Mining, Natural Gas, Non Renewable Energy - Antonella Pena

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Mining Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What are the types of mining? (Check two)

    • A.

      Drill mining

    • B.

      Strip mining

    • C.

      Bulldozer mining

    • D.

      Tunnel mining

    • E.

      Underground mining

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Strip mining
    E. Underground mining
    Explanation
    Strip mining and underground mining are two types of mining. Strip mining involves removing the surface layer of soil and rock to access the minerals underneath. This method is commonly used for extracting coal and oil sands. Underground mining, on the other hand, involves extracting minerals from beneath the Earth's surface. This method is used when the minerals are located deep underground and cannot be accessed through surface mining techniques. It involves creating tunnels and shafts to reach the mineral deposits.

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  • 2. 

    What is the purpose of processing ore?

    • A.

      To remove unwanted rock

    • B.

      To make it shinier

    • C.

      To shape it

    • D.

      To clean it

    • E.

      No purpose

    Correct Answer
    A. To remove unwanted rock
    Explanation
    The purpose of processing ore is to remove unwanted rock. Ore typically contains a mixture of valuable minerals and unwanted rock or waste material. Processing involves extracting and separating the valuable minerals from the ore, which often involves crushing, grinding, and various chemical and physical processes. Removing the unwanted rock allows for the concentration of the valuable minerals, making them easier to extract and utilize.

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  • 3. 

    How is ore processed?

    • A.

      It's put in a tank filled with boiling water, then in a high-temperature furnace

    • B.

      It's put in a high-temperature furnace

    • C.

      It's put in a tank filled with water and a variety of chemicals, then in a high-temperature furnace

    • D.

      Specialists use tools to pick out the ore

    • E.

      It's put in a tank filled with water and a variety of chemicals, then frozen

    Correct Answer
    C. It's put in a tank filled with water and a variety of chemicals, then in a high-temperature furnace
    Explanation
    Ore is processed by being put in a tank filled with water and a variety of chemicals, which helps to separate impurities from the ore. This mixture is then heated in a high-temperature furnace to further extract the desired minerals from the ore. The high temperature in the furnace helps to melt the ore and separate it from any remaining impurities, resulting in the final processed product.

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  • 4. 

    What is Coal?

    • A.

      Shell

    • B.

      Soccer ball

    • C.

      Fossil fuel

    • D.

      Rock

    Correct Answer
    C. Fossil fuel
    Explanation
    Coal is a fossil fuel that is formed from the remains of plants that lived and died millions of years ago. Over time, the plants were buried under layers of sediment and subjected to heat and pressure. This process transformed the plant material into coal. As a fossil fuel, coal is a non-renewable energy source that is burned to generate electricity and heat. It is widely used around the world as a source of energy and is one of the main contributors to global greenhouse gas emissions.

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  • 5. 

    Why do we use coal?

    • A.

      Sake of it

    • B.

      Play with it

    • C.

      Swim with it

    • D.

      Make electricity

    Correct Answer
    D. Make electricity
    Explanation
    Coal is used to make electricity. It is a fossil fuel that is burned in power plants to generate heat, which is then used to produce steam. The steam drives turbines that are connected to generators, converting mechanical energy into electrical energy. Coal is a reliable and abundant source of energy, making it a popular choice for electricity generation in many countries.

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  • 6. 

    How many years ago was coal discovered?

    • A.

      300 million years

    • B.

      550 million years

    • C.

      1000 million years ago

    • D.

      250 million years

    • E.

      100 million years

    Correct Answer
    A. 300 million years
    Explanation
    Coal was discovered approximately 300 million years ago. This is supported by scientific evidence and geological studies which suggest that coal formation began during the Carboniferous Period, around 300 million years ago. During this time, large forests covered the Earth, and as these plants died and accumulated, they were eventually buried and subjected to heat and pressure, leading to the formation of coal deposits. Therefore, 300 million years ago is the most accurate estimate for when coal was discovered.

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  • 7. 

    Where is coal found underground?

    • A.

      Smooth places

    • B.

      Hard places

    • C.

      Rocky places

    • D.

      Wet places

    Correct Answer
    C. Rocky places
    Explanation
    Coal is typically found underground in rocky places. This is because coal is formed from the remains of plants that lived in swampy environments millions of years ago. These plants were buried under layers of sediment, which eventually turned into rock. Over time, heat and pressure transformed the plant material into coal. Therefore, coal deposits are commonly found in areas with rocky formations where the necessary conditions for coal formation were present.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following is a conversion from chemical energy to thermal energy?

    • A.

      Coal is burned to boil water.

    • B.

      Food is digested and used to regulate body temperature.

    • C.

      Charcoal is burned in a barbeque pit.

    • D.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above.
    Explanation
    All of the given options involve the conversion of chemical energy to thermal energy. When coal is burned to boil water, the chemical energy stored in coal is released as heat, which raises the temperature of the water. Similarly, during the process of digestion, the chemical energy in food is converted into thermal energy, which helps regulate body temperature. Burning charcoal in a barbeque pit also involves the conversion of chemical energy to thermal energy, as the combustion of charcoal releases heat. Therefore, all the options mentioned involve the conversion from chemical energy to thermal energy.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following is the best example of increasing an object's potential energy?

    • A.

      Rolling a bowling ball

    • B.

      Turning on a light bulb

    • C.

      Stretching a rubber band

    • D.

      Dropping a pencil

    Correct Answer
    C. Stretching a rubber band
    Explanation
    Stretching a rubber band is the best example of increasing an object's potential energy. When a rubber band is stretched, work is done to overcome the elastic forces within the band, storing potential energy in the stretched band. The potential energy is released when the rubber band is released, causing it to snap back to its original shape.

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  • 10. 

    An object that has kinetic energy must be...

    • A.

      Lifted above earth's surface.

    • B.

      In motion.

    • C.

      At rest.

    • D.

      None of the above.

    Correct Answer
    B. In motion.
    Explanation
    An object that has kinetic energy must be in motion because kinetic energy is the energy possessed by an object due to its motion. When an object is in motion, it has the ability to do work and transfer energy. Therefore, if an object is at rest or lifted above the earth's surface, it does not have kinetic energy.

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  • 11. 

    Energy is...

    • A.

      Anything at moves.

    • B.

      The ability to do work.

    • C.

      Unable to be seen.

    • D.

      Able to be created

    Correct Answer
    B. The ability to do work.
    Explanation
    Energy is defined as the ability to do work. Work is the transfer of energy from one object to another, or the transformation of energy from one form to another. Energy is not limited to just movement or being able to be seen. It can exist in various forms such as kinetic energy, potential energy, thermal energy, and so on. Therefore, the correct answer is "the ability to do work."

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  • 12. 

    Fill in the blanks....The law of                         of energy states that energy can not be                              or                                        . 

    • A.

      Properties, seen, heard.

    • B.

      Conservation, created, destroyed.

    • C.

      Conservation, created, discovered.

    • D.

      Properties, felt, smelt.

    Correct Answer
    B. Conservation, created, destroyed.
    Explanation
    The law of conservation of energy states that energy cannot be created or destroyed. This means that the total amount of energy in a closed system remains constant, although it can be transformed from one form to another.

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  • 13. 

    Chemical energy is:

    • A.

      Energy from Coal and wood.

    • B.

      Energy from breathing.

    • C.

      The heat you give off.

    • D.

      Hydro-Electric Dams

    • E.

      Circumference

    Correct Answer
    A. Energy from Coal and wood.
    Explanation
    Chemical energy refers to the energy stored in the bonds of chemical compounds, such as coal and wood. When these substances undergo combustion, the chemical bonds are broken, releasing energy in the form of heat and light. Coal and wood are commonly used as fuel sources due to their high chemical energy content. Energy from breathing, the heat you give off, hydro-electric dams, and circumference are not examples of chemical energy.

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  • 14. 

    Fossil Fuels are:

    • A.

      Non-Renewable

    • B.

      Delicious foods!

    • C.

      The fuel you get when you use coconut lubricants.

    • D.

      A wink for MSN.

    • E.

      Never going to run out

    Correct Answer
    A. Non-Renewable
    Explanation
    Fossil fuels are classified as non-renewable because they are formed over millions of years from the remains of plants and animals that lived long ago. These resources, such as coal, oil, and natural gas, are being extracted and burned at a much faster rate than they can be replenished naturally. As a result, once these fossil fuel reserves are depleted, they cannot be easily replaced within a human lifetime. This makes them non-renewable and highlights the need for alternative and sustainable sources of energy.

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  • 15. 

    What is Sulfur?

    • A.

      A nonmetallic chemical element

    • B.

      A yellow rock

    • C.

      Dried up lava

    • D.

      Rain

    Correct Answer
    A. A nonmetallic chemical element
    Explanation
    Sulfur is a nonmetallic chemical element. It is a yellow, brittle solid that is found in nature and has a variety of uses. It is commonly used in the production of sulfuric acid and fertilizers, as well as in the vulcanization of rubber. Sulfur is also an essential element for all living organisms and is found in proteins and vitamins.

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  • 16. 

    What does acid rain do?

    • A.

      Creates winds

    • B.

      Increases productivity of plants

    • C.

      Lowers the pH of soils, lakes, and rivers

    • D.

      Blocks solar radiation

    Correct Answer
    C. Lowers the pH of soils, lakes, and rivers
    Explanation
    Acid rain is formed when pollutants such as sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides react with water vapor in the atmosphere, forming sulfuric acid and nitric acid. When acid rain falls onto the ground, it lowers the pH of soils, lakes, and rivers. This can have detrimental effects on the environment, as it can harm plants, aquatic life, and soil quality.

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  • 17. 

    How is Sulfur Dioxide NOT created? 

    • A.

      Smelting

    • B.

      Burning coal

    • C.

      Volcanoes

    • D.

      Compressing ocean rocks

    Correct Answer
    D. Compressing ocean rocks
    Explanation
    Sulfur dioxide is not created by compressing ocean rocks. Sulfur dioxide is primarily produced by burning coal, smelting, and volcanic activity. Compressing ocean rocks does not release sulfur dioxide into the atmosphere.

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  • 18. 

    How are humans trying to be proactive in reducing our sulfur emission? 

    • A.

      By refining fossil fuels in factories

    • B.

      By using clean coal

    • C.

      By producing acid rain

    • D.

      Increasing metal mining

    Correct Answer
    B. By using clean coal
    Explanation
    Humans are trying to be proactive in reducing our sulfur emissions by using clean coal. Clean coal refers to the process of removing pollutants, including sulfur, from coal before it is burned. This helps to minimize the release of sulfur dioxide into the atmosphere, which is a major contributor to air pollution and acid rain. By using clean coal technology, humans aim to reduce the environmental impact of coal combustion and mitigate the harmful effects of sulfur emissions on human health and the environment.

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  • 19. 

    Sulfur dioxide is formed when fuel containing sulfer is ______, reacting with _______ to form sulfer dioxide

    Correct Answer
    burnt
    oxygen
    Explanation
    Sulfur dioxide is formed when fuel containing sulfur is burnt, reacting with oxygen to form sulfur dioxide. During the combustion process, sulfur in the fuel combines with oxygen from the air to produce sulfur dioxide as a byproduct. This reaction is commonly observed in various industrial processes and combustion of fossil fuels, contributing to air pollution and the formation of acid rain.

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  • 20. 

    Can sulfur dioxide be formed in smelting?

    • A.

      Yes

    • B.

      No

    Correct Answer
    A. Yes
    Explanation
    Sulfur dioxide can indeed be formed in smelting. Smelting is a process used to extract metal from its ore by heating and melting it. During this process, sulfur-containing minerals present in the ore can react with oxygen in the air to produce sulfur dioxide gas. This gas is a common byproduct of smelting operations and is known for its pungent odor and harmful effects on human health and the environment. Therefore, the answer is yes, sulfur dioxide can be formed in smelting.

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  • 21. 

    Which process emits the most sulfur dioxide?

    • A.

      Transport

    • B.

      Smelting

    • C.

      Utilities

    Correct Answer
    B. Smelting
    Explanation
    Smelting is the process that emits the most sulfur dioxide. Smelting involves the extraction of metal from its ore by heating it at high temperatures, which often requires the use of sulfur-containing fuels. During this process, sulfur dioxide is released as a byproduct. This is because sulfur present in the ore or fuel combines with oxygen in the air to form sulfur dioxide gas. Therefore, smelting is known to be a significant source of sulfur dioxide emissions.

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  • 22. 

    Name some harmful effects on health caused by sulfur dioxide.

    Correct Answer
    eye irritation
    coughing
    wheezing
    shortness of breathe
    Explanation
    Sulfur dioxide is a harmful gas that can have various negative effects on health. Exposure to sulfur dioxide can cause eye irritation, leading to discomfort, redness, and watering of the eyes. It can also result in coughing, as the gas irritates the respiratory system, causing the body to try to remove it. Wheezing, characterized by a whistling sound while breathing, can occur due to the constriction of the airways caused by sulfur dioxide. Additionally, shortness of breath may be experienced, making it difficult to breathe properly. These symptoms highlight the detrimental impact of sulfur dioxide on human health.

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  • 23. 

    Sulfur dioxide is formed when fuel containing sulfer is ______, reacting with _______ to form sulfer dioxide

    Correct Answer
    burnt
    oxygen
    Explanation
    Sulfur dioxide is formed when fuel containing sulfur is burnt, reacting with oxygen to form sulfur dioxide. During the combustion process, sulfur in the fuel combines with oxygen from the air to produce sulfur dioxide as a byproduct. This reaction is commonly observed in the burning of fossil fuels such as coal, oil, and natural gas, which contain sulfur impurities. The combustion of these fuels releases sulfur dioxide into the atmosphere, contributing to air pollution and the formation of acid rain.

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  • 24. 

    Can sulfur dioxide be formed in smelting?

    • A.

      Yes

    • B.

      No

    Correct Answer
    A. Yes
    Explanation
    Sulfur dioxide can be formed in smelting. Smelting is a process that involves heating and melting ores to extract metals. Sulfur is commonly present in ores, and when the ores are heated during smelting, sulfur reacts with oxygen in the air to form sulfur dioxide gas. This gas is then released into the atmosphere. Therefore, it is possible for sulfur dioxide to be formed during the smelting process.

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  • 25. 

    Which process emits the most sulfur dioxide?

    • A.

      Transport

    • B.

      Smelting

    • C.

      Utilities

    Correct Answer
    B. Smelting
    Explanation
    Smelting is the process that emits the most sulfur dioxide. Smelting involves heating and melting ores to extract metals, and this process often releases sulfur dioxide as a byproduct. Sulfur dioxide is produced when sulfur-containing minerals in the ores react with oxygen during the smelting process. This gas is a major air pollutant and can have harmful effects on human health and the environment. Therefore, smelting is known for its significant contribution to sulfur dioxide emissions.

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  • 26. 

    Name some harmful effects on health caused by sulfur dioxide.

    Correct Answer
    eye irritation
    coughing
    wheezing
    shortness of breathe
    Explanation
    Exposure to sulfur dioxide can have harmful effects on health, including eye irritation, coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath. Sulfur dioxide is a gas that is released during the burning of fossil fuels and industrial processes. When inhaled, it can irritate the eyes and respiratory system, leading to symptoms such as redness, itching, and tearing of the eyes. It can also cause coughing, wheezing, and difficulty breathing, especially in individuals with pre-existing respiratory conditions such as asthma. These effects on health highlight the importance of minimizing sulfur dioxide emissions and implementing measures to protect air quality.

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  • 27. 

    Which country is the largest consumer of coal?

    • A.

      China

    • B.

      USA

    • C.

      Russia

    • D.

      Option 4

    Correct Answer
    A. China
    Explanation
    China is the largest consumer of coal because it has a rapidly growing economy and a high demand for energy. The country relies heavily on coal for electricity generation, industrial production, and heating purposes. China's large population and extensive manufacturing sector contribute to its significant coal consumption. Additionally, China has abundant coal reserves, which further supports its position as the largest consumer of coal globally.

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  • 28. 

    Lignite is the first stage in coal formation 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Lignite being the first stage in coal formation is a factual statement. Coal is formed from the remains of plants that lived and died millions of years ago. Lignite is the earliest form of coal and is considered to be the lowest rank of coal due to its relatively low carbon content and energy density. As the process of coal formation continues, lignite undergoes further transformation into higher ranks of coal such as bituminous coal and anthracite. Therefore, the statement "Lignite is the first stage in coal formation" is true.

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  • 29. 

    Peat is the pre stage of coal formation 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Peat is indeed the pre stage of coal formation. Peat is a brown, soil-like material that forms in wetland areas where the decomposition of plant matter is slow due to the lack of oxygen. Over time, with the accumulation of more plant material and the pressure from layers of sediment, peat undergoes a process called coalification, which gradually transforms it into coal. Therefore, the statement "Peat is the pre stage of coal formation" is correct.

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  • 30. 

    Subsurface mining can't cause sinkholes 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Subsurface mining involves digging deep into the ground to extract minerals and resources. This process can weaken the stability of the ground, leading to the formation of sinkholes. Therefore, subsurface mining can indeed cause sinkholes.

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  • 31. 

    Clean is mainky used to reduce emissions during burning 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Clean is mainly used to reduce emissions during burning. This means that when something is described as "clean," it is referring to its ability to minimize or eliminate harmful pollutants released into the air or environment when it is burned. Therefore, the given statement that "Clean is mainly used to reduce emissions during burning" is true.

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  • 32. 

    Wet _____ are a type of clean coal technology 

    Correct Answer
    Scrubbers
    Explanation
    Scrubbers are a type of clean coal technology that involves removing pollutants, such as sulfur dioxide, from the emissions of coal-fired power plants. By using a combination of water and other chemicals, scrubbers capture these pollutants before they are released into the atmosphere, reducing the environmental impact of burning coal. Scrubbers are considered a crucial component in reducing air pollution and improving the overall efficiency of coal power plants.

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  • 33. 

    Another word for sinkholes is subsidence 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Sinkholes are a type of geological phenomenon where the ground collapses, creating a depression or hole. Subsidence refers to the gradual sinking or settling of the Earth's surface. Both terms refer to the same concept of the ground sinking or collapsing, making the statement "Another word for sinkholes is subsidence" true.

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  • 34. 

    Abandoned mines can emit? 

    • A.

      Particles

    • B.

      Minerals

    • C.

      Pollutants

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Abandoned mines can emit particles, minerals, and pollutants into the surrounding environment. When mines are left unattended, various substances such as dust particles, valuable minerals, and harmful pollutants can be released into the air or water. These emissions can have negative effects on the ecosystem and human health. Therefore, all of the options mentioned in the question are correct.

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  • 35. 

    _______ coal gets converted to synthetic natural gas 

    • A.

      Coal gasification

    • B.

      Coal liquification

    • C.

      Coal manifestation

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Coal gasification
    Explanation
    Coal gasification is the process of converting coal into synthetic natural gas. This involves heating coal in the presence of steam and oxygen to produce a mixture of carbon monoxide, hydrogen, and methane gases. The resulting synthetic gas can be used as a fuel for various applications, including heating, electricity generation, and chemical production. Coal liquification, on the other hand, is a different process that converts coal into liquid fuels such as diesel or gasoline. Coal manifestation is not a recognized term or process in relation to coal conversion.

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  • 36. 

    The largest natural gas reserve is in Russia 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Russia is known to have the largest natural gas reserve in the world. The country holds significant amounts of natural gas in its vast landmass and offshore regions. Russia's natural gas reserves are estimated to be around 48 trillion cubic meters, making it the leading producer and exporter of natural gas globally. The country's abundant reserves and its strategic position in the global energy market contribute to its dominance in the natural gas sector. Therefore, the statement that the largest natural gas reserve is in Russia is true.

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  • 37. 

    Conventional mining is found near coal beds 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Conventional mining is not found near coal beds. Conventional mining refers to the traditional method of mining, which involves the extraction of minerals or resources from the earth's surface or underground. Coal mining, on the other hand, specifically focuses on extracting coal from coal beds. Therefore, conventional mining can be found in various locations, not limited to coal beds.

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  • 38. 

    Fracking is injecting water at hig pressure into rocks to open existing fissures and extract oil or gas. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Fracking, also known as hydraulic fracturing, is a process that involves injecting water at high pressure into rocks to create fractures and extract oil or gas. This is done by using a mixture of water, sand, and chemicals to break apart the rocks and release the trapped resources. Therefore, the statement "Fracking is injecting water at high pressure into rocks to open existing fissures and extract oil or gas" is true.

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  • 39. 

    Unconventional mining is a non traditional type of mining 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Unconventional mining refers to non-traditional methods and techniques used for extracting minerals or resources from the earth. These methods may involve unconventional drilling techniques, such as hydraulic fracturing or in-situ leaching, or unconventional mining processes, such as deep-sea mining or asteroid mining. These methods are considered unconventional because they deviate from the traditional mining practices that involve open-pit mining or underground mining. Therefore, the statement "Unconventional mining is a non-traditional type of mining" is true.

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  • 40. 

    A disadvantage to natural gas is that it's the cleanest fossil fuel 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Natural gas is considered the cleanest fossil fuel compared to coal and oil. It produces fewer greenhouse gas emissions and pollutants when burned. Therefore, the given statement that states a disadvantage to natural gas is false.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 01, 2017
    Quiz Created by
    Antonellapena
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