Linux+ Networking Chapter 1

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Linux Plus Networking Quizzes & Trivia

Linux+ Networking Chapter 1


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The operating system software is necessary for a computer to function. True or False?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The operating system software is necessary for a computer to function because it acts as an intermediary between the hardware and the user. It manages the computer's resources, such as memory and processing power, and allows users to interact with the computer through a graphical user interface. Without an operating system, the computer would not be able to execute programs or perform basic functions, making it unable to function properly.

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  • 2. 

    Linux is a ___________ and ___________ operating system.

    • A.

      Production, stable

    • B.

      Multiuser, multitasking

    • C.

      Processing, operating

    • D.

      Large, useful

    Correct Answer
    B. Multiuser, multitasking
    Explanation
    Linux is a multiuser operating system, meaning that it allows multiple users to access and use the system simultaneously. It is also a multitasking operating system, which means that it can execute multiple tasks or processes concurrently. These features make Linux suitable for use in environments where multiple users need to work on the same system at the same time and where multiple tasks need to be performed simultaneously.

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  • 3. 

    The core component of the Linux operating system is the Linux kernel. If you were a Linux systems administrator for a company, when would you need to upgrade your Linux kernel? (Choose all that apply.)

    • A.

      When you need to have support in Linux for new hardware

    • B.

      When you need another user interface

    • C.

      When you need to increase the stability of Linux

    • D.

      When you need to use kernel modules

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. When you need to have support in Linux for new hardware
    C. When you need to increase the stability of Linux
    Explanation
    Upgrading the Linux kernel is necessary when there is a need for support for new hardware, as the kernel acts as the bridge between the hardware and the operating system. Additionally, upgrading the kernel can help increase the stability of Linux, as newer versions often include bug fixes, security patches, and performance improvements. Therefore, upgrading the kernel is required when there is a need for new hardware support and when stability needs to be improved.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following kernels are developmental kernels? (Choose all that apply.)

    • A.

      2.3.4

    • B.

      2.5.5

    • C.

      2.2.7

    • D.

      2.4.4

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. 2.3.4
    B. 2.5.5
    Explanation
    The developmental kernels are the ones that are still in the development phase and have not been released as stable versions yet. From the given options, kernels 2.3.4 and 2.5.5 are the ones that are still in the development phase, while kernels 2.2.7 and 2.4.4 have already been released as stable versions.

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  • 5. 

    A production kernel refers to a kernel whose:

    • A.

      Revision number is even

    • B.

      Minor number is odd

    • C.

      Major number is odd

    • D.

      Minor number is even

    Correct Answer
    D. Minor number is even
    Explanation
    A production kernel refers to a stable version of the kernel that is released for general use. The revision number represents small changes or bug fixes made to the kernel. The minor number indicates significant updates or new features added to the kernel. The major number signifies major changes or significant updates that may not be backward compatible. In the given options, the only condition that matches a production kernel is when the minor number is even, indicating that significant updates or new features have been added to the kernel.

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  • 6. 

    Many types of software are available today. Which type of software does Linux represent?

    • A.

      Open Source Software

    • B.

      Closed source software

    • C.

      Freeware

    • D.

      Shareware

    Correct Answer
    A. Open Source Software
    Explanation
    Linux represents open source software because it is a free and open operating system that allows users to access, modify, and distribute its source code. Open source software encourages collaboration and community-driven development, allowing users to customize and improve the software according to their needs. Linux's open nature has led to its widespread adoption and popularity among developers and tech enthusiasts.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following are characteristics of Open Source Software? (Choose all that apply.)

    • A.

      The value of the software is directly related to its price.

    • B.

      The software is developed collaboratively.

    • C.

      The source code for software is available for a small fee.

    • D.

      Any bugs are fixed quickly.

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. The software is developed collaboratively.
    D. Any bugs are fixed quickly.
    Explanation
    Open Source Software is characterized by collaborative development, where multiple individuals or a community work together to create and improve the software. This allows for a diverse range of perspectives and expertise to be incorporated, leading to more innovative and high-quality software. Additionally, one of the advantages of open source software is that any bugs or issues that arise can be identified and fixed quickly by the community, ensuring continuous improvement and reliability. The value of open source software is not directly related to its price, as it can be freely available or have a cost associated with it.

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  • 8. 

    To which license does Linux adhere?

    • A.

      Open license

    • B.

      Artistic license

    • C.

      GNU Public License

    • D.

      Free source license

    Correct Answer
    C. GNU Public License
    Explanation
    Linux adheres to the GNU Public License. This license allows users to freely use, modify, and distribute the Linux operating system. It ensures that the source code of Linux is open and accessible to everyone, promoting collaboration and community-driven development. The GNU Public License also requires that any modifications or derivative works of Linux be released under the same license, ensuring the continued openness and freedom of the software.

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  • 9. 

    What are some good reasons for using Linux in a corporate environment? (Choose all that apply.)

    • A.

      Linux software is unlikely to become abandoned by its developers.

    • B.

      Linux is secure and has a lower total cost of ownership than other operating systems.

    • C.

      Linux is widely available for many platforms and supports many programming languages.

    • D.

      Most Linux software is closed source.

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Linux software is unlikely to become abandoned by its developers.
    B. Linux is secure and has a lower total cost of ownership than other operating systems.
    C. Linux is widely available for many platforms and supports many programming languages.
    Explanation
    Linux software is unlikely to become abandoned by its developers because it is an open-source operating system, which means that the source code is available to the public and can be modified and improved by a community of developers. This ensures that the software will continue to be supported and updated in the future. Additionally, Linux is known for its security features, making it a reliable choice for corporate environments. It also has a lower total cost of ownership compared to other operating systems, as it is free to use and does not require expensive licensing fees. Furthermore, Linux is widely available for various platforms and supports multiple programming languages, providing flexibility and compatibility for corporate applications.

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  • 10. 

    Which of the following are common methods for gaining support for Linux?

    • A.

      HOWTO documents at http://www.linuxdoc.org

    • B.

      A local Linux User Group

    • C.

      Internet newsgroups

    • D.

      All the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "all the above". This means that all of the listed methods (HOWTO documents at http://www.linuxdoc.org, a local Linux User Group, and Internet newsgroups) are common ways to gain support for Linux. These methods provide resources, community engagement, and online platforms for users to seek assistance, share knowledge, and connect with other Linux enthusiasts.

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  • 11. 

    Which two people are accredited with creating the UNIX operating system? (Choose two answers.)

    • A.

      Dennis Ritchie

    • B.

      Richard Stallman

    • C.

      Linus Torvalds

    • D.

      Ken Thompson

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Dennis Ritchie
    D. Ken Thompson
    Explanation
    Dennis Ritchie and Ken Thompson are accredited with creating the UNIX operating system. They both played significant roles in its development. Dennis Ritchie is known for his work on the C programming language, which was instrumental in the development of UNIX. Ken Thompson is known for his contributions to the design and implementation of UNIX, including the creation of the original version of the operating system. Together, their work laid the foundation for the UNIX operating system and its subsequent popularity and influence in the computing industry.

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  • 12. 

    Who formed the Free Software Foundation to promote open development?

    • A.

      Dennie Ritchie

    • B.

      Richard Stallman

    • C.

      Linus Torvalds

    • D.

      Ken Thompson

    Correct Answer
    B. Richard Stallman
    Explanation
    Richard Stallman formed the Free Software Foundation to promote open development. He is a renowned software developer and advocate for free software. Stallman believed that software should be freely available for people to use, modify, and distribute. He founded the Free Software Foundation in 1985 to support this philosophy and to provide resources for the development of free software. Stallman's efforts have had a significant impact on the open-source software movement and have helped shape the way software is created and distributed today.

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  • 13. 

    Linux was developed by __________ to resemble the _________ operating system.

    • A.

      Linus Torvalds, MINIX

    • B.

      Linux Torvalds, GNU

    • C.

      Richard Stallman, GNU

    • D.

      Richard Stallman, MINIX

    Correct Answer
    A. Linus Torvalds, MINIX
    Explanation
    Linux was developed by Linus Torvalds to resemble the MINIX operating system.

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  • 14. 

    When the core components of the Linux operating system are packaged together with other Open Source Software, it is called a:

    • A.

      New kernel

    • B.

      New platform

    • C.

      Linux distribution

    • D.

      GNU Project

    Correct Answer
    C. Linux distribution
    Explanation
    A Linux distribution refers to the packaging of the core components of the Linux operating system along with other open-source software. It includes the Linux kernel, system libraries, utilities, and applications. A Linux distribution provides a complete and ready-to-use operating system that is tailored for specific purposes or user preferences. It typically includes a package manager for easy installation and management of software packages. Examples of popular Linux distributions include Ubuntu, Fedora, and Debian.

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  • 15. 

    Which common GUI environments are available in most Linux distributions? (Choose all that apply.)

    • A.

      GNOME

    • B.

      CDE

    • C.

      KDE

    • D.

      RPM

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. GNOME
    C. KDE
    Explanation
    GNOME and KDE are both common GUI environments that are available in most Linux distributions. GNOME is a popular desktop environment that focuses on simplicity and ease of use, while KDE is known for its customizable and feature-rich interface. Both environments provide users with a graphical interface to interact with the operating system and its applications. The options CDE and RPM are not GUI environments but rather a desktop environment (CDE) and a package management system (RPM) respectively, and therefore are not applicable to the question.

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  • 16. 

    Which of the following are factors that determine which Linux distribution a user will use? (Choose all that apply.)

    • A.

      Package manager support

    • B.

      Hardware platform

    • C.

      Kernel features

    • D.

      Language support

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Package manager support
    B. Hardware platform
    C. Kernel features
    D. Language support
    Explanation
    The factors that determine which Linux distribution a user will use include package manager support, hardware platform, kernel features, and language support. Package manager support refers to the availability and compatibility of the package manager used to install and manage software on the distribution. Hardware platform compatibility ensures that the distribution can run on the user's specific hardware. Kernel features determine the functionality and capabilities of the operating system. Language support ensures that the distribution supports the user's preferred language for system settings and applications.

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  • 17. 

    What is the most common open source Web server available for Linux?

    • A.

      Samba

    • B.

      Apache

    • C.

      Quid

    • D.

      Pine

    Correct Answer
    B. Apache
    Explanation
    Apache is the most common open source web server available for Linux. It is widely used due to its stability, security, and flexibility. Apache is known for its ability to handle a large number of concurrent connections and its support for various operating systems and programming languages. It is also highly customizable and has a large community of developers and users, making it a popular choice for hosting websites and applications on Linux servers.

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  • 18. 

    Which of the following can be used on Linux to provide file and print services?

    • A.

      Samba

    • B.

      Apache

    • C.

      Quid

    • D.

      Pine

    Correct Answer
    A. Samba
    Explanation
    Samba is the correct answer because it is a popular open-source software suite that allows file and print services to be shared between Linux and Windows systems. It provides seamless integration with Windows networking protocols, allowing Linux servers to act as file and print servers for Windows clients. Apache is a web server, Quid is not a known software for file and print services, and Pine is an email client, so they are not suitable options for providing file and print services on Linux.

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