Junior Vocab Unit 04

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Junior Vocab Unit 04 - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which word MOST NEARLY matches the definition: (n.) Goods that have been illegally smuggled in or out; (adj.) Prohibited, illegal, or forbidden

    • A.

      Irrevocable

    • B.

      Scurrilous

    • C.

      Contraband

    • D.

      Sedulous

    • E.

      Repudiate

    Correct Answer
    C. Contraband
    Explanation
    Contraband is the word that most nearly matches the given definition. It refers to goods that have been illegally smuggled in or out, and it can also be used as an adjective to describe something that is prohibited, illegal, or forbidden.

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  • 2. 

    Which word MOST NEARLY matches the definition: (adj.) Difficult to understand or fathom

    • A.

      Repudiate

    • B.

      Infer

    • C.

      Scurrilous

    • D.

      Inscrutable

    • E.

      Irrevocable

    Correct Answer
    D. Inscrutable
    Explanation
    The word "inscrutable" is the best match for the definition provided. It means difficult to understand or fathom, implying that something is mysterious or enigmatic. The other options do not convey the same meaning. "Repudiate" means to reject or deny, "infer" means to deduce or conclude, "scurrilous" means vulgar or abusive, and "irrevocable" means unable to be changed or reversed.

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  • 3. 

    Which word MOST NEARLY matches the definition: (v.) To refuse to have anything to do with; To reject  

    • A.

      Repudiate

    • B.

      Insular

    • C.

      Scurrilous

    • D.

      Remonstrate

    • E.

      Contraband

    Correct Answer
    A. Repudiate
    Explanation
    The word "repudiate" means to refuse to have anything to do with or reject something. It is the best match for the given definition.

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  • 4. 

    Which word MOST NEARLY matches the definition: (adj.) Characterized by extensive knowledge and book smarts

    • A.

      Repudiate

    • B.

      Contraband

    • C.

      Erudite

    • D.

      Sedulous

    • E.

      Propensity

    Correct Answer
    C. Erudite
    Explanation
    The word "erudite" is the best match for the given definition because it means having extensive knowledge and being well-read.

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  • 5. 

    Which word MOST NEARLY matches the definition: (adj.) Habitually complaining, whining

    • A.

      Infer

    • B.

      Propensity

    • C.

      Querulous

    • D.

      Scurrilous

    • E.

      Resilent

    Correct Answer
    C. Querulous
    Explanation
    The word "querulous" best matches the definition of habitually complaining or whining. This adjective describes someone who constantly expresses dissatisfaction or annoyance, often in a whiny or grumbling manner. "Infer" means to deduce or conclude based on evidence or reasoning, "propensity" refers to a natural inclination or tendency, "scurrilous" describes something vulgar or abusive, and "resilient" means able to recover quickly from difficult situations.

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  • 6. 

    Which word MOST NEARLY matches the definition: (adj.) Shabby, dirty, and vulgar; Tawdry

    • A.

      Affable

    • B.

      Aggrandize

    • C.

      Infer

    • D.

      Sleazy

    • E.

      Amorphous

    Correct Answer
    D. Sleazy
    Explanation
    The word "sleazy" best matches the definition of being shabby, dirty, and vulgar. It implies a lack of quality or taste, often associated with disreputable or low-class behavior or appearance.

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  • 7. 

    Which word MOST NEARLY matches the definition: (v.) To cut down or reduce in extent or quantity

    • A.

      Affable

    • B.

      Aggrandize

    • C.

      Gossamer

    • D.

      Sedulous

    • E.

      Retrench

    Correct Answer
    E. Retrench
    Explanation
    Retrench means to cut down or reduce in extent or quantity. It is the word that most closely matches the given definition. "Affable" means friendly and easy to talk to, "aggrandize" means to enhance or increase in size or power, "gossamer" means something delicate or light, and "sedulous" means diligent or hardworking. Therefore, "retrench" is the correct answer.

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  • 8. 

    Which word MOST NEARLY matches the definition: (adj.) Easy to speak to; Friendly

    • A.

      Querulous

    • B.

      Irrevocable

    • C.

      Affable

    • D.

      Gossamer

    • E.

      Scurrilous

    Correct Answer
    C. Affable
    Explanation
    Affable is the word that most nearly matches the definition of being easy to speak to and friendly. This adjective describes someone who is approachable, sociable, and pleasant in conversation. They are likely to engage in friendly and warm interactions with others, making them easy to talk to.

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  • 9. 

    Which word MOST NEARLY matches the definition: (adj.) Grossly indecent or vulgar; Foul-mouthed

    • A.

      Erudite

    • B.

      Insular

    • C.

      Sleazy

    • D.

      Scurrilous

    • E.

      Inscrutable

    Correct Answer
    D. Scurrilous
    Explanation
    The word "scurrilous" is the best match for the given definition because it means grossly indecent or vulgar, and foul-mouthed. It accurately describes something or someone who uses offensive or abusive language, making it the most suitable choice among the given options.

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  • 10. 

    Which word MOST NEARLY matches the definition: (v.) To make something appear greater than it actually is; Exaggerate

    • A.

      Infer

    • B.

      Querulous

    • C.

      Scurrilous

    • D.

      Aggrandize

    • E.

      Sedulous

    Correct Answer
    D. Aggrandize
    Explanation
    Aggrandize means to make something appear greater or more important than it actually is. This matches the definition given in the question, which is "to make something appear greater than it actually is; Exaggerate." Therefore, aggrandize is the word that most nearly matches the given definition.

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  • 11. 

    Which word MOST NEARLY matches the definition: (n.) An ideal example; Model or quintessence

    • A.

      Archetype

    • B.

      Retrench

    • C.

      Querulous

    • D.

      Erudite

    • E.

      Inscrutable

    Correct Answer
    A. Archetype
    Explanation
    The word "archetype" is the best match for the given definition as it refers to an ideal example or a model. It represents the quintessence or the most typical and perfect representation of something. The other options do not relate to the definition provided.

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  • 12. 

    Which word MOST NEARLY matches the definition: (v.) To refuse to have anything to do with; To reject  

    • A.

      Sedulous

    • B.

      Affable

    • C.

      Archetype

    • D.

      Amorphous

    • E.

      Repudiate

    Correct Answer
    E. Repudiate
    Explanation
    The word "repudiate" means to refuse to have anything to do with or to reject. This is the closest match to the given definition.

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  • 13. 

    Which word MOST NEARLY matches the definition: (v.) To present and urge reasons in opposition; To protest

    • A.

      Remonstrate

    • B.

      Archetype

    • C.

      Retrench

    • D.

      Insular

    • E.

      Sleazy

    Correct Answer
    A. Remonstrate
    Explanation
    The word "remonstrate" best matches the definition of presenting and urging reasons in opposition or protesting.

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  • 14. 

    Which word MOST NEARLY matches the definition: (n.) A soft, light, and delicate fabric; (adj.) Thin, light, delicate, or flimsy

    • A.

      Aggrandize

    • B.

      Erudite

    • C.

      Querulous

    • D.

      Gossamer

    • E.

      Amorphous

    Correct Answer
    D. Gossamer
    Explanation
    Gossamer is the word that most nearly matches the given definition. Gossamer can be used as a noun to refer to a soft, light, and delicate fabric. It can also be used as an adjective to describe something that is thin, light, delicate, or flimsy.

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  • 15. 

    Which word MOST NEARLY matches the definition: (adj.) Impossible to retract or take back

    • A.

      Aggrandize

    • B.

      Repudiate

    • C.

      Amorphous

    • D.

      Irrevocable

    • E.

      Inscrutable

    Correct Answer
    D. Irrevocable
    Explanation
    The word "irrevocable" means impossible to retract or take back. It is the best match for the given definition because it directly conveys the idea of something being permanent and irreversible. "Aggrandize," "repudiate," "amorphous," and "inscrutable" do not have the same meaning and are therefore not as closely related to the definition.

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  • Jun 12, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 11, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Blankbooks
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