholism adalah berisiko mengalami 

    • A.

      Hyponatremia

    • B.

      Hypernatremia

    • C.

      Hypomagnesemia

    • D.

      Hypermagnesemia

    Correct Answer
    C. Hypomagnesemia
    Explanation
    Hypomagnesemia is a condition characterized by low levels of magnesium in the blood. Chronic alcoholism can lead to hypomagnesemia because alcohol interferes with the absorption and metabolism of magnesium in the body. Magnesium is an essential mineral that plays a crucial role in various bodily functions, including nerve and muscle function, heart rhythm regulation, and bone health. Therefore, individuals with chronic alcoholism are at risk of developing hypomagnesemia due to their poor magnesium intake and absorption.

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  • 25. 

    Keputusan ABG mengalami metabolic acidosis.Pilih keadaan yang sesuai kecuali 

    • A.

      Infusion sodium bicarbonate 

    • B.

      Vital sign yang rapi

    • C.

      Oxygen high flow mask

    • D.

      Gantian cecair di teruskan 

    Correct Answer
    C. Oxygen high flow mask
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Oxygen high flow mask." Oxygen high flow mask is not a suitable treatment for metabolic acidosis. Metabolic acidosis is a condition characterized by an excess of acid in the body, and it is typically treated with sodium bicarbonate infusion to help restore the body's pH balance. Oxygen high flow mask is used to deliver a high concentration of oxygen to patients with respiratory issues, but it does not address the underlying metabolic acidosis. Therefore, it is not a suitable choice for treating metabolic acidosis.

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  • 26. 

    Homeostasis bermula dalam penyembuhan luka peringkat 

    • A.

      Mature

    • B.

      Inflamasi

    • C.

      Proliferasi

    • D.

      Remodelling

    Correct Answer
    B. Inflamasi
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Inflamasi". Inflamasi refers to the inflammatory stage of wound healing. It is the initial response to tissue injury and involves the release of chemical mediators that cause blood vessels to dilate and become more permeable, allowing immune cells to migrate to the site of injury. This stage is important for clearing debris and pathogens from the wound and initiating the healing process.

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