Masg - Quiz #2

40 Questions

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Masg - Quiz #2

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which is true of acute inflammation
    • A. 

      It lasts 3-4 days

    • B. 

      Muscle spasm accompanies acute inflammation

    • C. 

      A and B

    • D. 

      None of the above are true

  • 2. 
    With chronic inflammation
    • A. 

      There is a risk of excessive scarring

    • B. 

      There is scarring but ROM is generally at full range

    • C. 

      There is rarely any weakness

    • D. 

      It is rarely painful

  • 3. 
    Radiculopathy:
    • A. 

      Is also known as radicular pain

    • B. 

      Directly involves the nerve root

    • C. 

      Is felt along myotomes, dermatomes, and sclerotomes

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 4. 
    Scars are characterized by the loss of mobility in the tissue they are affecting
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    A myotome is:
    • A. 

      An area of skin innervated by a single nerve root

    • B. 

      A group of muscles innervated by a peripheral nerve

    • C. 

      A group of muscles innervated by a single nerve root

    • D. 

      An area of bone innervated by a single nerve root

  • 6. 
    Trigger point pain rarely follows the distribution of peripheral nerves or dermatomes.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 7. 
    Visceral pain refers to pain felt over an area of bone or viscera.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    Flexion is best described as:
    • A. 

      Movement around the longitudinal axis of bone

    • B. 

      Decreasing a joint angle

    • C. 

      Increasing a joint angle

    • D. 

      Lateral movement away from the midline

  • 9. 
    Which is true of normal end feels?
    • A. 

      Bony end feel occurs during elbow extension

    • B. 

      Soft tissue approximation occurs during knee flexion

    • C. 

      A and B

    • D. 

      None are true of normal end feels

  • 10. 
    Contractile tissue is best described by which of the following:
    • A. 

      It is tissue such as joint capsules and ligaments which can have tension placed on them

    • B. 

      It is tissue such as muscles or tendons that can have tension placed on them by stretching or contraction

    • C. 

      It is tissue such as muscles or tendons that can have tension placed on them by contraction

    • D. 

      It is tissue that can be sprained

  • 11. 
    Contractile tissue is involved in strains and tendonitis.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    All of the following are examples of AROM except:
    • A. 

      Active Resisted

    • B. 

      Active Free

    • C. 

      Active Assisted

    • D. 

      Active Relaxed

  • 13. 
    Goniometry is performed during AROM and PROM
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    Which is not true concerning ROM?
    • A. 

      PR and PF are the two types of PROM

    • B. 

      During PROM the therapist palpates and supports the limb throughout the range

    • C. 

      An example of AR is ROM done in a pool

    • D. 

      Differences in ROM may be caused by neurological deficit

  • 15. 
    Overpressure is applied during AROM and tests end feel.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    Empty end feel is when the patient stops range of motion due to pain.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 17. 
    Respiratory conditions are a cause of positional postural factors.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 18. 
    Goniometry is used to document baseline and show progress or lack of progress at reassessment.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    Reliability in goniometry can be increased by having the same examiner measure patients.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    Chronic pain syndrome differs from chronic pain in that depression usually accompanies the syndrome.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    Which is true of edema?
    • A. 

      Solid edema results from localized extracellular fluid in a limb

    • B. 

      It can only be measured if it is pitting

    • C. 

      Visual assessment is the only true measure of edema volume

    • D. 

      None of the above are true

  • 22. 
    Conducting a client examination for the use of massage techniques requires which of the following?
    • A. 

      Identification of soft tissue dysfunction related to the client's clinical condition

    • B. 

      Identification of other primary and secondary impairments that therapists can treat with massage techniques

    • C. 

      Identification of limitations in the client's level of activity

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 23. 
    Issues that arise during the subjective examination that may prompt further exploration of a soft tissue lesion include all of the following except:
    • A. 

      Reports of any long-standing musculoskeletal condition

    • B. 

      A history of having a relief of symtoms through massage or stretching

    • C. 

      A history of multiple successful treatments

    • D. 

      A history of ambiguous symptoms

  • 24. 
    Which of the following statements is false regarding palpation?
    • A. 

      Objects of palpation are not necessarily physical objects; instead, they may be a characteristic, such as temperature, or a phenomenon, such as resistance to movement

    • B. 

      Palpation is the sole means of accurately assessing soft tissue dysfunction

    • C. 

      Therapists must constantly ask themselves questions as they palpate

    • D. 

      Both of the therapist's hands may do the same thing or different things during palpation

  • 25. 
    A therapist's application of palpation can vary in terms of all of the following except:
    • A. 

      Force

    • B. 

      Rate

    • C. 

      Tension

    • D. 

      Pressure

  • 26. 
    Therapists can use palpation to assess all of the following structures in any region of the body except:
    • A. 

      Fluid status

    • B. 

      Texture and consistency

    • C. 

      Deep fascia

    • D. 

      Periosteum

  • 27. 
    A restrictive or pathological tissue barrier:
    • A. 

      Can be located anywhere between the normal physiological barriers

    • B. 

      Is the resistance that therapists feel at the end of the passive range of motion when they are taking the "slack" out of or "engaging" the tissue

    • C. 

      The pont beyond which movement results in tissue damage

    • D. 

      Is the final resistance to normal range of motion that the bone, ligament, or soft tissue can provide

  • 28. 
    Which of the following statements if false regarding the barrier-release phenomenon?
    • A. 

      If therapists sustain the pressure on te tissue barrier, a "release" may occur after a latency period

    • B. 

      Different types of tissue will respond in the same manner to sustained pressure

    • C. 

      Therapists can observe the barrier-release phenomenon during their application of horizontal drag, vertical compression, or shear forces.

    • D. 

      The barrier-release phenomenon is most useful when palpating connective tissue

  • 29. 
    Which of the following is false regarding palpation?
    • A. 

      Therapists can identify bone, joint space (joint line), ligament, tendon (including junctions to both periosteum and to muscle), aponeurosis, fascia (setae, sheathes, retinacula), nerves, vessels, and vescera using palpation.

    • B. 

      Therapists must select a consistent pressure that they will use for palpating the client's body structures

    • C. 

      Therapists must be able to discriminate between tissue types and to distinguish a structure from its surrounding structures with accuracy

    • D. 

      Therapists need to use compressive contact when they palpate anatomical structures

  • 30. 
    Which of the following statements is false regarding pain in response to palpation?
    • A. 

      Therapists can quantify pain in response to palpation.

    • B. 

      Various types of pain responses differ in their significance and reliability.

    • C. 

      Tenderness to deep palpation is a reliable finding

    • D. 

      Palpation itself can sometimes produce negative or positive changes in the tissues being palpated.

  • 31. 
    Research capacity is:
    • A. 

      The ability to find and critically evaluate research evidence

    • B. 

      The ability of a test to find a significant difference

    • C. 

      The acquisition of knowledge through logic or reason

    • D. 

      The ability to conduct research

  • 32. 
    Based on Sackett's hierarchy of evidence, the kind of study that gives the strongest evidence of cause and effect is:
    • A. 

      Descriptive survey

    • B. 

      Rndomized controlled trial

    • C. 

      Case series

    • D. 

      Before and after treatment without control

  • 33. 
    Information on clinical care that researchers and therapists collect in a systematic manner is called:
    • A. 

      Research

    • B. 

      Functional outcomes

    • C. 

      Evidence

    • D. 

      Data

  • 34. 
    Which of the following is a use of evidence?
    • A. 

      Therapists need evidence in order to provide the best possible care to their clients.

    • B. 

      Evidence fosters public acceptance of massage and other complementary health care techniques.

    • C. 

      Evidence enables therapists to stay current, to be lifelong learners, and to be better consumers of health care resources themselves.

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 35. 
    Complete Sackett et al.'s definition of evidence-based medicine (EBM):  "... the integration of...
    • A. 

      Best research evidence with clinical expertise and client values"

    • B. 

      Best practices, good evidence, and the therpist's values"

    • C. 

      Best research evidence with clinical ethics and client values

    • D. 

      Best clinical expertise with clinical evidence and client values

  • 36. 
    Which of the following statements is true about sources of evidence?
    • A. 

      Information on the internet is a primary source

    • B. 

      The researcher's documentation of his or her work is a primary source

    • C. 

      Primary sources do not always provide a more accurate representation of the evidence than secondary sources

    • D. 

      Literature reviews and meta-analyses are primary sources.

  • 37. 
    Qualitative and quantitative research differ on five basic assumptions.  Which of the following is not one of these assumptions?
    • A. 

      Nature of reality

    • B. 

      Relationship between clinician and the subject

    • C. 

      Nature of truth

    • D. 

      Relationship between fact, values, and research

  • 38. 
    How are the Evidence Hierarchy and the Evidence House different?
    • A. 

      The Evidence House consists of only qualitative research methods, and the Evidence Hierarchy consists of only quantitative research methods.

    • B. 

      The evidence Hierarchy was developed in response to the Evidence House.

    • C. 

      The Evidence Hierarchy is a good approach to gathering evidence for massage, whereas the Evidence House is not.

    • D. 

      The Evidence Hierarchy is hierarchial, and the Evidence House is not.

  • 39. 
    Which of the following activities will facilitate evidence-based practice?
    • A. 

      Join your professional association

    • B. 

      Subscribe to your local newspaper

    • C. 

      Give all your clients longer treatment sessions

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 40. 
    Which of the following is not one of the causes of poor evidence for massage techniques?
    • A. 

      Homogenous samples

    • B. 

      Weak research methods

    • C. 

      Poorly defined procedures for interventions

    • D. 

      Lack of relevant outcome mesaures