They were Protestants who sought to purity the Church of England and return to simpler form of worship.
They believed that the clergy and government should act as intermediaries between the individual and God.
Some thought the Church of England was too corrupt to reform and called for a complete separation from it.
They wanted to establish a new society patterned after God's word and a self-sustaining profitable colony.
They thought it was easy to differentiate between the saved and the damned
They could try to earn salvation by leading rational lives
They tried to behave in as exemplary a way as possible
They thought there was no need for rigorous sejf-examination