Life At The Turn Of The 20th Century 10/4/10

22 Questions | Total Attempts: 112

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Life At The Turn Of The 20th Century 10/4/10

Life At The Turn Of The 20Th Century 10/4/10


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    At the turn of the century, why did most immigrants to the United States settle in cities?
    • A. 

      Jobs were readily available.

    • B. 

      Government relief programs required immigrants to settle in cities.

    • C. 

      Labor union leaders encouraged unrestricted immigration.

    • D. 

      Immigrants were not permitted to buy farmland.

  • 2. 
    Which statement about immigration to the United States during the 19th century is most valid?
    • A. 

      Organized labor supported unlimited immigration.

    • B. 

      Most immigrants to the United States were illegal aliens.

    • C. 

      Industrial growth led to a demand for cheap immigrant labor.

    • D. 

      Few immigrants came from western Europe.

  • 3. 
    "America’s strength lies in its diversity. Many immigrant groups have joined the mainstream of American life, while maintaining their languages, religions, and traditions. This has made the United States a strong nation."The author of this statement could best be described as a supporter of
    • A. 

      Nativism

    • B. 

      Ethnocentrism

    • C. 

      Cultural pluralism

    • D. 

      Limited social mobility

  • 4. 
    In the late 19th century, the pattern of United States immigration changed in that
    • A. 

      Far fewer immigrants arrived in the United States than in previous years

    • B. 

      Most immigrants chose to settle in the rural, farming regions of the western United States

    • C. 

      Increasing numbers of immigrants came from eastern and southern Europe

    • D. 

      Most immigrants were political refugees

  • 5. 
    Which statement about immigration to the United States is most accurate?
    • A. 

      The desire for economic advancement has been a major reason for immigration to the United States

    • B. 

      The ethnic mix of immigrants to the United States has remained mostly unchanged.

    • C. 

      The number of immigrants has remained constant in each decade during most of United States history.

    • D. 

      Nearly all immigrants have easily assimilated into American culture.

  • 6. 
    What was the experience of most of the “new immigrants” who arrived in the United States from southern and eastern Europe in the late 1800s and early 1900s?
    • A. 

      They lived in urban areas and most held lowpaying jobs.

    • B. 

      They obtained free land in the West and became farmers.

    • C. 

      They became discouraged with America and returned to their homelands.

    • D. 

      They were easily assimilated into mainstream American culture.

  • 7. 
    The intent of the United States immigration laws of the 1920s was to
    • A. 

      Increase economic opportunities for recent immigrants

    • B. 

      Encourage cultural diversity

    • C. 

      Restore an open-door policy toward immigration

    • D. 

      Restrict immigration through the use of quotas

  • 8. 
    Between 1890 and 1915, the majority of immigrants to the United States were labeled “new immigrants” because they were
    • A. 

      Considered physically and mentally superior to earlier immigrants

    • B. 

      Forced to settle in the cities of the Midwest

    • C. 

      From China, Japan, and other Asian countries

    • D. 

      Culturally different from most earlier immigrants

  • 9. 
    Which expression most accurately illustrates the concept of nativism?
    • A. 

      “Help Wanted — Irish Need Not Apply”

    • B. 

      “Go West, young man.”

    • C. 

      “America — first in war and peace”

    • D. 

      “The only thing we have to fear, is fear itself.”

  • 10. 
    Over the past twenty years, an objective of United States immigration policy has been to
    • A. 

      Reduce the number of illegal immigrants

    • B. 

      Keep out immigrants from former communist nations

    • C. 

      Return to an open immigration policy

    • D. 

      Encourage emigration from Western Europe

  • 11. 
    Between 1870 and 1920, the federal government placed few restrictions on immigration primarily because it wanted to
    • A. 

      Sell land in the West

    • B. 

      Recruit men for the military

    • C. 

      Ensure that there would be workers for the factories

    • D. 

      Avoid offending foreign governments

  • 12. 
    In the late 19th century, the major argument used by labor union leaders against immigrants was that immigrants
    • A. 

      Contributed little to enrich American life

    • B. 

      Refused to assimilate into American culture

    • C. 

      Took jobs from United States citizens

    • D. 

      Placed financial drains on social services

  • 13. 
    Speaker A: “Our nation has grown and prospered from the ideas and labor of immigrants. Thenation has been enriched by immigrants from different nations who brought newideas and lifestyles, which have become part of American culture.” Speaker B: “United States industries are competing with established European manufacturers. To prosper, American industries need the vast supply of unskilled labor that isprovided by immigrants.” Speaker C: “Immigrants are taking jobs at low wageswithout regard for long hours and workers’ safety. American workers must unite toend this unfair competition.” Speaker D: “Immigrants arrive in American cities poor and frightened. They are helped to findjobs or housing. These newcomers should show their gratitude at voting time.” Which speaker is most clearly expressing the melting pot theory?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

  • 14. 
    Speaker A: “Our nation has grown and prospered from the ideas and labor of immigrants. Thenation has been enriched by immigrants from different nations who brought newideas and lifestyles, which have become part of American culture.” Speaker B: “United States industries are competing with established European manufacturers. To prosper, American industries need the vast supply of unskilled labor that isprovided by immigrants.” Speaker C: “Immigrants are taking jobs at low wageswithout regard for long hours and workers’ safety. American workers must unite toend this unfair competition.” Speaker D: “Immigrants arrive in American cities poor and frightened. They are helped to findjobs or housing. These newcomers should show their gratitude at voting time.”  Speaker D is expressing an opinion most like that of a
    • A. 

      Labor union member

    • B. 

      Religious leader

    • C. 

      Factory owner

    • D. 

      Political party boss

  • 15. 
    Between 1880 and 1900, most immigrants coming to the United States settled in the cities along the east coast because
    • A. 

      Many factory jobs were available in the East

    • B. 

      Little farmland remained to be settled in the Midwest

    • C. 

      Most immigrants came from the cities of Europe

    • D. 

      City laws afforded special rights and protections for immigrants

  • 16. 
    Why did the United States follow a policy of open immigration during much of the 1800s?
    • A. 

      Many United States citizens wanted to live abroad.

    • B. 

      The United States had a shortage of labor.

    • C. 

      Prosperous conditions in Europe resulted in fewer immigrants coming to the United States.

    • D. 

      Immigrants provided United States industry with investment capital.

  • 17. 
    During the late 1800s and early 1900s, where did most of the immigrants to the United States settle?
    • A. 

      Urban centers of the Northeast

    • B. 

      Plantations of the New South

    • C. 

      Mining areas of the Far West

    • D. 

      Farming regions of the Great Plains

  • 18. 
    The Gentlemen’s Agreement, literacy tests, and the quota system were all attempts by Congress to restrict
    • A. 

      Immigration

    • B. 

      Property ownership

    • C. 

      Voting rights

    • D. 

      Access to public education

  • 19. 
    The “new immigrants” to the United States between 1890 and 1915 came primarily from
    • A. 

      Northern and western Europe

    • B. 

      Southern and eastern Europe

    • C. 

      East Asia

    • D. 

      Latin America

  • 20. 
    According to the cartoonist, the United States has
    • A. 

      An ethnically diverse population

    • B. 

      An overly restrictive immigration policy

    • C. 

      A national requirement that high school students learn foreign languages

    • D. 

      A census report printed in languages that are spoken in the United States

  • 21. 
    The data in the chart support the idea that the immigration laws of 1921 and 1924 were primarily designed to
    • A. 

      prejudices generated during World War II

    • B. 

      Hardships caused by the Great Depression

    • C. 

      Pressures from nativists and labor unions

    • D. 

      Threats from other nations to stop migration to the United States

  • 22. 
    Between 1880 and 1920, the majority of the “new” immigrants to the United States came from
    • A. 

      Northern and western Europe

    • B. 

      Southern and eastern Europe

    • C. 

      Canada and Latin America

    • D. 

      China and Southeast Asia

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