The Kings Of England - Part I

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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 294
Questions: 13 | Attempts: 294

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England Quizzes & Trivia

How well do you know the medieval kings of England? Test your knowledge on this quiz! Covers from Alfred the Great to James I.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Who was England's first and only "great" king?

    • A.

      Charles the Great

    • B.

      Henry the Great

    • C.

      Alfred the Great

    • D.

      James the Great

    Correct Answer
    C. Alfred the Great
    Explanation
    Alfred the Great expelled the Danes from most of England and established the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle.

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  • 2. 

    Which Dane became king of England after Alfred's successors' weak leadership?

    • A.

      Canut the Dane

    • B.

      Leif the Dane

    • C.

      Alfred the Dane

    • D.

      Wolf the Dane

    Correct Answer
    A. Canut the Dane
    Explanation
    Canut the Dane became king of England after Alfred's successors' weak leadership. This suggests that the weak leadership of Alfred's successors created an opportunity for Canut the Dane to ascend to the throne.

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  • 3. 

    Which Saxon king regained the throne for England but left no heir?

    • A.

      Alfred the Great

    • B.

      Lothair the Elder

    • C.

      Edward the Confessor

    • D.

      Henry IV

    Correct Answer
    C. Edward the Confessor
    Explanation
    Alfred the Great was England's first "great" king; Lothair the Elder was the son of Lois the Pious and ruled the middle Gallic empire after the Treaty of Verdun; and Henry IV brought the Salian monarchy to its height.

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  • 4. 

    Which noble became king for a short time following Edward the Confessor and led England through the Battle of Hastings?

    • A.

      Edward IV

    • B.

      Canute the Dane

    • C.

      Leo I

    • D.

      Harold Godwin

    Correct Answer
    D. Harold Godwin
    Explanation
    Harold Godwin became king for a short time following Edward the Confessor and led England through the Battle of Hastings.

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  • 5. 

    Who won the Battle of Hastings?

    • A.

      Henry the Conqueror

    • B.

      William the Conqueror

    • C.

      John the Conqueror

    • D.

      Richard the Conqueror

    Correct Answer
    B. William the Conqueror
    Explanation
    William the Conqueror won the Battle of Hastings. He was the Duke of Normandy and invaded England in 1066. The battle took place on October 14, 1066, and resulted in William's victory over King Harold II of England. William's victory marked the beginning of Norman rule in England and had a significant impact on the country's history and culture.

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  • 6. 

    Which king wrote the Doomsday Book?

    • A.

      William the Conqueror

    • B.

      Alfred the Great

    • C.

      Harold Godwin

    • D.

      Canute the Dane

    Correct Answer
    A. William the Conqueror
    Explanation
    William the Conqueror wrote the Doomsday Book. The Doomsday Book was a comprehensive survey of England's land and property, conducted in 1086. It was commissioned by William the Conqueror to assess the wealth and resources of his newly conquered kingdom. The book provided detailed information on land ownership, value, and agricultural productivity, making it an invaluable resource for taxation and governance. William the Conqueror's involvement in the creation of the Doomsday Book solidifies his reputation as a strong and organized ruler.

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  • 7. 

    Who met the following description: the most important Norman king after William the Conqueror, was William the Conqueror's son, began the Exchequer

    • A.

      Henry I

    • B.

      John I

    • C.

      Edward I

    • D.

      Charles I

    Correct Answer
    A. Henry I
    Explanation
    Henry I is the most important Norman king after William the Conqueror because he was his son and succeeded him to the throne. He is also known for establishing the Exchequer, a financial institution that played a crucial role in the administration of England's finances. Therefore, Henry I is the correct answer to the question.

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  • 8. 

    Which line of kings did Henry II begin?

    • A.

      Salian

    • B.

      Plantagenet

    • C.

      Tudor

    • D.

      Hoenstauffen

    Correct Answer
    B. Plantagenet
    Explanation
    Henry II began the line of kings known as the Plantagenet dynasty. The Plantagenets were a royal house that ruled England from the 12th to the 15th centuries. Henry II became king in 1154 and was the first of the Plantagenet kings. He was known for his strong and centralized rule, as well as his legal reforms. The Plantagenet dynasty played a significant role in shaping medieval England and its history.

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  • 9. 

    Spent most of his time crusading

    • A.

      John I

    • B.

      Henry the Fowler

    • C.

      Henry II

    • D.

      Richard the Lionhearted

    Correct Answer
    D. Richard the Lionhearted
    Explanation
    Richard the Lionhearted is the correct answer because he is known for spending a significant amount of his time crusading. Richard I, also known as Richard the Lionhearted, was the King of England from 1189 until his death in 1199. He is famously remembered for his involvement in the Third Crusade, where he spent a considerable amount of time leading the Christian forces against the Muslims in the Holy Land. Richard's dedication to the crusade earned him the reputation of being a brave and fearless warrior.

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  • 10. 

    The most hated king in English history; signed the Magna Carta

    • A.

      John I

    • B.

      Henry the Fowler

    • C.

      Henry II

    • D.

      Richard the Lionhearted

    Correct Answer
    A. John I
    Explanation
    John I, also known as John Lackland, is widely regarded as the most hated king in English history. He faced numerous rebellions and conflicts throughout his reign, leading to a loss of territory and a weakened monarchy. One of the most significant events during his reign was the signing of the Magna Carta in 1215. The Magna Carta was a document that limited the power of the king and established certain rights for the nobility and free men. Although John I signed the Magna Carta under duress, it marked a crucial step towards the establishment of constitutional law and the protection of individual liberties in England.

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  • 11. 

    "Longshanks" who called the model parliament

    • A.

      Justinian

    • B.

      Edward I

    • C.

      Harold II

    • D.

      Simon de Montfort

    Correct Answer
    B. Edward I
    Explanation
    Edward I, also known as "Longshanks," called the model parliament. He was the King of England from 1272 to 1307 and is known for his efforts to strengthen royal authority. In 1295, Edward I summoned a parliament that included representatives from the clergy, nobility, and commoners, making it a model for future parliaments. This move helped to establish a more inclusive and representative government in England, giving a voice to different sections of society. Edward I's decision to call the model parliament was a significant step towards the development of parliamentary democracy in England.

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  • 12. 

    At the Battle of Bosworth Field, in 1485, Henry VII definitively won the Wars of the Roses for....

    • A.

      The House of York

    • B.

      The House of Lancaster

    • C.

      Those related to the House of Lancaster

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Those related to the House of Lancaster
    Explanation
    At the Battle of Bosworth Field in 1485, Henry VII won the Wars of the Roses for those related to the House of Lancaster. This means that Henry VII, who belonged to the House of Lancaster, emerged victorious in the battle, securing the throne for his own family. The House of York, which was the rival faction, was defeated, and Henry VII's victory marked the end of the Wars of the Roses.

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  • 13. 

    Who was the first Stuart monarch of England?

    • A.

      Henry VII

    • B.

      James I

    • C.

      Henry VIII

    • D.

      James II

    Correct Answer
    B. James I
    Explanation
    James I was the first Stuart monarch of England. He ascended to the throne in 1603 after the death of Queen Elizabeth I. James I was previously the King of Scotland and became the first monarch to rule both England and Scotland. His reign was marked by the union of the two kingdoms, as well as religious conflicts and tensions with Parliament. James I is also known for commissioning the translation of the Bible into English, which became known as the King James Version.

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