Medical Coding Quiz 2

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| By Rlee7al
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Quizzes Created: 2 | Total Attempts: 15,273
Questions: 20 | Attempts: 1,778

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Medical Coding Quiz 2 - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Bradykinesia refers to

    • A.

      Fast movement

    • B.

      Slow movement

    • C.

      Fast heart beat

    • D.

      Slow heart beat

    Correct Answer
    B. Slow movement
    Explanation
    Bradykinesia refers to slow movement. This term is commonly used in medical contexts, particularly in relation to Parkinson's disease. It is characterized by a slowness and difficulty in initiating and executing voluntary movements. Patients with bradykinesia often experience a decrease in their overall range and speed of movements, making tasks such as walking, writing, or even speaking more challenging. This symptom is caused by the degeneration of dopamine-producing cells in the brain, which are responsible for controlling movement. Therefore, the correct answer is slow movement.

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  • 2. 

    Ligament refers to

    • A.

      Between the ribs

    • B.

      Joint

    • C.

      Midpoint of a bone

    • D.

      Connective tissue binding bones to other bones

    Correct Answer
    D. Connective tissue binding bones to other bones
    Explanation
    Ligaments are connective tissues that bind bones to other bones in the body. They provide stability and support to joints by holding the bones together. Ligaments are strong and flexible, allowing for movement while preventing excessive or abnormal movements that could lead to injury. In this context, the correct answer refers to the role of ligaments as connective tissues that bind bones to other bones.

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  • 3. 

    Metacarpals refers to bones of the

    • A.

      Neck

    • B.

      Foot

    • C.

      Hand

    • D.

      Ribs

    Correct Answer
    C. Hand
    Explanation
    Metacarpals are the bones located in the hand, specifically the palm area. These long bones connect the wrist bones (carpals) to the bones of the fingers (phalanges). The metacarpals provide stability and support to the hand, allowing for various movements and dexterity. They play a crucial role in grasping, gripping, and manipulating objects. Therefore, the correct answer is hand.

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  • 4. 

    Metatarsals refer to bones of the

    • A.

      Foot

    • B.

      Hand

    • C.

      Back

    • D.

      Leg

    Correct Answer
    A. Foot
    Explanation
    Metatarsals are a group of long bones located in the foot. They connect the tarsal bones of the ankle to the phalanges of the toes. These bones play a crucial role in supporting the body's weight and providing stability and balance while walking or running. Therefore, the correct answer is foot.

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  • 5. 

    Gouty arthritis (gout) is an inflammation of ________

    • A.

      Joints

    • B.

      Brain

    • C.

      Liver

    • D.

      Heart

    Correct Answer
    A. Joints
    Explanation
    Gouty arthritis, also known as gout, is a condition characterized by inflammation of the joints. It occurs when there is a buildup of uric acid crystals in the joints, leading to intense pain, swelling, and redness. This inflammation primarily affects the joints, causing severe discomfort and limited mobility. Other organs, such as the brain, liver, and heart, are not typically involved in gouty arthritis. Therefore, the correct answer is joints.

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  • 6. 

    Tenotomy is the incision of a _______

    • A.

      Patella

    • B.

      Tendon

    • C.

      Bone

    • D.

      Lesion

    Correct Answer
    B. Tendon
    Explanation
    Tenotomy is a surgical procedure involving the incision or cutting of a tendon. This procedure is often performed to release tension or correct abnormalities in the tendon, allowing for improved movement and function. In this case, the correct answer is "tendon" because tenotomy specifically refers to the incision of a tendon.

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  • 7. 

    Tenorraphy is the _______ of a tendon

    • A.

      Suturing

    • B.

      Excision

    • C.

      Incision

    • D.

      X-ray

    Correct Answer
    A. Suturing
    Explanation
    Tenorraphy refers to the suturing or stitching of a tendon. This procedure is performed to repair a torn or severed tendon, allowing it to heal properly. Suturing involves using stitches to bring the two ends of the tendon back together, promoting the regeneration of tissue and restoring function to the affected area. Excision involves the removal of tissue, incision refers to making a cut, and x-ray is a diagnostic imaging technique.

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  • 8. 

    The clavicle is located just above the ______

    • A.

      Scapula

    • B.

      Fibia

    • C.

      Chin

    • D.

      Ilium

    Correct Answer
    A. Scapula
    Explanation
    The clavicle is a bone that is located just above the scapula, also known as the shoulder blade. The scapula is a large triangular bone that is situated on the back of the shoulder. It forms the posterior part of the shoulder girdle and provides attachment for various muscles involved in shoulder movement. The clavicle connects the scapula to the sternum, forming the front part of the shoulder girdle. Together, the clavicle and scapula play a crucial role in shoulder stability and movement.

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  • 9. 

    ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis) is also known as

    • A.

      Crohn's disease

    • B.

      Alzheimer's disease

    • C.

      Lou Gehrig's disease

    • D.

      MRI

    Correct Answer
    C. Lou Gehrig's disease
    Explanation
    ALS, also known as Lou Gehrig's disease, is a progressive neurodegenerative disease that affects nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord. It leads to the loss of muscle control and eventually paralysis. The disease is named after Lou Gehrig, a famous baseball player who was diagnosed with ALS in the 1930s. This name is widely used to refer to the condition, although it is also known as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Crohn's disease and Alzheimer's disease are unrelated conditions, and MRI is a medical imaging technique used to visualize internal structures of the body.

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  • 10. 

    _________ is the removal of dirt, forgeign material,or damaged tissue from a wound

    • A.

      Incision

    • B.

      Debridement

    • C.

      Biopsy

    • D.

      Sclerotherapy

    Correct Answer
    B. Debridement
    Explanation
    Debridement is the correct answer because it refers to the process of removing dirt, foreign material, or damaged tissue from a wound. It is an essential step in wound care to promote healing and prevent infection. Incision refers to making a cut, biopsy involves taking a sample of tissue for examination, and sclerotherapy is a medical procedure used to treat blood vessels or varicose veins.

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  • 11. 

    The _______ is the second layer of skin

    • A.

      Epidermis

    • B.

      Dermis

    • C.

      Collagen

    • D.

      Subcutaneous

    Correct Answer
    B. Dermis
    Explanation
    The dermis is the second layer of skin, located beneath the epidermis. It is responsible for providing structural support and elasticity to the skin. The dermis contains various components such as blood vessels, hair follicles, sweat glands, and nerve endings. It also contains collagen, a protein that gives the skin its strength and flexibility. The dermis plays a crucial role in regulating body temperature and protecting the body from external factors.

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  • 12. 

    _____ is the surgical removal of fat.

    • A.

      Cryotherapy

    • B.

      Laser therapy

    • C.

      Rhytidectomoy

    • D.

      Liposuction

    Correct Answer
    D. Liposuction
    Explanation
    Liposuction is the surgical removal of fat. It is a procedure in which excess fat is suctioned out from specific areas of the body, such as the abdomen, thighs, or buttocks. This procedure is often performed to improve body contour and remove stubborn fat deposits that are resistant to diet and exercise. Liposuction involves making small incisions in the targeted area and using a suction device to remove the fat cells. It is a commonly performed cosmetic surgery procedure to achieve a more sculpted and toned appearance.

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  • 13. 

    The outer layer of the eye contains the _____ and ____

    • A.

      Uvea and retina

    • B.

      Cornea and sclera

    • C.

      Cones and rods

    • D.

      Retina and choroids

    Correct Answer
    B. Cornea and sclera
    Explanation
    The cornea and sclera are part of the outer layer of the eye. The cornea is the clear, dome-shaped surface that covers the front of the eye, allowing light to enter. The sclera is the white, tough, fibrous tissue that forms the outer layer of the eye, providing protection and support.

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  • 14. 

    The _____ is the white of the eye.

    • A.

      Cornea

    • B.

      Rod

    • C.

      Sclera

    • D.

      Retina

    Correct Answer
    C. Sclera
    Explanation
    The sclera is the white of the eye. It is the tough, fibrous outer layer of the eye that helps to maintain the shape and protect the delicate structures within the eye. The sclera is easily visible and gives the eye its characteristic white appearance.

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  • 15. 

    Name three bones of the middle ear

    • A.

      Malleus, incus, and stapes

    • B.

      Cochlea, tympanic membrane, and stapes

    • C.

      Auricle, pinna, and tragus

    • D.

      Femur, sternum, and tibia

    Correct Answer
    A. Malleus, incus, and stapes
    Explanation
    The correct answer is malleus, incus, and stapes. These three bones are also known as the ossicles and are located in the middle ear. The malleus is attached to the eardrum and transmits sound vibrations to the incus. The incus then passes the vibrations to the stapes, which in turn transmits them to the inner ear. These bones play a crucial role in the process of hearing by amplifying and transmitting sound waves from the outer ear to the inner ear.

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  • 16. 

    Name three bones of the leg

    • A.

      Femur, tibia, fibula

    • B.

      Humerus, ulna, radius

    • C.

      Cranium, clavicle, scapula

    • D.

      Phalanges, tarsal, patella

    Correct Answer
    A. Femur, tibia, fibula
    Explanation
    The correct answer is femur, tibia, fibula. The femur is the thigh bone, the tibia is the shin bone, and the fibula is the smaller bone next to the tibia. These three bones make up the lower part of the leg and are important for support and movement.

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  • 17. 

    Macular degeneration is deterioration of the _____

    • A.

      Middle ear

    • B.

      Nerves

    • C.

      Mucous membranes

    • D.

      Retina

    Correct Answer
    D. Retina
    Explanation
    Macular degeneration is the deterioration of the retina. The retina is a layer of tissue located at the back of the eye that contains light-sensitive cells called photoreceptors. These photoreceptors are responsible for converting light into electrical signals that are then transmitted to the brain, allowing us to see. When the retina deteriorates, it can lead to vision loss, particularly in the central part of the visual field. This condition is known as macular degeneration.

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  • 18. 

    Otalgia is pain in the _____

    • A.

      Brain

    • B.

      Ear

    • C.

      Back

    • D.

      Foot

    Correct Answer
    B. Ear
    Explanation
    Otalgia refers to pain in the ear. It is a medical term used to describe discomfort or pain that originates from the ear or is felt in the ear. This pain can be caused by various factors such as infection, injury, inflammation, or conditions affecting the ear. Therefore, the correct answer is "ear".

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  • 19. 

    ______ is the inner lining of the heart.

    • A.

      Endocardium

    • B.

      Epicardium

    • C.

      Myocardium

    • D.

      Atrium

    Correct Answer
    A. Endocardium
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Endocardium. The endocardium is the inner lining of the heart. It is a thin, smooth membrane that lines the chambers of the heart and covers the heart valves. The endocardium helps in maintaining the smooth flow of blood through the heart and prevents the formation of blood clots. It is made up of endothelial cells and connective tissue.

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  • 20. 

    Lymph nodes are also called _____

    • A.

      Glands

    • B.

      Capillaries

    • C.

      Veins

    • D.

      Arteries

    Correct Answer
    A. Glands
    Explanation
    Lymph nodes are small, bean-shaped structures that are part of the lymphatic system. They play a crucial role in filtering lymph fluid and trapping harmful substances like bacteria and viruses. Lymph nodes are often referred to as glands because they contain specialized cells that produce and release lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell that helps fight infections. Additionally, lymph nodes also produce antibodies and help regulate the immune response. Therefore, the correct answer is "glands."

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 27, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Rlee7al
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