Midterm For Business Ethics Widener University

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 134

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Midterm For Business Ethics Widener University

Complete the following test. The value of each question is 1. 5 points and the total value of the test is 15 points. Good luck!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What is epistemology?
    • A. 

      The theory of knowledge

    • B. 

      The theory of values

    • C. 

      A work written by the philosopher Rene Descartes

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 2. 
    What is the state of nature?
    • A. 

      A work of fiction written by George Bernard Shaw

    • B. 

      A theory about the original state of human beings. It describes a world of constant struggle and competition for resources between individuals.

    • C. 

      A theory of the ultimate building blocks of reality

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 3. 
    What is the Divine Command Theory?
    • A. 

      An argument for the existence of God advanced by the philosopher Thomas Aquinas

    • B. 

      An ancient Greek story about the creation of the world

    • C. 

      A theory about the foundations of morality. It says that God dictates what is morally good and what is morally bad

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 4. 
    What is ontology?
    • A. 

      The theory of knowledge

    • B. 

      The theory of reality

    • C. 

      The philosophy of mind

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 5. 
    What is an argument?
    • A. 

      A confrontation between two or more persons

    • B. 

      A fact

    • C. 

      A systematic arrangement of sentences

    • D. 

      All off the above

  • 6. 
    The philosopher Thomas Hobbes maintains that religion is the foundation of morality
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 7. 
    Robert Nozick argues that, ultimately, a system of distributive justice must rely on the laws and institutional structures imposed and administered  by the state.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    John Arthur tries to show that religion is not the basis for moral judgments
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 9. 
    The view known as individual moral relativism states that moral values depend on the social norms and cultural practices of a group of people.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    Shaw maintains that both, individual moral relativism and cultural moral relativism are implausible positions. He believes that rational reflection can help us establish agreements across cultural and personal boundaries. Ultimately, reason, the capacity for dialogue, and the capacity to give and evaluate arguments provide a basis for morality.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

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