L.P. Book HAZMAT / Lesson Plan #6 HAZMAT Decontamination Procedures

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Lesson Plan #6 Hazmat Decontamination Procedures


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

          Types of contamination are

    • A.

      Simple & complex

    • B.

      Emergency & regular

    • C.

      Gross & secondary

    • D.

      Elementary & secondary

    Correct Answer
    C. Gross & secondary
    Explanation
    The given answer, "Gross & secondary," correctly identifies the types of contamination. Gross contamination refers to visible or easily detectable contaminants, while secondary contamination refers to contaminants that are introduced during the handling or processing of a product. This answer accurately distinguishes between these two types of contamination.

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  • 2. 

          Purpose of emergency decontamination is

    • A.

      To be able to get done quicker

    • B.

      Immediately remove contaminates that pose an immediate threat to life

    • C.

      To be able to use red lights and sirens while decontamination procedures are being done

    • D.

      Remove contaminates in a slow methodical procedure using multiple washing and rinsing stations

    Correct Answer
    B. Immediately remove contaminates that pose an immediate threat to life
    Explanation
    Emergency decontamination is performed to immediately remove contaminants that pose an immediate threat to life. This means that the primary purpose of emergency decontamination is to swiftly eliminate hazardous substances or materials from the body or environment to prevent further harm or injury. The focus is on rapid action and prioritizing the safety and well-being of individuals affected by the contamination.

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  • 3. 

          Emergency decontamination location considerations include all except

    • A.

      Weather, wind direction, slope of ground

    • B.

      Surface material & porosity

    • C.

      Time, distance, & shielding

    • D.

      Locations of drains, sewers, & watercourses

    Correct Answer
    C. Time, distance, & shielding
    Explanation
    Emergency decontamination location considerations include various factors such as weather, wind direction, slope of the ground, surface material and porosity, and locations of drains, sewers, and watercourses. These factors are important in determining the appropriate location for decontamination to effectively minimize the spread of hazardous substances. However, time, distance, and shielding are not typically considered in the selection of decontamination locations. These factors are more relevant in emergency response activities such as evacuation or sheltering in place.

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  • 4. 

          Decontamination officer

    • A.

      Sets up the entire decontamination station

    • B.

      Is the first person allowed to be decontaminated

    • C.

      Free lances the decontamination set-up

    • D.

      Responsible for ensuring decon is set-up and performed properly

    Correct Answer
    D. Responsible for ensuring decon is set-up and performed properly
    Explanation
    The decontamination officer is responsible for ensuring that the decontamination station is set up and performed properly. This means that they are in charge of making sure that all necessary equipment and supplies are available and that the decontamination process is carried out correctly. They may also be responsible for training and supervising other personnel involved in the decontamination process.

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  • 5. 

          The decontamination zone is set-up

    • A.

      Setup in the warm zone

    • B.

      Uphill from the incident

    • C.

      Upwind from the incident

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above". This means that the decontamination zone can be set up in any of the mentioned locations: in the warm zone, uphill from the incident, or upwind from the incident. This allows for flexibility in choosing the most suitable location for the decontamination zone based on the specific circumstances of the incident.

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  • 6. 

          Protective clothing for personnel performing decontamination should be

    • A.

      The same level of PPE will be worn if the first decon station is manned

    • B.

      Structural turnout gear with SCBA is sufficient

    • C.

      Only Supplied Air Respirators are allowed for use by the decon station personnel

    • D.

      Decon suits are cooler and lighter than the entry teams gear

    Correct Answer
    A. The same level of PPE will be worn if the first decon station is manned
    Explanation
    If the first decon station is manned, it means that there is a possibility of contamination present. Therefore, personnel performing decontamination should wear the same level of personal protective equipment (PPE) as the entry team. This ensures that they are adequately protected from any potential hazards or contaminants during the decontamination process.

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  • 7. 

          When treating a contaminated patient, care must be taken into consideration when

    • A.

      Using O2 (you must be aware of Chemical compatibility)

    • B.

      Until you determine what health plan the patient has

    • C.

      Waiting for Life Flight

    • D.

      Heading to re-hab

    Correct Answer
    A. Using O2 (you must be aware of Chemical compatibility)
    Explanation
    When treating a contaminated patient, it is important to be aware of the chemical compatibility of the oxygen being used. This is because certain chemicals can react with oxygen and potentially cause a fire or explosion. Therefore, before administering oxygen to a contaminated patient, healthcare providers must ensure that the oxygen being used is compatible with any chemicals present on the patient's body or clothing. This precaution helps to prevent any further harm or risks to the patient and the healthcare providers.

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  • 8. 

          Contaminated patient care must

    • A.

      Include dressing the patient in a hospital gown

    • B.

      Be treated for narcolepsy prior to transport

    • C.

      Be decontaminated properly prior to transport

    • D.

      Both a & b

    Correct Answer
    C. Be decontaminated properly prior to transport
    Explanation
    When a patient is contaminated, it is important to decontaminate them properly before transporting them. This is necessary to prevent the spread of any harmful substances or infections to other areas or individuals. Dressing the patient in a hospital gown may be a part of the decontamination process, but it is not sufficient on its own. Treating the patient for narcolepsy is unrelated to contamination and does not need to be done prior to transport. Therefore, the correct answer is to decontaminate the patient properly before transport.

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  • 9. 

         Brief ambulance personnel of

    • A.

      Patient information

    • B.

      Hazardous Chemical (Give MSDS)

    • C.

      Signs & symptoms

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above". Ambulance personnel should be briefed on all aspects mentioned in the options - patient information, hazardous chemical details, signs and symptoms. This is important for their safety and to ensure appropriate care is provided to the patient.

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