Liberal Fascism - Introduction

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Liberal Fascism Quizzes & Trivia

In the following quiz, we’ll be taking a look at the widely talked about the book from American author Jonah Goldberg in 2008 entitled “Liberal Fascism”, in which he claims that fascist movements were and are left-wing instead of right-wing. The book became a New York Times Best Seller, and in the quiz below we’ll be taking a look at some of the points made within it and seeing what you can tell us about it.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Who originated the term "Liberal Fascism"?

    • A.

      Jules Verne

    • B.

      H.G. Wells

    • C.

      Jonah Goldberg

    • D.

      Erich Fromm

    Correct Answer
    B. H.G. Wells
  • 2. 

    Who noted, in his 1946 essay "Politics and the English Language", that: "The word Facism has now no meaning except in so far as it signifies 'something not desirable'"?

    • A.

      Aldous Huxley

    • B.

      Ernst Nolte

    • C.

      Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn

    • D.

      George Orwell

    Correct Answer
    D. George Orwell
    Explanation
    In his 1946 essay "Politics and the English Language," George Orwell noted that the word "Fascism" had lost its original meaning and had become a term used to label anything that was considered undesirable. He argued that the overuse and misuse of the word had rendered it meaningless and had allowed for its manipulation by politicians and propagandists. Orwell's critique of language and its political implications has had a lasting impact on the study of rhetoric and communication.

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  • 3. 

    What essay had a notable impact on Mussolini, and, according to Goldberg, founds the basis for the logic of facism?

    • A.

      "The Moral Equivalent of War" by William James.

    • B.

      "The Philosophy of Fascism" by Giovanni Gentile.

    • C.

      "Historic Materialism and Marxist Economics" by Benedetto Croce.

    • D.

      "Science of Logic" by Georg Hegel.

    Correct Answer
    A. "The Moral Equivalent of War" by William James.
    Explanation
    "The Moral Equivalent of War" by William James had a notable impact on Mussolini and is considered to be the basis for the logic of fascism, according to Goldberg. This essay explores the idea that societies need a collective and unifying purpose similar to war, but without the violence and destruction. Mussolini, as a fascist leader, believed in the importance of a strong and unified nation, and James' essay likely resonated with his ideology.

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  • 4. 

    Why does American fascism appear very different from the European variants?

    • A.

      Because America's diverse origins eliminate any nationalistic tendencies.

    • B.

      Because there is no such thing as American fascism.

    • C.

      Because the American two-party system excludes fascists from the political process.

    • D.

      Because it is moderated by special factors such as individualism and geographical size.

    Correct Answer
    D. Because it is moderated by special factors such as individualism and geographical size.
    Explanation
    American fascism appears very different from European variants because it is moderated by special factors such as individualism and geographical size. These factors contribute to a more decentralized and diverse political landscape in the United States, making it difficult for a single fascist movement to gain widespread support. Additionally, the emphasis on individual rights and freedoms in American society contrasts with the collectivist and authoritarian tendencies often associated with European fascism. The vast geographical size of the United States also poses challenges for any centralized fascist movement to maintain control and influence across such a large territory.

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  • 5. 

    What does Goldberg identify as the first fascist movement?

    • A.

      The Counter-Reformation

    • B.

      The French Revolution

    • C.

      The March on Rome

    • D.

      The Munich Beer Hall Putsch.

    Correct Answer
    B. The French Revolution
    Explanation
    Goldberg identifies the French Revolution as the first fascist movement. The French Revolution was a period of radical social and political upheaval in France, characterized by the rise of extremist factions and the use of violence to achieve political goals. Goldberg argues that the revolutionary fervor, the cult of personality surrounding leaders like Robespierre, and the suppression of dissenting voices during this period exhibit characteristics of early fascist movements.

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  • 6. 

    The individual who conceived the brilliant tactic of labeling all inconvenient ideas and movements "fascist" was  ____________.

    Correct Answer
    Stalin
    Josef Stalin
    Joseph Stalin
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Stalin, Josef Stalin, Joseph Stalin. This individual is known for conceiving the brilliant tactic of labeling all inconvenient ideas and movements as "fascist".

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  • 7. 

    The editor of which American magazine declared: "We are trying out the economics of Fascism without having suffered all its social or political ravages."

    • A.

      National Review

    • B.

      The Weekly Standard

    • C.

      The New Republic

    • D.

      Socialist Review

    Correct Answer
    C. The New Republic
    Explanation
    The correct answer is The New Republic. The statement suggests that the editor of The New Republic acknowledged that the magazine was experimenting with the economic principles of Fascism, without experiencing the negative consequences it had on society and politics. This implies that The New Republic was exploring or promoting certain economic policies associated with Fascism, possibly without fully understanding or considering the potential negative effects.

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  • 8. 

    Modern American liberalism descended from what tradition of Christian socialism?

    • A.

      Progressivism

    • B.

      Futurism

    • C.

      Syndicalism

    • D.

      Classical liberalism

    Correct Answer
    A. Progressivism
    Explanation
    Modern American liberalism descended from the tradition of Christian socialism. This ideology emphasizes social justice, equality, and the common good, drawing inspiration from Christian teachings on compassion and helping the less fortunate. Progressivism, as an offshoot of this tradition, advocates for government intervention and reform to address social and economic inequalities. It seeks to improve society through policies such as wealth redistribution, healthcare reform, and civil rights protections. This aligns with the principles of Christian socialism, making progressivism the correct answer.

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  • 9. 

    According to Goldberg, why is it not credible to consider anti-semitism an integral aspect of fascism?

    • A.

      Because there is no ideological relationship between German National Socialism and Italian Fascism.

    • B.

      Because Zionism is a form of Israeli fascism.

    • C.

      Because Jews were overrepresented in the Italian Fascist Party.

    • D.

      Because Benito Mussolini was half-Jewish.

    Correct Answer
    C. Because Jews were overrepresented in the Italian Fascist Party.
  • 10. 

    What is the primary indication that an ideology is fascistic?

    • A.

      It is racist.

    • B.

      It is militaristic.

    • C.

      It has popular appeal.

    • D.

      It attempts to turn politics into a religion.

    Correct Answer
    D. It attempts to turn politics into a religion.
    Explanation
    An ideology that attempts to turn politics into a religion is a primary indication of it being fascistic. This means that the ideology seeks to elevate political beliefs and leaders to a level of unquestionable devotion and loyalty, similar to religious worship. By doing so, it creates a totalitarian system where dissent is not tolerated and the ideology is enforced as an absolute truth. This characteristic is often associated with fascist regimes, where the leader is seen as a messianic figure and the ideology becomes a dogma that must be followed without question.

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