Latihan Soal Ips Kelas 7 Ujian Kenaikan Kelas

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Latihan Soal Ips Kelas 7 Ujian Kenaikan Kelas - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Peta adalah gambaran permukaan bumi pada suatu bidang datar yang diperkecil dengan skala. Perhatikan gambar di bawah ini.Gambar di atas bukanlah peta, karena ....

    • A.

      Gambar tersebut merupakan hasil foto digital

    • B.

      Gambar tersebut termasuk peta, karena sudah diperkecil

    • C.

      Peta merupakan gambaran permukaan bumi yang menyerupai bentuk aslinya

    • D.

      Gambar tersebut termasuk peta 3 dimensi

    Correct Answer
    C. Peta merupakan gambaran permukaan bumi yang menyerupai bentuk aslinya
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "peta merupakan gambaran permukaan bumi yang menyerupai bentuk aslinya" because a map is a representation of the Earth's surface that resembles its actual shape. The other options are incorrect because the fact that the image is a digital photo or has been reduced in size does not determine whether it is a map or not. Additionally, the statement that the image is a 3-dimensional map is contradictory since maps are typically 2-dimensional representations.

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  • 2. 

    Komponen peta yang dapat digunakan untuk mengetahui ukuran luas dan jarak adalah ....

    • A.

      Skala

    • B.

      Legenda

    • C.

      Simbol

    • D.

      Orientasi

    Correct Answer
    A. Skala
    Explanation
    The correct answer is skala. Skala pada peta digunakan untuk mengukur dan mengetahui ukuran luas dan jarak. Skala merupakan perbandingan antara jarak pada peta dengan jarak sebenarnya di lapangan. Dengan menggunakan skala, pengguna peta dapat menghitung estimasi jarak antara dua titik atau mengukur luas suatu area dengan akurat.

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  • 3. 

    Jarak Kota Kediri-Jombang pada peta dengan skala 1 : 1.250.000 adalah 4 cm. Berapakah jarak sebenarnya kedua kota tersebut?

    • A.

      12,5 km

    • B.

      50 km

    • C.

      125 km

    • D.

      500 km

    Correct Answer
    B. 50 km
    Explanation
    The scale of the map is 1:1,250,000, which means that 1 cm on the map represents 1,250,000 cm or 12.5 km in real life. Since the distance between Kediri and Jombang on the map is 4 cm, the actual distance between the two cities is 4 cm x 12.5 km/cm = 50 km.

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  • 4. 

    Unsur peta yang menjelaskan tentang arti simbol-simbol yang digunakan pada peta disebut ….

    • A.

      Legenda

    • B.

      Simbol

    • C.

      Orientasi

    • D.

      Skala

    Correct Answer
    A. Legenda
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "legenda" because a "legenda" or "legend" is a key or guide that explains the meaning of symbols used on a map. It helps the reader understand the representation of various features or objects on the map.

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  • 5. 

    Unsur peta berupa tanda yang mewakili bentuk asli di permukaan bumi disebut ….

    • A.

      Legenda

    • B.

      Simbol

    • C.

      Rambu

    • D.

      Skala

    Correct Answer
    B. Simbol
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "simbol". In a map, symbols are used to represent the actual features on the Earth's surface. These symbols can represent various things such as landmarks, roads, bodies of water, or vegetation. They provide a visual representation of the real-world objects or features on a map, making it easier for the reader to understand and interpret the information presented on the map.

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  • 6. 

    Unsur peta yang dapat digunakan sebagai pedoman untuk mengetahui ukuran luas dan jarak adalah ….

    • A.

      Legenda

    • B.

      Simbol

    • C.

      Skala

    • D.

      Orientasi

    Correct Answer
    C. Skala
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "skala". The scale on a map is used as a guide to determine the size, distance, and proportion of features on the map in relation to the actual size on the ground. It helps in understanding the measurements and distances between different locations on the map. By using the scale, one can calculate the actual distance between two points on the map or estimate the size of an area.

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  • 7. 

    Unsur peta yang digunakan untuk menentukan arah pada peta disebut ….

    • A.

      Legenda

    • B.

      Skala

    • C.

      Simbol

    • D.

      Orientasi

    Correct Answer
    D. Orientasi
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "orientasi". Orientasi refers to the compass direction or the way in which a map is positioned. It helps in determining the direction on a map. Legenda refers to the key or legend that explains the symbols and colors used on a map. Skala refers to the ratio or proportion between the distances on a map and the corresponding distances on the ground. Simbol refers to the symbols or icons used to represent different features on a map.

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  • 8. 

    Gambar peta kecil yang terdapat dalam peta yang lebih besar yang bertujuan memperjelas bagian-bagian peta yang dianggap penting adalah ….

    • A.

      Insert

    • B.

      Simbol

    • C.

      Skala

    • D.

      Orientasi

    Correct Answer
    A. Insert
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "insert". A small map inserted within a larger map is used to provide additional detail or clarification for specific areas that are considered important. This helps users to easily locate and understand the specific features or regions on the larger map.

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  • 9. 

    Perhatikan skala peta berikut!1. 2. 1 : 50.0003. one inch to one mile4. 1 km = 100.000 cmYang bukan termasuk skala peta adalah ….

    • A.

      Nomor 1

    • B.

      Nomor 2

    • C.

      Nomor 3

    • D.

      Nomor 4

    Correct Answer
    D. Nomor 4
    Explanation
    The given options represent different scales of measurement. Option 1 represents a scale of 1:50,000, option 2 represents a scale of one inch to one mile, and option 3 represents a scale of 1 km = 100,000 cm. However, option 4 does not represent a scale, but rather a conversion factor between kilometers and centimeters. Therefore, option 4 is not included in the list of map scales.

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  • 10. 

    Agar cepat dan mudah mencari letak suatu tempat di dalam atlas, maka terlebih dahulu dilihat pada halaman ….

    • A.

      Agenda

    • B.

      Indeks

    • C.

      Legenda

    • D.

      Daftar isi

    Correct Answer
    B. Indeks
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "indeks". An index is a section in an atlas that lists the names of places and their corresponding page numbers. By referring to the index, one can quickly and easily locate a specific place in the atlas.

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  • 11. 

    Berikut adalah manfaat globe, kecuali ….

    • A.

      Menunjukkan bahwa bumi berbentuk bulat

    • B.

      Menunjukkan sistem garis lintang dan garis bujur

    • C.

      Memperagakan terjadinya siang dan malam

    • D.

      Memperagakan terjadinya musim kemarau

    Correct Answer
    D. Memperagakan terjadinya musim kemarau
    Explanation
    Globe adalah bola dunia yang merepresentasikan bumi secara proporsional. Globe digunakan untuk menunjukkan bahwa bumi berbentuk bulat dan juga untuk memperagakan sistem garis lintang dan garis bujur. Selain itu, globe juga digunakan untuk memperagakan terjadinya siang dan malam melalui peredaran bumi pada sumbunya. Namun, globe tidak dapat memperagakan terjadinya musim kemarau karena musim kemarau dipengaruhi oleh faktor iklim dan pergerakan bumi dalam orbit mengelilingi matahari.

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  • 12. 

    Perhatikan gambar skala grafis di bawah ini!Skala di atas apabila diubah menjadi skala angka menjadi ....

    • A.

      1 : 1.000.000

    • B.

      1 : 500.000

    • C.

      1 : 1.500.000

    • D.

      1 : 5.000.000

    Correct Answer
    A. 1 : 1.000.000
    Explanation
    The given scale graphic represents a ratio of 1:1,000,000. This means that one unit on the graph represents one million units in real life.

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  • 13. 

    Perhatikan gambar di bawah ini!Apabila gambar di atas mempunyai skala 1 : 100.000, berapakah luas area pada gambar di atas?

    • A.

      6 km persegi

    • B.

      12 km persegi

    • C.

      60 km persegi

    • D.

      24 km persegi

    Correct Answer
    B. 12 km persegi
  • 14. 

    Halus, ramah tamah, suka bergotong royong, tetapi agak malas adalah tabiat penduduk di kawasan ….

    • A.

      Daerah pantai

    • B.

      Dataran tinggi

    • C.

      Dataran rendah

    • D.

      Pegunungan

    Correct Answer
    C. Dataran rendah
    Explanation
    The given answer suggests that the described habits of being polite, friendly, cooperative, but somewhat lazy are characteristic of the people living in lowland areas.

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  • 15. 

    Peristiwa hujan, awan dan pencemaran terdapat pada lapisan ….

    • A.

      Troposfer

    • B.

      Stratosfer

    • C.

      Mesosfer

    • D.

      Termosfer

    Correct Answer
    A. Troposfer
    Explanation
    The correct answer is troposfer because the troposphere is the lowest layer of the Earth's atmosphere where weather events such as rain and clouds occur. It is also the layer where pollution is most concentrated. The stratosphere, mesosphere, and thermosphere are higher layers of the atmosphere and do not directly involve weather and pollution events.

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  • 16. 

    Lapisan atmosfer yang sangat bermanfaat bagi kehidupan dalam bidang telekomunikasi adalah ….

    • A.

      Troposfer

    • B.

      Mesosfer

    • C.

      Stratosfer

    • D.

      Termosfer

    Correct Answer
    B. Mesosfer
    Explanation
    The mesosphere is a layer of the atmosphere that is beneficial for telecommunications. It is located above the stratosphere and below the thermosphere. The mesosphere is important for telecommunications because it contains a layer called the ionosphere, which reflects radio waves and allows for long-distance communication. This layer also helps to protect the Earth from meteors, as they burn up upon entering the mesosphere. Therefore, the mesosphere is a crucial layer in the atmosphere for telecommunications and overall protection of the Earth.

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  • 17. 

    Di bawah ini adalah unsur-unsur cuaca dan iklim, kecuaali ….

    • A.

      Curah hujan

    • B.

      Tinggi tempat

    • C.

      Kelembaban udara

    • D.

      Suhu udara

    Correct Answer
    B. Tinggi tempat
    Explanation
    The given answer, "tinggi tempat" (high altitude), is a missing element in the list of weather and climate factors provided. Altitude or elevation plays a significant role in determining weather and climate patterns. As altitude increases, the temperature decreases, and the air becomes thinner. This affects various weather phenomena such as cloud formation, precipitation patterns, and atmospheric pressure. Therefore, including "tinggi tempat" as a factor is necessary to have a comprehensive understanding of weather and climate conditions.

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  • 18. 

    Indonesia terletak di antara 6 derajat LS – 11 derajat LU. Berdasarkan data tersebut, iklim yang cocok untuk Indonesia adalah ….

    • A.

      Iklim sedang

    • B.

      Iklim sejuk

    • C.

      Iklim sub tropis

    • D.

      Iklim tropis

    Correct Answer
    D. Iklim tropis
    Explanation
    Based on the given data that Indonesia is located between 6 degrees South latitude and 11 degrees North latitude, it can be inferred that the suitable climate for Indonesia is a tropical climate. This is because tropical climates are typically found near the equator, which is where Indonesia is located. Tropical climates are characterized by high temperatures, high humidity, and abundant rainfall throughout the year.

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  • 19. 

    Berikut adalah pernyataan yang benar tentang proses hujan, kecuali ….

    • A.

      Hujan orografis merupakan hujan yang terjadi di daerah pegunungan

    • B.

      Hujan zenithal terjadi karena adanya pergerakan udara secara vertikal di daerah tropis

    • C.

      Hujan frontal terjadi karena adanya pertemuan massa udara panas dan dingin

    • D.

      Hujan bayangan merupakan hujan yang terjadi di daerah gurun pasir

    Correct Answer
    D. Hujan bayangan merupakan hujan yang terjadi di daerah gurun pasir
    Explanation
    The statement "hujan bayangan merupakan hujan yang terjadi di daerah gurun pasir" is incorrect. "Hujan bayangan" refers to rainfall that occurs on the leeward side of a mountain range, where the air descending from the mountains causes the moisture to condense and form rain. This phenomenon is not specifically associated with desert areas.

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  • 20. 

    Hitunglah suhu di puncak gunung yang berketinggian 2.500 m dpl!

    • A.

      10,3 derajat celcius

    • B.

      11,3 derajat celcius

    • C.

      12,3 derajat celcius

    • D.

      13,3 derajat celcius

    Correct Answer
    B. 11,3 derajat celcius
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 11.3 degrees Celsius. As altitude increases, the temperature generally decreases. This is because the air becomes thinner at higher altitudes, leading to a decrease in heat trapping and a decrease in temperature. Therefore, the temperature at the peak of a mountain, which is 2,500 meters above sea level, would be lower than at sea level.

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  • 21. 

    Perhatikan gambar di bawah ini!Pengaruh angin pada gambar di atas bagi wilayah Indonesia adalah ….

    • A.

      Terjadi musim penghujan

    • B.

      Terjadi musim paceklik

    • C.

      Terjadi musim kemarau

    • D.

      Terjadi musim pancaroba

    Correct Answer
    A. Terjadi musim penghujan
    Explanation
    Based on the given image, it can be inferred that the influence of wind in the picture is causing the rainy season in Indonesia.

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  • 22. 

    Perhatikan gambar di bawah ini!Pengaruh angin pada gambar di atas bagi wilayah Indonesia adalah ….

    • A.

      Terjadi musim penghujan

    • B.

      Terjadi musim paceklik

    • C.

      Terjadi musim kemarau

    • D.

      Terjadi musim pancaroba

    Correct Answer
    C. Terjadi musim kemarau
    Explanation
    The given picture shows wind patterns in Indonesia. Based on the wind patterns, it can be inferred that the influence of wind in the picture is causing a dry season or "musim kemarau" in Indonesia.

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  • 23. 

    Perhatikan gambar di bawah ini!1.   2.   3. 4.   5. 6. 7. Pada gambar di atas yang bukan termasuk angin lokal adalah gambar ….

    • A.

      2, 3, 4, 5

    • B.

      2, 5, 6, 7

    • C.

      3, 4, 5, 6

    • D.

      2, 4, 5 ,6

    Correct Answer
    B. 2, 5, 6, 7
  • 24. 

    Urutan siklus hidrologi di permukaan bumi yang benar adalah ….

    • A.

      Matahari – uap air – penguapan – awan – kondensasi – butiran air – hujan

    • B.

      Matahari – penguapan – awan – uap air – kondensasi – butiran air – hujan

    • C.

      Matahari – penguapan – uap air – kondensasi – awan – butiran air – hujan

    • D.

      Penguapan – kondensasi – uap air – awan – butiran air – hujan – matahari

    Correct Answer
    C. Matahari – penguapan – uap air – kondensasi – awan – butiran air – hujan
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Matahari – penguapan – uap air – kondensasi – awan – butiran air – hujan". This is the correct sequence of the hydrological cycle on Earth's surface. It starts with the heat from the sun causing the evaporation of water, which then turns into water vapor. The water vapor then condenses to form clouds, and eventually, the condensed water droplets combine to form precipitation in the form of rain.

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  • 25. 

    Sungai yang debit airnya, pada musim penghujan melimpah, sedangkan pada musim kemarau sedikit merupakan ciri-ciri sungai ….

    • A.

      Permanen

    • B.

      Periodik

    • C.

      Episodik

    • D.

      Campuran

    Correct Answer
    B. Periodik
    Explanation
    The given passage states that the river has abundant water during the rainy season but very little water during the dry season. This indicates that the river's water flow is not constant and fluctuates over time. The term "periodik" accurately describes this characteristic as it means periodic or occurring at regular intervals. Therefore, the correct answer is periodik.

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  • 26. 

    Perhatikan tabel berikut!Berdasarkan data di atas danau yang terjadi karena peristiwa vulkanik ditunjukkan oleh kolom ….

    • A.

      I

    • B.

      II

    • C.

      III

    • D.

      IV

    Correct Answer
    B. II
    Explanation
    The correct answer is II because it is the only column that shows a significant increase in the number of lakes compared to the other columns. The data in column II indicates that there is a correlation between volcanic events and the formation of lakes.

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  • 27. 

    Air tanah yang digunakan sebagai sumber air sumur penduduk adalah ….

    • A.

      Air freatis

    • B.

      Gletser

    • C.

      Air artesis

    • D.

      Air sungai

    Correct Answer
    A. Air freatis
    Explanation
    The correct answer is air freatis. Air freatis refers to groundwater that is found in the zone of saturation, where the spaces between soil particles are completely filled with water. This type of groundwater is commonly used as a source of water for wells by the local population. Gletser refers to a large mass of ice that forms on land and moves slowly downhill. Air artesis refers to groundwater that is confined under pressure between layers of impermeable rock or clay. Air sungai refers to water from rivers.

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  • 28. 

    Perhatikan gambar berikut ini!Zona laut yang menjadi sumber ikan bagi nelayan adalah ….

    • A.

      Zona lithoral

    • B.

      Zona neritik

    • C.

      Zona bathial

    • D.

      Zona abysal

    Correct Answer
    B. Zona neritik
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "zona neritik." The neritic zone refers to the shallow part of the ocean that extends from the shoreline to the edge of the continental shelf. This zone is rich in nutrients and sunlight, making it an ideal habitat for many marine organisms, including fish. It is also an important fishing ground for fishermen as it provides a significant source of fish.

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  • 29. 

    Di bawah ini yang tidak termasuk ciri perkebunan besar adalah ….

    • A.

      Berskala besar dan hasilnya untuk dijual

    • B.

      Tanaman yang diusahakan sejenis

    • C.

      Areal tanah perkebunan luas

    • D.

      Manajemen belum diterapkan

    Correct Answer
    D. Manajemen belum diterapkan
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "manajemen belum diterapkan" (management has not been implemented). This option does not belong to the characteristics of a large plantation because a large plantation would typically have a well-implemented management system in place to ensure efficient operations and maximize profits. The other options, such as being large-scale and producing crops for sale, having a large plantation area, and cultivating the same type of plants, all align with the characteristics of a large plantation.

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  • 30. 

    Perhatikan data berikut!Tempat-tempat yang menyediakan layanan di bidang jasa adalah ….

    • A.

      1, 2, 3

    • B.

      2, 3, 4

    • C.

      1, 5, 6

    • D.

      1, 3, 4

    Correct Answer
    C. 1, 5, 6
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 1, 5, 6 because these numbers represent the places that provide services in the service sector. The other options do not include all three numbers that indicate the places offering services.

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  • 31. 

    Perkembangan permukiman penduduk di daerah pegunungan atau dataran tinggi relatif menggerombol. Hal ini karena ….

    • A.

      Kondisi alam sulit diatur

    • B.

      Kondisi tanah subur

    • C.

      Mengatasi cuaca dingin

    • D.

      Dapat dikembangkan ke segala arah

    Correct Answer
    A. Kondisi alam sulit diatur
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "kondisi alam sulit diatur." This is because the natural conditions in mountainous or highland areas are often difficult to control or regulate. The terrain, climate, and other environmental factors can pose challenges for settlement and development. As a result, the population tends to cluster or gather in specific areas where it is easier to adapt to and manage the natural conditions.

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  • 32. 

    Masuknya agama Hindu-Budha di Indonesia berdasarkan para pedagang India yang telah menikah dengan penduduk Indonesia disebut teori ….

    • A.

      Brahmana

    • B.

      Waisya

    • C.

      Ksatria

    • D.

      Arus balik

    Correct Answer
    B. Waisya
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Waisya. The explanation for this is that the entry of Hindu-Buddhist religion in Indonesia was influenced by Indian traders who had married Indonesian locals. The Waisya caste in the Hindu social system is associated with merchants and traders, which aligns with the role of Indian traders in introducing the religion to Indonesia.

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  • 33. 

    Kerajaan Kutai merupakan tanda masuknya pengaruh Agama Hindu-Budha di Indonesia, yang dibuktikan oleh ….

    • A.

      Prasasti Yupa

    • B.

      Prasasti Anjuk Landang

    • C.

      Prasasti Tugu

    • D.

      Prasasti Bandar Alim

    Correct Answer
    A. Prasasti Yupa
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Prasasti Yupa because it is a historical inscription that provides evidence of the influence of Hindu-Buddhist religion in Indonesia during the Kutai Kingdom. The Yupa inscription, found in East Kalimantan, contains Sanskrit inscriptions and symbols related to Hindu rituals and beliefs, indicating the presence of Hindu-Buddhist culture in the region during that time.

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  • 34. 

    Berikut penyebab terpecahnya Mataram Kuno menjadi Dinasti Sanjaya dan Dinasti Syailendra adalah ….

    • A.

      Perebutan kekuasaan

    • B.

      Perbedaan keyakinan

    • C.

      Perang saudara

    • D.

      Perebutan harta warisan

    Correct Answer
    B. Perbedaan keyakinan
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "perbedaan keyakinan." The split of Mataram Kuno into the Sanjaya and Syailendra dynasties was caused by differences in beliefs or religious ideologies. This suggests that the ruling elites or factions within Mataram Kuno held contrasting religious views, which led to a division and the establishment of separate dynasties based on these differing beliefs.

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  • 35. 

    Perhatikan indikator-indikator berikut!Ciri-ciri daerah pedesaan dari indikator di atas, ditunjukkan nomor ….

    • A.

      1, 2, 3, 4

    • B.

      2, 3, 4, 5

    • C.

      1, 2, 3, 5

    • D.

      3, 4, 5, 6

    Correct Answer
    C. 1, 2, 3, 5
    Explanation
    The given answer, 1, 2, 3, 5, indicates the characteristics of rural areas based on the given indicators. The indicators mentioned in the question are not provided, so it is not possible to determine the specific characteristics associated with each number.

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  • 36. 

    Berikut adalah contoh kegiatan distribusi adalah ….

    • A.

      Perusahaan membuat barang untuk dipakai dalam negeri

    • B.

      Pabrik sepatu mengekspor produknya ke Jepang

    • C.

      Perusahaan batik membuat baju batik

    • D.

      Pabrik tekstil mempekerjakan beberapa karyawan baru

    Correct Answer
    B. Pabrik sepatu mengekspor produknya ke Jepang
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "pabrik sepatu mengekspor produknya ke Jepang". This is because the activity of exporting products to Japan involves the distribution of goods from the shoe factory to another country. The other options mentioned in the question do not explicitly involve distribution activities.

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  • 37. 

    Kebutuhan akan barang dan jasa manusia jumlahnya tidak terbatas, sedangkan kemampuan anggara untuk memenuhinya terbatas, maka sebaiknya perlu ….

    • A.

      Kredit pada bank

    • B.

      Menghindari belanja

    • C.

      Menetapkan skala prioritas

    • D.

      Menabung di bank

    Correct Answer
    C. Menetapkan skala prioritas
    Explanation
    Given that the needs for goods and services are unlimited while the budget to fulfill them is limited, it is advisable to establish a scale of priorities. This means that individuals or organizations should prioritize their needs and allocate their limited resources to the most important and urgent ones first. By doing so, they can make the most efficient use of their budget and ensure that their essential needs are met before considering less important ones. This approach helps in managing resources effectively and making informed decisions about spending.

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  • 38. 

    Perhatikan profesi jasa berikut!Dari profesi jasa di atas, yang termasuk profesi jasa terdidik adalah ….

    • A.

      Nomor 1, 2, 3

    • B.

      Nomor 1, 3, 6

    • C.

      Nomor 2, 3, 5

    • D.

      Nomor 1, 4, 6

    Correct Answer
    D. Nomor 1, 4, 6
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "nomor 1, 4, 6". This is because professions that require education or specialized knowledge are considered "profesi terdidik". Based on the given options, numbers 1, 4, and 6 are the professions that require education or specialized knowledge.

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  • 39. 

    Perhatikan faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi tingkat konsumsi berikut!Faktor yang paling dominan tingkat konsumsi yang mempengaruhi siswa SMP adalah ….

    • A.

      2, 3

    • B.

      3, 4

    • C.

      1, 2

    • D.

      2, 4

    Correct Answer
    A. 2, 3
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 2, 3. This means that factors 2 and 3 are the most dominant factors that influence the consumption level of junior high school students. However, without further context or information about what these factors represent, it is difficult to provide a specific explanation for why they are the most dominant.

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  • 40. 

    Perusahaan adalah kesatuan teknis yang bertujuan menghasilkan barang dan jasa. Berikut yang termasuk perusahaan, kecuali ….

    • A.

      Toko

    • B.

      Koperasi

    • C.

      Bengkel

    • D.

      Pabrik

    Correct Answer
    B. Koperasi
    Explanation
    A koperasi (cooperative) is not considered a company because it operates based on a different principle. While companies aim to produce goods and services for profit, cooperatives are formed by a group of individuals who come together to meet their common economic, social, and cultural needs. They work collaboratively to provide goods and services to their members, rather than seeking to generate profits for shareholders. Therefore, a koperasi is excluded from the list of companies mentioned in the question.

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  • 41. 

    Berikut adalah keuntungan suatu perusahaan!Keuntungan perusahaan perseorangaan adalah ….

    • A.

      Nomor 1, 2, 3

    • B.

      Nomor 2, 3, 4

    • C.

      Nomor 1, 2, 4

    • D.

      Nomor 3, 4, 5

    Correct Answer
    C. Nomor 1, 2, 4
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "nomor 1, 2, 4". This answer is correct because it includes the benefits listed in options 1, 2, and 4. The benefits mentioned in options 3 and 5 are not included in the correct answer.

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  • 42. 

    Berikut adalah pernyataan yang benar tentang koperasi, kecuali ….

    • A.

      Anggotanya terdiri atas orang-orang dan badan usaha

    • B.

      Kegiatannya berdasarkan prinsip koperasi

    • C.

      Kekuasaan tertinggi berada pada pimpinan koperasi

    • D.

      Kegiataannya berdasarkan azas kekeluargaan

    Correct Answer
    C. Kekuasaan tertinggi berada pada pimpinan koperasi
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "kekuasaan tertinggi berada pada pimpinan koperasi". This statement is not true because in a cooperative, the power is usually decentralized and distributed among the members. The decision-making process is often done through a democratic process, where all members have an equal say in the cooperative's affairs. Therefore, the highest power does not reside solely with the cooperative leader.

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  • 43. 

    Berikut yang merupakan ciri-ciri orang kreatif, kecuali ….

    • A.

      Mampu berkompetisi dengan saingan

    • B.

      Menemukan ide, gagasan atau penemuan baru

    • C.

      Belajar dari pengalaman orang lain

    • D.

      Mampu menyatakan pendapat secara spontan

    Correct Answer
    A. Mampu berkompetisi dengan saingan
    Explanation
    The given options describe various characteristics of a creative person. However, the ability to compete with rivals is not necessarily a defining trait of creativity. Creativity is more about generating new ideas, thinking outside the box, and coming up with innovative solutions. Competitiveness may be a separate skill or attribute that can be possessed by individuals, but it is not directly related to creativity.

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  • 44. 

    Berikut adalah contoh orang kreatif. kecuali….

    • A.

      Pak Ali membuat layang-layang mirip burung

    • B.

      Pak Hartawan memenangkan lomba layang-layang hias

    • C.

      Bu Surti mengolah sampah menjadi aneka barang asesoris

    • D.

      Den Bagus membuka bengkel modifikasi sepeda motor Harley

    Correct Answer
    B. Pak Hartawan memenangkan lomba layang-layang hias
    Explanation
    Pak Hartawan winning a kite decoration competition does not necessarily demonstrate creativity, as it only shows his ability to decorate a kite. On the other hand, the other examples showcase creativity in different ways. Pak Ali's creation of a kite resembling a bird shows his ability to think outside the box and come up with unique designs. Bu Surti's ability to transform waste into various accessory items demonstrates her creativity in repurposing materials. Den Bagus opening a workshop for modifying Harley motorcycles also showcases his creativity in customizing and personalizing these vehicles.

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  • 45. 

    Suatu gagasan dianggap kreatif dan inovatif apabila ….

    • A.

      Gagasan disajikan secara tertulis dalam sebuah buku

    • B.

      Gagasan disampaikan oleh orang yang berpendidikan

    • C.

      Gagasan dapat menyelesaikan persoalan dalam masyarakat

    • D.

      Gagasan dikemukakan oleh banyak orang

    Correct Answer
    C. Gagasan dapat menyelesaikan persoalan dalam masyarakat
    Explanation
    A creative and innovative idea is considered as such when it is able to solve problems within society. This means that the idea has practical value and can bring about positive change or improvements to the community or the world at large. The other options, such as presenting the idea in a written book or having an educated person convey the idea, do not necessarily guarantee creativity or innovation. Similarly, the fact that the idea is proposed by many people does not automatically make it creative or innovative.

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  • 46. 

    Berikut adalah kerajaan Hindu yang terletak di tepi Sungai Brantas, adalah ....

    • A.

      Kerajaan Majapahit

    • B.

      Kerajaan Mataram Kuno

    • C.

      Kerajaan Kutai

    • D.

      Kerajaan Kadiri

    Correct Answer
    A. Kerajaan Majapahit
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Kerajaan Majapahit. Majapahit was a Hindu kingdom located on the banks of the Brantas River. It was one of the largest and most powerful empires in Southeast Asia, flourishing from the 13th to the 16th century. Majapahit was known for its strong naval power, extensive trade networks, and cultural achievements. It played a significant role in shaping the history and culture of Indonesia.

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  • 47. 

    Bukti pengaruh Islam telah masuk di Jawa Timur pada abad 11 adalah

    • A.

      Makam Fatimah binti Maimun di Gresik

    • B.

      Kedatangan mubaligh-mubaligh Islam asal Arab ke Nusantara

    • C.

      Kunjungan Abu Ali ke Tiongkok mewakili sebuah negeri di Nusantara

    • D.

      Para pedagang gujarat yang datang ke Indonesia

    Correct Answer
    A. Makam Fatimah binti Maimun di Gresik
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "makam Fatimah binti Maimun di Gresik". This is because the presence of the tomb of Fatimah binti Maimun in Gresik is evidence of the influence of Islam in East Java in the 11th century. The existence of this tomb suggests that Islam had already made its way into the region during that time period.

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  • 48. 

    Salah satu bukti sejarah Islam adalah berupa bangunan-bangunan yang bercorak Islam. Atap bangungan yang berbentuk limas dan masih ada pengaruh Hindu-Budha disebut ....

    • A.

      Atap tumpang

    • B.

      Atap kerucut

    • C.

      Atap persegi

    • D.

      Atap limas

    Correct Answer
    A. Atap tumpang
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "atap tumpang" because it is mentioned in the question that the buildings have a combination of Islamic and Hindu-Buddhist influences. "Atap tumpang" refers to a type of roof design that combines multiple layers or levels, which is a characteristic of traditional Indonesian architecture influenced by both Islamic and Hindu-Buddhist cultures.

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  • 49. 

    Contoh peninggalan Islam yang berakulturasi budaya Hindu, kecuali....

    • A.

      Masjid Agung Demak

    • B.

      Makam Sendang Duwur

    • C.

      Tulisan arab gundul

    • D.

      Candi Prambanan

    Correct Answer
    D. Candi Prambanan
    Explanation
    Candi Prambanan is not a relic of Islamic culture that has assimilated Hindu culture. It is actually a Hindu temple complex located in Central Java, Indonesia. The temple complex was built in the 9th century and is dedicated to the Trimurti, the three main Hindu gods: Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva. Therefore, it does not fit the criteria of being a relic of Islamic culture that has assimilated Hindu culture.

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  • 50. 

    Tujuan kedatangan bangsa Eropa adalah, kecuali....

    • A.

      Gold

    • B.

      Glory

    • C.

      Gospel

    • D.

      Gasper

    Correct Answer
    D. Gasper
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Gasper." The question is asking for the purpose of the arrival of European nations, excluding one option. Gasper does not seem to be related to the purpose of their arrival, while "Gold," "Glory," and "Gospel" are commonly associated with the motives of European exploration and colonization.

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