Set 5 : Sem I

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| By Naa Ali
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Naa Ali
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Quizzes Created: 6 | Total Attempts: 33,025
Questions: 21 | Attempts: 4,476

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Set 5 : Sem I - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Faktor yang merangsang kalenjar pituitari untuk merembeskan antiduretic hormone (ADH) adalah

    • A.

      Paras calcium yang tinggi dalam dalam

    • B.

      Paras sodium yang tinggi dalam darah

    • C.

      Paras potassium yang tinggi dalam darah

    • D.

      Paras magnesium dalam darah yang tinggi

    Correct Answer
    B. Paras sodium yang tinggi dalam darah
    Explanation
    High levels of sodium in the blood stimulate the pituitary gland to release antidiuretic hormone (ADH). ADH helps to regulate water balance in the body by increasing water reabsorption in the kidneys. When sodium levels are high, ADH is released to prevent excessive water loss through urine, thus maintaining proper hydration levels in the body.

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  • 2. 

    Bahagian otak yang bertanggungjawab dalam awareness of sensation adalah

    • A.

      Cereberum

    • B.

      Cerebellum

    • C.

      Basal ganglia

    • D.

      Hypothalamus

    Correct Answer
    A. Cereberum
    Explanation
    The cerebrum is responsible for awareness of sensation. It is the largest part of the brain and is divided into two hemispheres. It controls voluntary movements, memory, language, perception, and consciousness. The cerebrum receives sensory information from the body and processes it to create awareness of sensations such as touch, pain, temperature, and pressure. It plays a crucial role in our ability to perceive and respond to the world around us.

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  • 3. 

    Hormon yang dihasilkan oleh Islet Of Langerhan’s adalah

    • A.

      Calcitonin

    • B.

      Thyroxine

    • C.

      Glucagon

    • D.

      Oxytocin

    Correct Answer
    C. Glucagon
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Glucagon. Islet of Langerhans is a group of cells in the pancreas that produce and release hormones involved in regulating blood sugar levels. Glucagon is one of the hormones produced by these cells. It functions to increase blood sugar levels by stimulating the liver to convert stored glycogen into glucose and promoting the release of glucose into the bloodstream.

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  • 4. 

    Faktor intrinsic yang membantu dlam penyerapan vitamin B12 dihasilkan di

    • A.

      Liver

    • B.

      Spleen

    • C.

      Stomach

    • D.

      Pancreas

    Correct Answer
    C. Stomach
    Explanation
    The stomach is the correct answer because it produces a substance called intrinsic factor, which is necessary for the absorption of vitamin B12. Intrinsic factor binds to vitamin B12 in the stomach and allows it to be absorbed in the small intestine. Without intrinsic factor, the body would not be able to effectively absorb vitamin B12 from food sources.

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  • 5. 

    Dalam proses penghadaman makanan, karbohidrat ditukar kepada

    • A.

      Amino acid melalui hidrolisis

    • B.

      Gula ringkas melalui tindakan pepsin

    • C.

      Monosakarida melalui tindakan amylase

    • D.

      Glycerol dan asid lemak melalui proses katabolisme

    Correct Answer
    C. Monosakarida melalui tindakan amylase
    Explanation
    Karbohidrat adalah molekul kompleks yang terdiri dari rantai gula sederhana yang disebut monosakarida. Dalam proses penghadaman makanan, karbohidrat dipecah menjadi monosakarida oleh enzim amylase. Enzim ini ditemukan dalam saliva dan mulut, serta dalam usus halus. Oleh karena itu, jawaban yang benar adalah bahwa karbohidrat diubah menjadi monosakarida melalui tindakan amylase.

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  • 6. 

    Berikut adalah bahan yang diserap semula dalam fasa selective reabsorption di renal tubule kecuali

    • A.

      Urea

    • B.

      Glucose

    • C.

      Phosphate

    • D.

      Amino acid

    Correct Answer
    A. Urea
    Explanation
    Urea is the correct answer because it is not reabsorbed during selective reabsorption in the renal tubule. Selective reabsorption is the process by which certain substances, such as glucose, phosphate, and amino acids, are reabsorbed back into the bloodstream from the filtrate in the renal tubule. However, urea is not reabsorbed and is instead excreted in the urine.

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  • 7. 

    Struktur yang terdapat di setiap nefron untuk proses filtration dikenali sebagai

    • A.

      Renal pelvis

    • B.

      Glomerulus

    • C.

      Loop of henle

    • D.

      Afferent arteriocle

    Correct Answer
    B. Glomerulus
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the glomerulus. The glomerulus is a network of tiny blood vessels located in the renal corpuscle of the nephron. It is responsible for the initial filtration of blood in the kidney. Blood enters the glomerulus through the afferent arteriole and is filtered as it passes through the network of capillaries. The glomerulus allows small molecules such as water, ions, and waste products to pass through into the renal tubule while retaining larger molecules such as proteins and blood cells.

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  • 8. 

    Aqueous humor di ruang anterior dan posterior chamber dihasilkan oleh cell secretory yang terdapat

    • A.

      Iris

    • B.

      Retina

    • C.

      Choroid

    • D.

      Ciliary body

    Correct Answer
    D. Ciliary body
    Explanation
    The ciliary body is responsible for producing the aqueous humor in both the anterior and posterior chambers of the eye. This fluid helps maintain the shape of the eye and provides nutrients to the surrounding tissues. The iris controls the amount of light entering the eye, the retina is responsible for capturing light and sending signals to the brain, and the choroid provides blood supply to the retina. However, none of these structures are involved in the production of aqueous humor.

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  • 9. 

    Struktur yang memisahkan bahagian telinga luar dan telinga tengah dikenali sebagai

    • A.

      Cochlea

    • B.

      Auditory canal

    • C.

      Eusthacian tube

    • D.

      Membrane tympanic

    Correct Answer
    D. Membrane tympanic
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "membrane tympanic." The membrane tympanic, also known as the eardrum, is a structure that separates the outer ear from the middle ear. It is a thin, cone-shaped membrane that vibrates in response to sound waves and transmits these vibrations to the middle ear.

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  • 10. 

    Interstitial cell dalam testes menghasilkan

    • A.

      Semen

    • B.

      Spermatozoa

    • C.

      Testosterone

    • D.

      Aldosterone

    Correct Answer
    C. Testosterone
    Explanation
    The correct answer is testosterone. Interstitial cells in the testes are responsible for producing testosterone, which is a male sex hormone. Testosterone plays a crucial role in the development of male reproductive tissues, such as the testes and prostate, as well as promoting secondary sexual characteristics like muscle mass, bone density, and facial hair growth. It also plays a role in sperm production and sexual function.

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  • 11. 

    Istilah bagi bahan yang merencatkan pertumbuhan dan penggandaan bakteria ialah 

    • A.

      Bacteriocidal

    • B.

      Bacteriokiller

    • C.

      Backteriostatic

    • D.

      Bacterioddormant

    Correct Answer
    C. Backteriostatic
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "bacteriostatic." This term refers to substances that inhibit the growth and reproduction of bacteria without necessarily killing them. Bacteriostatic agents prevent bacterial cells from dividing and multiplying, allowing the immune system or other treatments to eliminate the bacteria from the body.

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  • 12. 

    Kajian kesan biokimia ubat ke atas badan dikenali sebagai

    • A.

      Pharmaceutic

    • B.

      Pharmacokinetics

    • C.

      Pharmacodynamics

    • D.

      Pharmacotherapeutics

    Correct Answer
    C. Pharmacodynamics
    Explanation
    Pharmacodynamics refers to the study of the biochemical and physiological effects of drugs on the body. It involves understanding how drugs interact with the body at a molecular level and how they produce their effects. This includes studying the mechanisms of drug action, such as drug-receptor interactions and signal transduction pathways. Pharmacodynamics helps in determining the potency, efficacy, and safety of drugs, and is crucial in developing and optimizing drug therapies.

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  • 13. 

    Penyimpanan kunci kabinet dalam Dadah Merbahaya yang betul adalah di 

    • A.

      Kaunter jururawat

    • B.

      Dalam personal kabinet jururawat

    • C.

      Dalam medication trolly yang berkunci

    • D.

      Simpan oleh Jururawat Terlatih yang menjaga

    Correct Answer
    D. Simpan oleh Jururawat Terlatih yang menjaga
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "simpan oleh Jururawat Terlatih yang menjaga." This means that the keys to the Dangerous Drugs cabinet should be kept by a trained nurse who is responsible for its care. This ensures that only authorized personnel have access to the cabinet and reduces the risk of unauthorized individuals gaining access to dangerous drugs.

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  • 14. 

    Sumber ubatan sintetik digunakan secara meluas kerana

    • A.

      Mempunyai kesan yang berpanjangan

    • B.

      Mempunyai kesan yang hampir sama dengan sumber semulajadi

    • C.

      Boleh bertindak dengan asid dan mampu larut di dalam cecair badan

    • D.

      Meningkatkan keberkesanan dalam menentang organisma yang berbeza

    Correct Answer
    C. Boleh bertindak dengan asid dan mampu larut di dalam cecair badan
    Explanation
    Synthetic drugs are widely used because they can interact with acids and dissolve in body fluids. This property allows them to be easily absorbed and distributed throughout the body, increasing their effectiveness in combating different organisms. Additionally, synthetic drugs can have a prolonged effect and produce similar effects to natural sources.

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  • 15. 

    Peraturan masyarakat mengenai tingkahlaku yang betul atau salah dikenali sebagai

    • A.

      Nilai

    • B.

      Moral

    • C.

      Norma

    • D.

      Kebudayaan

    Correct Answer
    C. Norma
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "norma". Norma refers to the rules and guidelines set by a society to determine what is considered right or wrong behavior. It encompasses social norms, customs, and expectations that govern individuals' actions and interactions within a community. While values and morals also play a role in shaping these norms, norma specifically refers to the regulations and standards established by a society.

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  • 16. 

    Eligalitarian dalam perspektif sosiologi rumahtangga bermaksud

    • A.

      Isteri mempunyai kuasa dalam sosial keluarga

    • B.

      Suami mempunyai kuasa dalam sosial keluarga

    • C.

      Keluarga mertua mempunyai kuasa dalam sosial keluarga

    • D.

      Suami dan isteri mempunyai kuasa dalam sosial keluarga

    Correct Answer
    D. Suami dan isteri mempunyai kuasa dalam sosial keluarga
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "suami dan isteri mempunyai kuasa dalam sosial keluarga" (husband and wife have power in the social family). This answer suggests that in the perspective of household sociology, power is shared between the husband and wife in the family. It implies that decision-making and authority are not solely held by one person, but rather shared between both partners in a more equal manner. This concept aligns with the idea of egalitarianism, which promotes equality and fairness in social relationships.

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  • 17. 

    Nilai dalam elemen profesionalisma adalah 

    • A.

      Komitmen

    • B.

      Berbudi bahasa

    • C.

      Bertimbang rasa

    • D.

      Saling mempercayai

    Correct Answer
    A. Komitmen
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "komitmen". This is because professionalism is often associated with commitment in the workplace. Being committed means being dedicated and responsible in carrying out tasks and fulfilling obligations. It involves showing up on time, meeting deadlines, and putting in the necessary effort to achieve goals. Therefore, having a strong commitment is an important element of professionalism.

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  • 18. 

    Mengikut teori dalam Maslow's Hirerachy, keperluan fisiologi adalah 

    • A.

      Penghargaan diri

    • B.

      Merasa ingin dihormati

    • C.

      Mempunyai pekerjaan yang tetap

    • D.

      Mempunyai tempat tinggal yang selesa

    Correct Answer
    D. Mempunyai tempat tinggal yang selesa
    Explanation
    According to Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs, physiological needs are the basic needs required for survival, such as food, water, shelter, and sleep. Having a comfortable place to live fulfills the physiological need for shelter. This need must be met before an individual can move on to fulfilling higher-level needs such as belongingness, self-esteem, and self-actualization.

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  • 19. 

    Faktor yang mepengaruhi keberkesanan komunikasi adalah dengan 

    • A.

      Bertanyakan banyak soalan

    • B.

      Menamatkan perbualan awal

    • C.

      Menggunakan peralatan canggih

    • D.

      Mendapatkan maklumbalas dengan jelas.

    Correct Answer
    D. Mendapatkan maklumbalas dengan jelas.
    Explanation
    Mendapatkan maklumbalas dengan jelas adalah faktor yang mempengaruhi keberkesanan komunikasi. Ini kerana apabila seseorang mendapatkan maklumbalas yang jelas, mereka dapat memahami dengan lebih baik apa yang sedang disampaikan oleh pihak lain. Maklumbalas yang jelas juga memungkinkan untuk mengukur sejauh mana pesan yang disampaikan telah dipahami dan diterima oleh penerima. Dengan demikian, mendapatkan maklumbalas yang jelas dapat meningkatkan efektivitas komunikasi.

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  • 20. 

    Semasa anda melakukan asesmen ke atas pesakit , data subjektif yang diperolehi adalah merujuk kepada 

    • A.

      Aduan pesakit

    • B.

      Suhu badan 38oC

    • C.

      Kadar nadi 100 / minit

    • D.

      Interpretasi x-ray dada

    Correct Answer
    A. Aduan pesakit
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "aduan pesakit." This is because the subjective data obtained during the patient assessment refers to the patient's complaints or symptoms. In this case, the complaint or subjective data obtained is the patient's complaint, which is an important aspect to consider during the assessment process. The other options provided, such as body temperature, heart rate, and interpretation of chest x-ray, are objective data obtained through measurements or tests, rather than the patient's subjective complaint.

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  • 21. 

    Which one do you like?

    • A.

      Option 1

    • B.

      Option 2

    • C.

      Option 3

    • D.

      Option 4

    Correct Answer
    A. Option 1
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