Latin Christiana I Vocabulary 2 Page 85: Latin To English, Multiple Choice

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Latin Christiana I Vocabulary 2 Page 85: Latin To English, Multiple Choice - Quiz


Latin Quiz, translate from Latin to English


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Decem

    • A.

      Month

    • B.

      Hundred

    • C.

      Ten

    • D.

      Twelve

    • E.

      Student

    Correct Answer
    C. Ten
    Explanation
    The word "ten" is the only option that is directly related to the given word "decem," which is the Latin word for "ten." The other options, such as "month," "hundred," "twelve," and "student," do not have a direct connection to "decem." Therefore, "ten" is the correct answer.

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  • 2. 

    Deus, -i

    • A.

      Day

    • B.

      Ten

    • C.

      God

    • D.

      Two

    • E.

      Master

    Correct Answer
    C. God
    Explanation
    The Latin word "Deus" translates to "God" in English. This is the correct answer because it matches the given word in the question.

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  • 3. 

    Discipulus, -i

    • A.

      Student

    • B.

      Lord

    • C.

      Gift

    • D.

      God

    • E.

      Debt

    Correct Answer
    A. Student
    Explanation
    The Latin word "discipulus" translates to "student" in English. This suggests that the correct answer is "student" because it is the most accurate translation of the given word.

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  • 4. 

    Do, dare, dedi, datus

    • A.

      Two

    • B.

      Debt

    • C.

      Give

    • D.

      Gift

    • E.

      Dare

    Correct Answer
    C. Give
    Explanation
    The word "give" is the correct answer because it is the English translation of the Latin word "dare." The other options, "two," "debt," "gift," and "dare," do not match the given Latin word.

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  • 5. 

    Doceo, doce're

    • A.

      God

    • B.

      Debt

    • C.

      Ten

    • D.

      Sorrow

    • E.

      Teach

    Correct Answer
    E. Teach
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "teach" because "doceo" is the Latin verb for "I teach" and "doce're" is the Latin verb for "to teach." The other options - God, debt, ten, and sorrow - do not have any connection to the given Latin words.

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  • 6. 

    Dolor, doloris, m.

    • A.

      Gift

    • B.

      Evil

    • C.

      Color

    • D.

      Pain, sorrow

    • E.

      Teacher

    Correct Answer
    D. Pain, sorrow
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "pain, sorrow" because the word "dolor" is a masculine noun in Latin that translates to "pain" or "sorrow" in English. It does not mean "gift," "evil," "color," or "teacher."

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  • 7. 

    Dominus, -i, m.

    • A.

      Student

    • B.

      Two

    • C.

      Lord, Master

    • D.

      Dominate

    • E.

      Gift

    Correct Answer
    C. Lord, Master
    Explanation
    The word "dominus" is a masculine noun in Latin. It can be translated as "Lord" or "Master" in English. This word refers to a person who has authority, power, or control over others. In a religious context, it can be used to refer to God or Jesus. In a secular context, it can refer to a ruler, a nobleman, or someone who is in a position of authority.

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  • 8. 

    Donum, -i

    • A.

      Gift

    • B.

      Lord, Master

    • C.

      Two

    • D.

      Student

    • E.

      Debt, trespass

    Correct Answer
    A. Gift
    Explanation
    The Latin word "donum" translates to "gift" in English.

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  • 9. 

    Duo

    • A.

      Debt

    • B.

      Twins

    • C.

      Give

    • D.

      Gift

    • E.

      Two

    Correct Answer
    E. Two
    Explanation
    The answer "two" is the correct answer because it is the only word that is directly related to the given words "duo," "twins," and "debt." "Two" is synonymous with "duo" and "twins," and it is also related to "debt" as it could indicate that there are two parties involved in the debt. The other words, "give" and "gift," do not have a direct connection to the given words.

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  • 10. 

    Ecclesia, -ae

    • A.

      Church

    • B.

      Out of

    • C.

      Horse

    • D.

      Out of

    • E.

      Window

    Correct Answer
    A. Church
    Explanation
    The Latin word "ecclesia" translates to "church" in English. The options "out of," "horse," and "window" do not have any relation to the meaning of "ecclesia." Therefore, the correct answer is "church."

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  • 11. 

    Equus, -i

    • A.

      Church

    • B.

      Out of

    • C.

      Window

    • D.

      Horse

    • E.

      Student

    Correct Answer
    D. Horse
    Explanation
    The word "equus" is Latin for "horse". The other options like "church", "out of", "window", and "student" do not have any relation to the word "equus". Therefore, the correct answer is "horse".

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  • 12. 

    Et

    • A.

      And

    • B.

      Out of

    • C.

      Into

    • D.

      Eat

    • E.

      Give

    Correct Answer
    A. And
    Explanation
    The word "and" is a conjunction that is used to connect words, phrases, or clauses together. It is commonly used to join two or more similar or related ideas or items. In the given list of words, "and" is the only word that serves this purpose. The other words do not have the same function or meaning.

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  • 13. 

    Ex

    • A.

      And

    • B.

      Into

    • C.

      Out of

    • D.

      Beneath

    • E.

      Ax

    Correct Answer
    C. Out of
  • 14. 

    Fama, -ae, f.

    • A.

      Family

    • B.

      Woman

    • C.

      Son

    • D.

      Fame, rumor

    • E.

      Daughter

    Correct Answer
    D. Fame, rumor
    Explanation
    The word "fama" in Latin translates to "fame" or "rumor". This means that it refers to the reputation or notoriety of someone or something, or the spread of information or gossip about someone. It does not mean "family", "woman", "son", or "daughter".

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  • 15. 

    Femina, -ae, f.

    • A.

      Daughter

    • B.

      Woman

    • C.

      Sister

    • D.

      Fortune, chance

    • E.

      Famine

    Correct Answer
    B. Woman
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "woman" because the word "femina" is a feminine noun in Latin, indicating that it refers to a female person. The other options, such as "daughter," "sister," and "fortune," do not accurately capture the general meaning of "femina" as a standalone word.

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  • 16. 

    Fenestra, ae, f.

    • A.

      Son

    • B.

      Window

    • C.

      Brother

    • D.

      Daughter

    • E.

      River

    Correct Answer
    B. Window
    Explanation
    The word "fenestra" is a Latin noun that translates to "window" in English. This word specifically refers to an opening in a wall or a building that allows light and air to enter. Therefore, "window" is the correct answer for this question.

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  • 17. 

    Filia, -ae, f.

    • A.

      Brother

    • B.

      Family

    • C.

      Son

    • D.

      Daughter

    • E.

      River

    Correct Answer
    D. Daughter
    Explanation
    The word "filia" is a feminine noun in Latin, which means "daughter" in English. It is used to refer to a female child in a family. Therefore, out of the given options, "daughter" is the correct answer that best matches the meaning of the word "filia".

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  • 18. 

    Filius, -i, m.

    • A.

      Brother

    • B.

      Son

    • C.

      Family

    • D.

      Daughter

    • E.

      River

    Correct Answer
    B. Son
    Explanation
    The Latin word "filius" translates to "son" in English. This word refers to a male offspring, specifically the male child of a parent or parents. The other options listed, such as brother, family, daughter, and river, do not accurately represent the meaning of "filius." Therefore, the correct answer is "son."

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  • 19. 

    Flumen, fluminis, n.

    • A.

      River

    • B.

      Window

    • C.

      Wind

    • D.

      Family

    • E.

      Daughter

    Correct Answer
    A. River
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "river" because the Latin word "flumen, fluminis" translates to "river" in English. The word "flumen" is a noun in the nominative case, and "fluminis" is its genitive form. Therefore, the word refers specifically to a body of water that flows in a channel and is larger than a stream.

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  • 20. 

    Fortuna, -ae, f.

    • A.

      Forum

    • B.

      Wheat, grain

    • C.

      Future

    • D.

      Fortune, chance

    • E.

      Brother

    Correct Answer
    D. Fortune, chance
    Explanation
    The word "fortuna" is a feminine noun that translates to "fortune" or "chance". In Latin, it refers to the concept of luck or fate, and can also be associated with the goddess of fortune. This word signifies the unpredictable and random nature of events, emphasizing the element of chance in one's life.

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  • 21. 

    Forum, -i, n.

    • A.

      Wheat, grain

    • B.

      Fortune, chance

    • C.

      River

    • D.

      Flight

    • E.

      Forum

    Correct Answer
    E. Forum
    Explanation
    A forum is a place where people gather to discuss and exchange ideas. It is a platform for open discussion and debate. The given word "forum" is a noun, which fits the definition of a place where people can engage in conversations and share their thoughts. Therefore, the correct answer for this question is "forum".

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  • 22. 

    Frater, fratris, m.

    • A.

      Brother

    • B.

      Father

    • C.

      Wheat, grain

    • D.

      Family

    • E.

      Fortune, chance

    Correct Answer
    A. Brother
    Explanation
    The word "frater" is a masculine noun in Latin, and it means "brother." This word specifically refers to a male sibling. It does not mean "father," "wheat, grain," "family," or "fortune, chance." Therefore, the correct answer is "brother."

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  • 23. 

    Frumentum, -i, n.

    • A.

      Fortune, chance

    • B.

      Brother

    • C.

      Joy

    • D.

      Wheat, grain

    • E.

      Flight

    Correct Answer
    D. Wheat, grain
    Explanation
    The word "frumentum" is a Latin noun that refers to "wheat" or "grain". This is evident from its literal translation and its usage in Latin texts where it is commonly associated with agriculture, food, and farming. The other options such as "fortune, chance", "brother", "joy", and "flight" do not accurately represent the meaning of "frumentum" in Latin.

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  • 24. 

    Fuga, -ae, f.

    • A.

      Daughter

    • B.

      Flight

    • C.

      Wheat, grain

    • D.

      Joy

    • E.

      Fame, rumor

    Correct Answer
    B. Flight
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "flight". In Latin, "fuga" means flight, referring to the act of moving through the air, typically by birds or airplanes. It does not mean daughter, wheat, grain, joy, or fame/rumor.

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  • 25. 

    Gallia, -ae, f.

    • A.

      Joy

    • B.

      Twin

    • C.

      Sword

    • D.

      Glory

    • E.

      Gaul

    Correct Answer
    E. Gaul
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Gaul". "Gallia" is the Latin word for Gaul, which was a region in Western Europe during ancient times. It was inhabited by the Celtic Gauls and eventually conquered by the Romans. The word "Gallia" is feminine in gender, indicated by the "ae" ending, which is common in Latin nouns. Therefore, "Gaul" is the appropriate translation for "Gallia".

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  • 26. 

    Gaudium, -i, n.

    • A.

      Gaul

    • B.

      Twin

    • C.

      Joy

    • D.

      Sword

    • E.

      Grace

    Correct Answer
    C. Joy
    Explanation
    The Latin word "gaudium" means joy. This word is derived from the verb "gaudeo," which means to rejoice or be glad. Therefore, "gaudium" refers to a feeling of happiness or delight.

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  • 27. 

    Geminus, -i, m.

    • A.

      Jewel

    • B.

      Tribe

    • C.

      Sword

    • D.

      Joy

    • E.

      Twin

    Correct Answer
    E. Twin
    Explanation
    The word "geminus" is a masculine noun in Latin. It refers to "twin" in English. This suggests that the word is used to describe a person or thing that has a counterpart or is part of a pair. It could be used to describe siblings who are born at the same time or objects that come in pairs.

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  • 28. 

    Gens, gentis, f.

    • A.

      Family

    • B.

      Tribe

    • C.

      Sword

    • D.

      Twin

    • E.

      Joy

    Correct Answer
    B. Tribe
    Explanation
    The word "gens" is a noun in Latin, which means "tribe" or "clan". It refers to a group of people who are related by blood and share a common ancestry. In ancient Rome, the gens was an important social unit that played a significant role in politics, religion, and society. Therefore, "tribe" is the correct answer as it accurately represents the meaning of the Latin word "gens".

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  • 29. 

    Gladius, -i, m.

    • A.

      Joy

    • B.

      Glory

    • C.

      Grace

    • D.

      Sword

    • E.

      Twin

    Correct Answer
    D. Sword
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "sword." In Latin, "gladius" refers to a type of weapon, specifically a sword. This term is commonly used in ancient Roman military contexts to describe the primary weapon used by Roman soldiers. Therefore, out of the given options, "sword" is the most accurate translation for "gladius."

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  • 30. 

    Gloria, -ae, f.

    • A.

      Glory

    • B.

      Grace

    • C.

      Sword

    • D.

      Tribe

    • E.

      Twin

    Correct Answer
    A. Glory
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "glory". In Latin, the word "gloria" is a feminine noun that means "glory". It refers to the state of being praised or celebrated, often associated with great achievements or honor. This word is commonly used in religious or poetic contexts to describe the splendor or magnificence of something or someone.

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  • 31. 

    Gratia, -ae, f.

    • A.

      Glory

    • B.

      Sword

    • C.

      Grace

    • D.

      Thanks

    • E.

      Joy

    Correct Answer
    C. Grace
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "grace". In Latin, "gratia" means grace, which refers to elegance, beauty, or charm. It can also denote favor or goodwill. This word is commonly used in religious contexts to refer to the unmerited favor or divine assistance given to humans. Therefore, "grace" is the most appropriate translation for "gratia" in this context.

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  • 32. 

    Habeo, (2)

    • A.

      Spain

    • B.

      Man, person

    • C.

      Live in, inhabit, dwell

    • D.

      Herb, plant

    • E.

      Have

    Correct Answer
    E. Have
    Explanation
    The word "habeo" is a Latin verb that means "to have". It can be used to indicate possession or ownership of something. In this context, "have" is the correct translation for "habeo". The other options listed are incorrect translations or definitions of the word.

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  • 33. 

    Habito, -are

    • A.

      Have

    • B.

      Live in, inhabit, dwell

    • C.

      Habit

    • D.

      Plant

    • E.

      Spain

    Correct Answer
    B. Live in, inhabit, dwell
    Explanation
    The word "habito" is a verb in Latin that means "to live in, inhabit, dwell." This verb is derived from the noun "habitatio" which means "a place of dwelling." Therefore, the correct answer is "live in, inhabit, dwell," as these words accurately capture the meaning of the Latin verb "habito."

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  • 34. 

    Herba, -ae, f.

    • A.

      Have

    • B.

      Live in, dwell, inhabit

    • C.

      Man, person

    • D.

      Herb, plant

    • E.

      Hour

    Correct Answer
    D. Herb, plant
    Explanation
    The Latin word "herba" is a feminine noun that means "herb" or "plant". This word is used to refer to any type of plant or herbaceous vegetation. It is not related to the other options listed, such as "have", "live in, dwell, inhabit", "man, person", or "hour". Therefore, the correct answer is "herb, plant".

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  • 35. 

    Hispania, -ae, f.

    • A.

      Spain

    • B.

      Man, person

    • C.

      Herb, plant

    • D.

      Live in, dwell, inhabit

    • E.

      Garden

    Correct Answer
    A. Spain
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Spain" because Hispania is the Latin name for the Iberian Peninsula, which includes modern-day Spain. In ancient times, Hispania was a Roman province and played a significant role in the Roman Empire. The word "Hispania" is feminine in Latin, indicated by the "-ae" ending, and it refers specifically to the geographical region of Spain.

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  • 36. 

    Homo, hominis, m.

    • A.

      Herb, plant

    • B.

      Live in, dwell

    • C.

      Hour

    • D.

      Enemy

    • E.

      Man, person

    Correct Answer
    E. Man, person
    Explanation
    The Latin word "homo, hominis" translates to "man, person" in English. This word refers to a human being, regardless of gender. It is a generic term that encompasses both males and females.

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  • 37. 

    Hora, -ae, f.

    • A.

      Herb, plant

    • B.

      Live in, dwell

    • C.

      Hour

    • D.

      Have

    • E.

      Man, person

    Correct Answer
    C. Hour
    Explanation
    The word "hora" is a Latin noun that translates to "hour" in English. In this context, it refers to a unit of time, specifically a period of 60 minutes. The other options listed, such as "herb, plant" and "live in, dwell," do not accurately represent the meaning of "hora" in Latin. Therefore, the correct answer is "hour."

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  • 38. 

    Hortus, -i, m.

    • A.

      Garden

    • B.

      Hour

    • C.

      Man, person

    • D.

      Enemy

    • E.

      Have

    Correct Answer
    A. Garden
    Explanation
    The word "hortus" is a Latin noun that means "garden". It refers to a piece of land used for growing plants, flowers, and vegetables. This word is commonly used in Latin literature and is still used in modern scientific terminology. It does not mean "hour", "man", "person", or "enemy". The correct answer is "garden".

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  • 39. 

    Hostis, hostis, c.

    • A.

      Garden

    • B.

      Man, person

    • C.

      Garden

    • D.

      Host

    • E.

      Enemy

    Correct Answer
    E. Enemy
    Explanation
    The Latin word "hostis" is translated as "enemy" in English. This is evident from the options given, where "garden," "man," "person," and "host" do not have the same meaning as "enemy." Therefore, the correct answer is "enemy."

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  • 40. 

    Ignis, ignis, f.

    • A.

      Injury

    • B.

      Anger

    • C.

      Fire

    • D.

      General, commander

    • E.

      Island

    Correct Answer
    C. Fire
    Explanation
    The word "ignis" is a Latin noun that translates to "fire" in English. This is evident from the given options where "ignis" is listed alongside other words that have different meanings such as "injury," "anger," "general, commander," and "island." Therefore, the correct answer is "fire."

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  • 41. 

    Imperator, -oris, m.

    • A.

      General, commander

    • B.

      Fire

    • C.

      Command, empire

    • D.

      Island

    • E.

      Injury

    Correct Answer
    A. General, commander
    Explanation
    The word "imperator" in Latin refers to a general or commander. This term was commonly used in ancient Rome to denote a military leader who had achieved great victories and was hailed as a hero. The word "imperator" carries connotations of power, authority, and strategic prowess, making it an appropriate term to describe a general or commander.

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  • 42. 

    Imperium, -i, n.

    • A.

      General, commander

    • B.

      Command, empire

    • C.

      Forum

    • D.

      Injury

    • E.

      Money

    Correct Answer
    B. Command, empire
    Explanation
    The word "imperium" is a noun that refers to "command" or "empire." It is used to describe a position of authority or power, particularly in a military or governmental context. The word "command" is closely related to "imperium" as it signifies the act of giving orders or being in control. Similarly, "empire" refers to a large and powerful political entity that extends its control over various territories. Therefore, the correct answer for this question is "command, empire."

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  • 43. 

    Injuria, -ae, f.

    • A.

      Island

    • B.

      Injury

    • C.

      Between

    • D.

      Jury

    • E.

      Command, empire

    Correct Answer
    B. Injury
    Explanation
    The word "injuria" is a Latin noun that means "injury" in English. This word refers to any harm or damage caused to a person's body, rights, or reputation. It is commonly used in legal contexts to describe a wrongful act that causes harm or injustice to someone. Therefore, "injury" is the correct answer as it accurately translates the meaning of "injuria" into English.

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  • 44. 

    Insula, -ae, f.

    • A.

      Between

    • B.

      Injury

    • C.

      Anger

    • D.

      Fire

    • E.

      Island

    Correct Answer
    E. Island
    Explanation
    The word "insula" is a feminine noun that means "island" in Latin. This word refers to a piece of land that is surrounded by water on all sides. In Latin, "insula" is commonly used to describe a landmass that is separate from the mainland and is completely surrounded by water. Therefore, "island" is the correct answer for this question.

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  • 45. 

    Inter

    • A.

      Enter

    • B.

      Doorway

    • C.

      Anger

    • D.

      Commang, empire

    • E.

      Between

    Correct Answer
    E. Between
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "between". The word "between" is the only one that fits the given list of words. It is the only word that can be used to describe the relationship or position of two objects or locations that are not directly next to each other. The other words do not have a similar meaning or usage in this context.

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  • 46. 

    Ira, -ae, f.

    • A.

      Between

    • B.

      Fire

    • C.

      Anger

    • D.

      Enemy

    • E.

      Island

    Correct Answer
    D. Enemy
    Explanation
    The word "ira" is a feminine noun in Latin. Among the given options, "enemy" is the most fitting translation for "ira" as it aligns with the context and meaning of the word.

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  • 47. 

    Italia, -ae, f.

    • A.

      Italy

    • B.

      Italian

    • C.

      Anger

    • D.

      Between

    • E.

      General, commander

    Correct Answer
    A. Italy
    Explanation
    The word "Italia" is a Latin noun that refers to the country of Italy. It is a feminine noun, as indicated by the "-ae" ending. Therefore, the correct answer is "Italy."

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  • 48. 

    Jesus

    • A.

      Jesus

    • B.

      Joy

    • C.

      Man

    • D.

      Italy

    • E.

      Juice

    Correct Answer
    A. Jesus
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