Latihan Soal Keanekaragaman Hayati

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| By Rikasukmana
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Quizzes Created: 7 | Total Attempts: 15,884
Questions: 10 | Attempts: 3,718

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Latihan Soal Keanekaragaman Hayati - Quiz

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Usaha pelestarian sumber daya alam hayati ekosistem hutan dapat dilakukan dengan cara…

    • A.

      Penebangan hanya boleh dilakukan pada pohon-pohon besar dan rindang

    • B.

      Penebangan hutan dilakukan tidak pada musim penyerbukan

    • C.

      Penebangan hanya dilakukan pada tanaman yang tidak dapat berkembang biak dengan cepat

    • D.

      Menerapkan system tebang pilih dan penanaman kembali

    • E.

      Penebangan dilakukan jika dibutuhkan untuk mendirikan perumahan

    Correct Answer
    D. Menerapkan system tebang pilih dan penanaman kembali
    Explanation
    The correct answer suggests that the conservation of biological resources in forest ecosystems can be achieved by implementing selective logging and reforestation practices. Selective logging involves carefully choosing which trees to cut down, focusing on mature and healthy ones, while reforestation involves planting new trees to replace the ones that were cut down. This approach helps to maintain the balance of the ecosystem and ensure the sustainable use of forest resources.

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  • 2. 

    Komodo merupakan hewan endemic di Pulau Komodo sehingga perlu dilindungi agar tidak punah. Untuk tujuan tersebut, Pulau Komodo dijadikan sebagai…

    • A.

      Cagar alam

    • B.

      Taman nasional

    • C.

      Suaka margasatwa

    • D.

      Kebun raya

    • E.

      Hutan wisata

    Correct Answer
    B. Taman nasional
    Explanation
    Komodo is an endemic animal in Komodo Island, so it needs to be protected from extinction. To achieve this goal, Komodo Island is designated as a national park. A national park is a protected area that aims to conserve the natural environment and preserve the biodiversity of a specific region. By designating Komodo Island as a national park, it ensures that measures are taken to protect the Komodo dragons and their habitat, as well as other species that inhabit the island.

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  • 3. 

    Pengelompokan organisme dapat didasarkan atas keanekaragaman tingkat gen dan keanekaragaman tingkat spesies. Tanaman berikut yang menunjukkan keanekaragaman tingkat gen adalah…

    • A.

      Melon, mentimun dan semangka

    • B.

      Sirsak, srikaya dan mangga

    • C.

      Jahe, temu ireng, dan temu lawak

    • D.

      Bunga mawar, bunga melati dan bunga kenanga

    • E.

      Kelapa gading, kelapa hybrid, dan kelapa hijau

    Correct Answer
    E. Kelapa gading, kelapa hybrid, dan kelapa hijau
    Explanation
    keanekaraganan tingkat gen adalah keanekaragaman yang masih di dalam lingkup satu jenis (spesies), kelapa gading, kelapa hybrid, kelapa hijau masih dalam lingkup satu jenis.

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  • 4. 

    Pasangan tumbuhan berikut yang dapat dikelompokkan dalam tingkat keanekaragaman gen yaitu…

    • A.

      Jeruk nipis dan jeruk purut

    • B.

      Ketan hitam dan ketan putih

    • C.

      Bayam duri dan bayam cabut

    • D.

      Jambu biji dan jambu monyet

    • E.

      Sawo kecik dan sawo manila

    Correct Answer
    B. Ketan hitam dan ketan putih
    Explanation
    Ketan hitam dan ketan putih dapat dikelompokkan dalam tingkat keanekaragaman gen karena keduanya merupakan varietas atau jenis yang berbeda dari tanaman ketan. Meskipun keduanya termasuk dalam spesies yang sama, yaitu Oryza sativa, namun memiliki perbedaan dalam sifat genetiknya. Keanekaragaman gen ini dapat dilihat dari perbedaan warna dan tekstur biji, serta sifat-sifat lainnya yang mungkin dimiliki oleh masing-masing varietas.

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  • 5. 

    Berdasarkan perbedaan flora dan fauna yang mendominasi, terumbu karang di Pantai Pangandaran dan kawasan hutan di Gunung Gede Pangrango menunjukkan adanya keanekaragaman hayati tingkat…

    • A.

      Gen

    • B.

      Spesies

    • C.

      Populasi

    • D.

      Komunitas

    • E.

      Ekosistem

    Correct Answer
    E. Ekosistem
    Explanation
    Based on the given information about the dominant flora and fauna, the coral reefs in Pangandaran Beach and the forest area in Gunung Gede Pangrango show biodiversity at the ecosystem level. This suggests that there is a wide variety of living organisms interacting with each other and with their environment in these areas. The term "ekosistem" refers to a community of organisms and their physical environment, including the interactions between them.

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  • 6. 

     Rafflesia arnoldi merupakan tanaman yang berasal dari daerah…

    • A.

      Bengkulu, Riau dan Kalimantan

    • B.

      Sumatera Barat, Bengkulu dan Aceh

    • C.

      Nusa Kambangan dan Pangandaran

    • D.

      Nusa Kambangan dan Bengkulu

    • E.

      Jawa Barat, Bengkulu dan Aceh

    Correct Answer
    E. Jawa Barat, Bengkulu dan Aceh
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Jawa Barat, Bengkulu, and Aceh. This is because Rafflesia arnoldi is a plant that is native to these three regions in Indonesia.

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  • 7. 

    Kawasan suaka alam yang digunakan untuk melindungi dan menjamin perkembangan secara alami terhadap jenis tumbuhan yang khas di tempat tersebut disebut…

    • A.

      Cagar alam

    • B.

      Suaka margasatwa

    • C.

      Taman nasional

    • D.

      Taman wisata alam

    • E.

      Taman hutan raya

    Correct Answer
    A. Cagar alam
    Explanation
    Cagar alam is the correct answer because it refers to a natural sanctuary area that is used to protect and ensure the natural development of specific plant species in that location. It is a designated area where the unique and characteristic plant species are preserved and conserved.

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  • 8. 

    Contoh upaya pelestarian keanekaragaman hayati di Indonesia secara ex situ yaitu...

    • A.

      Pendirian Taman Nasional Baluran

    • B.

      Penangkaran harimau di kebun binatang

    • C.

      Perlindungan Taman Laut Bunaken

    • D.

      Perlindungan komodo di Pulau Komodo

    • E.

      Perlindungan bunga Rafflesia arnoldi di Bengkulu

    Correct Answer
    B. Penangkaran harimau di kebun binatang
    Explanation
    Penangkaran harimau di kebun binatang refers to the establishment of tiger breeding programs in zoos, which is an ex situ conservation effort. This means that tigers are bred and protected outside of their natural habitat in order to ensure their survival and increase their population. By breeding tigers in captivity, zoos contribute to the conservation of this endangered species and help prevent their extinction.

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  • 9. 

    1.       Berikut ini beberapa kawasan konservasi di Indonesia 1)       Cagar Alam Gunung Muntis 2)       Suaka Margasatwa Cikepuh 3)       Taman Nasional Meru Betiri 4)       Taman Nasional Baluran 5)       Taman Wisata Alam Tibolangit Kawasan Konservasi yang terdapat di Pulau Jawa meliputi nomor…

    • A.

      1), 2) dan 3)

    • B.

      1), 3) dan 4)

    • C.

      1), 4) dan 5)

    • D.

      2), 3) dan 4)

    • E.

      2), 3) dan 5)

    Correct Answer
    D. 2), 3) dan 4)
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 2), 3) dan 4). This is because the question asks for the conservation areas located in Java Island, and the options 2), 3), and 4) are the ones listed in the given list that are located in Java. Option 1) is incorrect because it includes Gunung Muntis which is not located in Java. Option 5) is also incorrect because it includes Taman Wisata Alam Tibolangit which is also not located in Java.

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  • 10. 

    Berikut ini yang tidak termasuk tujuan klasifikasi makhluk hidup yang dilakukan oleh para ahli Biologi yaitu ...

    • A.

      Mengetahui evolusi pada makhluk hidup

    • B.

      Memberikan nama ilmiah pada makhluk hidup

    • C.

      Mengetahui hubungan kekerabatan antar-makhluk hidup

    • D.

      Mengelompokkan makhluk hidup berdasarkan cirri-cirinya

    • E.

      Membedakan setiap jenis makhluk hidup agar mudah dikenali

    Correct Answer
    A. Mengetahui evolusi pada makhluk hidup
    Explanation
    The given answer "Mengetahui evolusi pada makhluk hidup" does not include in the objectives of classification of living organisms. Classification aims to organize and categorize organisms based on their characteristics, establish their relationships, and assign scientific names. Understanding evolution is a separate field of study in biology, which focuses on the changes and development of species over time.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 08, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Rikasukmana
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